• Title, Summary, Keyword: 증상

Search Result 8,267, Processing Time 0.061 seconds

파킨슨병

  • KOREA ASSOCIATION OF HEALTH PROMOTION
    • 건강소식
    • /
    • v.31 no.1
    • /
    • pp.28-29
    • /
    • 2007
  • 파킨슨병은 손 떨림과 함께 행동이 느려지고 몸이 굳어지며, 보행이 느려지고 보폭이 짧아지며 자세가 불안해지는 것을 특징으로 하는 퇴행성 뇌질환이다. 파킨슨병의 가장 초기 증상은 비특이적으로 전신 위약감이나 피로감, 권태감 등이 있을 수 있는데 이럴 때는 병으로 인식하지 못하는 경우가 많고, 또 진단을 내리기도 어렵다. 좀 더 특징적인 증상들로는 휴식 상태에서의 손떨림이 가장 흔하며, 대화 시 발음 혹은 억양의 변화, 누웠을 때 혹은 보행 중 방향 바꾸기가 어렵다거나 걸을 때 팔의 흔들림이 줄어드는 증상들이 있을 수 있다. 이 외에도 걸음을 시작할 때 어려움을 느끼거나 의자에 앉거나 일어서기가 어렵고 글씨체가 작아진다든가 우울증, 침 흘리는 증상 등이 초기 증상으로 나타날 수 있다. 파킨슨병의 증상은 크게 일차적 증상과 이차적 증상으로 나눌 수 있는데 일차적 증상은 경직, 떨림, 몸의 움직임이 느리거나 줄어들고, 몸의 균형을 잡기 어렵거나 보행 장애 등의 증상들로서 흑색질의 신경세포 파괴로 생기는 직접적인 현상이다. 이차적 증상은 일차적 증상으로부터 파생되어 생기거나 흑색질 외의 다른 신경계의 침범에 의하여 생기는 증상들을 지칭한다.

  • PDF

에이즈 발병 전 나타나는 증상

  • Kim, Ui-Seok
    • RED RIBBON
    • /
    • /
    • pp.20-21
    • /
    • 2005
  • 많은 사람들이 에이즈의 첫 증상하면 붉은 반점을 흔하게 떠올리게 된다. 사실 이것은 에이즈 전구 증상이 아니고 사람면역결핍바이러스(HIV)에 감염되고 8-10년간의 무증상기를 거친 후에 인체의 면역기능이 바닥까지 망가졌을 때에 생기는 카포시 육종이라는 질병이다. HIV에 감염된 후에 면역기능이 파괴되면 본래 정상인에게 병을 일으키지 않는 미생물에 의해서 감염증이 생기고(이를 기회감염이라고 함)암도 발생하게 된다. 이와 같이 HIV 감염인에게 기회감염 혹은 암 등이 발생한 상태를 에이즈라고 한다. 어떤 사람들은 HIV에 감염된 후에 에이즈가 발병하기 전까지 아무런 증상을 느끼지 못하지만 일부는 에이즈 발병 전에 여러 가지 증상들(에이즈 전구 증상)을 겪게 된다. 오늘은 HIV에 감염된 후 에이즈가 발병하기 전에 발생할 수 있는 전구 증상들에 대해 알아보고자 한다.

  • PDF

Prevalence Rate of Lead Related Subjective Symptoms in Lead Workers (연취급 근로자의 연폭로 수준에 따른 주관적 자각증상 호소율)

