• Title/Summary/Keyword: 환적물동량

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An Analysis on Import & Export pattern of the Port Traffic in the Port of Pusan by the Gravity Model (중력모형을 이용한 부산항의 해상물동량 입출항 패턴 분석)

  • Yang, Hang-Jin
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.79-96
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, using the gravity model, I examined that the port traffic in the port of Pusan have been influenced by GDP of South Korea, GDP of trading countries, an agreement on maritime transport, maritime transport charge and the local economic integration, etc. In view of the policy implication based on the result of analysis by the gravity model, the port traffic and the transshipment in the port of Pusan is positively influenced by GDP of South Korea, GDP of trading countries and countries on the way of main sea route(LINE). But it is negatively influenced by maritime transport charge. Especially, when a maritime transport charge goes up 1 percentage point, it is estimated that a transshipment decreases about 0.586-0.895 percentage point. So, a maritime transport charge was found to have more effect on a transshipment than a port traffic(except transshipment).

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시스템 다이내믹스를 이용한 부산항 환적물동량 예측모델에 관한 연구

  • Song, Sang-Geun;Ryu, Dong-Geun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • 2014.06a
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    • pp.175-177
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    • 2014
  • 본 연구는 부산항에서 차지하는 환적물동량의 위상을 고려하여 환적화물에 대한 정확한 예측을 위한 모델을 수립하는데 그 목적이 있다. 환적물량을 결정짓는 요소로는 부산항의 경쟁력 뿐 아니라 중국 등의 수출입 물동량 증가량과 중국항만의 경쟁력도 중요요소이며, 이들 요소들이 상호간에 영향을 주고 받음에 따라 그러한 순환적 인과관계 분석에 적합한 시스템 다이내믹스(SD) 기법을 활용하여 환적화물에 대한 예측을 시도해 보고자 한다.

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A Study on the operating activation of small dock - focusing on the busan new port (중소형부두의 운영 활성화 방안 연구 - 부산 신항을 중심으로)

  • Ko, Beo-Deul;Lee, Myoun-Soo;Nan, Ki-Chan;Kwak, Kyu-Seok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • 2011.06a
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    • pp.408-409
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    • 2011
  • Transshipment cargo volume in 2010 compared to 1st quarter 2011 increased 8.43 percent of busan port for transshipment of cargo. thus transshipment of cargo is growing among, south east container terminals and Horando area of new port is planing to develop using small dock for the operations in order to enable. therefore, this study is to deduce implications for operating activation about 6 berths of feeder port in pusan new port that is planing to develop with dock that could be docked very large container ships and feeder dock that could be handled transshipment of cargo.

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An Estimation of the Change in Transshipment Traffic in Northeast Asia using the System Dynamics (SD기법에 의한 한.중.일 환적물동량 변화량 추정에 관한 연구)

  • Yeo, Gi-Tae;Jung, Hyun-Jae
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.165-185
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    • 2011
  • Transshipment traffic has significant meanings because it gives positive effects on increasing the container handling volumes in seaports, and revitalizes the regional and national development. Korean container port's transshipment traffic volumes, however, will slowly decrease due to the direct ships' calling into Chinese ports, which recently has a huge development plan. There are a lot of stress on forecasting the transshipment traffic volumes because the Korean container port development plans are designed based on this container traffic which consists of import and export traffic, and transshipment traffic. The transshipment traffic volumes are assumed to occupy 40% of total container traffic volumes. Despite of the importance of forecasting the transshipment traffic, a little studies are suggested using the concepts of the port competitiveness. In this respect, this study aims to estimate the Port Competitiveness Index and Transshipment traffic Volumes using the System Dynamics methodology. As a result, transshipment traffic volumes are predicted as: 20 million TEUs in Korea under the 4% annual increasing rates, 90 million TEUs in China under the 6% annual increasing rates, and 2.5 million TEUs in Japan under the 1% annual increasing rates respectively. The suggested results can be used to enhance the container port competitiveness and produce more transshipment traffic volumes.

항만환경 변화와 정책적 대응방안 연구

  • Kim, U-Seon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • 2016.05a
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    • pp.161-163
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    • 2016
  • 급속하게 변화하는 국내외 항만과 관련된 환경변화를 살펴보고, 항만변화에 따른 국내항만의 정책적 대응방안을 제시하는 것을 목적으로 함.

