• Title, Summary, Keyword: 한반도의 지각구조

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Crustal Structure of the Continental Margin of Korea in the East Sea: Results From Deep Seismic Sounding (한반도의 동해 대륙주변부의 지각구조 : 심부 탄성파탐사결과)

  • Kim Han-Joon;Cho Hyun-Moo;Jou Hyeong-Tae;Hong Jong-Kuk;Yoo Hai-Soo;Baag Chang-Eop
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.40-52
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    • 2003
  • Despite the various opening models of the southwestern part of the East Sea (Japan Sea) between the Korean Peninsula and the Japan Arc, the continental margin of the Korean Peninsula remains unknown in crustal structure. As a result, continental rifting and subsequent seafloor spreading processes to explain the opening of the East Sea have not been adequately addressed. We investigated crustal and sedimentary velocity structures across the Korean margin into the adjacent Ulleung Basin from multichannel seismic reflection and ocean bottom seismometer data. The Ulleung Basin shows crustal velocity structure typical of oceanic although its crustal thickness of about 10 km is greater than normal. The continental margin documents rapid transition from continental to oceanic crust, exhibiting a remarkable decrease in crustal thickness accompanied by shallowing of Moho over a distance of about 50 km. The crustal model of the margin is characterized by a high-velocity (up to 7.4 km/s) lower crustal (HVLC) layer that is thicker than 10 km under the slope base and pinches out seawards. The HVLC layer is interpreted as magmatic underplating emplaced during continental rifting In response to high upper mantle temperature. The acoustic basement of the slope base shows an igneous stratigraphy developed by massive volcanic eruption. These features suggest that the evolution of the Korean margin can be explained by the processes occurring at volcanic rifted margins. Global earthquake tomography supports our interpretation by defining the abnormally hot upper mantle across the Korean margin and in the Ulleung Basin.

Comments on Seismicity and Crustal Structure of the Korean Peninsula (한반도의 지진활동과 지각구조)

  • Lee, Kie-Hwa
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.256-267
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    • 2010
  • Earthquakes in the Korean Peninsula occur along the faults formed and boundaries between major geological units ruptured due to violent tectonic activities during the Mesozoic. E-W and/or ENE-SSW compressive stress regime resulting from collisions between the Eurasian plate and neighbouring the Indian plate, the Pacific plate and the Philippine plate trigger Korean earthquakes of thrust faulting with predominant strike-slip components along the mostly NNE-SSW trending active faults. Seismicity of the Korean peninsula has been moderate to low during the past 20 centuries except for the period from the 15th to the 18th centuries of exceptionally high seismicity, showing the typical irregularity of intraplate seismicity. The structure of the Korean peninsula is rather homogeneous without the Conrad discontinuity sharply dividing the upper and lower crust. Lateral heterogeneities exist in the crust. The crust with an average thickness of about 33 km is thicker in the mountainous region than the plain due to the Airy-type isostatic equilibrium maintained in the peninsula. Crustal P-wave velocity with average of about 6.3 km/sec increases gradually from the near surface to the Moho. The upper mantle P-wave (Pn) velocity is about 7.8 km/sec.

A comparative study on the crustal structure models using microearthquakes in the southeastern part of the Korean peninsula from 1995 to 1996 (1995-96년 한반도 남동부 지역의 미소지진 자료를 이용한 지각구조 모델의 비교 연구)

  • Lee, Gi Hwa;Jeong, Tae Ung
    • Journal of the Korean Geophysical Society
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 1999
  • Using the microearthquake data acquired from 1995 to 1996 through the seismic network operated by the Korea Institute of Geology, Mining & Materials (KIGAM), the three P-wave velocity models proposed by Lee (1979), Kim·Kim (1983) and Kim·Jung (1985) concerning the structure of the southeastern part of the Korean peninsula were examined in terms of the least square errors of the P-wave arrival times. The three models do not differ significantly in arrival time residuals except that the Lee's model gives slightly deeper focuses than the others. The layering of the crust of the peninsula is not clear as yet and to be studied by more earthquake and explosion data in the future.

