• 제목/요약/키워드: Adolescent

검색결과 3,533건 처리시간 0.531초

청소년기 여학생의 월경전증후군 구조모형 (A Structural Equation Modeling on Premenstrual Syndrome in Adolescent Girls)

  • 전정희;황선경
    • 대한간호학회지
    • /
    • v.44 no.6
    • /
    • pp.660-671
    • /
    • 2014
  • Purpose: The aims of this study were to construct a hypothetical structural model which explains the premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in adolescent girls and to test the fitness with collected data. Methods: The participants were 1,087 adolescent girls from 3 high schools and 5 middle schools in B city. Data were collected from July 3 to October 15, 2012 using self-reported questionnaires and were analyzed using PASW 18.0 and AMOS 16.0 programs. Results: The overall fitness indices of hypothetical model were good (${\chi}^2$ =1555, p<.001), ${\chi}^2$/df=4.40, SRMR=.04, GFI=.91, RMSEA=.05, NFI=.90, TLI=.91, CFI=.92, AIC=1717). Out of 16 paths, 12 were statistically significant. Daily hassles had the greatest impact on PMS in the adolescent girls in this model. In addition, PMS in adolescent girls was directly affected by menarche age, Body Mass Index (BMI), amount of menstruation, test anxiety, social support, menstrual attitude and femininity but not by academic stress. This model explained 27% of the variance in PMS in adolescent girls. Conclusion: The findings from this study suggest that nursing interventions to reduce PMS in adolescent girls should address their daily hassles, test anxiety, menstrual attitude and BMI. Also, social support from their parents, friends, and teachers needs to be increased.

청소년이 지각한 부모의 애정적 양육태도가 사회적 위축에 미치는 영향 : 자아탄력성의 매개효과 (The Effect of Affectionate Parenting Attitudes Perceived by Adolescents on Social Withdrawal : The Mediator Effect of Ego-resilience)

  • 김혜선;이지민
    • 가정과삶의질연구
    • /
    • v.34 no.4
    • /
    • pp.77-88
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study was conducted in order to find out protective factors on adolescent's social withdrawal. The purpose of this study was to test the mediator effects of adolescent's ego-resilience in the relation between affectionate parenting attitudes and adolescent's social withdrawal. The data were collected from 586 students of high schools located in 'D' city, Korea. Adolescents completed questionnaires on 'My Memories of Upbringing(EMBU-short)', ego-resilience, and 'Korean Youth Self Report(K-YSR)' scales. The correlation and structural equation model were conducted to examine the relations between the variables by using the SPSS 21.0 and AMOS 21.0. The results are as follow: First, while the affectionate parenting attitudes did not directly affect the adolescent's social withdrawal, the ego-resilience had a direct effect on the adolescent's social withdrawal. Second, there was a significant mediator effect of the adolescent's ego-resilience between the affectionate parenting attitude and adolescent's social withdrawal. In conclusion, these results can be used as basic data to prevent social withdrawal of adolescents and increase their ego-resilience.

부모간 갈등과 부모자녀간 의사소통에 따른 후기 청소년의 심리${\cdot}$사회적 적응 (The Impact of Parents' Marital Conflict and Parent-Adolescent Communication on College Students' Psycho-Social Adjustment)

  • 이영미;민하영;이윤주
    • 가정과삶의질연구
    • /
    • v.23 no.5
    • /
    • pp.53-62
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study investigated the effect of parents' marital conflict and parent-adolescent communication on the psycho-social adjustment of college students. The subjects were 287 college students(107 boys and 180 girls) in Daegu and Kyoungbuk Province. Questionnaires were used to investigate the college students' depression, anxiety and school adjustment and parents' marital conflict and parent-adolescent communication perceived by college students. Data were analyzed by SPSS-WIN program, including median, mean, standard deviation, correlational analysis, and regression. Results were as follows. (1) The college students who perceived their parents' marital conflict as lower and parent-adolescent communication as positive were less depressive and less anxious and were good at school than those who perceived them as higher and negative. (2) The college students of the family with negative parent-adolescent communication and high parents' marital conflict were more negative in psycho-social adjustment than those of the family with positive parent-adolescent communication or low parents' marital conflict. (3) The regression analysis showed that college students' perception of positive parent-adolescent communication was more influential on college students' psycho-social adjustment than the parents' marital conflict perceived by college students.

