• Title, Summary, Keyword: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Search Result 53, Processing Time 0.029 seconds

Pre- and Post-Transplant Nutritional Assessment in Patients Undergoing Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (동종 조혈모세포 이식 전후 영양상태 평가)

  • Park, Mi-Young;Park, Jeong-Yun
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
    • /
    • v.12 no.1
    • /
    • pp.110-116
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was performed to identify the pre-and post-transplant nutritional assessment for patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Methods: The subjects of this study were 25 patients undergoing allogeneic HSCT. The data collection was performed from January 31st to March 31st, 2011. The Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA), anthropometrics and biochemical test were collected from the time they entered the isolation unit until they left. Results: Pre-transplant nutritional assessment status indicated moderate malnutrition which scored $7.32{\pm}1.68$ in PG-SGA. There were 22 patients (88.0%) with moderate malnutrition and 3 patients (12.0%) with severe malnutrition. Post-transplant nutritional assessment indicated severe malnutrition status which scored $11.92{\pm}3.26$ in PG-SGA. Pre-and post-transplant nutritional assessment displayed significant differences (p<.001) in PG-SGA score. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation led to a deterioration of patients' nutritional status. Pre-transplant patients were already in malnutrition status and patients undergoing allogeneic HSCT were at risk for malnutrition. Conclusion: Pre-and post-transplant patients were categorized as having undernutritional and malnutritional status. Pre-transplant nutrition status impacted on post-transplant nutritional status. Health care personnel should pay attention to patient's nutrition status when undergoing allogeneic HSCT with appropriate nutritional assessment tools.

Effects of Back Massage on Immune Response, Symptom Distress and Mood State of Patients Undergoing Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (등 마사지가 동종 조혈모세포이식 환자의 면역반응, 신체증상 및 정서상태에 미치는 효과)

  • Song, Byung-Eun;Yoo, Yang-Sook;Cho, Ok-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
    • /
    • v.21 no.3
    • /
    • pp.269-280
    • /
    • 2009
  • Purpose: To examine the effect of back massage on immune response, symptom distress, and mood state of patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allogeneic HSCT). Methods: Subjects were thirty-seven patients undergoing sibling allogeneic HSCT (including 16 in the experimental group and 21 in the control group). Experimental subjects participated in an intervention group of back massage for 10 minutes, once a day and 5 times a week, from one week prior to the HSCT to the third week after the HSCT or a control group. A non-equivalent pretest-posttest design was used. t-test and Repeated measures ANOVA were used to examine group differences by using SAS. Results: No significant group differences were found in Immune response (CD4+, CD8+,CD19+, CD56+) and symptom distress. The experimental group had significantly less mood state (anxiety, confusion) than the control group. Conclusion: The back massage for the patients undergoing allogeneic HSCT may be effective in altering the anxiety and confusion during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. However, this study did not provide evidence in improving immune response and symptom distress.

  • PDF

Comparison of Quality of Life of Autologous and Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Recipients (자가 조혈모세포 이식환자와 동종 조혈모세포 이식환자의 삶의 질의 비교)

  • Kim, Eun-Ji
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.50-60
    • /
    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare Quality of life (QOL) in type and time after Hematopoietic stem cell tansplantation (HSCT) for patients with hematologic cancer. Method: This study was cross-sectional. The autologous recipients was 120, the allogeneic recipients was 237. The obtained data were analyzed using T-test, One-way ANOVA, Scheffe's test. Results: No significant differences were total QOL between the autologous and allogeneic recipients. But the autologous recipients reported better status than the allogeneic recipients in physical domain, especially 1-3 yr after HSCT. There was poorer QOL of 1-3 yr compared to 1 yr after HSCT in physical, psychological and social domain between the two groups. QOL in time after HSCT of the autologous recipients was significance differences in psychological, social domain. And QOL in time after HSCT of the allogeneic recipients was significant differences in physical, psychological and social domain. Conclusions: QOL of recipients undergoing HSCT is recovered beyond 3 yr point. Accordingly, long term care and service is essential to recipients undergoing HSCT. And further studies with a longitudinal design are necessary.