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Crustal Structure of the Korean Peninsula By Travel Time Inversion of Local Earthquakes

  • Song, Seok-Gu;Lee, Gi-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Geophysical Society
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.21-33
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    • 2001
  • Simultaneous inversion of first-arrivals of local earthquakes recorded by the Korea Meteorological Administration(KMA) seismograph network from 1991 to 1998 is made to derive 1D crustal velocity structure of the Korean peninsula. Twenty-nine events with 178 observations are used in the inversion. Average crustal P-wave velocity turns out to be about 6.3 km/sec, and crustal thickness and upper mantle P-wave velocity are estimated as 33 km and 7.9 km/sec, respectively. Results of inversion indicate the possibility of the low velocity layer in the lower crust. Joint inversion is applied to estimate hypocenters, station delays, and velocities simultaneously. Relative station corrections for 11 stations range from zero to about 1.2 sec. Analysis of the synthetic data shows that estimates of hypocenter locations and station corrections as well as averaged crustal structure are reliable for the given data set..

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Crustal Structure under the Taejon(TJN) Station by Receiver Function Methods

  • Yu, Hyeon-Je;Lee, Gi-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Geophysical Society
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.35-46
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    • 2001
  • 한반도 중부에 위치한 대전 지진관측소(TJN) 하부의 세부 지각구조를 밝혀내기 위하여 수신함수를 이용한 선형화된 역산(linearized inversion) 방법을 적용하였다. 본 방법의 비단일해(nonuniqueness)와 초기 모델 의존성의 문제를 해결하기 위해 근사 초기 속도 모델로부터 72개의 서로 다른 초기 모델을 구하여 역산을 수행한 후 결과모델들의 평균 속도 모델을 제시하는 방법을 사용하였다. 역산 결과 총 72개의 모델 중 뚜렷한 지각-맨틀 경계를 보이는 43개의 모델만이 조건에 만족하는 결과를 나타내었다. 모든 모델에서 속도 구조는 전체적으로 깊이에 따라 속도의 불연속면이나 급격한 증가없이 연속적인 변화를 하며, 모호면의 깊이는 30~32.5 km의 범위로 나타났다. 평균적인 하부 지각의 속도는 6.5 km/s, 상부 맨틀의 속도는 7.8 km/s로 뚜렷한 속도 변화를 보였다. 결과 모델 군은 중부지각(mid-crust)에서의 속도를 기준으로 약한 저속도층을 나타내는 군과 상대적으로 일정한 속도를 가지는 군으로 구분되었다. 단지 지진파형의 비교만으로 두 모델군 중 합당한 모델군의 선택은 불가능하였다. 따라서 수신 함수를 이용하여 연구 지역의 신뢰할 만한 지각 구조를 구하기 위해서는 그 지역에 대한 지질학적, 지구물리학적 추가정보와의 동반 해석이 요구된다.

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PmP파의 주행시간을 이용한 한반도 남부지역의 지각두께 연구

  • 박종찬;함인경;김우한;최광선
    • Proceedings of the International Union of Geodesy And Geophysics Korea Journal of Geophysical Research Conference
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    • pp.21-21
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    • 2003
  • 국내 지진관측망에 기록된 지진기록으로부터 관측한 PmP파의 주행시간을 이용하여 한반도 남부지역에서의 지각두께를 추정한다. 모호면으로부터 반사된 파형인 PmP파의 주행시간은 지각두께와 속도구조에 의존한다. 만약 실제 지각의 평균속도와 모델속도 사이의 차이가 작다고 가정하면, 계산한 주행시간과 실제 지진기록으로부터 관측한 주행시간의 상대적인 차이는 반사점에서 지각의 상대적인 두께차이에만 의존한다. 따라서 PmP파가 반사된 지점에서의 지각두께는 주행시간의 상대적인 차이가 표본추출간격보다 작은 값을 가질 때까지 지각두께를 변화시켜줌으로서 계산되어진다. 계산결과 한반도 남부지역에서의 지각두께는 지리산 부근 지역이 가장 두껍고 경상분지 지역이 가장 얇으며 호남지역은 중간 두께를 나타낸다.

