• Title, Summary, Keyword: Airborne Antenna

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Analysis of Optimum Antenna Placement Considering Interference Between Airborne Antennas Mounted on UAV (무인항공기 탑재 안테나 간 간섭을 고려한 안테나 최적 위치 분석)

  • Choi, Jaewon;Kim, Jihoon
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics and Information Engineers
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.32-40
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, the optimum antenna placement is analyzed by considering the interference between airborne antennas mounted on the unmanned aerial vehicle(UAV). The analysis is implemented by selecting the antennas that the distance and operational frequency band between airborne antennas is close to each other among the omni-directional antennas. The analyzed antennas are the control datalink, TCAS(Traffic Collision & Avoidance System), IFF(Identification Friend or Foe), GPS(Global Positioning System), and RALT(Radar ALTimeter) antennas. There are three steps for the optimum antenna placement analysis. The first step is selecting the antenna position having the optimum properties by monitoring the variation of radiation pattern and return loss by the fuselage of UAV after selecting the initial antenna position considering the antenna use, type, and radiation pattern. The second one is analyzing the interference strength between airborne antennas considering the coupling between airborne antennas, spurious of transmitting antenna, and minimum receiving level of receiving antenna. In case of generating the interference, the antenna position without interference is selected by analyzing the minimum separation distance without interference. The last one is confirming the measure to reject the frequency interference by the frequency separation analysis between airborne antennas in case that the intereference is not rejected by the additional distance separation between airborne antennas. This analysis procedure can be efficiently used to select the optimum antenna placement without interference by predicting the interference between airborne antennas in the development stage.

Design of an Ultra-Wideband LPDA Antenna for the Feeder of an Airborne Spinning Direction-Finding Reflector Antenna (공중 회전 방향탐지 반사판 안테나 급전기용 초광대역 LPDA 안테나 설계)

  • Park, Young-Ju;Park, Dong-Chul
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.27 no.7
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    • pp.653-659
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    • 2016
  • This paper proposes an ultra-wideband Log-Periodic Dipole Array(LPDA) antenna for the feeder of a reflector antenna to be used for airborne spinning direction-finding and detecting wideband signals. To obtain the ultra-wideband characteristics over the 20:1 bandwidth from S to Ka band, the radiation elements of the antenna were printed on a substrate and a wedge-typed dielectric supporter with robust structure was inserted between the substrates. Also, the center portion of the supporter was replaced by a styrofoam material to reduce the supporter weight. The 5-dB return loss of the designed LPDA antenna showed ultra-wideband characteristics, which are 37.57:1(1.09~40.95 GHz) in the simulation and 33.85:1(1.31~44.35 GHz) in the measurement. We achieved the required gains of 5.78 dBi in the simulation and 5.76 dBi in the measurement in the operating band. The proposed robust, light-weight, and ultra-wideband LPDA antenna confirmed that it can be applied for airborne applications.

A Design and Fabrication of Test Equipment for Airborne Tracking Radar Test (항공기용 추적레이더 시험을 위한 시험장비의 설계 및 제작)

  • Yoon, Seung-Gu;Park, Seung-wook;Kwon, Jun-Bum;Jung, Man-Seek
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.352-361
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    • 2017
  • This paper proposes a design and fabrication of the test equipment that is implemented as a part of the airborne tracking radar inspection under the environment of indoor simulation. This test equipment provides controlling the operation status of airborne tracking radar and replicating the velocity and range information of target by generating a variety of target signal. This is mainly composed of radar operation controller, target signal generator, horn antenna driving devices. Radar operation controller is able to perform the controlling of radar operation mode and monitoring in real time by serial communication. Target signal generator is generated doppler signal and range delayed signal using virtual target of RF-band. Horn antenna driving devices perform a role of target simulating exercise. In the end, the performance is demonstrated using experiment results of test equipment for airborne tracking radar.

Design and implementation of signal processing system for airborne active homing radar

  • Lee, Young-Sung;Kim, Doh-Hyun;Kim, Lee-Han;Kim, Young-Chae
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.158.2-158
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    • 2001
  • This paper introduces the design and implementation of a signal processing system for an airborne active homing radar system. This airborne active homing radar system uses the pulse Doppler radar of high PRF (Pulse Repetition Frequency) for computation of exact relative velocity of the target. This system carries out two operations mainly. The first is to transmit and receive microwave signal through the antenna. The second is to calculate the relative velocity of the target taking advantage of the Doppler frequency signal reflected from the target and detect the angle error between a target and an antenna LOS (Line Of Sight) to make the antenna direction coincident with the target. The signal processing system has a role of the latter.

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Airborne Antenna Switching Strategy Using Deep Learning on UAV Line-Of-Sight Datalink System

  • Jo, Se-Hyeon;Lee, Woo-Sin;Kim, Hack-Joon;Jin, So-Yeon;Yoo, In-Deok
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.23 no.12
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    • pp.11-19
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    • 2018
  • In the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Line-Of-Sight datalink system, there is a possibility that the communication line is disconnected because line of sight can not be secured by one antenna due to changes in position and posture of the air vehicle. In order to prevent this, both top and bottom of air vehicle are equipped with antennas. At this time, if the signal can be transmitted and received by switching to an antenna advantageous for securing the line of sight, communication disconnection can be minimized. The legacy antenna switching method has disadvantages such that diffraction, fading due to the surface or obstacles, interference and reflection of the air vehicle are not considered, or antenna switching standard is not clear. In this paper, we propose an airborne antenna switching method for improving the performance of UAV LOS datalink system. In the antenna switching method, the performance of each of the upper and lower parts of the mounted antenna according to the position and attitude of the air vehicle is predicted by using the deep learning in an UAV LOS datalink system in which only the antenna except the receiver is duplicated. Simulation using flying test dataset shows that it is possible to switch antennas considering the position and attitude of unmanned aerial vehicle in the datalink system.