  • Jeong, Du-Shin;Kim, Hwa-Sung;Ahn, Kyu-Dong;Lee, Byung-Kook
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
    • /
    • v.26 no.2
    • /
    • pp.251-267
    • /
    • 1993
  • The relationship between lead related subject symptoms and lead exposure indices was studied in 435 male lead workers in thirteen lead using industries. 212 male office workers who were not exposed to lead occupationally were also studied as a control group. Fourteen lead related symptoms were selected. They were further subdivied into 4 sub-symptom groups such as 1) gastrointestinal, 2) neuromuscular and joint 3) constitutional, and 4) psychological symptoms. Symptom questionnaires were provided to the workers and filled up by themselves and reconfirmed by interviewer(doctor). The test used fer the evaluation of lead exposure were blood lead(PbB), zinc protoporphyrin in whole blood(ZPP), hemoglobin(Hb), hematocrit (Hct), delta-aminolevulinic acid in urine(DALA). The results obtained were as follows; 1. The higher prevalence rate in the sub-group of neuromuscular and joint symptoms was observed in occupationally lead exposed subjects than non-exposed subjects. Among the sub-groups, the most frequent symptom was 'numbness of finger, hands or feet', and the prevalence of the symptom of 'arthralgia', 'weakness of fingers, hands or feet' and 'myalgia' were higher in order. 2. While the symptom which showed the biggest difference of prevalence rate among the 14 symptoms between exposed and non-exposed subjects was 'numbness of fingers, hands or feet', the symptom which showed the highest prevalence rate was 'feeling tired generally' in exposed and non-exposed subjects, but no statistical difference of symptom prevalence were observed. 3. In total study population, PbB and ZPP had dose-response relationship with 4 symtoms of neuromuscular and joint symptoms ('numbness of finger, hands or feet', 'arthralgia', 'weakness of fingers, hands or feet' and 'myalgia') and one symptom of gastrointestinal group('intermittent pains in lower abdomen'). 4. In lead exposed workers, only neuromuscular and joint symptoms group showed dose-response relationship with PbB and ZPP, 5. In lead exposed workers, the prevalance rate of overall symptoms of lead workers with age below 39 years was higher than that of lead workers with age above 40. While neuromuscular and joint symptoms group had a dose-response relationship with PbB in former group, it had a dose-response relationship with ZPP in latter group. 6. Age adjusted odds ratios of symptoms of non-exposed with exposed and odds ratios of low exposed with high exposed workers showed the dose-response relationship of lead exposure with neuromuscular and joint symptoms group('numbness of fingers, hands or feet', 'arthralgia', 'weakness of fingers, hands or feet' and 'myalgia') and gastrointestinal symptoms group('intermittent pains in lower abdoman').

  • PDF

The influence of stress response and scene stress on physical symptoms in paramedic (119 구급대원의 스트레스 대응과 현장충격 스트레스가 신체적 증상에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jee-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.534-539
    • /
    • 2009
  • 본 연구는 구급대원의 스트레스대응과 현장충격스트레스가 신체적 증상에 어떤 영향을 주는지를 증명하고자 하였다. 소방공무원 970명을 대상으로 설문 조사를 하였고, 자료수집은 2007년 1월부터 12월까지 실시하였으며, 자료분석은 SPSS 14.0과 AMOS 7.0 통계패키지를 사용하였다. 스트레스 대응이 신체적 증상에 미치는 영향을 분석한 결과, 스트레스 대응 1(p<.001), 4(p<.01), 2(p<.05) 순서로 신체적 증상 1에 유의한 영향을 주는 것으로 나타났다. 스트레스 대응 1(${\beta}$=.302), 4(${\beta}$=121)이 높을수록, 스트레스 대응 2(${\beta}$=-.070)이 낮을수록 신체적 증상1이 높아지는 것으로 나타났으며, 스트레스 대응이 신체적 증상 1을 설명하는 설명력의 정도는 16.5%이었다. 스트레스 대응 1(p<.001), 3(p<.001), 4(p<.001) 순서로 신체적 증상 2에 유의한 영향을 주는 것으로 나타났다. 스트레스 대응 1(${\beta}$=.261), 3(${\beta}$=129), 4(${\beta}$=129)가 높을수록 신체적 증상2가 높아지는 것으로 나타났으며, 스트레스 대응이 신체적 증상2를 설명하는 설명력의 정도는 16.3%이었다. 스트레스 대응 1(p<.001), 4(p<.001), 2(p<.05) 순서로 신체적 증상3에 유의한 영향을 주는 것으로 나타났다. 스트레스 대응 1(${\beta}$=.238), 4(${\beta}$=156)이 높을수록, 스트레스 대응 2(${\beta}$=-.081)이 낮을수록 신체적 증상 3이 높아지는 것으로 나타났으며, 스트레스 대응이 신체적 증상 3을 설명하는 설명력의 정도는 13.1%이었다.

