• Title, Summary, Keyword: 활동제한

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Comparison of sociodemographic characteristics, depression, quality of life, and unmet medical need between elders with and without limitation of activity by aging or dementia : Using seventh Korea national health and nutrition examination survey (노령 또는 치매로 활동제한이 있는 노인과 활동제한이 없는 노인의 사회인 구학적 특성, 우울, 삶의 질, 미충족 의료의 비교 : 제 7차 국민건강영양조사(2016) 원시자료를 이용하여)

  • Kang, So-La;Moon, Jong-Hoon
    • Journal of Society of Occupational Therapy for the Aged and Dementia
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2018
  • Objective : The aim of this study was to compare the sociodemographic characteristics, depression, quality of life, and unmet medical need in elders with and without limitation of activity by aging or dementia. Method : The data were used for raw data of seventh national health and nutrition examination survey (2016). We compared sociodemographic characteristics, depression, quality of life, and unmet medical needs between elders with limitation of activity by aging or dementia (n = 32) and elders without limitation of activity (n = 1201). Result : Elders with limitation of activity were significantly older than elders without limitation of activity (p<.001), income was lower (p<.05) and married status had more bereavement (p<.001). The elders with limitation of activity had higher depression (p<.001) and lower quality of life (p<.001) than elders without limitation of activity. Unmet medical need was greater than elders without limitation of activity (p<.001). Conclusion : Elders with limitation of activity showed that they did not receive enough medical services than elders without limitation of activity. These results suggest that the welfare system for the health care of population with aging or dementia needs to be improved.

Prevalence of Activity Limitation in Korea's Older Adults Population (한국 노인의 활동제한 유병율)

  • Kim, Sang-Dol
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.453-460
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    • 2018
  • This study was to identify the prevalence rate of the limitation of activity, the reasons for activity limitation, association with activity limitation and general characteristics among older adults in Korea's population. Data were extracted from the $7^{th}$ Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The number of participants were 1,578 older adults who aged 65 years over. SPSS program (version 18.0) was used for analyzing on frequency, Chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis of the data. The total prevalence rate of activity limitation among Korea's population was 19.6% in 2016. The prevalence rate of the reasons for activity limitation in Korea was highest for neck and back problems(19.8%), followed by arthritis and rheumatism(17.1%). The prevalence rate of activity limitation was statistically significant associated with age and education level, respectively. In conclusion, Age, educational level, and musculoskeletal diseases such as problems related to back and neck, arthritis and rheumatism could be significant risk factors for activity limitations in older adults who aged 65 years over. These findings could be useful as evidence-based data for relieving the prevalence rate of activity limitation and the prevention and management of activity limitations in Korea population.

Effect of Activity Restriction on Mental health and the Quality of Life among patients with Cardiovascular Disease (심혈관질환자의 활동 제한이 정신건강과 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyun-Su
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.87-94
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    • 2021
  • This study was conducted to identify the mental health and quality of life of cardiovascular disease patients by their activities restriction through the second analysis of the 7th KNHANES collected from 2016 to 2018. The subjects of this study were 521 adults with angina or myocardial infarction who had no missing variables among 24,269 subjects. The difference between mental health and quality of life according to the activity restriction was analyzed by Chi-square method and the effect of mental health and quality of life by activity restriction by Logistic regression method using the SAS 9.4 version. The results of the analysis showed that the stress level, the depression for the last two weeks and suicide thought level was high when there was activity restriction, which had a significant effect on mental health. Mobility, selfcare and usual activities were disrupted, and pain/inconvenience and anxiety/depression increased when there was activity restriction, which also showed a significant effect on quality of life. Therefore, it is suggested that the development and operation of effective physical activity promotion program to minimize activity restriction is necessary to improve mental health and quality of life of cardiovascular patients.

