• Title, Summary, Keyword: Activities of Daily Living scale

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Relationship among Pain, Depression and Activities of Daily Living in Nursing Home Residents (노인요양시설 입소 노인의 통증, 우울 및 일상생활활동과의 관련성)

  • Lee, Young-Mi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.6728-6738
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    • 2014
  • This study investigated the relationship among pain, depression and activities of daily living in nursing home residents. Data was collected through a structured questionnaire survey of residents at 4 nursing homes in S city. The measures were the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) and Discomfort Scale-Dementia of the Alzheimer Type (DS-DAT) for self-reported and observational pain, Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form-Korea Version (GDSSF-K) for depression, Barthel Activities of Daily Living (BADL) scale for ADL. The data were analyzed using the Pearson's correlation coefficient and hierarchical multiple regression using the SPSS/PC 20.0 program. The analysis results of the relationship of pain, depression and activities of daily living, both DS-DAT and NRS showed a significant negative correlation with the activities of daily living and a positive correlation with depression. Finally, gender, arthritis, depression, and activities of daily living explained 28.1% of the variance in pain using NRS, whereas depression and activities of daily living explained 21.5% of the variance in pain using DS-DAT. The results highlight the need to develop a pain management program that reduces the depression and promotes the activities of daily living in nursing home residents; hence, a differentiated approach as non-pharmacological interventions is required.

Effects of Muscle Electric Stimulation on Chronic Knee Pain, Activities of Daily Living, and Living Satisfaction for Korean Elderly Women (여성노인의 만성무릎통증, 일상생활활동 및 생활만족도에 미치는 근육 전기자극 요법의 적용 효과)

  • Sok, So-Hyune R.;Kim, Kwuy-Bun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.305-312
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: This study was to examine effects of muscle electric stimulation on chronic knee pain, activities of daily living, and living satisfaction for Korean elderly women. Methods: The design was a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest study. Subjects were 60 (experimental: 30, control: 30) elderly women 65 years old or above with good orientation and communication. The experimental treatment was electric stimulation on both thigh quadriceps muscles for 15 minutes per time, 3 times per week, for a total of 12 weeks. Measures were the S-F McGill Pain Questionnaire and Arthritis Impact Measurement Scale for chronic knee pain, activities measurement of daily living for activities of daily living, and living satisfaction measurement for living satisfaction. Data was analyzed through the SPSS Win 12.0. Results: Chronic knee pain by S-F MPQ (t=43.563, p=.000) and chronic knee pain by AIMS (t=31.364, p=.000) were significantly decreased in the experimental group, and the activities of daily living (t=124.353, p=.000) and living satisfaction (t=71.268, p=.000) were significantly increased in the experimental group for Korean elderly women. Conclusion: Muscle electrical stimulation decreased chronic knee pain, and increased the activities of daily living and living satisfaction for Korean elderly women. Further studies for muscle electric stimulation need to be done.

Perceived oral health awareness in dementia and dementia-suspected depending on KMME (일부 치매 및 치매의심환자들의 인지기능에 따른 구강보건인식 조사)

  • Kim, Eun Sook;Hong, Min-Hee
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.217-223
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to investigate cognitive function, performance of activities of daily living, and recognition on oral health with the cognitive function testto dementia or dementia-suspected patients in the outpatients. Methods: The subjects were 94 dementia or dementia-suspected patients visiting C University hospital for the dementia test. Study instruments included Korea Mini-Mental State Examination KMMS, The Bayer-Activities of Daily Living Scale; B-ADL, Seoul-Instrumental Activities of Daily Living; S-IADL, Global Deterioration Scale; GDS, Korean Dementia Screening Questionnaire; KDSQ, and underlying diseases. Results: Dementia or dementia-suspected patients were 42 by KMMSE test, 25 patients had impaired functioning of daily living by B-ADL test, 27 patients showed the presence of depression by GDS test, and 45 patients showed impaired functioning of daily living. There was a statistically significant difference in the subjective recognition on oral health conditions. There was a statistically significant difference in the subjective recognition on oral health conditions by ADL. There was a positive correlation between the cognitive function and ADL performance. Higher cognitive function is proportional to ADL performance. Conclusions: The cognitive function was closely associated with ADL and subjective oral health conditions.

