• Title/Summary/Keyword: 지열냉난방

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A method for Application of Hybrid Geothermal Cooling-Heating System in Multi Family Apartment (공동주택용 하이브리드 지열 냉난방 시스템의 적용추진 전략)

  • Park, Yong-Boo;Park, Jong-Bae;Kim, Gil-Tae
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • 2009.09a
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    • pp.1447-1454
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    • 2009
  • Currently, geothermal heat pump systems are being installed in new official and commercial building, welfare facilities, and school but there are a few cases for the housing heat sink in Korea. The reason is that there are no progressive taxes for the household electrical use, no actual output for the application of geothermal technology, high initial investment. For the overall use in multi family apartment such as the Green Home etc, technology development and building of the relevant research team need to be done through preliminary study. Core subjects for overall use include cooling heating load estimation for the multi family apartment, economical efficiency of the geothermal cooling and heating system, design and construction technology of the geothermal cooling and heating system for the multi family apartment, commercialization plan, and state of the art analysis. Selection of the detailed subjects with respect to core subject, driving schedule and commercialization plan, driving system, presentation of the utilization plan.

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Application and Revitalization Method of Domestic Geothermal Heat Pump System (국내의 지열에너지 열펌프 시스템 활용현황과 활성화 방안)

  • Park, Hye-Ri;Ko, Young-Ho;Kim, Min-Tae;Park, Jong-Li
    • Proceedings of the SAREK Conference
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    • 2009.06a
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    • pp.922-927
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    • 2009
  • Due to the law of use of sustainable alternative energy recently legislated, many public institutions are ordered to use renewable energy. So it gets people's eyes on Geothermal energy system among other suggested renewable energy. Since there is hardly existence of a volcanic region, Geothermal heat pump system is generally used most in Korea. However, the important technology and materials are not localized and further, with only our technical skills it is arduous to popularize and develop Geothermal energy because of lack of revitalization related to the law and the regime for locally suitable Data-base. Moreover, an access of renewable energy is too much hard because of people's low interests about Geothermal energy. But fortunately, the well-studied about Geothermal heat system started to be adopted in many other provinces. Therefore, we study this with intend to popularize and develop Geothermal energy.

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A Study on Application of Seasonal Thermal Storage System in the Alluvial Aquifer Area (충적대수층 지역에서의 계간축열 지열냉난방시스템 적용 연구)

  • Park, Sungmin;Hwang, Kisup;Mon, Jongphil;Min, Dongmin
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Geothermal and Hydrothermal Energy
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, we designed a seasonal geothermal storage system and studied the applicability in the alluvial aquifer. We conducted a basic survey to apply this system to greenhouses actually operated in the Geum river basin alluvial aquifer. After choosing a potential area through electrical resistivity survey, the system parameters were set using drilling survey and pumping test result. We installed a system based on the factors, and operated for about 9 months. As a result, high temperature water(injection temperature $30^{\circ}C$) was stored at 22.5 Mcal ($1,609m^3$) for 3 months in cooling operation and 125 Mcal ($16,960m^3$) of low temperature water (injection temperature $7^{\circ}C$) were stored for 6 months in the remaining heating operation.

The Effect of Construction Methods on Geothermal Exchange Rates of Cast-in-place Energy Piles (현장타설말뚝형 에너지 파일의 시공형태별 지중 열교환량에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Yong-Boo;Nam, Yu-Jin;Sim, Young-Jong;Sohn, Jeong-Rak
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.169-175
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    • 2012
  • In recent, there are many studies associated with energy piles to save initial construction cost for ground source heat pump system. In this study, to evaluate geothermal exchange rates two types (a connection type and a slinky type) of cast-in-place energy piles (PRD, 4.5m in depth, 1,200 mm in diameter) were constructed for the tests and their efficiencies were compared with numerical analysis results. As a result, starting with operation, geothermal exchange rate gradually decreases due to exchange of lower ground temperature. In the case of connection type, temperature difference is $0.37^{\circ}C$ in heating mode and $0.34^{\circ}C$, in cooling mode, respectively. In addition, in case of a connection type, geothermal exchange rate in heating mode is 2,314W/m and in cooling mode, 252.2W/m whose value is 9% higher than in heating mode. In the case of slinky type, the average geothermal exchange rate in heating mode is 168.0W/m, which is about 27% lower than that of connection type.

