• Title/Summary/Keyword: 충돌사고재구성

Search Result 11, Processing Time 0.136 seconds

Verification of Automobile Collision Accident Reconstruction Using Qualitative Reasoning (정성적 추론을 이용한 자동차 충돌 사고 재구성의 검증)

  • 김현경;명한나;한인환
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
    • /
    • v.10 no.4
    • /
    • pp.63-70
    • /
    • 1999
  • Reconstruction of collision accidents is to analyze the cause of accidents and collision behavior using available information from vehicle accident circumstances. This paper introduces a collision reconstruction system which is developed to be applicable to traffic accident reconstruction. Our System combines both quantitative and qualitative collision models so as to compensate for weaknesses in each with strengths of each other. I It provides accurate predictions and causal explanations of the collision behavior. During r reverse analysis of collision. qualitative simulation is used to verify a hypothesis and to detect any conflict in early stage of reconstruction. It is implemented and applied to real car-to-car collision accidents. The test results verify the reliabilities of our techniques.

  • PDF

Collision Configurations Reconstruction Using Deformation Shape and Deformation Severity of Car Body (차체의 변형상과 변형정도에 의한 자동차 충돌상황의 재구성)

  • 장인식;채덕병
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
    • /
    • v.9 no.1
    • /
    • pp.171-180
    • /
    • 2001
  • Collision accident reconstruction algorithm are developed based on the deformation shape and severity of a car body. At first, the body stiffness equation representing the force-deformation relationship is derived using finite element analysis for head on collision of two cars. The database of deformation shapes and energies is constructed for five different collision configurations; each configuration contains three velocity conditions. Deformation shapes are obtained using a curve fitting method and result in cubic polynomials. Deformation energies are calculated using a stiffness equation and deformation data. Three algorithms are developed to reconstruct collision configuration compared with constructed database. The developed algorithms show reasonably good performance to find collisions conditions for some test problems.

  • PDF

Reconstruction Analysis of Pedestrian Collision Accidents Using Fuzzy Methods (퍼지수법을 활용한 보행자 충돌사고 재구성 해석)

  • Park, Tae-Yeong;Han, In-Hwan
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
    • /
    • v.29 no.1
    • /
    • pp.125-134
    • /
    • 2011
  • In order to reconstruct vehicle-pedestrian collision accidents, this paper presents a fuzzy tool to estimate accurately the impact velocity of the vehicle using parameters which could be easily collectable at the accident scene. The fuzzy rules and membership functions were set up using number of over 200 domestic and foreign data from accidents and empirical tests and 700 data from multibody simulation experiments. The developed fuzzy tool deduces the category of pedestrian trajectory and impact speed of the vehicle using 4 membership functions and 2 logic rules. The membership function of throw distance was differently set according to the deduced category of trajectories. The implemented fuzzy program was validated through comparing with the domestic and foreign empirical data. The output results agree very well in impact velocities of vehicle resulting the accuracy and usefulness of the developed tool in the reconstruction analysis of vehicle-pedestrian collision accidents.

Reconstruction Analysis of Vehicle-pedestrian Collision Accidents: Calculations and Uncertainties of Vehicle Speed (차량-보행자 충돌사고 재구성 해석: 차량 속도 계산과 불확실성)

  • Han, In-Hwan
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
    • /
    • v.19 no.5
    • /
    • pp.82-91
    • /
    • 2011
  • In this paper, a planar model for mechanics of a vehicle/pedestrian collision incorporating road gradient is derived to evaluate the pre-collision speed of vehicle. It takes into account a few physical variables and parameters of popular wrap and forward projection collisions, which include horizontal distance traveled between primary and secondary impacts with the vehicle, launch angle, center-of-gravity height at launch, distance from launch to rest, pedestrian-ground drag factor, the pre-collision vehicle speed and road gradient. The model including road gradient is derived analytically for reconstruction of pedestrian collision accidents, and evaluates the vehicle speed from the pedestrian throw distance. The model coefficients have physical interpretations and are determined through direct calculation. This work shows that the road gradient has a significant effect on the evaluation of the vehicle speed and must be considered in accident cases with inclined road. In additions, foreign/domestic empirical cases and multibody dynamic simulation results are used to construct a least-squares fitted model that has the same structure of the analytical one that provides an estimate of the vehicle speed based on the pedestrian throw distance and the band within which the vehicle speed would be expected to be in 95% of cases.

