• Title, Summary, Keyword: Acanthopanax

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The Comparison of Phenolic Compounds by Various Sections of Acanthopanacis Caulis (오갈피나무속 식물 줄기의 부위별 페놀성 성분 비교)

  • Lee, Jae Bum;Yun, Gee Young;Yook, Chang Soo;Ko, Sung Kwon
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.341-348
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    • 2018
  • This study was carried out to obtain the basic informations for phenolic compounds by various sections of Acanthopanacis Caulis. The phenolic compounds of Korean Acanthopanacis bark and lignum (Acanthopanax divaricatus var. albeofructus, Acanthopanax koreanum) were measured by the HPLC analysis. The content of total phenolic components of Acanthopanax koreanum bark (1.532%) was about 9.9 times higher than that of Acanthopanax koreanum lignum (0.155%). And also, The content of total phenolic components of Acanthopanax divaricatus var. albeofructus bark (0.420%) was about 2.8 times higher than that of Acanthopanax divaricatus var. albeofructus lignum (0.149%). Eleutheroside E, a functional ingredient of Acanthopanacis Caulis, showed 3.6 times higher contents of Acanthopanax koreanum bark (0.144%) than Acanthopanax koreanum lignum (0.040%). In the case of Acanthopanax divaricatus var. albeofructus bark (0.129%), the content of the eleutheroside E was 1.7 times higher than that of the Acanthopanax divaricatus var. albeofructus lignum (0.074%).

The Comparison of Phytochemical Components from the Berry of Acanthopanax Species (오가피속 식물 열매의 식물화학 성분 비교)

  • An, Hye Jung;Nam, Yun Min;Yang, Byung Wook;Park, Jong Dae;Yook, Chang Soo;Kim, Hyoung Chun;Ko, Sung Kwon
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.5-9
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    • 2017
  • This study was carried out to obtain the basic information that can be used to index Acanthopanax in eleven species of China and Korea. The phytochemical components from the berry of Acanthopanax species, were measured by the HPLC analysis. Protocatechuic acid, eleutheroside B, eleutheroside E, scopolin, rutin, hyperoside, chiisanoside, oleanolic acid were found in ethanol extracts from the berry of Acanthopanax species. Total phenolic compound of Acanthopanax sessiliflorum f. chungbuensis berry (0.682%) was about seven times higher than those of Acanthopanax divaricatus f. distigmatis berry (0.091%). As a result, the order of the eleutheroside E content was 1) Acanthopanax sessiliflorum f. chungbuensis (0.554%), 2) A. divaricatus var. albeofructus (0.501%), 3) A. divaricatus f. flavi-flos (0.452%). And also, the order of the chiisanoside content was 1) Acanthopanax senticosus var. subinermis (8.434%), 2) A. seoulense (0.94%), 3) A. divaricatus f. flavi-flos (0.798%).

Anatomical and Microscopic Studies on Acanthopanax gracilistylus, A. koreanum and A. sieboldianus (세주오가피, 섬오가피 및 당오가피의 외부형태 및 내부형태학적 연구)

  • Moon, Jung Hyun;Yook, Chang Soo;Jang, Young Pyo
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.268-273
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    • 2012
  • Acanthopanax species are well known medicinal plants in Korea for their adaptogenic efficacy. Regarding to the botanical classification of Acanthopanax koreanum, an indigenous species in Jeju island of Korea, it has been classified as different species of Acanthopanax genus. However, the morphological characteristics of A. koreanum are very similar with other Acanthopanax species, especially with A. gracilistylus. In order to provide further classification information among these botanically related species, microscopic and morphological studies on these Acanthopanax species were performed. In this result, it has been found that A. koreanum is similar to A. gracilistylus in terms of anatomical observation and was distinguished from A. sieboldianus by their morphological and anatomical differences.