Prediction of Ground Thermal Properties from Thermal Response Test (현장 열응답 시험을 통한 지중 열물성 추정)

  • Yoon, Seok;Lee, Seung-Rae;Kim, Young-Sang;Kim, Geon-Young;Kim, Kyungsu
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.32 no.7
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    • pp.5-14
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    • 2016
  • The use of geothermal energy has increased for economically and environmentally friendly utilization, and a geothermal heat pump (GSHP) system for space heating and cooling is being used widely. As ground thermal properties such as ground thermal conductivity and ground thermal diffusivity are substantial parameters in the design of geothermal heat pump system, ground thermal conductivity should be obtained from in-situ thermal response test (TRT). This paper presents an experimental study of ground thermal properties of U and 2U type ground heat exchangers (GHEs) measured by TRTs. The U and 2U type GHEs were installed in a partially saturated dredged soil deposit, and TRTs were conducted for 48 hours. A method to derive the thermal diffusivity as well as thermal conductivity was proposed from a non-linear regression analysis. In addition, remolded soil samples from different layers were collected from the field, and soil specimens were reconstructed according to the field ground condition. Then equivalent ground thermal conductivity and ground thermal diffusivity were calculated from the lab test results and they were compared with the in-situ TRT results.

Study on Thermal Performance of Energy Textile in Tunnel (터널 지열 활용을 위한 에너지 텍스타일의 열교환 성능 연구)

  • Lee, Chulho;Park, Sangwoo;Sohn, Byonghu;Choi, Hangseok
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.1907-1914
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    • 2013
  • Textile-type heat exchangers installed on the tunnel walls for facilitating ground source heat pump systems, so called "energy textile", was installed in an abandoned railroad tunnel around Seocheon, South Korea. To evaluate thermal performance of the energy textile, a series of long-term monitoring was performed by artificially applying daily intermittent cooling and heating loads on the energy textile. In the course of the experimental measurement, the inlet and outlet fluid temperatures of the energy textile, pumping rate, temperature distribution in the ground, and air temperature inside the tunnel were continuously measured. From the long-term monitoring, the heat exchange rate was recorded as in the range of 57.6~143.5 W per one unit of the energy textile during heating operation and 362.3~558.4 W per one unit during cooling operation. In addition, the heat exchange rate of energy textile was highly sensitive to a change in air temperature inside the tunnel. The field measurements were verified by a 3D computational fluid dynamics analysis (FLUENT) with the consideration of air temperature variation inside the tunnel. The verified numerical model was used to evaluate parametrically the effect of drainage layer in the energy textile.

Technical and Political Issues on Geothermal Energy Policy for Long-term Portfolio (지열에너지의 중장기 정책 포트폴리오를 위한 기술 및 정책적 접근방안 제시)

  • Kim, Kiyeol;Kim, Kyung-Hee;An, Hyungjun;Lim, Hye-Sook
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2011.11a
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    • pp.154-154
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    • 2011
  • 화석연료의 가격 및 공급의 불안정과 온실가스감축 국제 규제 강화 등에 대한 대안으로 여기는 신 재생에너지는 높은 초기 투자 부담으로 인하여 관련기술의 연구개발과 보급정책 등 전과정에 걸친 정책 지원체계가 필요하다. 본 연구에서는 지열에너지를 이용하는 지열냉난방기술에 중점을 두고 이에 대한 중장기 정책 포트폴리오 작성을 위한 기술 및 정책적 접근방안을 제시하고자한다. 지열에너지의 가장 큰 특징은 기후 등에 영향을 크게 부하가 변하는 태양광, 풍력 등과 달리 일정한 부하를 유지함으로써 안정적인 에너지공급이 가능하다는 것이다. 또, 품질 측면에서도 화석연료를 이용한 기존의 연료보다 쾌적한 환경을 조성하여 고급에너지로 평가받고 있다. 반면, 설비를 갖추기 위한 천공, 히트펌프 설치 등에 큰 비용이 든다는 단점을 가지고 있다. 현재 히트펌프 제작기술은 국산화를 완료한 상태로 사실상 기술개발에 의한 큰 폭의 원가절감은 기대하기 힘든 상황이다. 하지만, 유사분야인 시스템 에어컨이 표준화 및 대량생산을 통한 시장 보급 확대로 보급단가가 하락한 것을 고려해 볼 때 이를 통한 가격하락은 어느 정도 기대해 볼 수 있을 것으로 생각된다. 에너지 외적인 측면에서 볼 때도 지열에너지의 공급은 상당한 의미를 갖는다. 건물 냉 난방용 이외에 다양한 용도의 개발을 통해 비닐하우스나 온실 등에 지열에너지를 이용할 경우 정부차원에서 농어촌에 대한 지원이 가능하다. 또, 기존의 에너지원을 조달하는데 어려움이 있는 산간, 도서지방에서는 도시지역보다 투자대비 큰 효과를 볼 수 있어 지역간 에너지 불균형 해도에도 도움이 될 수 있다. 이와같은 지열에너지의 특성에 따라 향후 발전방향을 정리해 보았다. 핵심기술인 지열 히트펌프의 산업구조와 시장 보급 확대를 통한 가격하락을 기대한다. 지역개발 및 고립지역에서 타 신 재생에너지와 함께 독립적인 전력, 냉난방 등의 완전 에너지 공급시스템을 갖출 수 있다. 또한 특수 작물 등의 고급 농수산물 생산등의 용도개발을 통해 지열에너지 공급역량을 성장시킬 수 있을 것이다. 이와 함께 중장기 비젼을 제시하기 위해 추진되어야 할 연구과제로는 시장 보급 확대에 따른 가격경쟁력 도달 가능성에 대한 연구를 통해 산업육성 방안 마련, 타 신 재생에너지기술과 복합 설치에 의한 시너지 효과 및 이에따른 초기 투자비 증가에 대한 대책, 보급 잠재량 조사, 지열시스템의 자금 조달 및 관련 정책 검토 등이 있을 수 있다.