  • PDF

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation : overview for general pediatrician (조혈모세포이식)

  • Hwang, Tai Ju
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
    • /
    • v.50 no.7
    • /
    • pp.613-621
    • /
    • 2007
  • Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has expanded and evolved substantially in the last decades to treat various malignant and nonmalignant diseases. However, the conditioning regimen can lead to transplantation related death by major organ dysfunction, severe infection and bleeding. In the allogeneic setting, graft versus host disease may also develop, making post-transplant management complex. To overcome these problems, new stem cell sources, stem cell mobilizing agents and new skills, nonmyeloablative stem cell transplantation including reduced intensity stem cell transplantation has been introduced in clinical practice, but problems remained so far. Recipients of stem cell transplant may be severely immunocompromised for many months after transplantation. Furthermore, long-term complications (endocrine, metabolic, relapse, second malignancies, etc) can develop. Pediatrician is open called on to participate in the evaluation and consideration of patients for possible transplant and long-term follow-up of HSCT patients. This review is intended as a basic overview of HSCT relevant to general pediatrician.

A Case of Nonclassifiable Interstitial Pneumonia after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (동종 조혈모세포이식 후 비분류성 간질성 폐렴으로 사망한 1예)

  • Jung, Ki Hwan;Sung, Hwa Jung;Lee, Ju-Han;Han, Jungho;Shin, Chol;Park, Hyung Joo;Kim, Je Hyeong
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
    • /
    • v.66 no.2
    • /
    • pp.122-126
    • /
    • 2009
  • Despite the improvements in supportive care, early and late hematopoietic stem cell transplantation-related complications still remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Pulmonary complications occur in 40-60% of patients who undergo allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Late-onset noninfectious pulmonary complications can occur months and even years after transplantation. Interstital lung disease has also been reported to be a late post-transplant complication. Exposure to cytotoxic drugs and/or irradiation has been implicated as a cause of pulmonary toxicity including pulmonary fibrosis. We report a case of an 18-year-old female with non-classifiable interstitial pneumonia that manifested eight and a half years after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The condition worsened rapidly and the patient eventually died.

Immune Reconstitution of CD4+T Cells after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation and its Correlation with Invasive Fungal Infection in Patients with Hematological Malignancies

  • Peng, Xin-Guo;Dong, Yan;Zhang, Ting-Ting;Wang, Kai;Ma, Yin-Jian
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.16 no.8
    • /
    • pp.3137-3140
    • /
    • 2015
  • Objective: To explore the immune reconstitution of $CD4^+T$ cells after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Allo-HSCT) and its relationship with invasive fungal infection (IFI) in patients with hematological malignancies. Materials and Methods: Forty-seven patients with hematological malignancies undergoing Allo-HSCT in Binzhou Medical University Hospital from February, 2010 to October, 2014 were selected. At 1, 2 and 3 months after transplantation, the immune subpopulations and concentration of cytokines were assessed respectively using flow cytometry (FCM) and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The incidence of IFI after transplantation and its correlation with immune reconstitution of $CD4^+T$ cells were investigated. Results: The number of $CD4^+T$ cells and immune subpopulations increased progressively after transplantation as time went on, but the subpopulation cell count 3 months after transplantation was still significantly lower than in the control group (p<0.01). In comparison to the control group, the levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-10 after transplantation rose evidently (p<0.01), while that of transforming growth factor-${beta}$ (TGF-${beta}$) was decreased (p<0.01). There was no statistically significant difference level of interferon-${\gamma}$ (IFN-${\gamma}$) (p>0.05). The incidence of IFI was 19.2% (9/47), and multivariate logistic regression revealed that IFI might be related to Th17 cell count (p<0.05), instead of Th1, Th2 and Treg cell counts as well as IL-6, IL-10, TGF-${beta}$ and IFN-${\gamma}$ levels (p>0.05). Conclusions: After Allo-HSCT, the immune reconstitution of $CD4^+T$ cells is delayed and Th17 cell count decreases obviously, which may be related to occurrence of IFI.

