• Title, Summary, Keyword: 한반도의 지각구조

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Proposed program for monitoring recent Crustal movement in Korean Peninsula

  • Hamdy, Ahmed M.;Jo, Bong-Gon
    • Journal of the Korean Geophysical Society
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.283-292
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    • 2002
  • The Korean peninsula is located at the edge of the East Asian active margin. The seismic activity in the Korean Peninsula is relatively low compared with the neighboring countries China and Japan. According to the available Seismic information, the Korean Peninsula is not totally safe from the Earthquake disaster. Moreover, the area is surrounded by varies tectonic forces which is resulted from the relative movements of the surrounding tectonic plates "Pacific, Philippine Sea, Eurasian and South China". Nowadays South Korea has 65 GPS stations belong to 5 governmental organizations "each organization figure out its own GPS stations for different requirements" In order to minimize the seismic hazard in the Korean Peninsula a program for monitoring the recent crustal movement has been designed considering the uses of the available GPS station "some selected stations from the previously mentioned stations" and the tectonic settings in and around the Korean Peninsula. This program is composed of two main parts, the first part to monitor the crustal deformation around the Korean Peninsula with the collaboration of the surrounding countries "China and Japan" this part is composed of two phases "East Sea Phase and Yellow Sea Phase". These phases will be helpful in determining the deformation parameters in the East Sea and the Yellow Sea respectively While the Second part of this program, is designed to determine the deformation parameters id and around the main faults in the Korean Peninsula and the relative movement between the Korean Peninsula and the Cheju Island. Through out this study the needs of crustal movement center rose up to collect the data from the previously mentioned stations and Organizations in order to use such reliable data in different geodynamical application.

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Horizontal Strain of the Crust in Korea for the Past 80 Years from Geodetic Observations (측지측량 결과로부터 조사된 과거 80년간 한국에서 지각의 수평변형)

  • 최재화
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.49-61
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    • 1997
  • 본 연구에서는 한국에서 구삼각강(1910-1915)과 정밀1차측지망(1975-1994)을 사용하여 지각변동량을 계산하고, 지체구조의 일반적인 변형패턴을 기하학적으로 조사하였다. 본 연구에서는 변형량을 계산하기 위하여 2차원의 무한소 변형모델을 설정하였으며, 수평변형량은 구좌표와 정밀1차측지망의 정밀동시강조정을 자유강조정법에 의하여 최초로 실시하여 일괄성있는 신좌표를 사용하여 계산된 측지선의 변화량으로 추정하였다. 변형설계결과로부터 1910년부터 1994년까지 누적된 변형량은 평균(1.07$\pm$0.5)$\times$10-5이고, 이로부터 년변형속도는 (0.13$\pm$0.063)$\mu$/yr 임을 알 수 있었으며, 변형의 경향을 보면 변형량이 10$\mu$ 보다 큰 값이 한반도의 동해안 지역에 분포하고 있으며, 서부쪽에는 10$\mu$이하의 값이 분포하고 있는 것으로 나타나 한반도의 동해안에서 지진의 발생빈도가 높은 것을 고려한다면 본 연구로부터 계산된 결과는 장래의 연구를 위해 중요한 데이터가 될 것이다. 본 연구에서 얻은 주변형축의 방향은 전국적으로 $77.6^{\circ}$$\pm$$13.5^{\circ}$방향임을 보여주고 있어 한반도의 지각은 ENE~WSW방향으로 압축상태에 있음을 알 수 있었으며, 이 결과는 지질학자나 지진학자들의 연구로부터 얻은 결과와 P-축의 방향이 일치하고 있고, 최대전단변형 이론과 일치하고 있는 것으로 나타났다.

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DISPERSION OF RAYLEIGH WAVES IN THE KOREAN PENINSULA (한반도의 레일리파 분산에 대한 연구)

  • Cho Kwang-hyun;Lee Kiehwa
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 2005
  • The crustal structure of Korean Peninsula is investigated by analyzing phase velocity dispersion data of Rayleigh wave. Earthquakes recorded by three component seismographs during 1999 - 2004 in South Korea are used in this study. The fundamental mode signals of Rayleigh waves are obtained from vertical components of seismograms by multiple filter technique method and phase match filter method. Velocity dispersion curves of surface waves for 14 propagation paths on the great circle are computed from the fundamental mode signals on the great circle path by two-station method. Treating the shear velocity of each layer as an independent parameter, phase velocities of Rayleigh wave are inverted. The result models are regarded as average structure for surface wave propagation paths respectively. All the results can be explained by an earth model of the Korean Peninsula comprising crust of shear-wave velocity increasing from 2.8 to 3.25 km/sec from top to 33 km depth and uppermost mantle of shear-wave velocity between 4.55 and 4.67 km/sec.