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A Study on the Physical Characteristics of Grout Material for Backfilling Ground Heat Exchanger (지중 열교환기용 뒤채움재의 물리적 특성 연구)

  • Choi, Hang-Seok;Lee, Chul-Ho;Choi, Hyo-Pum;Woo, Sang-Baik
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.37-49
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    • 2008
  • A geothermal heat pump system is a preferable alternative energy system in Korea because it uses the heat energy of the earth, which is environmentally friendly and inexhaustible. In order to characterize the thermal conductivity and viscosity of grout materials used for backfilling ground heat exchangers, nine bentonite grouts, one marine clay from Boryung, and cement grouts adapted in the United State have been considered in this study. The bentonite grouts indicate that the thermal conductivity and viscosity increase with the content of bentonite or filler (silica sand). In addition, material segregation can be observed when the viscosity of grout is relatively low. The marine clay turns out to be unsuitable for backfilling the ground heat exchanger due to its insufficient swelling potential. The saturated cement grouts appear to possess much higher thermal conductivity than the saturated bentonite grouts, and the reduction of thermal conductivity in the cement grouts after drying specimens is less than that in the case of the bentonite grouts. Maintaining the moisture content of grouts is a crucial factor in enhancing the efficiency of ground heat exchangers.

Design Guidlines of Geothermal Heat Pump System Using Standing Column Well (수주지열정(SCW)을 이용한 천부지열 냉난방시스템 설계지침)

  • Hahn, Jeong-Sang;Han, Hyuk-Sang;Hahn, Chan;Kim, Hyong-Soo;Jeon, Jae-Soo
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.39 no.5 s.180
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    • pp.607-613
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    • 2006
  • For the reasonable use of low grade-shallow geothermal energy by Standing Column Well(SCW) system, the basic requirements are depth-wise increase of earth temperature like $2^{\circ}C$ per every 100m depth, sufficient amount of groundwater production being about 10 to 30% of the design flow rate of GSHP with good water quality and moderate temperature, and non-collapsing of borehole wall during reinjection of circulating water into the SCW. A closed loop type-vertical ground heat exchanger(GHEX) with $100{\sim}150m$ deep can supply geothermal energy of 2 to 3 RT but a SCW with $400{\sim}500m$ deep can provide $30{\sim}40RT$ being equivalent to 10 to 15 numbers of GHEX as well requires smaller space. Being considered as an alternative of vertical GHEX, many numbers of SCW have been widely constructed in whole country without any account for site specific hydrogeologic and geothermal characteristics. When those are designed and constructed under the base of insufficient knowledges of hydrgeothermal properties of the relevant specific site as our current situations, a bad reputation will be created and it will hamper a rational utilization of geothermal energy using SCW in the near future. This paper is prepared for providing a guideline of SCW design comportable to our hydrogeothermal system.

Thermal Conductivity Measurement of Saturated Clayey Mixtures using Oedometer Consolidation and Constant Rate of Strain Consolidation Tests (표준압밀시험 및 일정변형율 압밀시험 결과를 이용한 포화된 혼합 점성토의 열전도계수 측정에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Kim, HakSeung;Kwon, HyungSeok;Lee, Jangguen;Cho, Nam Jun;Kim, Hyun-Ki
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.275-281
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    • 2012
  • Thermal distribution in soils must be considered in engineering designs and constructions, including estimates of frost heave and thaw settlement, infrastructure in cold regions, and geothermal systems. Because thermal conductivity is a key parameter for evaluation of thermal distribution in soils, it must be accurately estimated. The thermal conductivity of fine-grained soils has been widely studied in recent years; however, few studies have reported a reliable method for experimental measurement. The present study presents the results of an experimental investigation of the thermal conductivity of a saturated kaolinite-silica mixture with respect to the variation of dry density. Thermal conductivities were measured in Constant Rate of Strain (CRS) consolidation tests, and the experimental data were analyzed to evaluate the accuracy of the new measurement system. In addition, we present an evaluation method for predicting thermal conductivity in fine-grained soils.