Effectiveness of Physical Exercise in Patients Undergoing Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (동종 조혈모세포이식을 받은 환자에서 운동중재의 효과)

  • Lim, Su-Jin;Lee, So-Young;Oh, Eui-Geum
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.195-203
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose: To summarize and review the methodological quality of the evidence from trials examining the effectiveness of physical exercise in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Allo-HSCT). Methods: Six randomized clinical trials (RCTs) were identified, reviewed for substantive results, and assessed for methodological quality. Results: Six trials met all methodological criteria on the modified Jadad score above 3 out of 5 points. Failure to blind the outcome assessor, and failure to describe the method of blinding of outcome assessor appropriately were the most prevalent methodological shortcomings. Various exercise modalities have been applied, differing in content, frequency, intensity, and duration. Positive results have been observed in part for a diverse set of outcomes, including physical and psychological performance. Conclusion: The trials reviewed in this study were of moderate methodological quality. They suggest that exercise in patients undergoing Allo-HSCT may be safe and feasible, and in part patients benefit from increased physical performance both during and after transplantation. Future RCTs should use larger samples, appropriate comparison groups, and a standard of outcome measures, and examine what kind of exercise intervention (aerobic vs. resistance vs. combined) is the most effective for Allo-HSCT patients. It would be necessary to define contraindication for exercise to guarantee its safety.

Blockade of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) Aggravates the Severity of Acute Graft-versus-host Disease (GVHD) after Experimental Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (allo-HSCT)

  • Kim, Ai-Ran;Lim, Ji-Young;Jeong, Dae-Chul;Park, Gyeong-Sin;Lee, Byung-Churl;Min, Chang-Ki
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
    • /
    • v.11 no.6
    • /
    • pp.368-375
    • /
    • 2011
  • Background: Recent clinical observation reported that there was a significant correlation between change in circulating vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels and the occurrence of severe acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), but the action mechanisms of VEGF in GVHD have not been demonstrated. Methods: This study investigated whether or not blockade of VEGF has an effect on acute GVHD in a lethally irradiated murine allo-HSCT model of $B6\;(H-2^b)\;{\rightarrow}B6D2F1\;(H-2^{b/d})$. Syngeneic or allogeneic recipient mice were injected subcutaneously with anti-VEGF peptides, dRK6 ($50{\mu}g/dose$) or control diluent every other day for 2 weeks (total 7 doses). Results: Administration of the dRK6 peptide after allo-HSCT significantly reduced survival with greaterclinical GVHD scores and body weight loss. Allogeneic recipients injected with the dRK6 peptide exhibited significantly increased circulating levels of VEGF and expansion of donor $CD3^+$ T cells on day +7 compared to control treated animals. The donor $CD4^+$ and $CD8^+$ T-cell subsets have differential expansion caused by the dRK6 injection. The circulating VEGF levels were reduced on day +14 regardless of blockade of VEGF. Conclusion: Together these findings demonstrate that the allo-reactive responses after allo-HSCT are exaggerated by the blockade of VEGF. VEGF seems to be consumed during the progression of acute GVHD in this murine allo-HSCT model.

Successful engraftment after infusion of multiple low doses of CD34+ cells from a poorly matched sibling donor in a patient with severe aplastic anemia

  • Kum, Chang Dae;Lee, Mi Jin;Park, Jun Eun
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
    • /
    • v.36 no.2
    • /
    • pp.148-151
    • /
    • 2019
  • The dose of CD34+ cells is known to influence the outcome of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) and/or T-cell-depleted transplantation. A previous study proposed that $2{\times}10^6\;CD34+\;cells/kg$ is the ideal minimum dose for allogeneic transplantation, although lower doses did not preclude successful therapy. In the case we present here, CD34+ cells were collected from a matched sibling donor on the day of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation; however, the number of cells was not sufficient for transplantation. Consequently, PBSCs were collected three additional times and were infused along with cord blood cells from the donor that were cryopreserved at birth. The cumulative dose of total nuclear cells and CD34+ cells was $15.9{\times}10^8\;cells/kg$ and $0.95{\times}10^6\;cells/kg$, respectively. White blood cells from this patient were engrafted on day 12. In summary, we report successful engraftment after infusion of multiple low doses of CD34+ cells in a patient with severe aplastic anemia.