• Title, Summary, Keyword: 지역사회 치주지수

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The association between periodontal treatment needs and oral health behaviors in Korean adults (한국 성인의 치주치료요구와 구강건강행동의 관련성)

  • Han, Su-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.8
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 2020
  • This study aimed to identify the association between each stage of Community periodontal index of treatment needs (CPITN) and oral health behaviors. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed on the data obtained from 11,002 adults aged between 19 and 79 years, using data from the 7th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. When interdental care products such as floss or interdental brush were used, the risk of CPITN1 to CPITN3 and periodontitis was significantly reduced. Brushing more than 3 times a day significantly reduced the risk for CPITN1 and CPITN2, and dental check-ups reduced the risk for CPITN1, CPITN2, and periodontitis. There were differences in related factors depending on the stage of CPITN and periodontitis. Therefore, it is essential to include training on the use of interdental care products in oral health education. In addition, it will be helpful educate subjects on select oral health behaviors based on their periodontal status.

A Convergence Study of Association between Periodontitis and Obesity by The Number of Pregnancy from Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey (국민건강영양조사를 통한 임신횟수에 따른 비만과 치주염의 연관성에 관한 융합연구)

  • Lee, Seyoung;Sim, Seon-Ju
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.67-73
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between obesity and periodontitis by the number of pregnancy using the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(2010-2015). Periodontitis measures the community periodontal index, and body mass index was used for the obesity. Socioeconomic variables and health-related behaviors were investigated. Periodontitis and obesity were higher in women with a high pregnancy frequency after controlling for confounding variables. In conclusion, periodontitis is closely related to obesity, and the association is somewhat higher as the number of pregnancies increases. Comprehensive management of obesity and periodontitis is effective in developing health promotion program for women in future, and this data will be used as basic data for development of women's health promotion program.

The Association between Obesity and Periodontal Disease on Convergence Study (비만과 치주질환간의 관련성에 관한 융합연구)

  • Kim, Ji Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.8
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between obesity and periodontal diseases in Korea adults. The date from the 2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey were used, and 4,827 subjects over 19 years were included in the analysis. Periodontal disease was assessed using the Community Periodontal Index. Obesity was measured according to body mass index. Odd ratios (ORs) were estimated using binary logistic regression analysis model. The stratification variables were smoking and diabetes, and also adjusted for sex, age, and education level. The adjusting variables included sex, age, and education level. The ORs of obesity for periodontal disease were 0.78 (95% CI = 0.51-1.22) for the category of <18.5 of BMI and 1.29 (95% CI = 1.11-1.49) for the ${\geq}25$ BMI category (both compared to the 18.5 to 24.9 category). In a subgroup analysis, the OR of BMI among those who were both non-smoking and no diabetes was 1.20 (95% CI = 1.02-1.48) for those with BMI levels ${\geq}25$. This study implies that obesity intolerance may be an independent risk factor for periodontal diseases. Obesity should also be considered when managing periodontal disease to improve oral health.

Community periodontal index and osteoporosis relevance (지역사회치주지수와 골다공증 관련성)

  • Jang, Yun-Jung;Kim, Nam-Song
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.943-952
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the systemic osteoporosis of Korean adults on their periodontal diseases and CPI index based on the data of their systemic osteoporosis. Methods : The third-year raw data of the 4th 2009 National Health & Nutrition Survey that turned out to be representative and reliable were utilized. The subjects in this study were 7,285 adults who were over the age of 19 and got both of health and dental checkups. As for data analysis, the statistical packages PASW 19.0 and SAS 9.0 were employed. Results : The most periodontal diseases were found in those who had osteoporosis in the entire parts, entire femur, femoral neck and spiral bone, but there was no significant relationship between periodontal diseases and osteoporosis. As for the connections between peridontal diseases and osteoporosis, the adults who had femoral neck osteoporosis had a 2.057-fold less bone mass than those who had a normal bone density in this part, and the former's periodontal diseases increased in proportion to that. There was consequently a statistically significant relationship between the two(p<0.05). Among the prevalence factors of osteoporosis, a lower entire femur bone mineral density led to a lower CPI index(p<0.01), and a lower femoral neck bone mineral density led to a higher CPI index(p<0.05). Thus, there was a significant relationship between osteoporosis and the oral health indicator. Conclusions : The above-mentioned findings confirmed that in terms of the relationship among the periodontal diseases, CPI index and osteoporosis of Korean adults, a higher risk of osteoporosis affected the increase of chronic periodontal diseases.

The Urine Cotinine level and Periodontal Disease among Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure on Convergence study (간접흡연자의 요코티닌과 치주질환의 관련성에 관한 융합연구)

  • Kim, Song Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.12
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    • pp.295-299
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the level urine cotinine and periodontal diseases in Korea adults. The date from the 2014, 2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey were used, and 5,146 subjects over 30 years were included in the analysis. Periodontal disease was assessed using the Community Periodontal Index. Binary logistic regression model was used to estimate the odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals. There was a 2.08-fold (95% CI; 1.73-2.05) increased in the odds of periodontal disease for those with any ETS exposure compared with those with non-smokers following adjustment for sex, age, education, and income. The level of urine cotinine also showed a dose-dependent increase in extent of periodontal disease. Among persons in the Korea who had never used tobacco, those exposed to ETS were more likely to have periodontal disease than were those not exposed to ETS. In the future, voluntary compliance of smokers to measures to reduce ETS exposure should be encouraged.

