• Title, Summary, Keyword: Agent-Based Model (ABM)

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Agent-Based Modeling and Design of Water Reuse Network in Eco-Industrial Park (EIP) (생태산업단지에서 용수재이용 네트워크의 에이전트 기반 모델링 및 설계)

  • Kim, HyunJoo;Yoo, ChangKyoo;Ryu, Jun-Hyung;Lee, In-Beum
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.369-375
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    • 2008
  • To achieve zero-emission, one of the main goals of an eco-industrial park (EIP), it is needed to develop an effective water exchange network. The network includes various subsystems and decision making processes, which make the modeling process extremely complicated. Agent-based modeling was used to simulate water exchange network in an EIP. Firm agents were created based on the behavior pattern of firms, and an agent-based model (ABM) was made with the agents, showing the growth of the exchange network. An existing steel and iron making industrial park was chosen as a case study, and the ABM model shows eco-efficient behavior with a decreased environmental cost. Water reuse network based on the ABM model results in 35% decrease of the fresh water supply and 50% reduction of the wastewater generation in EIP. A case study shows that agent-based model can be a powerful tool in modeling and designing complex eco-industrial parks, especially when a part of the system needs to be changed.

A Proposition on Applying Agent-based Model for Analyzing Logistics System (물류시스템 분석을 위한 행위자 기반 모형 적용에 대한 제언)

  • Kim, Jun-Hyuk
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.130-142
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this paper is to propose applying agent-based model(ABM) for analyzing logistics system. Logistics problems become more complex and multi-faceted. As a result, the behavior of the system becomes more and more difficult to predict, we see the limitations of the traditional top-down approach in handling complexity. The ABM, that is the bottom-up approach, provides new modeling framework in system modeling. The ABM focuses on the interactions of subsystem or agents in whole system. Then the macroscopic picture of the whole system behavior is emerged as the microscopic interactions of agents are aggregated. The ABM assumes that each agent acts based on simple rules learned from dynamic interactions among other agents or its surrounding environment. The ABM has a great advantage in understanding emergent phenomenon that cannot be explained only through considering individual attributes. The ABM is an extremely useful method to analyze complex system such as logistics system. Therefore, the great research efforts and applications on the ABM to logistics system are encouraged in future.

A Study on the Prediction of Weapon System Availability Using Agent Based Modeling and simulation (에이전트 기반 모델링 및 시뮬레이션을 이용한 무기체계 가용도 예측에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Se-Hoon;Choi, Myoung-Jin
    • Journal of Korea Society of Digital Industry and Information Management
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2021
  • Availability is one of the important factor for developing weapon system, because it indicates the mission capability and sustainable life cycle management of weapon system. Recently, as weapon system becomes more advanced and more complex, availability estimation becomes more important to reduce the life cycle cost of weapon system. Modeling and simulation(M&S) is useful method to describe the availability of complex weapon system applying operational environment and maintenance plan. Especially agent based model(ABM) has the strength to describe interactions between agents and environments in complex system. Therefore, this paper presents the availability estimation of weapon system using agent based model. The sample data of part list and reliability analysis is applied to build availability estimation model. User agent and mechanic agent are developed to illustrate the behavior of operation and maintenance using formal specification. Storage reliability is applied to describe failure of each parts. The experimental result shows that this model is quite useful to estimate availability of weapon system. This model may estimate more reasonable availability, if full scale data of weapon system and real field data of operation is provided.

An Analysis of Decision-Making in Extreme Weather using an ABM Approach Application of Mode Choice in Heavy Rain & Heavy Snow (극한기후 시 의사결정 변화를 고려한 ABM 연구 - 폭우.폭설 시 교통수단 선택을 사례로 -)

  • Na, Yu-Gyung;Lee, Seung-Ho;Joh, Chang-Hyeon
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.304-313
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    • 2012
  • Uncertainty increases as a result of environment change and change of individual decision-making in extreme weather. This study consider individual decision-making which has been not covered until now. The purpose of this study is making Agent-Based Model to predict it more accurate that how much change travel demand in heavy rain and heavy snow. Through this model, it can be utilized to forecast travel demand, changes in travel behavior and traffic patterns. It will be also possible to predict discomfort index and risk of accidents.

