• Title/Summary/Keyword: 진단도구

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A Study on Development of Diagnostic Index for Rural Areas (농촌지역 진단지표 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Mo, Hye-Ran;Park, Hyung-Keun;Jo, Jin-Hee;Lee, Han-Soo
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.1925-1935
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    • 2014
  • Initiatives for balanced growth are centered on urban centers and strictly based upon focused areas and quantitative economics, and thus have rather facilitated the urbanization while deteriorating rural areas' competitiveness. Although huge supports have been made by the central government to address this issue, the effects are very low, due to the limitation of top-down approaches. Recently, however, the demand of differentiated policies for rural communities increases while the necessity of diagnostic index tailored for individual municipalities is also highlighted. The present study investigates diagnostic indices discussed in the preceding studies and derives optimum ones suitable for rural area evaluation. To this end, an index pool was constructed and a set of indices was developed through experts interview and factor analysis. It is expected that the indices help planners effectively diagnose rural areas, and contribute to expand the applicability of 'Customized Diagnostic Technologies.'

Useful Biomarkers for the Diagnosis of Endometriosis (자궁내막증 진단을 위한 생표지자의 유용성)

  • Kim, Sun-Young;Lee, Byung-Seok
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2010
  • 진단적 복강경을 하지 않으면 자궁내막증의 진단이 불가능하다는 점은 의사들이 해결해야 할 과제 중 하나이다. 아직까지는 자궁내막증을 진단할 수 있는 획기적인 표지자가 없기 때문에 CA-125 같은 종양 표지자의 혈중 농도를 측정하였으나 진단 도구로 이용하기에는 한계가 있다. 이러한 이유로 초기 자궁내막증을 진단할 수 있는 방법을 연구하기 위한 여러 시도들이 있었는데 특히 자궁내막증 1, 2기 환자에서 병의 초기 상태에 복강경적 치료를 하였을 경우 자연 임신 성공률이 2배 가까이 높은 것으로 보고되었기 때문에 불임 여성에 있어 자궁내막증의 진단 시기는 임상적으로도 그 중요성이 매우 크다고 할 수 있겠다. CA-125는 자궁내막증 환자의 추적관찰에 있어 특이도가 높은 편이며 효용성이 있는데 특히 수술적 치료 후 장기적으로 병의 활성 혹은 재발을 평가하는데 있어 유용하다. 무작위적인 임상 연구 결과 자궁내막증과 관련된 불임이나 통증은 수술적 치료시 분명한 이득이 있는 것으로 보고된 바84 자궁내막증은 적절한 진단과 치료가 중요한 질환이라는 점을 다시 한번 상기해야 한다. 또한 병의 진행에 따른 여러 면역학적인 변화들이 확인되면서 자궁내막증의 진단에 있어 면역학적 표지자의 중요성이 부각되고 있다. 그 중에서도 복막액이나 혈청 내 사이토카인은 진단 도구로서 그 가능성에 주목을 받고 있으며 이에 대한 대규모 연구가 추후 필요할 것으로 사료된다. 최근의 면역학적 발견과 DNA 기술 발전은 자궁내막증의 진단에 있어 핵심적인 screening 도구의 발견에 일조할 것이며 이러한 기술적 발전을 근간으로 하여 머지 않아 획기적인 표지자가 개발될 것으로 기대한다.

Recent Update in Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (Fecal Microbiota Transplantation의 최근 동향)

  • Kim, Haejin;Kang, Kyungmin;Kim, Sujin;Im, Eunok
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.265-274
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    • 2014
  • Gut microbiota is a group of microorganisms that resides in the intestine and serves many important functions in human health. Using 16S ribosomal RNA sequencing analysis, a wide variety of bacteria in human gastrointestinal tract has been identified along with intriguing findings that there is a different bacterial composition among individuals. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a procedure of stool transplantation from healthy donors to patients suffering from various diseases. Specifically, FMT is able to alter the composition of gut microbiota of recipients and therefore could be an effective treatment for the patients with gastrointestinal diseases including recurrent Clostridium difficile infection, inflammatory bowel disease, and irritable bowel syndrome. Here we review a list of human diseases related to gut microbiota disturbance and the case studies of FMT. We also summarize medicines and diagnostic tools that are under development. Therefore, gut microbiota can be a next generation's biotherapy for promotion of health and treatment of chronic diseases.

A Study on the Evaluation of Public Librarian's Core Competency Value (공공도서관 사서의 공통역량 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Heejin;Kim, Jinmook;Cha, Sung-Jong
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.335-360
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    • 2021
  • This study aimed to develop self-diagnosis tools to evaluate the common competence level of public library librarians, apply them to actual public library librarians, and analyze the factors of competency value evaluation through empirical research methods. To this end, the study modify the existing capacity value evaluation indicators of librarians from a public library perspective and conducted a survey to self-diagnose the common capabilities of public library librarians. As the results of analysis showed that librarians of public libraries themselves think that the level of core competence that professional librarians should acquire is relatively higher than the average. Among the overall capabilities of librarians, the average of the 'librarians' behavior and attitude' area was the highest, followed by the 'librarians' skill' and 'librarian's knowledge' areas. The study suggested to strengthen the capacity of public library librarians for various duties, the re-education system for librarians should be established, and a systematic system for promoting librarians' duties as professionals, and a personnel system for professional development.