Distribution of Periodontal Status and Treatment Need between Smoker and Nonsmoker (흡연자와 비흡연자의 치주상태 및 치주치료요구도 - 일부 대학생 흡연자 중심 -)

  • Cho, Myung-Sook;Kim, Young-Sun;Jeong, Hyun-Ja
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.111-123
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    • 2001
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate distribution of periodontal status and treatment need between smokers and nonsmokers. Methods : Interview and measurement was completed by 82 smoker students and 59 nonsmoker students in Taegu Health College from April 1 to 31, 2001. The community periodontal index of treatment needs(CPITN) was analyzed by percentage. Results : In distribution of CPITN by age, almost all subjects had periodontal diseases except for aged 20~24 years nonsmokers(4%). Smoking 5 cigarettes per a day, up to 10, and above 10 increased 5.3%. 7.1%. and 9.5% in 4 score of CPITN, respectively. In years of smoking, smokers who had above 5 years(13.5%) were higher than below those(6.7%), 20% for smoker who take tooth brushing once per a day had higher than 8.3%(or three in depth of pocket above 6mm. In treatment need, all subjects should take education(or oral health except for aged 20~24 years nonsmokers(4%), 96% of smokers and nonsmokers were need scaling. Conclusion : This study indicated that treatment needs for periodontal diseases and scaling in smoker were higher than nonsmoker those.

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The Association Between Serum Lipid profiles and periodontitis on Convergence (혈청지질분포와 치주질환간의 연관성에 관한 융합연구)

  • Kim, Song Sook;Kim, Ji hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.239-244
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    • 2019
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between Lipid profiles and periodontal diseases in Korea adults. The date from the 2013, 2014 Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey were used, and 8,854 subjects over 30 years were included in the analysis. periodontal disease was assessed using the Community periodontal Index. Study participants with HDL between ${\leq}40mg/dL$(high) were 1.39 times(95% CI=1.16 to 1.66) as likely to have periodontal disease as those with normal levels and those with Triglyceride ${\geq}200mg/dL$(high) were 1.14 times(95% CI=1.02 to 1.27) as likely to have periodontal disease as those with normal levels. positive significant association was observed between serum lipid profiles and periodontal disease; however, further studies need to be conducted to understand the actual relationship between STC levels and periodontitis and to establish causality and directional association.

The Impact of Diabetes Mellitus and Oral Health Behavior Factors in Periodontitis on Convergence Study (성인의 당뇨여부에 따른 치주질환과 구강건강행태 요인의 영향에 관한 융합연구)

  • Kim, Ji Hyun
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.9 no.11
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    • pp.379-384
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of diabetes on periodontal disease according to oral health behavior. The date from the 2013-2015 Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey were used, and 14,282 subjects were included in the analysis. Periodontal disease was assessed using the Community Periodontal Index and using logistic regression. When all of the oral health behaviors were included in the model, tooth brushing frequency, flossing, and interdental brushing were significantly associated with periodontal disease, and periodontal disease risk was significantly higher with diabetes, but there was little difference in periodontal disease risk by input factors. Oral health behaviors were associated with periodontal disease in the normal blood glucose group but not in the presence of diabetes mellitus. If there is diabetes, it is difficult to manage periodontal disease by only the health behavior, so it is necessary to control blood sugar.

Association between Oral Health Status and Perceived General Health (EuroQol-5D) (구강건강상태와 감지 건강상태(EuroQol-5D)와의 연관성)

  • Sim, Seon-Ju
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.364-370
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to examine association between oral health status and perceived general health symptom. We analyzed 14,231 subjects who participated in Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007~2009). All individuals were examined by a questionnaire about socioeconomic history, smoking and drinking habit, the frequency of daily tooth brushing, the presence of regular dental visit, and EuroQol-5D. Dental survey was conducted to find the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index and community periodontal index. Subjects with perceived problem with mobility had higher DMFT index (odds ratio, 1.18, p<0.001). Subjects with with perceived problem with pain/discomfort had higher DMFT index (odds ratio, 1.16, p<0.001). Self-rating general health symptom was not associated with periodontitis (p>0.05). Perceived general health was associated with DMFT index. It is recommendable that we can use the perceived general health to predict oral health status.

Relationship between smoking behavior and periodontitis in Korean adults (성인의 흡연행태와 치주염의 관련성)

  • Kim, Young-Suk;Min, Hee-Hong
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.825-833
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between smoking behavior and periodontitis in Korean adults. Methods: The study subjects were 4,896 from the sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Data were analysed by chi-square test and multiple logistic regression analysis using SPSS 20.0 program. Results: The rate of periodontitis was 27.5%. The prevalence rate of periodontitis was closely related to socio-economic characteristics including gender, age, living area, household income, educational level, history of diabetes mellitus, and regular dental visit. The rate of periodontitis in non-smoker, ex-smoker, and current smoker were 56.7%, 19.5%, and 23.8%, respectively. Smoking behavior was significantly related to socio-economic characteristics. After adjusting for gender, age, household income, educational level, history of diabetes mellitus, and dental visit within 1 year, the risk of periodontitis in ex-smoker and current group were 1.31 (95% CI; 1.04-1.65) and 2.31 (95% CI; 1.87-2.85), respectively. Conclusions: Smoking behavior had a significant impact on periodontitis prevalence in Korean adults.