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수신함수를 이용한 한반도내의 광대역관측소부근의 속도구조 연구 (1)

  • 박윤경;전정수;김성균
    • Proceedings of the KSEEG Conference
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    • pp.139-142
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    • 2003
  • 지구물리학적 연구에서 있어서 가장 중요한 목적 중의 하나는 지각과 상부 맨틀의 상세한 구조를 규명하는 것이다. 3성분의 지진기록을 이용하여 관측소 하부의 지각구조를 연구하는 몇 가지 방법들이 개발되었으며, 수신함수분석(receiver function analysis)이 가장 널리 사용되고 있다 (Phinney, 1964: Burdick and Langston, 1977: Owens and Crosson, 1988). 수신함수는 원거리 지진의 P파와 관측소 하부의 Moho면에서 전환된 Ps 전환파를 이용하여 관측소 하부의 지각구조를 계산하는 것이다. (중략)

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The Crustal and Upper Mantle Velocity Structure of the Southern Korean Peninsula from Receiver Functions and Surface-Wave Dispersion (수신함수와 표면파 분산의 동시역산을 이용한 한반도 남부지역의 지각과 상부맨틀 연구)

  • Yoo, H.J.;Lee, K.;Herrmann, R.B.
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2006
  • 3-D S-wave velocity model in the southern Korean Peninsula is investigated by using the joint inversion of receiver functions and surface-wave dispersion. A peninsula average Rayleigh-wave phase velocity in the 10-150 seconds range and tomographic estimates of the Rayleigh and Love wave group velocities in the 0.5-20 seconds period range determined using a $12.5{\times}12.5\;km$ grid for the southern part of the peninsula are used for the inversion. Receiver functions were determined from broadband (STS-2), short-period (SS-1) and acceleration (Episensor) channels of 95 stations. The dense distribution of the stations in the Peninsula permits us to examine the 3-D crustal structure in detail. The inversion result shows the variation and characteristics of S-wave velocity in the crust and upper mantle of the southern Korean Peninsula very well.

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Crustal Structure of the Continent-Ocean Zone around the Middle Eastern Part of Korean Peninsula Using Gravity Data (중력자료를 이용한 한반도 중부 대륙-해양 지역의 지각구조 연구)

  • 유상훈;민경덕;박찬홍;원중선
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.455-463
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    • 2002
  • There have been few geophysical studies on the crustal structure of the continent-ocean zone around the middle eastern part of Korean peninsula, because of the lack of database in both land and ocean. The area for the study on the internal crustal structure using gravity data is bounded by the latitude of 37$^{\circ}$-38"N and longitude of 128$^{\circ}$-132$^{\circ}$E. WCA correction is applied to shipborne gravity data to integrate with gravity anomalies obtained on land. The high frequency components of the shipborne gravity data which are considered as the noise on survey track are effectively removed by means of correlating with satellite gravity data. The corrected shipborne free-air gravity anomaly is integrated with the Bouguer gravity anomaly on land under the same condition. The integrated gravity anomaly is divided into four areas for power spectrum analysis. The depths of Moho discontinuity increases gradually from inland to Ulleung basin. As the result of modeling based on power spectrum analysis, Moho discontinuity depth is about 33-35 km in the continental zone of Korea and 18-28 km at the continental margin. Such structural character is well elucidated in changing gravity data around Ulleung basin. The depths of Moho discontinuity in the southern ocean of Ulleung-island is 16--17 km, which is much lower than in the land. The result of crustal structure modeling in this study is similar to that computed by prior seismic exploration around this area.