Factors Related to the Activity Limitations of Patients with Injury Visits to the Emergency Department (응급실 방문 손상환자의 활동제한 관련요인 연구)

  • Kim, Ye-Rim;Kim, So-Yeong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.377-385
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to present factors related to limiting activities of patients visiting the emergency department in general, and the data collection was made using raw data from the sixth and third years (2014) to the seventh years (2015) of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The study subjects were conducted on 425 patients who had visited the emergency department due to injury and analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 23.0 program. The study found that the younger the age of 19, the worse the subjective health condition, the more relevant the Activity Limitations, which is thought to contribute to research and policy decisions to prevent future activity limitations of patients visiting emergency department due to injury.

A Study on the Activity Limitation Realities Caused by Oral Disease in Some University Students (일부 대학생의 구강질환으로 인한 활동제한실태 연구)

  • Ji, Min-Gyeong
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.371-378
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    • 2013
  • This study was attempted in order to offer basic data for enhancing oral health by surveying the activity limitation realities caused by oral disease in university students and then by analyzing its relevant factors. As a result of research, university students' activity limitation experience rate accounted for 24.1%. The average number of activity limitation days stood at 0.44 day. Matters related to university students' activity limitation included housing type as for socio-demographic characteristics, and busyness in daily life, difficulty for supplying school expenses, temporal burden given using dental treatment, and difficulty for transportation given using dental treatment as for individual characteristics. In case of feeling difficulty for raising school expenses, the possibility was indicated to be high in activity limitation experience, illness experience, experience of having trouble in performing schoolwork, and schoolwork loss experience. Also, in case of feeling difficulty for transportation given using dental treatment, the possibility was indicated to be high in experiencing a trouble in performing schoolwork and a loss of schoolwork. Accordingly, a national interest and support are earnestly demanded in order to establish the more systematized oral health level and to increase oral health promotion.

A Study on the Impact of Instagram Usage Restrictions on User Alternative Behavior and Emotion (인스타그램 이용제한이 사용자에게 미치는 감정과 대안활동에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Chae-min;Choi, Yoo-mi
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.345-346
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    • 2019
  • SNS의 다양한 역기능과 함께 중독문제가 사회적 문제로 대두되고 있는 가운데 이미지 기반의 인스타그램이 강세를 보인다. 이에 본 연구는 SNS중에서 이용도가 높은 인스타그램 사용제한 시 사용자의 감정에 미치는 영향과 대안 활동을 파악하기 위한 목적으로 수행되었다. 실험 방법은 인스타그램 1일 5회 이상 이용자 3명을 대상으로 7일간 앱 삭제 및 이용을 제한하고 매일 1인칭 관찰기법인 자기 일기 작성으로 감정변화와 대안 활동을 수집했다. 본 연구의 결과는 사용 빈도수가 높을수록 시간이 흘러도 부정적 감정이 감소하지 않았고 사용 빈도수가 낮을수록 부정적 감정이 점차 감소하였다. 대안 활동으로는 오프라인 활동보다는 온라인 활동이 많았고 여러 종류의 스마트폰 미디어 활동을 한 것으로 나타났다. 이 연구는 나아가 의존도에 따라 부정적 감정소강 소요 시간을 측정하는 연구로 발전될 것을 기대하며 이에 따라 SNS중독성 해결에 필요한 시간, 대안 활동 제시의 연구 초석이 되길 기대한다.

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Physical disability, perceived dependence and depression in women with osteoarthritis (관절염을 앓고 있는 여성들의 신체활동 장애와 우울감 사이 의존성의 매개효과)