  • PDF

A Case Report : Hypersexuality and Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviors in a Stroke Patient with the Left Mesial Frontal Cortex and Both Basal Ganglia Lesion (좌측 정중 전두엽과 양측 기저절 경색 후 과잉성욕 증상과 강박 증상을 보인 환자 1례)

  • Kim, Se Joo;Kim, Young Shin;Choi, Nak Kyung;Lee, Byung-Chul;Lee, Man Hong
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
    • /
    • v.8 no.2
    • /
    • pp.271-275
    • /
    • 2001
  • Hyposexuality after stroke has been frequently observed, but hypersexuality as a sequela of stroke has not been commonly documented. We report a patient who exhibited hypersexuality and obsessive-compulsive behaviors after stroke in the region of the left mesial frontal cortex and both basal ganglia. At 2 months after stroke, he visited psychiatric unit due to these symptoms. His motor function was almost full recovered. He was treated with fluvoxamine and perphenazine. With two-month medication, his hypersexuality and obsessive-compulsive behavior disappeared. This case may indicate that basal ganglia-thalamocortical circuit plays an important role in the mediation of sexual behavior and obsessive-compulsive behavior. Since changes in sexual activity may not be spontaneously reported, a systemic inquiry into patient's sexual functioning after infarction in frontal lobe or basal ganglia is warranted.

  • PDF

Joint Symptoms During Antituberculous Chemotherapy (결핵 치료 중 나타나는 관절 증상)

  • Kim, Sang-Cheol;Baik, Jae-Joong;Lee, Tae-Hoon;Chung, Yeon-Tae
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
    • /
    • v.49 no.2
    • /
    • pp.162-168
    • /
    • 2000
  • Background : Joint symptoms frequently occur in the course of antituberculous chemotherapy and tend to be ignored and overlooked, but in some cases, they are often very troublesome in obstructing ordinary life. Joint symptoms that develop during antituberculous chemotherapy need to be understood, but there are few materials describing them systematically. Method : This study enrolled 33 patients with tuberculosis treated with first line antituberculous agents for more than 6months. In the course of treatment, joint symptoms not associated with specific cause, such as preexisting joint disease or trauma, were investigated and compared with thæe of the asymptomatic group. We confirmed the incidence of joint symptoms and factors associated with them. Results : Nineteen of 33 patients (58%) had joint symptoms. Joint symptoms developed 1.9$\pm$1.4 months after the beginning of chemotherapy and lasted for 3.6$\pm$2.5months. In 18 of 19 symptomatic patients, multiple joints were involved: shoulder (10 patients, 53%), knee (10, 53%), finger (6, 32 %). Joint symptoms were expressed as pain (19 patiens, 100%), stiffness (7, 37%) and/or swelling (3, 16%). Fourteen patients (74%) took analgesics to relieve their symptoms and in 2 patients, antituberculous agents were discontinued because of the severity of their symptoms. The symptoms seem to be caused by agents other than pyrazinamide, but it was very difficult to identify the definite causative agent. In age, sex, underlying disease and serum uric acid level, no significant differences were noted between the two groups. Conclusions : Although joint symptoms are common during antituberculous chemotherapy, their development is difficult to predict. Because some joint symptoms can become very bothersome, the physician should pay close attention to these symptoms.

  • PDF

Symptom Clusters in Advanced Cancer Patients (진행암 환자의 증상군)

  • Hwang, Sun Wook
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
    • /
    • v.16 no.3
    • /
    • pp.139-144
    • /
    • 2013
  • Advanced cancer patients tend to present multiple concurrent symptoms which are often moderate or severe in intensity. To date, the majority of studies have focused on either a single symptom, such as pain, fatigue, or depression or associated symptoms. While this approach has advanced understanding of some symptoms, it has offered clinicians not much guidance for treating several multiple concurrent symptoms in cancer patients. So in recent years, a few symptom management studies attempted a new approach of focusing on symptom clusters instead of individual symptoms. A symptom cluster is defined as two or more concurrent symptoms that are related to each other. If we better understand symptom clusters, interrelations of symptoms, and their common mechanisms in advanced cancer patients, clinicians can more effectively control multiple, concurrent symptoms and reduce drug side effects. And clinicians can also predict any other symptoms, functional performance, and the relationship between symptom clusters and survival in advanced cancer patients. At present, there is inconsistency in symptom clusters due to many unexplained mechanisms and various means to assess and analyze symptoms. Still, with further study, the approach to symptom clusters rather than individual symptoms could more effectively control symptoms and improve patients' quality of life.