A Study on the Side Collision Accident Reconstruction Using 3-Dimensional Crash Analysis (3차원 충돌해석 정보를 이용한 측면 충돌 사고 재구성)

  • Jang, In-Sik;Kim, Il-Dong
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.52-63
    • /
    • 2008
  • The side collision reconstruction algorithm is developed using three dimensional car crash analysis. Medium size passenger car is modeled for finite element analysis. Total 24 side collision configurations, four different speed and six different angle, are set up for making side collision database. Deformation index and degree index are built up for each collision case. Deformation index is a kind of deformation estimate averaging displacement of side door of crashed car from finite element analysis result. Angle index is constructed measuring deformed angle of crashing car. There are two kinds of angle index, one is measured at driver's side and the other is measured at passenger's side. Also a collision analysis information in side of cars is used for giving a basis for scientific and practical reason in a reconstruction of the car accident. The analysis program, LS-DYNA3D is utilized for finite element analysis program for a collision analysis. Those database are used for side collision reconstruction. Side collision reconstruction algorithm is developed, and applied to find the collision conditions before the accident occurs. Three example collision cases are tried to check the effectiveness of the algorithm. Deformation index and angle index is extracted for the case from the analysis result. Deformation index is compared to the established database, and estimated collision speed and angle are introduced by interpolation function. Angle index is used to select a specific collision condition from the several available conditions. The collision condition found by reconstruction algorithm shows good match with original condition within 10% error for speed and angle. As a result, the calculation from the reconstruction of the situation is reproducing the situation well. The performance in this study can be used in many ways for practical field using deformation index and degree index. Other different collision situations may be set up for extending the scope of this study in the future.

The Derivation of Simplified Vehicle Body Stiffness Equation Using Collision Analysis (자동차 충돌해석에 의한 단순화된 차체 강성 방정식의 유도)

  • 장인식;채덕병
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
    • /
    • v.8 no.4
    • /
    • pp.177-185
    • /
    • 2000
  • The deformation characteristics is one of the major factors to resume the crash configuration in collision accident reconstruction. Crash analysis are carried out using finite element method and body stiffness equations representing force-deformation relationship are derived, Two different crash conditions : 1) frontal barrier impact 2) frontal impact between cars are given for the derivation of the equations. The stiffness coefficient of equation by method 2) is larger than that by method. 1). Crash analysis between two vehicles is accomplished with three crash angles and three velocities for each angle condition. The deformations are measured for six selected points and deformation energies are calculated using the derived equations. Equation by method 2) results in better estimation of deformation energy than that by method 1) for all crush configurations. The estimated energies can be utilized as one of indices to identify the type of the collision accident result.

  • PDF

Collision Analysis between FRP Fishing Boats According to Various Configurations (여러 가지 충돌 상황에 따른 FRP 어선 간의 충돌 해석)

  • Jang, In-Sik;Kim, Yong-Seop;Kim, Il-Dong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
    • /
    • v.9 no.4
    • /
    • pp.253-262
    • /
    • 2006
  • In this paper, collision analysis is carried out between two FRP fishing boats. A computer simulation with finite element method is used to accomplish this objective. At first, a detailed geometric model of the boat is constructed using 3-D CAD program. The formation of a finite element from a geometric data of the boats is carried out using HYPERMESH that is the commercial software for mesh generation and post processing. Twelve collision configurations are established by combining two kinds of contact angle($90^{\circ},\;135^{\circ}$) and three different speed(5, 10, 15knot) for small and large boats. Collision analysis is accomplished using DYNA3D. Stress distribution and deformation shape are investigated for each collision condition. In general, $90^{\circ}$ collision angle generate larger stress than $135^{\circ}$ case and the collision for two moving boats showed larger maximum stress than the case that one is moving and the other is stationary. When analysis is carried out until 150ms contact parts of two boats are broken for 10 and 15knot collision speed, in which maximum stress is larger than ultimate strength of the material.