  • Park, Ki-Soo;Yang, Hyeon-Su;Kim, Bokyoung;Jeon, Hye-Ji
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.221-227
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    • 2015
  • Objective: This study assessed whether both physical disability and perceived dependence relate to depression or whether perceived dependence in personal care activities, household activities, community mobility and recreational activities is an intermediate step in the relationship between physical disability and depressive symptoms. Methods: Data come from a cross-sectional survey of 209 women, aged 55 or older, with osteoarthritis (OA). Mediation analyses occurred in four step and included logistic regression analyses as outlined by Baron & Kenny. Results: The results from step 1 showed that greater difficulty with each domain of physical disabilities was significantly related to greater perceived dependence. In step 2, greater perceived dependence was significantly associated with greater depressive symptoms in all domains. Step 3 analyses showed that greater physical disabilities in each domain were significantly associated with depression. The final step testing mediation indicated that personal care activities, household activities and community mobility were fully mediated by perceived dependence. That was, once dependence was taken into account, the relationship between physical disabilities and depression was no longer significant. Partial mediation was found for dependence and recreational activity limitations. Conclusion: It is important to take into account the experience of perceived dependence as a mediator in understanding the relationship between disability and depression in the domains of personal care, household, and community mobility. To conclude, these findings point to the importance of taking into account an individual's reaction to their disability rather than just focusing on the severity of disability.

The Correlation between Activity Ability and Participation in Children with Cerebral Palsy (뇌성마비 아동의 활동 능력과 참여 사이의 상관관계)

  • Kim, Ji-Young;Kim, Hun-Ju;An, Sun-Jung;Kam, Kyung-Yoon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.211-219
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    • 2012
  • This study was performed to search for correlation between activity limitation level and participation restriction of children with cerebral palsy by investigating the activity limitation level through the use of the GMFCS E&R and the MACS and by figuring out participation restriction level through questionnaire survey. This study was performed, from May 1, 2010 to August 31, 2010, on 152 children with cerebral palsy ranging from 4 to 12 years, who are receiving rehabilitation therapy in the hospitals and community clinics in Busan and Gyeongnam province. The levels of activity limitation were assessed by using GMFCS E&R and MACS, and a questionnaire survey was conducted for participation restriction of the participating children. Spearman rank correlation was used for correlation analysis with the statistical software, SPSS 12.0. Majority of the children scored level 5 in both GMFCS E&R and MACS which is high frequency of activity limitation levels. Children in these levels also showed severe or complete participation restriction for mobility, education, and social relations. The analysis showed a significantly positive correlation between activity limitation level and participation restriction. Therefore this study may be useful in assessing the functional movement component of participation in children with cerebral palsy and developing the intervention plan for participation.

용수절감 PROJECT Case Study - In-Mill Closed화

  • Go, Du-Seok;Im, Jeong-U;Ha, Seong-Mun
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry Conference
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    • pp.115-117
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    • 2002
  • 제지산업은 용수 과소비 산업으로 환경보호의 중요성이 대두됨에 따라 폐수발생량 제한 및 신수사용에 많은 제한이 뒤따르게 된다. 당사(한솔파텍)는 공업단지가 아닌 일반 농경지대에 자리잡고 있기때문에 신수사용 및 폐수배출에 많은 제한을 받고있다. 본 발표문은 당사의 지난 1년동안의 용수절감 Project(In-Mill Closed화) 활동을 통해 용수절감 활동의 한모델을 제시한다.

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Young Children's Free Choice Activities and a Play Rule Restricting the Number of Players (유아의 자유선택활동과 놀이 인원수 제한규칙)

  • Lee, Eu Jung;Won, Kye Son
    • Journal of Korean child care and education
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.57-81
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to find out the feature of children's play according to a player number restriction rule in the free choice activities. And it is expected that the result of this study will contribute to improving the management of free choice activities. The participants of this study were a homeroom teacher, professor as a co-researcher and 25 4-year-old children of a private kindergarten. The data were collected by observation, children interview and reflective journal of the teacher from July to October in 2014. The results indicated that the children were stressed out with using name cards for presenting center selection, showed overcompetitive behaviors, and frequently violated the rules. The researchers found that the restriction rule had some dysfunctions, which were interferences of moral development, social-emotional development, self-regulation development, preventing safety-accident and free choice behavior. The researcher as a teacher abandoned the player number restriction rule, and observed the children's play. As a result, children's self-regulation abilities on physical space, play and conflicts improved and the teacher changed her strategy when managing free choice activities. Based on the results, the needs of various restriction rules and appropriate methods for applying the rules in free choice activities were further discussed.