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A Case Study on the Borehole Blasting for Offering the Ground Vibration Source (지진동 Source 제공을 위한 시추공 발파 기술 사례)

  • 조영곤;김희도;조준호;함준호
    • Explosives and Blasting
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.9-17
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    • 2003
  • 본 기술사례는 과학기술부가 주도하는 자연재해방재기술개발 국가중점연구사업 중 기상청주관의 기상지진기술개발사업의 한반도 지각속도 구조연구 과제 중 서산지역과 포항지역을 연결하는 200km 측선에서 2차원 지각구조를 밝히기 위한 지각규모 굴절파탐사의 지진동 source 제공을 위해 발파로 실시하였다. 본 연구를 위하여 국내에서는 거의 실행해 본 경우가 없는 지발당 장약량이 500~1000kg발파를 실시하였다. 200개의 계측지점에 지진동이 전달될 수 있도록 충분한 폭속을 가진 폭약과 외부의 충격과 우수한 기폭력, 시차가 정확한 비전기뇌관을 특수 제작하여 사용하였다. 시추공내로 유출되는 물에 의한 사압을 방지하기 위하여 폭약은 철관용기를 제작하여 벌크형태로 장약을 하여 발파를 하였다. 발파전 용기 밀폐 시험 및 용기제작 후 기폭실험, 수압작용으로 인한 폭약 및 뇌관에 미치는 영향 등을 실험을 통하여 사전 파악을 하였다. 또한 실제 발파 중 진동차를 측정한 결과 보안물건에 대한 진동치값은 미광무국식(USBM)을 이용하여 예측한 진동치보다 평균 180% 정도 높게 나타났다.

IMAGING THE UPPER CRUST OF THE KOREAN PENINSULA BY SURFACE WAVE TOMOGRAPHY (표면파 토모그래피를 이용한 한반도 상부지각의 이미지)

  • Cho, Kwang-Hyun;Herrmann, Robert B.;Lee, Kie-Hwa
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.41-50
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    • 2006
  • The crustal structure of Korean Peninsula have been investigated by analyzing group velocity dispersion data of surface wave. Cross.correlation of seismic background motions (Campillo and Paul, 2003; Shapiro et al., 2005) has been applied to estimate the short.period Rayleigh. and Love.wave group velocity dispersion characteristics of the region. Standard processing procedures were applied to the cross.correlation, except that signal whitening was used in place of one.bit sampling equalize power in signals from different times. Multiple.filter analysis was used to extract the group velocities from the estimate Green's functions, which were then use to image the spatially varying dispersion at periods between 0.5 and 20 seconds. The tomographic inversion technique used inverted all periods simultaneously to provide a smooth dispersion curve as a function of period in addition to the usual smooth spatial image for a given period. The Gyeongsang Basin in the southeastern part of the peninsula is clearly resolved with lower group velocities.

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Historical earthquake data of Korean (한반도의 역사지진자료)

  • Lee, Gi Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Geophysical Society
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.3-22
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    • 1998
  • Korea boasts of abundant historical earthquake records of almost 1900 events. The epicenters and intensities of these earthquakes are determined on the basis of descriptions and felt areas of the events. It turns out that most of the earthquakes occurred on major faults or tectonic boundaries of the peninsula except for the northeastern part which had been the least disrupted by tectonic disturbances during the Mesozoic. It appears that the crustal layers of the southern and northwestern parts of the peninsula had been severely ruptured during the Mesozoic disturbances and some of the faults thus generated have been active since. The seismicity of the peninsula had been rather low from the first to the fourteenth century, but unusually high from the fifteenth to the eighteenth century, and have been rather low since. This period of unusually high seismicity of the peninsula coincides with that of the northeastern part of China, suggesting the two areas are seismologically closely connected. It appears that most of the seismicity of the peninsula results from the high stress propagating from the Himalayas where the Eurasian and Indian plates collide. The data file of Korean historical earthquakes is not yet complete and supplementary studies are under way. The main purpose of this paper is to provide the data file of Korean historical earthquakes analyzed up to date for geoscientists and engineers in need of this file.