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Estimation of Agent Based Model for watershed management (유역관리를 위한 행위자기반모형의 평가)

  • Ko, Jin-Seok;Jee, Hong-Kee;Lee, Soon-Tak
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.851-854
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    • 2010
  • 유역관리는 유역이라는 한정된 범위 내에서 물에 영향을 미치거나 물에 의하여 영향을 받는 모든 인간 활동과 자연현상을 통합적으로 고려하는 것이다. 이러한 관점에서 유역관리는 유역 차원에서 물을 경제적이고 공평하게 관리하고 분배하여 수자원에 대한 장기적이고 지속가능한 해결 방안을 마련하는 것이다. 여기에는 정부, 시민사회 및 기업 행위자가 사회경제적 개발목표와 정책 형성, 집행계획을 수립하는 것으로부터 시작된다. 유역관리를 위한 의사결정들은 행위자들과의 영향으로 수정되며, 이런 과정에서 토지와 수자원에서 분쟁이 발생하며, 수자원 관리자는 자연현상, 물 사용, 재정적, 인적자원 및 외부적인 요인으로 인해 목적을 달성하는데 부합하지 않을 수도 있다. 효과적인 유역관리를 위해서는 제약조건 하에서 수자원 관리자가 의사결정에 정보를 주고 주요 행위자들과 협력을 통해서 이루어 질 수 있다. 본 논문에서는 유역관리를 위한 의사결정을 행위자기반모형(Agent based Model, ABM)으로 이해하고자 하며, ABM은 유역관리의 이해당사자간의 정책과정을 도출하고 다양한 유역관리 대안을 평가하고 유역관리의 영향을 설명하는 모델이다. 본 모형은 관측자료를 통해 상향식 접근법으로 가능한 많은 세부사항을 모의할 수 있다. 분석과정은 자료의 수집, 모델 확립, 모델의 개발, 통계 자료 수집 및 모델의 결과와 실제 시스템의 보충된 관측자료를 비교하는 검증 순으로 진행되며, 본 모델에서의 행위자는 과거의 행동으로부터 주위 환경의 반응하는 패턴을 확인하고 개발하며, 이러한 패턴은 정책들을 구별하기 위해서 이용되며, 이러한 과정에서 강화학습이 이루어진다. 이를 통해 행위자의 익숙한 방식의 합리적인 행동과 정책들의 상관관계를 평가할 수 있으며, 강화학습을 통해 실제적인 통계적인 모델이 가능할 것이다.

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Analysis of Land Use Change using Agent based Modelling Approach (행위자기반모형을 이용한 토지이용 변화 분석)

  • Ko, Jin-Seok;Jee, Hong-Kee;Lee, Soon-Tak
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.1361-1364
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    • 2009
  • 최근 몇 년동안 지속가능하고 효과적인 수자원 관리는 전체적인 접근방법이 요구되고 있으며, 사회와 경제발전과 생태계 보호 및 토지이용과 수자원 이용의 적절한 관리와 연결된 개념이 필요하다. 이러한 관점에서 유역을 간단한 고정된 지역적인 문제라고 생각하는 것보다 전체로서의 유역 기능을 개선하는데 노력이 필요하다. 또한 사회와 경제발전으로 인해 도시화, 여가 관광지역 및 사회기반시설의 확장 그리고 자연환경의 변화가 발행하고 있다. 효과적인 토지이용 배분과 자연지역의 보호도 중요하지만 잠재적인 홍수피해 저감도 중요한 문제이다. 토지이용의 변화는 많은 이해관계자들로부터 유발되는 문제이기 때문에 거시적인 관점에서 고려되어야 한다. 본 논문은 다양한 관계자와 자연환경과의 연결과 상호작용 유형을 이해하고 다양한 정책선택과 자연환경 상태가 토지이용 변화에 미치는 영향을 이해하고자 한다. 인간의 활동으로 인해 발생하는 토지이용의 변화를 모의하기 위해서 행위자기반모형(Agent based Model, ABM)으로 접근하고자 한다. ABM은 유역관리의 이해당사자간의 정책과정을 도출하고 다양한 유역관리 대안을 평가하기 위해서 홍수위험, 자연개발 및 비용과 같은 유역관리의 영향을 설명하는 통합된 유역모델이다. 여기서 토지이용은 경제적, 지형학적 상황, 공간계획 및 홍수방어정책에 좌우되며, 토지의 속성과 규칙을 통해 토지이용이 선택되게 된다. 본 모형을 통해 공간적으로 분포된 행위자의 운영을 기반으로 종합적인 토지이용 패턴을 분석하였다, 이를 통해 토지이용 결정에 영향을 주는 인자를 추정하여 통합홍수관리 목적에 맞는 관리 대책의 결정 및 설계를 가능토록 하였다.

