• 제목/요약/키워드: Adolescent

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부모-자녀 의사소통과 우울이 청소년 자살생각에 미치는 영향 (The Effects of Parent-Adolescent Communication and Depression on Suicide Ideation)

  • 오현아;박영례;최미혜
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of parent-adolescent communication and depression on suicide ideation in the adolescent population. Method: The participants for this study were 391 students from two middle schools, one located in Seoul and one in Kyung-gi do Province. A self-report survey was used for data collection, which was carried out from February 8 to 14, 2006. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 11.0 Program. Results: The average score for father-adolescent communication was 61.70, and for mother-adolescent communication, 64.04. The average score for depression was 16.01, and for suicide ideation, 8.69. There was a statistically significant positive correlation between suicide ideation and depression. There was a statistically significant reverse correlation between suicide ideation and mother-adolescent communication, and between suicide ideation and father-adolescent communication. Mother-adolescent communication and depression account for 46.4% of variance in suicide ideation of adolescents. Conclusion: According to the results, programs designed to improve parent-adolescent communication and decrease depression should be developed and put into practice to decrease the rate of suicide ideation in adolescents in Korea.

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Adolescent Smoking Behaviors and the Related Risk Factors in Korea: A Descriptive Literature Review

  • Moon In-Ok
    • 보건교육건강증진학회지
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2004
  • This study conducted descriptive literature review on adolescent smoking and the related factors to realize significance of adolescent smoking onset in Korea and to identify risk factors of smoking incidence. Korean adolescent smoking status was generated based on the cumulated data of the Korean Association of Smoking and Health. Risk factors of adolescent smoking were identified based on 18 studies written in English, with cross-sectional research design and published as a peer-reviewed journal article between 1994 and 2003. The results were as follows. 1. Korean adolescent smoking rate was the highest among OECD affiliated countries; in particular, male adolescent smoking incidence was very serious. 2. Risk factors related to smoking of adolescent population were personal factor, friend factor, family factor, and mass-media factor. Demographic characteristics, attitudes on smoking, and willingness of smoking, and health behaviors were selected as personal factor of smoking. 3. Best friends smoking was a strong factor of students' smoking set. Prevalent popularity of smoking in peer-group allowed students to feel free to smoking. 4. Concerning family factor related to smoking status, parents' smoking and sibling's smoking were significant indicators of adolescent smoking status. 5. Seeing smoking behaviors and scenes through films, TV shows, drama, and advertisement was a significant risk factor of adolescent smoking status.

어머니의 과시소비가 청소년소비자의 과시소비에 미치는 영향 (The Effects of mothers' Conspicuous Consumption on Adolescent Conumers' Conspicuous Consumption)

  • 이승신
    • 가정과삶의질연구
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.33-44
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    • 1999
  • This study investigates the importance of the role of mother to reduce conspicuous consumption of adolescent consumers. This study analyzes that the socio-demographic variables of adolescent consumers consumer ability the degree of materialism and the level at which the conspicuous consumption of the mother affect the conspicuous consumption of adolescent consumers. Analysis of the data collected from this study will be used to assist in reducing conspicuous consumption of adolescent consumers. A survey was conducted by questionnarire with 597 adolescent consumers attending middle and high school located in Seoul and their mothers. The results of this study show that the effect of conspicuous consumption of the mother was the most significant factor on the conspicuous consumption of adolescent consumers. The following factors were correlated with higher conspicuous consumption levels in adolescent consumers: 1) higher level of conspicuous consumption of the mother: 2) a lower evel of the moths consumer attitude ; 3) the lower educational level of the mother ; 4) whether the mother worked outside of the home rather than stayed at home full-time; and 5) less household income.

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청소년의 긍정심리자본에 관한 연구: 부모-자녀 대화시간과 개방적 의사소통을 중심으로 (A study on the positive psychological capital of adolescents: Focusing on parent-adolescent conversation time and open communication)

  • 최아라
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.59 no.3
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    • pp.287-296
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    • 2021
  • This study examined the influences of demographic variables, parent-adolescent conversation time, and open communication on the positive psychological capital of adolescents. The data were collected from 243 middle school students living in Gwangju from December 23, 2019, to January 3, 2020. Data were analyzed using correlation analysis, and hierarchical regression analysis. The results can be summarized as follows. First, with economic condition, academic achievement, parent-adolescent conversation time, and open communication, positive psychological capital showed significant difference statistically. Second, father-adolescent open communication best explained positive psychological capital, followed by academic achievement, and mother-adolescent open communication. The results highlight the important roles played by parent-adolescent open communication and academic achievement in improving adolescents'positive psychological capital. The study contributes to the literature by providing fundamental insights into adolescents'positive psychological capital.