Effect of Different Fertilizer Ratio and Planting Dates on Growth and Acanthoside D content of Acanthopanax divaricatus and Acanthopanax koreanum

  • Lee, Jung Jong;Lee, Sang Hyun;Park, Jae Sang;Park, Chung Berm;Ahn, Young Sub;Lee, Sang Chul
    • Current Research on Agriculture and Life Sciences
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.88-93
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    • 2013
  • The cultivation methods of Acanthopanax in Korea need to be optimized. Hence, this study investigated the effect of different fertilizer ratios and planting dates on the growth and acanthoside D content of two (2) Acanthopanax species. The current recommended fertilizer rate of 10.5-8.5-8.5 $kg/ha^-$ ($N-P_2O_5-K_2O$, respectively) produced the best plant growth of Acanthopanax. For the first year, the acanthoside D content resulting from the 2P (2x phosphate) rate was higher than that from the other fertilizer ratios, yet there were no significant differences resulting from the various treatments for either Acanthopanax divaricatus or Acanthopanax koreanum. Similarly, for the second year, there were no significant differences in the acanthoside D content resulting from the various fertilizer ratios, although for both species the acanthoside D content resulting from the 2P rate was slightly higher than that from the other treatments. Therefore, the results indicated that doubling the amount of phosphate increased the acanthoside D content. Plus, the optimum planting date with respect to growth and productivity for Acanthopanax divaricatus was identified as April 15.

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Two Cyanidin compound from the Fruits of Acanthopanax divaricatus var. albeofructus

  • Hahn, Dug-Ryong;Park, Seon-Jin
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.198-201
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    • 2010
  • Acanthopanax divaricatus var. albeofructus is one of the indigenous medicinal plant and the fruits of Acanthopanax spp. used as a remedial for "wipe out evil wind". Two anthocyanin were isolated from the fruits of Acanthopanax divaricatus var. albeofructus. Their structures were elucidated as cyanidin 3-lathyroside (1) and cyanidin 3-galactoside (2) by chemicophysical and spectroscopic analysis. And also, four chemical, syringin, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid and acanthoside D were identified. Both anthocyanide were isolated for the first time from Acanthopanax species. cyanidin 3-lathyroside is one of the rare anthocyanin in natural resources.

Screening of Antioxidant Activity of Acanthopanax species in vitro (오가피류의 시험관내 항산화활성 검색)

  • 김지연;양기숙
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.361-364
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    • 2003
  • Acanthopanax species (Araliaceae) has been traditionally used as tonic, analgesic, stimulant of immune system, and replenishment of body function. The antioxidant activities of leaf and root bark of Acanthopanax species were determined by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) assay and relative electrophoretic mobility (REM) on human plasma low density lipoproteins (LDL). Acanthopanax divaricatus var. albeofructus and Acanthopanax for. nambunensis showed potent antioxidant activities.

Acanthopanax sessiliflorus stem confers increased resistance to environmental stresses and lifespan extension in Caenorhabditis elegans

  • Park, Jin-Kook;Kim, Chul-Kyu;Gong, Sang-Ki;Yu, A-Reum;Lee, Mi-Young;Park, Sang-Kyu
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.526-532
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    • 2014
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Acanthopanax sessiliflorus is a native Korean plant and used as a traditional medicine or an ingredient in many Korean foods. The free radical theory of aging suggests that cellular oxidative stress caused by free radicals is the main cause of aging. Free radicals can be removed by cellular anti-oxidants. MATERIALS/METHODS: Here, we examined the anti-oxidant activity of Acanthopanax sessiliflorus extract both in vitro and in vivo. Survival of nematode C. elegans under stress conditions was also compared between control and Acanthopanax sessiliflorus extract-treated groups. Then, anti-aging effect of Acanthopanax sessiliflorus extract was monitored in C. elegans. RESULTS: Stem extract significantly reduced oxidative DNA damage in lymphocyte, which was not observed by leaves or root extract. Survival of C. elegans under oxidative-stress conditions was significantly enhanced by Acanthopanax sessiliflorus stem extract. In addition, Acanthopanax sessiliflorus stem increased resistance to other environmental stresses, including heat shock and ultraviolet irradiation. Treatment with Acanthopanax sessiliflorus stem extract significantly extended both mean and maximum lifespan in C. elegans. However, fertility was not affected by Acanthopanax sessiliflorus stem. CONCLUSION: Different parts of Acanthopanax sessiliflorus have different bioactivities and stem extract have strong anti-oxidant activity in both rat lymphocytes and C. elegans, and conferred a longevity phenotype without reduced reproduction in C. elegans, which provides conclusive evidence to support the free radical theory of aging.