Effects of Therapeutic Massage Program on Range of Motion, Activities of Daily Living, Strength in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy (경직형 뇌성마비아동의 마사지 프로그램 적용이 근력, 관절가동범위 및 일상생활활동에 미치는 효과)

  • Yu, In-Woo;Seo, Dong-Gi;Kim, Soo-Hyun;Im, Jun-Oh;Lee, Jeong-Won;Bak, Ki-Dae;Kim, Jin-A
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Health Science
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.542-549
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    • 2016
  • Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of massage program on muscle strength (MMT), range of motion (ROM) and activities of daily living (ADL) in children with spastic cerebral palsy. Methods. The child welfare center of J city were measurement goniometer by range of motion and evaluation of activities of daily living scale and muscle strength scale. The massage program was applicated with 40 min, 2 times per a week and total 8 weeks. Massage program constituted surface of effleurage, petrisage, deep part of effleurage, friction in regular sequence. Result. For muscle strengths were significantly differenced after 8 weeks. For range of motion were dose dependent increased different two groups. And activities of daily living scale were significantly difference between massage group and non-massage group. Conclusion. In this study, the therapeutic massage program showed a positive effect for muscle strength, range of motion and activities of daily living in spastic cerebral palsy.

A Comparative Study between Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients and Healthy Persons on Activities of Daily Living, Fatigue and Depression (류마티스 관절염환자와 일반인의 일상활동, 피로 및 우울에 관한 비교연구)

  • Cho, Hyea-Myung;Park, Jeong-Sook;Park, Myung-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.247-261
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    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to compare activities of daily living, fatigue and depression between rheumatoid arthritis patients and healthy persons. The subjects consisted of 53 rheumatoid arthritis patients and 53 healthy persons at a university hospital in Daegu City. Data were collected by means of structured interviews with questionnaires from July 20, 1999 to August 25, 1999. The instrument used in this study were the activities of daily living scale developed by Katz et al. (1970) and Barthel(1973), Multidimensional Assessment of Fatigue by Belza et al.(1995) and CES-D(Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression) scale. Analysis of data was done by use of descriptive statistics, Pearson Correlation, Chi-square test, t-test, ANOVA, MANCOVA and Duncan with the SPSS program. The major findings are summarized as follows : 1. The first hypothesis that the rheumatoid arthritis patients will have a lower degree of activities of daily living than the healthy persons was supported (F=4.584, p=.035). 2. The second hypothesis that the rheumatoid arthritis patient will have a higher degree of fatigue than the healthy persons was supported (F=7.799, p=.006). 3. The third hypothesis that the rheumatoid arthritis patients will have a higher degree of depression than the healthy persons was supported (F=4.768, p=.031). With the above results, it can be concluded that rheumatoid arthritis patients had a lower degree of activities of daily living and a higher degree of fatigue and depression than the healthy persons. Therefore, by providing appropriate nursing intervention, activities of daily living would be much better and fatigue and depression would be alleviated.

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Effects of Active Vibration Exercise on Trunk Muscle Activity, Balance, and Activities of Daily Living in Patients with Chronic Stroke

  • Lee, Dong-Kyu;Kim, Eun-Kyung
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.146-150
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effect of active vibration exercise on trunk muscle activity, balance, and activities of daily living in patients with chronic stroke. Methods: Twenty-four patients with chronic stroke were randomly assigned to an experimental (n=12) or a control (n=12) group. The experimental group performed an active vibration exercise workout for 20 minutes a day five times a week for 4 weeks using a flexi-bar. Trunk muscle activity was measured using surface electromyography. Balance was measured using the Berg balance scale. Activities of daily living were measured using the functional independence measure. Results: The intragroup comparison showed significant differences in the rectus abdominis, internal oblique, and external oblique muscle activity values, Berg balance scale score, and functional independence measurement values in the experimental group. The intergroup comparison showed that differences in the rectus abdominis and internal oblique external oblique muscle values, Berg balance scale score, and functional independence measurement value for the experimental group were significantly related to those in the control group. Conclusion: Based on these results, this study proved that the active vibration exercise effectively improved trunk muscle activity, balance, and activities of daily living in patients with chronic stroke.