THE PARENT INFLUENCE ON STUDENT'S TEST ANXIETY (부모의 양육태도가 자녀의 시험불안에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Moon-Joo;Lee, Hye-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.24-31
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    • 1991
  • It has long been accepted that test anxiety is developed by parent-child relationship. The purpose of this study was to investigate the parent influence on student's test anxiety. The Korean Form of Test Anxiety Inventory(TAI-K) and the Parent Attitude Scale were used. 481 primary school-and 500 high school students were participated in the study. The results were as follows ; 1) The parental factor identified as 'rejecting' was positively correlated with students' test anxiety, while the parental factor identified as 'rearing as self-controlled being' was negatively correlated. 2) The students who identified their parents as 'being achievement-oriented' reported significantly higher test anxiety than those who identified their parents as 'accepting'. Many studies also report that high test anxiety interferes with student's performance. Therefore, parents should accept and understand their children in order to alleviate test.

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A Study on Factors and Measurement Methodology on Workers' Work Competence Levels for Sustainable Management in ICT Organization (ICT조직의 지속가능경영을 위한 직무전문성 측정요인과 방법)

  • Yoon, Jang Ho;Kim, Kui Won;Lee, Soo Hyun;Kim, Jae Yun
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.27-43
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    • 2015
  • Ever more so than any other times, today's corporations today face an ultimate issue of acquiring highest work expertise for their employees. However, most of current academic researches try to focus on what factors comprise an expertise while they fail to tackle the very issue of detailed numerical measurement of the expertise factors recommended improvement paths, and goals for each measured expertise level. Hence, this study suggests more objective and highly reliable identification of work competence measurement factors and the correlation among the identified factors. For details, it tries to propose a methodology of expertise measurement by developing into the definition of experts and expertise, reestablishment of expertise factors, determination of reference points of the expertise factors, and weighting of the factors. This measurement methodology finds that it itself has significant correlation with existing work competency level measurement and test tools. Therefore it is identified to justify its effectiveness. Finally, this study proposes an action point of establishing a national expertise architecture and its frameworks for various societies in general.

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Diagnosis of General Job Skills for College Students and Application of Supporting Program: based on an Example Analysis of D College (대학생 직업소양능력 진단 및 지원 프로그램 적용: D 전문대학 사례를 중심으로)

  • Oh, Man-Deok;Lee, Seung-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.497-506
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    • 2011
  • General job skills are the required competencies for any work personnel regardless of areas of expertise. This case study applied various research methodologies in order to identify the necessity finding general job skills of D college students and search levels of general job skills of D college students. In detail, this study collected and analyzed the various data from students, faculty members, and graduates of D college, field experts using both CCQB(Core Competency Questions using BARS) and the focus-group interviews. The study results report that there are considerable gaps between the perceptions of students, faculty members and field experts in terms of the levels of general job skills. This study suggests that colleges should provide the supporting systems and educational programs as a way of improving general job skills for students.

The Effects of Internal Accreditation on the Quality Improvement of Competency-Based Curriculum in Higher Education (대학 자체교육인증제가 역량기반 교육과정 질 향상에 미치는 영향)

  • Leem, Gwanghyun;Kang, Jihye
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.233-243
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    • 2020
  • This study investigated the internal accreditation system of A University which is a quality management system of curriculum that allows departments to examine the curriculum of itself. The results showed that the internal accreditation improved satisfaction of students in four areas: education goal & curriculum organization, curriculum implementation, support for curriculum, and curriculum development. It was also found that the system improved core competencies of students. Lastly, the students' evaluation for lecture was significantly improved compared with evaluation before internal accreditation. Based on these results, the study provided basic data for the design of internal accreditation system at A university.

Study on the Effectiveness of image inspection Replacement of the Periodontal disease Questionnaire in the Electronic Medical Record Environment (전자의무기록 의료 환경에서 치주 자가설문지의 영상 판독 대체 효용성에 대한 연구)

  • Maeng, You-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.707-714
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    • 2017
  • There have recently been an increasing number of reports claiming that the periodontal disease, the most typical oral disease, is closely associated with various systemic diseases such as cardiovascular disease. Therefore, it is imperative to explore the methods that can ensure effective and cost-effective monitoring of periodontal disease in specific population groups, as well as individuals in the electronic medical record environment. However, traditional periodontal examination methods, such as periodontal probe, are considerably demanding and time-consuming for dental specialists, and furthermore, cause the risk of bacteremia as they are invasive procedures. Thus, the objective of this study was to validate the capability of new method for screening the periodontal disease using the self-reported questionnaire for periodontitis which is the non-invasive procedure to replace radiography.

A Case Study using Transferability Diagnosis Tools Between Countries for Economic Evaluations of Rheumatoid Arthritis Drugs (경제성평가의 국가간 적용가능성 진단도구를 이용한 류마티스관절염 치료제 사례 연구)

  • Ku, Hye-Min;Kwon, Jeong-Mi;Park, Se-Young;Kang, Suk-Hyun;Lee, Eui-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 2009
  • Objectives: With more and more health economic evaluations being performed in many countries, the question of whether the results from the foreign studies can be transferred to other country is becoming important. The objective of this study was to conduct a case study using three transferability diagnosis tools for economic evaluation on rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: Three diagnosis tools were used to assess transferability: Welte's tool, Boulenger's and Urdahl's. Five researchers who have experience on economic evaluation made consensus on the evaluation through the semi-delphi method. Results: With Welte's tool, absolute and relative prices in healthcare, practice variation, health-status preference, productivity and work-loss time were evaluated as biased. The transferability information score by Boulenger's was 85.9%, which means qood quality reporting. In case of Urdahl's, research questions were well defined and reporting was transparent and explicitly stated. However, both the relevance of data inputs to Korea and robustness of model were relatively low. In conclusion the UK study on rheumatoid arthritis could be partially transferable to Korea, and will need modeling-based adjustments.

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