The Effects of Job Stress and Mental Health of Care Service Workers on Self-diagnosed Oral Symptom in Seoul (서울시 돌봄 서비스 노동자의 직무스트레스와 정신건강이 주관적 구강 증상에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Min-Hee;Lee, Jung-Min;Jang, Ki-Won
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.21 no.10
    • /
    • pp.274-282
    • /
    • 2020
  • This study examined the effect of job stress and mental health factors on the oral symptoms of caring service workers in Seoul. For the research method, a survey was conducted from July 24 to August 6, targeting 150 caring service workers. The survey items were job stress, mental health (physical symptoms, anxiety, and insomnia), and self-diagnosed oral symptoms. The results of the study were as follows. Job stress (p=0.001) had a significant effect on the oral symptoms. In addition, physical symptoms (p<0.001), anxiety symptoms (p<0.001), and insomnia symptoms (p<0.001) all had significant effects on the oral symptoms. Among the risk factors, physical symptoms had the greatest influence on oral symptoms. In addition, according to the correlation result of job stress, anxiety symptoms, insomnia symptoms, oral symptoms, as job stress increases, physical symptoms (p<0.001), anxiety symptoms (p<0.001), insomnia symptoms (p<0.001), oral symptoms (p<0.01) showed an increasing positive correlation and a statistically significant difference. Physical and psychological labor power is greatly exhausted by care service workers performing tasks that require physical and mental care for those who are being cared for. Therefore, there is a need for systematic expansion measures for the mental health of workers and the introduction of customized oral health education programs to improve oral health because improved health and oral health conditions can increase work performance.

Difference of Somatic Symptoms between Anxiety Disorder and Major Depressive Disorder and Their Domainal Association with Suicidal Idealization, Plan and Attempts (불안 장애와 주요우울장애에서 나타나는 신체 증상과 증상군에 따른 자살 사고, 계획, 행동과의 관계 고찰)

  • Ahn, Jun Seok;Kim, Eun young;Cho, Maeng Je;Hong, Jin Pyo;Hahm, Bong-Jin;Chung, In-Won;Ahn, Joon-Ho;Jeon, Hong Jin;Seong, Su Jeong;Lee, Dong-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.174-183
    • /
    • 2016
  • Objectives : The aim of this study is to evaluate difference of somatic symptoms of anxiety disorder and major depressive disorder and domainal association with suicidal idealization, plan, and attempts. Methods : A total of 359 adults diagnosed with major depressive disorder and anxiety disorder of last one year participated. Participants interviewed with certain sections of Korean version of Composite International Diagnostic interview of CIDI. Sections of interests includes questionnaires regarding somatic symptoms and suicidal idea, plan and attempts of last one year. Results : Chest pain shows more prevalence in major depressive disorder. Symptoms of Headache and loose stool are more prevalent in anxiety disorder. Difficulty in equilibrium and fainting spells are more common somatic complaints of co-diagnosis states of anxiety disorder and major depressive disorder. Comparing 3 domains of pain symptoms, gastrointestinal symptoms and pseudo-neurological symptoms, pain symptom domains, gastrointestinal symptoms domain shows significant statistic difference between diagnosis. Average somatic symptom numbers of each symptom domains increase through suicidal idealization, plan and attempt, accordingly. Conclusions : Our finding shows some of somatic symptoms are more prevalent at certain diagnosis. Since increasing numbers of somatic complaints of each symptom domains goes with the suicidal idealization to suicidal attempts, proper psychiatric evaluation and consultations are crucial for patients with numerous somatic complaints in non-psychiatric clinical settings.

  • PDF

General Protocols for Hospital and Home Care in Hospice (호스피스 대상자의 신체 증상관리)

  • Han S I
    • The Korean Nurse
    • /
    • v.26 no.5
    • /
    • pp.14-20
    • /
    • 1988
  • 이제까지 죽어가는 이들이 경험하는 일반적인 증상을 언급하였다. 어떤이들에게는 이런 증상이 거의 없고 어떤이에게는 증상이 심하다. 간호원은 좋은 환자/가족 간호를 위해 신체, 정서, 영적 증상 관리를 잘 해야 하나 우선적으로 신체 증상 관리가 이루어져야 하며 이를 도외시한 정서적, 영적 관리는 옳지 않다. 환자의 문제는 단순하지 않고 여러 원인이 복합될 수 있기에 주의 깊게 관찰하고 사정해야 좋은 간호중재를 계획하고 실천할 수 있으며 이를 통해 환자는 보다 편안하게 남은 생을 보낼 수 있게 된다. 간호원은 천국의 문턱을 장식하는 하느님의 부름받은 사자이다.

  • PDF