Effects of Family-Centered Training on Functional Balance and Activities of Daily Living in Children with Cerebral Palsy

  • Kwon, Hae Yeon;Kim, Byeong Jo
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.1475-1485
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to examine the effects of the application of family-centered training over the 12-week period by the pediatric physiotherapist on functional balance and activities of daily living in children with cerebral palsy. Among the 26 children with cerebral palsy as the subjects were allocated to the experimental and control group. Both groups were subjected to neurodevelopmental treatment by the pediatric physiotherapist. The experimental group, participated in family-centered training program 3 times a week over a period of 12 weeks for the total of 36 sessions, functional balance and activities of daily living were verified through intergroup comparison. There was no significant difference between the outcomes prior to training and after 6 weeks of training, (p>.05) Pediatric Berg's Balance Scale(PBS) and Functional Independence Measure for children(Wee-FIM) increased significantly from those measures after 6 weeks to those after 12 weeks of training (p<.05). Therefore, these results suggest that on family-centered training on children with cerebral palsy has beneficial effects on functional movements and physical activities.

The Relationship of Dysfunctions Degree, Daily Living Activity, Depressiveness and Quality of Life among the Elderly Suffering from Stroke (뇌졸중 노인의 기능장애 정도, 일상생활 수행능력, 우울과 삶의 질 간의 관계)

  • Park, In-Sook;Kim, Do-Yeon;Kang, Chang-Yeol
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.173-186
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to know dysfunctions degree, daily living activity, depression and quality of life among stroke elderly person; and to know what kind of factors affecting to quality of life of the stroke elderly person; after that provide a fundamental data to nursing arbitration plan about increase height quality of life of the stroke elderly person. The study subjects were collected 119 people, over than 60 age, who were diagnosed with stoke in D hospital, living in B city. The data was collected by using personal interviews and questionnaire, from Nov 2008 to Jan 2009. The questionnaire were Pre-Stroke MRDS(Modified Rankin Disability Scale), Barthel-ADL(Activities of Daily Living), K-IADL(Korean-Instrumental Activities of Daily Living), GDS-15(Geriatric Depression Scale-15-question form) methods. The pre-stroke MRDS was appeared a functional obstacle. The mean score of activity of daily living was 18.24 which showed the subjects were mildly disabled, the score of instrumental activities of daily living was 7.94 which showed the mildly abled, and score of depressiveness was 7.41 which showed the subjects were mildly depression. There was a significantly correlation among MRDS, ADL, IADL, depressiveness and quality of life. Through these study result, important to check the old subjects' depressiveness, cognitive functions, daily living abilities, dysfunctions degree to main tain their quality of life.

Effects of the Self-care Promotion Program for the Elderly in Home Health Nursing (재가노인을 위한 자가관리증진 프로그램의 효과)

  • Lee, Kyung Bok;Kim, Soon-Lae
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.156-165
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the effects of a program for increasing self-care with activities of daily living among the elderly living at home. Methods: The study adopted a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The number of participants were 30 in the experimental group and 30 in the control group. Participants were persons aged 65 years and above in Busan. The experimental group was provided with for 16 different types of self-care behaviors by family nurses who made weekly home visits to these participants. Each visit lasted for more than 30 minutes, and the visits were conducted for 12 weeks. The research instrument used in this study was a scale developed by Shimanouchi et al. (2003) which assessed self-care behavior, activities of daily living, and depression. Results: The experimental group showed an increase in self-care behavior compared to the control group. Time and group variables were also found to have an interaction effect on the daily living activity level. The experimental group showed an increase in the activities of daily living compared to the control group. Depression scores dropped from 9.4 to 5.8 in the experimental group and from 8.6 to 7.0 in the control group. Conclusion: We found that the self-care behavior program improved the levels of independence and activities of daily living among the elderly living at home.

The Effects of Functional Task Training on Activities of Daily Living in the Fall Experienced Elderly (기능적 과제훈련이 낙상경험노인의 일상생활수행능력에 미치는 영향: 단일대상연구)

  • Woo, Ji Hee;Park, Hae Yean;Kim, Jong Bae
    • Therapeutic Science for Rehabilitation
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.43-54
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    • 2016
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of occupational therapeutic intervention including functional task training on activities daily living of falls experienced elderly. Methods : This study used a single subject experimental design with alternating treatment and reversal design. One participant who have had falls experience among the community-dwelling elderly completed. This study a total of 18 sessions were conducted. Fall Efficiency Scale(FES), Berg Balance Scale(BBS) and task modification scale were used to assess the activities of daily living during each session, and Canadian Occupational Performance Measure(COPM) and Assessment of Home-based Activities(AHA) were used to evaluate the activities of daily living at pre-and post-test. Results : The participant showed significant improvements in the FES, BBS scores. However, the improvement was greater when progressive resistance exercise was practised along with functional task training. COPM and AHA scores improved at post-test. Conclusions : These findings provide evidence for occupational therapeutic intervention for falls-experienced elderly.