• Title/Summary/Keyword: 24-month cycle

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Relationship between Scaling Behaviors and Knowledge and Oral Health Belief of Workers in Certain Region (일부 지역 근로자의 스켈링 행태와 지식 및 구강건강신념과의 관련성)

  • Kim, Young-Sun;Yoon, Young-Ju;Go, Eun-Jeong
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.329-334
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    • 2010
  • This study was performed to identify the relationship between scaling behaviors and knowledge about scaling and oral health belief of worker, and to provide baseline data for developing industry oral health policy. The survey had conducted self-administered questionnaires by 326 workers in Gyeongsan and Yeongcheon areas in Gyeongbuk province. Their scaling behaviors, knowledge and oral health belief were measured. The results were as follow; The average score of knowledge about scaling was 6.44. The average oral health belief was 2.72. In detail, 'usefulness' was 3.24 as the highest and 'seriousness' was 2.25 as the lowest. The periodic scaling and scaling cycle were associated with 'seriousness' and 'barrier' as positive correlation(p<.05, .01). On the other hand, they were associated with knowledge and 'usefulness' as negative correlation(p<.01). Meanwhile, scaling motive showed positive correlation with 'cue of action'(p<.01), showed negative correlation with knowledge(p<.01). In the correlation between knowledge about scaling and oral health belief, knowledge showed negative correlation with 'barrier'(p<.01) and showed positive correlation with 'usefulness'(p<.01). Finally, we need to advertise and manage the importance of scaling politically and makes people do the voluntary scaling in six-month intervals in order to keep the periodontal health of worker.

Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Case Confounding with Thyrotoxicosis (과도한 주간 졸림과 탈력발작을 주소로 내원한 환자에서 발견된 갑상선 중독증)

  • Chung, Jae-Kyung;Kim, Eui-Joong
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.40-44
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    • 2011
  • Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder, which is characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) that is typically associated with cataplexy, sleep fragmentation and other REM sleep-related phenomenon such as sleep paralysis and hypnagogic hallucination. Narcoleptic symptoms can be developed from various medical or neurological disorders. A 17-year-old male patient admitted for the evaluation of EDS which started three-month ago. He slept more than 18 hours a day with cataplexy and hypnagogic hallucination. He was obese with body mass index (BMI) of 30.4 kg/$m^2$. After admission he was newly diagnosed to the thyrotoxicosis. T3 391.2 ng/dL (60-181), free T4 4.38 ng/dL (0.89-1.76), TSH <0.01 ${\mu}IU$/mL (0.35-5.5) were measured. His pulse rate ranged 70-90 beats per minute and blood pressure ranged 150/100-120/70 mmHg. Polysomnography revealed many fragmentations in sleep with many positional changes (81 times/h). Sleep onset latency was 33.5 min, sleep efficiency was 47.9%, and REM latency from sleep onset was delayed to 153.6 min. REM sleep percent was increased to 27.1%. Periodic limb movement index was 13.4/h. In the multiple sleep latency test (MSLT), average sleep latency was 0.4 min and there were noted 3 SOREMPs (Sleep Onset REM sleep period) on 5 trials. We couldn't discriminate the obvious sleep-wake pattern in the actigraph and his HLA DQB1 $^*0602$ type was negative. His thyroid function improved following treatment with methimazole and propranolol. Vital sign maintained within normal range. Cataplexy was controlled with venlafaxine 75 mg. Subjective night sleep continuity and PLMS were improved with clonazepam 0.5 mg, but the EDS were partially improved with modafinil 200-400 mg. Thyrotoxicosis might give confounding role when we were evaluating the EDS, though sleep fragmentation was one of the major symptoms of narcolepsy, but enormous amount of it made us think of the influence of thyroid hormone. The loss of sleep-wake cycle, limited improvement of EDS to the stimulant treatmen, and the cataplexy not supported by HLA DQB1 $^*0602$ should be answered further. We still should rule out idiopathic hypersomnia and measuring CSF hypocretin level would be helpful.

A study on Classification of Temporarily Access Group about Sanitation Workers in Nuclear Medicine Department (핵의학과 환경미화원의 일시 출입자 분류에 대한 고찰)

  • Yoo, Jae-Sook;Jang, Jeong-Chan;Kim, Ho-Seong
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.50-56
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: Those who access to the nuclear medicine department are classified as radiation workers, temporarily access group, and occasional access group as defined by the atomic energy law. The radiation workers and temporarily access people wear a personal radiation dosimeter for checking their own radiation absorbed dose periodically. However, because of the sanitation workers, classified as temporarily access group, who are working in the nuclear medicine department are moved in a cycle with other departments and their works are changeful, it is hard to control their radiation absorbed dose. Thus, this study is going to examine the state of the sanitation worker's radiation absorbed dose, and then make sure whether they are classified as temporarily access group or not. Materials and methods: In the first instance, the first sanitation worker who works in vitro laboratory and PET room and the second sanitation worker who works in gamma camera rooms (invivo room) wore radiation dosimeter-OSL(Optically Stimulated Luminescence)- to measure their own radiation absorbed dose during work time from May to June 2011. Secondly, this study was taken place 5 places in gamma camera rooms, 2 places in PET bed room, operating room, waiting room and cyclotron room in PET and 4 places in vitro laboratory. And then to measure the radiation space dose rate, it is measured 10 times each of places as sanitation worker's work flow by using radiation survey meter. Results: The radiation absorbed dose on OSL of the first c who works in vitro laboratory and PET room and the second one who works in gamma camera rooms are 0.04, 0.02 mSv per month respectively. That means the estimated annual radiation absorbed doses are less than 1mSv as 0.48, 0.24 mSv/yr respectively. The radiation space dose rates as sanitation worker's work flow using survey meter are 0.0037, 0.0019 mSv/day, so the estimated annual radiation absorbed dose are 0.93, 0.47 mSv/yr respectively. The weighted exposure dose of first sanitation worker of each places are 1.62% in cyclotron room, 3.88% in waiting room, 2.39% in operating room, 81.01% in bed room of PET and 11.01% in vitro laboratory. The weighted exposure dose of second sanitation worker of each places are 45.22% in radiopharmaceutical laboratory, gamma 30.64% in camera rooms, 15.65% in waiting room, 8.49% in reading room. Conclusion: The annual radiation absorbed doses on OSL of both sanitation workers are less than 1 mSv per year and the annual radiation absorbed doses by using survey meter are less than 1mSv either, but close up to 1 mSv. Thus, to clarify whether the sanitation workers are temporarily access group or not, and to be lessen their s radiation absorbed dose, they should be educated about management of radiation and modified their work flow or work time appropriately, their radiation absorbed dose would be lessen certainly.

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