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Current Calculation Simulation Model for Smartgrid-based Energy Distribution System Operation (스마트 그리드 기반 에너지 시스템 운영을 위한 배전계통 조류계산 시뮬레이션 모델 개발)

  • Bae, HeeSun;Shin, Seungjae;Moon, Il-Chul;Bae, Jang Won
    • Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.113-126
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    • 2021
  • The future energy consumption pattern will show a very different pattern from the present due to the increase of distributed power sources such as renewable energy and the birth of the concept of prosumers, etc. Accordingly, it can be predicted that the direction of establishment of an appropriate production and supply plan considering the stability and consumption efficiency of the entire power grid will also be different from now. This paper proposes a simulation model that can test a new operational strategy when faced with a number of possible future environments. Through the proposed model, it is possible to simulate and analyze power consumed and supplied in a future Smart Grid environment, in which a large amount of new concepts including energy storage service (ESS) and distributed energy resources (DER) will be added. In particular, it is possible to model complex systems structurally by using DEVS formalism among the ABM (Agent-Based Model) methodologies that can model decision-making for each agent existing in the grid, and several factors can be easily added to the grid. The simulation model was verified using given dataset in the current situation, and scenario analysis was performed by simply adding an ESS, one of the main elements of the smart grid, to the model.

Development of an Agent-based Simulator for Shopping Path Analysis in Retail Stores (유통매장 내 쇼핑 동선 분석을 위한 에이전트 기반 시뮬레이터 개발)

  • Kim, Sang-Hee;Keshavarz, Mehdi;Lee, Yong-Han
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.91-110
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    • 2012
  • Recently the effort of retailers improving the efficiency of store operations by using the information technology (IT) is increasing. Among them, the analysis of the shoppers' flow in retail stores is one of the critical tasks since it is an essential part in optimizing store layout and item grouping, and in developing the customized services specialized to shoppers' classification. Agent-Based Modeling and Simulation (ABMS) is one of the most promising methods which support analyzing the shoppers' flow. In this paper, we suggested a shopper's behavior model and developed an agent-based simulator for optimizing the operations of retail stores. In order to model the shoppers' behavior, we analyzed the behavioral characteristics of shoppers based on their shopping lists, suggesting BDI-based agent models of the shoppers' behavior. The shopping agent model were suggested, which has an additional mental state, the shopper's behavioral characteristic, as well as the original mental states of the BDI theory which has beliefs, desires and Intentions. The result of this study can be used in as a preliminary study for modeling and simulation of retail stores congestion and in the end the optimization of item grouping and store layout.

Mutual Verification of an Analytic Model of a Complex System and Space Syntax Using Network Analyses (네트워크 분석방식 선택에 따른 복잡계 모형과 공간구문론의 상호검증)

  • Kim, Suk-Tae;Yoon, So-hee
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.45-54
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    • 2017
  • A social phenomenon that occurs in a physical space is said to be a complex system. However, space syntax, which is commonly employed by researchers to identify such social phenomena, has various limitations in interpreting their complexity. On the other hand, agent-based modeling considers a variety of factors including the personality of the agent, objective-oriented work flows, estimation according to time flows and better prediction of space use through diverse parameters depending the situation, as well as the characteristics of the space. The agent-based method thus has the potentials to be developed as an alternative to space syntax techniques. In particular, discrete event driven simulation(DEVS), which is part of the agent-based modeling method, embraces the concept of networks just like space syntax, which allows a possible theoretical linkage in the future. This study suggests a procedural model of agent-based DEVS reflecting two different connection methods, i.e. connections between adjacent areas and those of the entire space, and attempts to identify the relationship between the local and regional indices of space syntax. A number of spaces were selected as examples-one for a preliminary experiment and eight modified for the main experiment-and space syntax and DEVS were applied to each of them. The comparative analysis of the results led to the conclusions as follows: 1) Adjacent connections were closely related to local indices, while the whole-space approach to regional indices. Local integration shows both characteristics. 2) Observation of the time flow model indicated a faster convergence with the range of 1 to 3-fold of the total time of one lap, with the error of less than 10%. 3) The heat map analysis showed more obvious characteristics of using the space for the entire space rather than adjacent connections. 4) Space syntax shows higher eligibility than ABM.