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Modeling and Analysis the Competition Dynamics among Container Transshipment Ports : East-Asian Ports as a Case Study (컨테이너 환적 항만 간의 동태적 경쟁에 관한 연구 : 동아시아 항만을 중심으로)

  • Abdulaziz, Ashurov;Kim, Jae-bong;Park, Nam-ki
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.165-182
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    • 2016
  • This study examines the competitiveness and cooperativeness among the container ports in East Asia by analyzing their monthly dynamics in eight years (2008-2015). Time series data on container throughput divided into origin and destination (O/D), such as the top six Chinese ports and the transshipment (T/S) ports such as Hong Kong, Busan, and Singapore, are computed with two methods based on the Vector Error Correction Model (VECM). The first Granger causality test results show that Busan T/S has significant bilateral relations with three Chinese O/D ports; and significant unidirectional relations with three other O/D ports. Shenzhen port has significant bilateral relations with Singapore, and has a significant unidirectional relation with Hong Kong port. Co-integrating test results showed that Busan holds negative co-integration with all Chinese O/D ports. Impulse response function (IRF) results show an opposite direction between paired ports. The ratios of the impulse from T/S ports are significantly high to one another in the short-run, but its power declines as time passes. The ratio of the impulse from the Chinese ports to T/S ports is less significant in the short-run period, however, it becomes more significant as time passes. The significance of most shocks was high in the second period, but was diluted after the sixth period.

Effect of Incentives on Enhanced T/S Competitiveness in Busan Port (부산항 인센티브제의 환적경쟁력 강화 효과에 관한 실증연구)

  • Park, Ho-Chul
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.117-129
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    • 2021
  • This study intends to verify the effectiveness of incentive schemes at Busan Port' aimed at promoting transshipment cargo. The current incentive schemes of Busan port intended to increase the T/S cargo volume have been disputed constantly. It is imperative, therefore, to restructure the system in accordance with the planned strategy. In this study, in order to ensure objectivity of the incentive schemes, all the parties (carriers, terminal operators and Port Authority) with a direct interest are answered and analyzed using the AHP methodology. Effectiveness is the top priority in the analysis of beneficiary validity of incentive schemes, when incentives are provided to Global overseas carriers compared with Global national carriers, IntraAsia carriers and Terminal operators. In the analysis of incentive schemes, direct cash support corresponding to the quantity of the T/S cargo had the highest effectiveness compared with exemption of port dues, cost compensation, port infrastructure support and subsidy for the service opening. The study results, therefore, reference the Port Authority when restructuring the schemes. This study has been conducted only focusing on the Busan port; however, the findings may have significant implications for overseas Port Authorities intending to implement incentive systems to promote cargo volumes similar to those at Busan port.

An Analysis of Transshipment Competitiveness of Container Cargoes in Incheon New Port (인천신항의 환적경쟁력 분석에 대한 연구)

  • Ahn, Woo-Chul;Yeo, Gi-Tae;Yang, Chang-Ho
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.20-42
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    • 2010
  • This study is aimed at evaluating transshipment competitiveness of Incheon New Port which will open in 2013. For this reason, we used Conjoint Analysis(CA) for a methodology of this research as CA had been frequently adopted for empirical analysis of new container terminal in previous studies. We have provided the questionnaires to the stake holders of the port such as experts in Port Authority(PA), logistics companies, and terminal operators. The result showed that transshipment competitiveness of Incheon New Port was subordinate to transshipment costs and port costs of Busan and Shanghai. Overall, we hope this study could help draw up the policies on a New Port that will attract transshipment cargoes and set up marketing plan for an early settlement.

An analysis on the Feasibility of Busan Container Transshipment by Barge service (부산항 환적컨테이너의 바지선 운송 타당성 분석)

  • Cho, Boo-Lai;Choi, Man-Ki;Shin, Yong-John
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.397-404
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    • 2010
  • The Currently, most cargos of container transshipment between Busan Port and New Port are transported over land, and the rest is transported by barge. This study estimated firstly the traffic between those ports through simulations in order to analyze the feasibility of container transshipment by barge. It forecasted annual profitability using determinants to affect on the barge business by the traffic, and then, discussed the feasibility. This study supposed the flexible scenarios with 50%, 60%, 80%, or 100% transshipment and the 25 monthly barge service numbers between two ports, and measured the influences of different factors according to the above various scenarios. And then the sales were evaluated by the different traffics and freights scenarios provided the business would be actually operated. Finally, Net incomes were simulated to analyze the feasibility of different scenarios by various traffics and freights. The net income should be positive to get the feasibility. To achieve this, the minimum traffic should be secured and the lowest freight per TEU should be determined. While all countries of the world is controlling CO2 emissions and emphasizes the green logistics, this study contributed to solve at the same time the problems about the pollution and the efficiency of transportation by reviewing positively the feasibility of barge transportation as an alternative to transportation overland.

Forecasting Model of Container Transshipment Traffic Volume in Northeast Asia (동북아시아 환적물동량 예측모델 연구)

  • Lee, Byoung-Chul;Kim, Yun-Bae
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Industrial Engineers
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.297-303
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    • 2011
  • Major ports in Northeastern Asia engage in fierce competition to attract transshipment traffic volume. Existing time series analyses for analyzing port competition relationships examine the types of competition and relations through the signs of coefficients in cointegration equations using the transshipment traffic volume results. However, there are cases for which analyzing competing relationships is not possible based on the results of the transshipment traffic volume data differences and limitations in the forecasting of traffic volume. Accordingly, we used the Lotka-Volterra (L-V) model,also known as the ecosystem competitive relation model, to analyze port competition relations for the long-term forecast of South Korean transshipment traffic volume.