  • PDF

A Study on the Side Collision Accident Reconstruction Using Database of Crush Test of Model Cars (모형자동차 충돌시험의 데이터베이스를 이용한 측면 충돌사고 재구성)

  • Sohn, Jeong-Hyun;Park, Seok-Cheon;Kim, Kwang-Suk
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
    • /
    • v.17 no.2
    • /
    • pp.49-56
    • /
    • 2009
  • In this study, a side collision accident reconstruction using database based on the deformed shape information from the collision test using model cars is suggested. A deformation index and angle index related to the deformed shape is developed to set the database for the collision accident reconstruction algorithm. Two small size RC cars are developed to carry out the side collision test. Several side collision tests according to the velocity and collision angles are performed for establishing the side collision database. A high speed camera with 1000fps is used to capture the motion of the car. A side collision accident reconstruction algorithm is developed and applied to find the collision conditions before the accident occurs. Two collision cases are tested to validate the database and the algorithm. The results obtained by the reconstruction algorithm show good match with original conditions with regard to the velocity and angle.

Development of an Automobile Black Box for Reconstruction Analysis of Collision Accidents (충돌사고 재구성 해석을 위한 차량 블랙박스의 개발)

  • 이원희;한인환
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.205-214
    • /
    • 2004
  • This paper presents design concepts, specifications and performances of a newly developed Black Box, the reconstruction analysis tool with the records, and results of validation tests. The Black Box can detect crash accidents automatically, and record the vehicle's motion and driver's maneuvers during a pre-defined time period before and after the accident. The items of the Black Box included the acceleration, yaw-rate, vehicle speed, engine RPM, braking application, steering and several digital inputs for recording driver's maneuvers. To detect the accident-related-crash, it is important to understand characteristics of the crash signal, which are much different from those of normal driving. Therefore, analytical considerations should be taken in designing pre-filtering circuits and selecting appropriate parameters for identifying crash accidents. And, it is necessary to select proper combination of motion sensors and design proper pre-filtering circuits in order to describe the vehicle's motion. The analysis algorithms were developed and implemented which can perform accurate detection of crash accidents, simulating pre-crash trajectories, and calculating parameters for reconstruction analysis of crash accidents. The developed Black Box was installed on passenger cars and several types of validation tests were conducted. Through the tests, the accuracy of the recorded data and usefulness of the analysis tool for reconstruction have been validated.

Automobile Collision Reconstruction Using Post-Impact Velocities and Crush Profile (충돌 후 속도와 충돌 변형으로부터 자동차 충돌 재구성)

  • 한인환
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
    • /
    • v.18 no.4
    • /
    • pp.107-115
    • /
    • 2000
  • We suggest a method which solves the planar, two vehicle collision reconstruction problem. The method based on the Principle of impulse and momentum determines the pre-impact velocity components from Post-impact velocity components, vehicle Physical data and collision geometry. A novel feature is that although the impact coefficients such as the restitution coefficient and the impulse ratio are unknown, the method can estimate automatically the coefficients and calculate the pre-impact velocity components. This reverse calculation is important for vehicle accident reconstruction, since the pre-impact velocities are unknown and Post-impact Phase is the starting Point in a usual collision analysis. However. an inverse solution is not always Possible with the analytical rigid-body impact model. Mathematically, one does not exist under the common velocity condition. On the other hand, our method has a capability of reverse calculation under the condition if the absorbed energy during the collision process can be estimated using the crush profile. To validate the developed collision reconstruction a1gorithm, we use car-to-car collision test results. The analysis and experimental results agree well in the impact coefficients and the Pre-impact velocity components.

  • PDF