Optimization of Conditions for High Concentration of Eleutheroside E and Chlorgenic Acid Components of Acanthopanax koreanum Stem Extract

  • Kim, Sung Gi;Yang, Byung Wook;Lee, Jae Bum;Kim, Sa Hyun;Ko, Sung Kwon
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.319-326
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    • 2020
  • This study was conducted to develop a new functional material by optimizing the conditions for high concentrations of chlorogenic acid and eleutheroside E in Acanthopanax koreanum stem. The total phenolic compound content was the highest in the 20 hours sonication Acanthopanax koreanum stem extract (UAK-20). In addition, eleutheroside E, a typical functional ingredient of Cortex Acanthopanacis, in the 20 hours treated Acanthopanax koreanum stem extract showed the highest content at 1.646%. However, another functional ingredient, chlorogenic acid, showed the highest content of 2.625% in 1 hour treated Acanthopanax koreanum stem extract. Therefore, it is considered that the optimal conditions for high concentrations of total phenolic compound and eleutheroside E are 20 hours sonication Acanthopanax koreanum stem extract.

Quality Characteristics of Sulgidduk Added with Concentrations of Acanthopanax sessiliflorus Seemann var. Goma Powder (오가피 열매 가루를 첨가한 설기떡의 품질 특성)

  • Jhee, Ok-Hwa;Choi, Young-Sim
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.601-607
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    • 2008
  • The principal objective of this study was to assess the effects of various concentrations of added Acanthopanax sessiliflorus Seemann var. Goma powder on the quality characteristics of sulgidduk. The color values, texture characteristics, and sensory characteristics of the different sulgidduk samples were then measured and compared. As the content of the Acanthopanax sessiliflorus Seemann var. Goma powder increased, the moisture was decreased. The lightness values and yellowness values were reduced with increases in the Acanthopanax sessiliflorus Seemann var. Goma powder. whereas the redness values were increased. On our the texture analysis the hardness and adhesiveness were highest in the 0% Acanthopanax sessiliflorus Seemann var. Goma powder samples and the springiness and cohesiveness values were highest in the samples to which 0.3% Acanthopanax sessiliflorus Seemann var. Goma powder was added. Finally the results of our sensory evaluation showed that the sulgidduk containing 0.3% Acanthopanax sessiliflorus Seemann var. Goma powder had the highest color, flavor, after taste and overall acceptabilitly scores.

Effect of Acanthopanax Senticosus Water Extract on Lipid Metabolism in Rats Fed a Hypercholesterol Diet (가시오가피 물추출물이 고콜레스테롤식이를 공급한 흰쥐의 지질대사에 미치는 영향)

  • Won, Hyang Rye
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.501-508
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    • 2012
  • In order to find the effect of improving hyperlipidemia by Acanthopanax senticosus water extract, a hypercholesterol diet and Acanthopanax senticosus water extract were supplemented to week- old male Spargue Dawley rats for four weeks in different amount. Results showed that serum total cholesterol significantly decreased in the group supplemented with Acanthopanax senticosus water extract by 50mg/kg(ASW-50) and 75mg/kg(ASW-75) compared with the control group.(p<0.05). Serum triglyceride also showed a significant decrease in the group supplemented with 50mg/kg(ASW-50) and 75mg/kg(ASW-75) compared with the control group. Liver total cholesterol showed a significant decrease in the group supplemented with Acanthopanax senticosus water extract by 50mg/kg(ASW-50) and 75mg/kg(ASW-75) compared with the control group(p<0.05), but liver triglyceride did not show a significant decrease in all of the experiment groups. Total cholesterol and triglyceride in feces significantly increased in all of the groups supplemented with Acanthopanax senticosus water extract(p<0.05). Acanthopanax senticosus water extract decreased the level of serum total cholesterol and triglyceride, reduced total cholesterol in the liver, and increased the excretion of total cholesterol and triglyceride in the feces.