청소년 스마트폰 중독관련 국내 연구 동향 (Trends and Issues of Adolescent's Smart Phone Addiction Research in Korea)

  • 김영숙
    • 한국학교ㆍ지역보건교육학회지
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.17-29
    • /
    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to examine the trend of adolescent's smart phone addiction researches from 2012 to 2014 in Korea, and to propose further study for prevention of adolescent's smart phone addiction. Methods: Subjects were 169 researches about adolescent's smart phone addiction from 2012 to 2014 in Korea, and the theme was summarized as following: variables associated with adolescent's smart phone addiction, prevention and intervention strategies of it, the status and development of adolescent's smart phone addiction scale, awareness and prevention of smart phone addiction. Results: As a result of this study, 63.3% were as the most source of researches in 2014, and master's thesis was 74.6 percent. According to the theme of research, the most effects on smart phone addition is self-control and parenting and the most relational variables with smart phone addition are anxiety and parenting. The most affected by smart phone addiction is adaption of school life and conversational breakdown. The studies about prevention of smart phone addiction and intervention examine the effect of therapy program and group consultation. Conclusions: The educational program for using smart phone should be made and applied for preventing adolescent's smart phone addiction.

청소년 우울 측정을 위한 CES-D와 RADS-2-K 도구의 비교 (Comparison of CES-D and RADS-2-K in Measuring Adolescent Depression)

  • 성경미
    • 한국학교보건학회지
    • /
    • v.29 no.2
    • /
    • pp.53-62
    • /
    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the scales measuring adolescent depression. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using CES-D and RADS-2-K as sales measuring adolescent depression. The participants were 1,217 adolescents from two middle schools located in South Korea. Data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 21.0. All the items included in the two instruments were analysed through content analysis. Results: The study revealed that the two instruments produced different results in the number of depressive students, depression levels according to subjects' characteristics, and item distribution based on content analysis. The total number of the students belonging to the depression group was 194, including 132 from CES-D and 183 from RADS-2-K. Based on the content analysis covering two categories, general and adolescent depression, the study determined fifteen subcategories in the items of the two scales. Conclusion: In this study, CES-D showed less sensitivity than RADS-2-K in depression levels according to factors relevant to adolescent depression, and both scales had no item for three subcategories of adolescent depression and one subcategory of general depression. The researcher suggests that further studies to evaluate the validity of adolescent depression scales will be useful for helping adolescents with depression.

한국 청소년기 여성의 브래지어 착용 실태 조사 (A Study on the Korean Adolescent Girls' Wearing Condition of Brassiere)

  • 최영림;양희순
    • 한국의류학회지
    • /
    • v.41 no.4
    • /
    • pp.741-751
    • /
    • 2017
  • Adolescent girls experience significant breast growth is a significant secondary sexual characteristic development; their breasts are clearly different from adults' in volume, location and shape. This study was designed to understand brassiere wearing conditions and practices of adolescent girls aged between 15 and 18, as well as to identify problems and solutions so that it can serve as basic guidelines to develop patterns and sizes for adolescent brassieres. This researcher first studied brassiere wearing conditions and size fitness of adolescent girls. We analyzed the 439 collected responses from an online survey. The survey questionnaires encompassed brassiere wearing conditions and practices, brassiere size awareness, brassiere design preference, and brassiere purchase behavior. The survey found that 55.8% of the responders did not accurately understand their brassiere sizes, and those who understood their size showed a higher satisfaction and less discomfort than those who did not. This study found a requirement to educate adolescent girls on how to select and wear the right-sized brassieres. It is also necessary to promote different brassiere designs for adolescent girls' size and body shape.