부모의 학대 및 방임과 청소년의 우울 및 비행의 안정성 및 상호적 영향 (Stability and Reciprocal Effects of Abuse and Neglect by Parents and Adolescent Depression and Delinquency)

  • 김민주;도현심
    • 아동학회지
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.133-148
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    • 2017
  • Objective: This study focused on the stability and reciprocal effects between abuse and neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency. We examined both parent and child effects by adopting the transactional model proposed by Sameroff (2009). Methods: Using autoregressive cross-lagged modeling, data from the $2^{nd}$ to the $4^{th}$ wave of the Korean Children and Youth Panel Study (KCYPS) were analyzed. The sample consisted of 1,982 adolescents who were $8^{th}$ graders in 2011. Data were collected at three different phases: when participants were in $8^{th}$ grade (T1), $9^{th}$ grade (T2) and $10^{th}$ grade (T3). Results: First, the effects of abuse and neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency showed stability from the $8^{th}$ to the $10^{th}$ grade. Second, abuse at T1 and T2 had effects on adolescent delinquency at T2 and T3, respectively, but not on adolescent depression. In terms of child effects, abuse was influenced by adolescent depression only. Adolescent depression and delinquency had no reciprocal effects. Finally, there were reciprocal effects between neglect on one hand and adolescent depression and delinquency on the other. That is, there were child effects as well as parent effects. No significant effects were found in the reciprocal relations between adolescent depression and delinquency. Conclusion: The present study found the stability of abuse and neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency. Furthermore, this study identified the child effects as well as parent effects, thus supporting the transactional model of neglect by parents and adolescent depression and delinquency.

조부모 의복행동에 대한 청소년의 지각이 조부모에 대한 태도에 미치는 영향 (The Effects of the Adolescent’s Perception of Grandparent’s Clothing Behavior on their Attitude toward the Grandparent.)

  • 이영숙;김용숙
    • 한국가정과교육학회지
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2000
  • The purposes of this study were to identify the adolescent’s perception to grandparent’s clothing behavior, the effect of grandparent’s clothing behavior on the attitudes toward their grand parents, and the variables related to the adolescent’s attitudes toward their grandparent affecting grandparent’s clothing behavior. The results of this study may provide the foundations for the continuing family educational material to promote the grandparent-grandchildren relationship. Questionnaires were distributed to middle and high school students in Chonbuk Province through school teachers from June 9th 18th. 1999. and 485 questionnaires were analysed. Frequencies percentages, factor analysis. Cronbach’s a. t-test, F-test. and Duncan’s Multiple Range test were used for data analysis. The results were as follows: 1. The adolescent’s perception level of grandparent’s clothing behavior was higher when grandparents were younger. healthier and wealthier. in separate living status. and in case of younger and more female adolescents. In case of separate living status. the adolescent’s perception level was higher when grandparent and adolescent contacted frequently. 2. The adolescent’s perception level of grandparent’s clothing behavior was favorable when their total attitude toward grandparent was positive, especially in economic, intellectual. personality, and family relation aspects. 3. The effects of the perception of grandparent’s clothing behavior on the adolescent attitude toward their grandparent were higher in case of grandmother. female adolescent. and separate living status, less educated. and in worse health status grandparent.

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부모자녀 의사소통이 고등학생의 학업스트레스와 교우관계에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Parental-adolescent Communication on Academic Stress and Peer Relationship Perceived by High School Students)

  • 김유정;이은미
    • 한국간호교육학회지
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.326-333
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of parent-adolescent communication on academic stress and peer relationship perceived by high school students. Method: A total of 154 students were recruited from a high school in C city. Data were collected by means of self-reported questionnaires from September 1 to 18, 2015 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression analysis with SPSS 20.0. Results: Positive correlations were found between father-adolescent communication and peer relationship(r=.35, p<.001), and between mother-adolescent communication and peer relationship(r=.22, p=.006). Negative correlations were found between father-adolescent communication and academic stress (r=-.23, p=.004), and between mother-adolescent communication and academic stress(r=-.17, p=.039). Conclusion: These results suggest that identifying the effects of father-adolescent communication and parent-adolescent communication programs on academic stress and peer relationship is required.

농촌의 다문화와 비 다문화 가구 청소년의 인성과 영향 변인 비교 (Comparison of the Personality and Its Impact Variables between Multicultural and Non-multicultural Household Adolescent in Rural)

  • 양순미;정민자;오윤자
    • 농촌지도와개발
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.365-383
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    • 2015
  • This study aimed at identifying a differences of the factors affecting personality of multicultural and non-multicultural household adolescent in rural area. The major findings that were drawn from this study were as follows. Frist, the level of personality perceived by non-multicultural household adolescent was higher than it of the multicultural household adolescent significantly. Second, the regression analysis showed that the factors affecting personality was different between multicultural and non-multicultural household adolescent in rural area. The scholastic performance(${\beta}=.23$), namely, affected most significantly the personality perceived by adolescent of multicultural household, and the immersing time in internet game per one day(${\beta}=-.27$), on the other hand, affected most significantly the personality perceived by adolescent of non-muticultural household. In conclusion, based on results of this study, several plans improving the personality of the rural multicultural and non-multicultural household adolescent were suggested.