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Analysis on the sea effect in the Korean Peninsula using 2-D MagnetoTelluric(MT) modeling (2차원 MT 모델링을 이용한 한반도에서의 해양효과 분석)

  • Yang, Jun-Mo;Kwon, Byung-Doo;Lee, Chun-Ki
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.259-264
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    • 2006
  • In MT and GDS survey for probing the deep structure of the Earth, surrounding seas play a critical role to distort the response of in-land geological structure. This study analyzed the sea effect in the Korean Peninsula and investigated the spatial and frequency dependency of it using 2-D MT modeling. Due to conductance difference between the Yellow Sea and the East Sea, the effect of each sea shows the dependence on frequency and spatial distance from each coastline. In general, TM mode responses are more severely affected by surrounding sea than TE mode one and the differences between 1-D model and TM mode responses are in inverse proportion to the frequency. Assuming that the lowest limit of acquired frequency is 0.001Hz for the given 1-D structure, the separation distance, where the sea effect can be negligible, is approximately 100km for the East Sea and 40-50km for the Yellow Sea, respectively. But, this separation distance is a function of the 1-D electrical structure of subsurface and the used frequency.

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P-wave Velocity Anisotropy in the Upper Crust of the Southern Korean Peninsula Using Seismic Signals from Large Explosions (대규모 발파자료를 이용한 한반도 남부 상부지각의 종파 속도 이방성)

  • Hong, Myung-Ho;Kim, Ki-Young
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.225-232
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    • 2009
  • As part of seismic experiments investigating crustal velocity structures of the Korean peninsula, permanent (fixed) seismographs of the Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA) network recorded seismic signals from four and eight large explosions in Korean Crustal Research Team (KCRT) profiles shot in 2004 and 2008, respectively. Among the seismograms recorded by 43 velocity sensors and 103 accelerometers at KMA stations distributed throughout the southern Korean Peninsula, 156 records with epicentral distances less than 120 km and high signal-to-noise ratios were analyzed to determine velocity anisotropy of the Pg phase. Relative elevation corrections of -101.6 to 105.3 ms were made using velocity information derived from the 2004 KCRT profile data and differences in elevation between the permanent KMA stations and the temporary stations in the KCRT profiles at the same source-receiver offsets. To remove site effects, receiver-station corrections of -89.6 to 192.2 ms were additionally made to the KMA station data by subtracting the average differences in traveltimes between KMA stations and portable stations at the same offsets for all available shots with different azimuths. With the exception of anomalously fast velocities along trends of the Chugaryeong fault zone and the Okchon fold belt and anomalously slow velocities in the regions of high terrestrial heat near Yeongduk and Ulsan, the analysis of crustal velocity anisotropy using the Pg phase indicates overall isotropy in the southern half of the Korean peninsula.

1-D Deep Resistivity Structure of the Korean Peninsula Using Magnetotelluric(MT) Data (MT 자료를 이용한 한반도의 심부 1차원 전기비저항 구조 연구)

  • Yang, Jun-Mo;Lee, Heui-Soon;Lee, Chun-Ki;Kwon, Byung-Doo
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.153-164
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    • 2009
  • We examined the regional 1-D deep resistivity structure of the Korean Peninsula using MT data acquired at seven sites located in the Kyongsang Basin and Kyonggi Massif. At the sites located in the Kyongsang Basin, surrounding sea distorts observed MT response and hence this distortion, so called "sea effect", is corrected using an iterative tensor stripping method. The 1-D layered inversion results for the seven MT sites reveal 4 layered structure, which is composed of 1) near surface layer, 2) upper crust, 3) lower crust and upper mantle, and 4) asthenosphere from the surface downward. Conrad interface, which is a boundary between upper and lower crust, is distinctly identified beneath all the MT sites. Conrad interface depth is estimated to about be 17km in the Kyongsang Basin and about 12km in the Kyonggi Massif, while the upper crust of the Kyongsang Basin is about 5 times more resistive than that of the Kyonggi Massif. Finally, asthenosphere is inferred to exist below a depth of approximately 100km with a resistivity of 200-300 ohm-m.