Development of an Airborne Telemetry Relay System Using Aircraft (항공기를 이용한 텔레메트리 신호의 공중 중계시스템 개발)

  • Yeom, Hyeong-Seop;Oh, Jong-Hoon;Sung, Duck-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.93-100
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    • 2012
  • A telemetry signal occurs the line-of-sight problem by the effect of geography in flight test. A fixed relay system or a mobile relay system is used to solve that problem in general but we propose an airborne telemetry relay system using aircraft in this paper. An airborne telemetry relay system receives the telemetry signal of the test vehicle and then retransmits it to the ground system. The receiving antenna which is a phased array antenna can be tilted to ${\pm}30^{\circ}$ beam direction by beam-forming and track the rapidly moving test vehicle in effect. The relay pod which is mounted to an aircraft consists of the front antenna and the side antenna. It receives S-band signal and then down-converts the frequency to L-band signal. As a result, that can remove the frequency interference on an aircraft while retransmitting.

Design and Fabrication of Ultrawideband Spinning Direction Finding Antenna for Airborne Applications (항공용 초광대역 회전 방향 탐지 안테나 설계 및 제작)

  • Kim, Jeeheung;Ryu, Hongkyun;Park, Young-Ju;Lee, Byungnam
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.320-323
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    • 2018
  • Herein, an ultrawideband spinning direction finding (DF) antenna was designed and fabricated for airborne applications. The proposed antenna is designed by dividing the low-band (UHF - L band) and high-band (S - Ka band) antennas to cover the ultrawideband frequency range (UHF - Ka band). For the high-band antenna, an LPDA antenna fed offset-parabolic-reflector antenna is applied. In the low-band antenna, two LPDA antenna elements are arrayed in front of the reflector of the high-band antenna without increasing to the full antenna size. The low- and high-band gains of the fabricated antenna were measured as 8.76 dBi and 24.55 dBi on average, respectively. The antenna was fabricated with the dimensions of 437 mm in diameter and 358 mm in height. Consequently, we confirmed that the designed antenna is appropriate for the spinning DF antenna in terms of the affordable size for installing on an airplane, as well as the high gain and narrow beamwidth.

Design of a Spinning Direction-Finding Compact Offset-Parabolic-Reflector Antenna for Airborne Applications (항공용 회전 방향탐지 소형 옵셋 파라볼릭 반사판 안테나 설계)

  • Park, Young-Ju;Park, Dong-Chul
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.27 no.8
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    • pp.766-773
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    • 2016
  • This paper proposes an aircraft-installed compact offset-parabolic-reflector antenna for the spinning direction-finding applications. The feeder of the reflector antenna is a LPDA antenna that has the ultra-wideband characteristics and the $45^{\circ}$ slant linear polarization. The reflector is designed to be slanted by $5^{\circ}$ in the elevation and to be small in size on the basis of the reference parabolic shape for the purpose of the high gain and mounting on the underside of aircraft fuselage. Over the ultra-wideband 20:1 bandwidth from S to Ka band, the measured average gain of the proposed antenna is 27.97 dBi, and the average half-power beam width is $4.55^{\circ}$ in the azimuth and $4.3^{\circ}$ in the elevation which is the pencil-beam radiation pattern. All the measured data are similar to the simulation results. The designed compact offset-parabolic-reflector antenna that is installed in the limited area has the ultra-wideband and high-gain characteristics. We expect that the newly designed antenna can be applied to the spinning direction-finding antenna system installed in an aircraft.

Compact 1×2 and 2×2 Dual Polarized Series-Fed Antenna Array for X-Band Airborne Synthetic Aperture Radar Applications

  • Kothapudi, Venkata Kishore;Kumar, Vijay
    • Journal of electromagnetic engineering and science
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.117-128
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, compact linear dual polarized series-fed $1{\times}2$ linear and $2{\times}2$ planar arrays antennas for airborne SAR applications are proposed. The proposed antenna design consists of a square radiating patch that is placed on top of the substrate, a quarter wave transformer and $50-{\Omega}$ matched transformer. Matching between a radiating patch and the $50-{\Omega}$ microstrip line is accomplished through a direct coupled-feed technique with the help of an impedance inverter (${\lambda}/4$ impedance transformer) placed at both horizontal and vertical planes, in the case of the $2{\times}2$ planar array. The overall size for the prototype-1 and prototype-2 fabricated antennas are $1.9305{\times}0.9652{\times}0.05106{{\lambda}_0}^3$ and $1.9305{\times}1.9305{\times}0.05106{{\lambda}_0}^3$, respectively. The fabricated structure has been tested, and the experimental results are similar to the simulated ones. The CST MWS simulated and vector network analyzer measured reflection coefficient ($S_{11}$) results were compared, and they indicate that the proposed antenna prototype-1 yields the impedance bandwidth >140 MHz (9.56-9.72 GHz) defined by $S_{11}$<-10 dB with 1.43%, and $S_{21}$<-25 dB in the case of prototype-2 (9.58-9.74 GHz, $S_{11}$< -10 dB) >140 MHz for all the individual ports. The surface currents and the E- and H-field distributions were studied for a better understanding of the polarization mechanism. The measured results of the proposed dual polarized antenna were in accordance with the simulated analysis and showed good performance of the S-parameters and radiation patterns (co-pol and cross-pol), gain, efficiency, front-to-back ratio, half-power beam width) at the resonant frequency. With these features and its compact size, the proposed antenna will be suitable for X-band airborne synthetic aperture radar applications.