• Title/Summary/Keyword: 지원열펌프

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Optimum Pumping Rates of Ground-Water Heat Pump System Using Groundwater or Bank Infilterated Water (강변여과수와 천부 지하수를 이용하는 지하수 열펌프시스템의 적정유량)

  • Hahn, Jeong-Sang;Han, Hyuk-Sang;Hahn, Chan;Jeon, Jae-Soo;Kim, Hyong-Soo
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.833-841
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    • 2007
  • The groundwater heat pump system(GWHP) is one of the most efficient ground source heat pump system(GSHP) which uses low grade and shallow geothermal energy for cooling and heating purpose. The GWHP system shall be designed properly based on peak block load performance and optimum pumping rate of groundwater comparable to ground coupled heat pump system(GCHP). The optimum pumping rate depends on groundwater temperature at a specific site, size of plate heat exchanger, and total head loss occurred by whole system comprising pumps and pipings. The required optimum flow rates of the system per RT are ranged from 3.8 to 9.8lpm being less than the typical building loop flow of 9.5 to 11.4lpm.

A Study on Development Potential of Shallow Geothermal Energy as Space Heating and Cooling Sources in Mongolia (몽골의 천부 지열에너지(냉난방 에너지)개발 가능성에 관한 연구)

  • Hahn, Jeong-Sang;Yoon, Yun-Sang;Yoon, Kern-Sin;Lee, Tae-Yul;Kim, Hyong-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Geothermal and Hydrothermal Energy
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.36-47
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    • 2012
  • Time-series variation of groundwater temperature in Mongolia shows that maximum temperature is occured from end of October to the first of February(winter time) and minimum temperature is observed from end of April to the first of May(summer time). Therefore ground temperature is s a good source for space heating in winter and cooling in summer. Groundwater temperatures monitored from 3 alluvial wells in Ulaabaatar at depth between 20 and 24 m are $(4.43{\pm}0.8)^{\circ}C$ with average of $4.21^{\circ}C$ but mean annual ground temperature(MAGT) at the depth of 100 m in Ulaanbaatar was about $3.5{\sim}6.0^{\circ}C$. Bore hole length required to extract 1 RT's heat energy from ground in heating time and to reject 1 RT's heat energy to ground in summer time are estimated about 130 m and 98 m respectively. But in case that thermally enhanced backfill and U tube pipe placement along the wall are used, the length can be reduced about 25%. Due to low MAGT of Ulaabaatar such as $6^{\circ}C$, the required length of GHX in summer cooling time is less than the one of winter heating time. Mongolia has enough available property, therefore the most cost effective option for supplying a heating energy in winter will be horizontal GHX which absorbs solar energy during summer time. It can supply 1 RT's ground heat energy by 570 m long horizontally installed GHX.

Design Guidlines of Geothermal Heat Pump System Using Standing Column Well (수주지열정(SCW)을 이용한 천부지열 냉난방시스템 설계지침)

  • Hahn, Jeong-Sang;Han, Hyuk-Sang;Hahn, Chan;Kim, Hyong-Soo;Jeon, Jae-Soo
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.607-613
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    • 2006
  • For the reasonable use of low grade-shallow geothermal energy by Standing Column Well(SCW) system, the basic requirements are depth-wise increase of earth temperature like $2^{\circ}C$ per every 100m depth, sufficient amount of groundwater production being about 10 to 30% of the design flow rate of GSHP with good water quality and moderate temperature, and non-collapsing of borehole wall during reinjection of circulating water into the SCW. A closed loop type-vertical ground heat exchanger(GHEX) with $100{\sim}150m$ deep can supply geothermal energy of 2 to 3 RT but a SCW with $400{\sim}500m$ deep can provide $30{\sim}40RT$ being equivalent to 10 to 15 numbers of GHEX as well requires smaller space. Being considered as an alternative of vertical GHEX, many numbers of SCW have been widely constructed in whole country without any account for site specific hydrogeologic and geothermal characteristics. When those are designed and constructed under the base of insufficient knowledges of hydrgeothermal properties of the relevant specific site as our current situations, a bad reputation will be created and it will hamper a rational utilization of geothermal energy using SCW in the near future. This paper is prepared for providing a guideline of SCW design comportable to our hydrogeothermal system.

A Study on An Integrated GEO/TES with Geothermal Heat Exchanger and Thermal Ice Storage (지중열 교환기와 빙축열조(Thermal Ice Storage)를 연계시킨 통합 지중열-빙축열조 시스템(Integrated GEO/TES))

  • Lohrenz ED.;Hahn Jeongsang;Han Hyuk Sang;Hahn Chan;Kim Hyoung Soo
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.717-729
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    • 2005
  • Peak cooling load of large buildings is generally greater than their peak heating load. Internal and solar heat gains are used fur selection of adquate equipment in large building in cold winter climate like Canada and even Korea. The cost of geothermal heat exchanger to meet the cooling loads can increase the initial cost of ground source heat pump system to the extend less costly conventional system often chosen. Thermal ice storage system has been used for many years in Korea to reduce chiller capacity and shift Peak electrical time and demand. A distribution system designed to take advantage of heat extracted from the ice, and use of geothermal loop (geothermal heat exchanger) to heat as an alternate heat source and sink is well known to provide many benifits. The use of thermal energy storage (TES) reduces the heat pump capacity and peak cooling load needed in large building by as much as 40 to $60\%$ with less mechanical equipment and less space for mechanical room. Additionally TES can reduce the size and cost of the geothermal loop by 1/3 to 1/4 compared to ground coupled heat pump system that is designed to meet the peak heating and cooling load and also can eliminate difficuties of geothermal loop installation such as space requirements and thermal conditions of soil and rock at the urban area.