• Title/Summary/Keyword: 증권형 크라우드펀딩

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국내 증권형 크라우드펀딩 투자자의 손실보전기대가 참여의도 및 무리행동에 미치는 영향: 조절효과분석을 중심으로

  • Hwang, Nak-Jin;Lee, So-Yeong
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.45-50
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    • 2020
  • 최근 계획된 행동이론을 바탕으로 국내 증권형 크라우드펀딩 투자자의 참여의도와 무리행동에 관한 연구를 수행하였다. 연구 결과 계획된 행동이론의 주요변인 중 태도와 주관적 규범은 증권형 크라우드펀딩 투자자의 참여의도에 정(+)의 영향을 미치는 것으로 확인되었다. 그리고 간접효과 분석 결과 참여의도는 태도, 주관적 규범과 무리행동 사이에서 매개적 역할을 하는 것으로 확인되었다. 그러나 계획된 행동이론에서 행동의도의 주요 변인으로 제시된 지각된 행동통제는 참여의도에 미치는 영향이 통계적으로 비유의적인 것으로 나타났다. 대신 무리행동에는 직접적으로 정(+)의 영향을 미치는 것으로 확인되었다. 한편 국내 증권형 크라우드펀딩 투자자는 실제 투자행동을 할 때 플랫폼에서 제공되는 펀딩 진행정보를 일종의 신호로 보고 다수의 다른 투자자를 모방하여 무리행동을 한다는 것을 실증적으로 확인하였다. 본 연구는 종전 연구의 후속연구로서 국내 증권형 크라우드펀딩 투자자의 손실보전기대가 참여의도 및 무리행동에 조절적 역할을 하는지 여부를 연구해 보고자 한다. 손실보전기대는 증권형 크라우드펀딩 투자로 인해 투자자가 받게 되는 각종 혜택이나 투자조건에 따라 크라우드펀딩 투자로 인한 손실 일부 또는 전부를 보전하거나 손실 발생 가능성을 낮출 수 있다고 믿는 정도를 말한다. 본 연구를 통해 국내 증권형 크라우드펀딩 투자와 관련한 각종 혜택 및 투자조건 등이 투자자의 손실보전기대를 유발하여 투자자의 참여의도와 무리행동에 조절적 영향을 미치는지 여부를 실증적으로 확인함으로써 향후 크라우드펀딩 관계 당사자들의 동 제도 활성화 및 투자자 보호를 위한 각종 정책 및 사업계획 수립 등에 유의미한 결과로 활용될 수 있을 것이다.

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A Study on the Influence Factor on the Achievement Rate of Domestic Equity-based Crowdfunding : Focusing on the Moderation Effect of the Number of General Investors (국내 증권형 크라우드펀딩의 달성률에 관한 영향요인 연구 : 일반 투자자 수의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Shin, Yeon-Dong;Lee, Seung-Hee
    • Journal of Industrial Convergence
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.45-56
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of the number of investors influencing the achievement rate of domestic securities type crowdfunding, to find out why the general investors need to participate and to suggest measures to increase the participation of general investors. The results of this study are as follows. First, the effect of the recruitment amount, the target amount, the recruitment period and the business training is confirmed as factors affecting the achievement rate of domestic securities type crowdfunding. And it was confirmed that the influence factors on achievement rate could have a greater effect as the number of general investors increased. Therefore, the government should make more effort to relax regulations on general investors, and the investor of capital should strengthen the public disclosure of KSM through the KSM market in order to recover the funds of general investors, Crowd funding will be able to attract enough funds.

A Study on Participation Intention and Herd Behavior on Domestic Securities Type Crowdfunding Investors: Focusing on the Theory of Planned Behavior (국내 증권형 크라우드펀딩 투자자의 참여의도와 무리행동에 관한 연구: 계획된 행동이론을 중심으로)

  • Hwang, Nakjin;Lee, So-young
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.1-18
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    • 2020
  • This study is to identify the influence of major variables that affect the participation intention of securities type crowdfunding investors and how participation intention and perceived behavioral control affect investors' herd behavior including indirect effect analysis based on the theory of planned behavior. The ultimate purpose of this study is to understand the investment behavior of securities type crowdfunding investors and to help the relevant parties to develop various policies and business plans to revitalize the system and protect investors. An online survey was conducted on people who are interested or have experience in securities type crowdfunding to receive a total of 276 responses. Excluding outliers, a total of 261 responses were taken into account for the final analysis. For the data analysis, structural equation model analysis using SPSS 22.0 and Amos 22.0 statistical package was conducted. As a result, two of the major variables of the theory of planned behavior-attitude and subjective norm-have been found to have a positive effect on the participation intention of securities type crowdfunding investors. And after analyzing the indirect effect, the participation intention was found to play a mediating role between attitude, subjective norm and herd behavior. However, the perceived behavioral control presented as a major variable of behavioral intention in the theory of planned behavior showed that the effect on participation intention was statistically insignificant. Instead, it was found to have a direct positive effect on herd behavior. This is significant because it empirically confirmed that even if investors perceive securities type crowdfunding as easy to participate, perceived behavioral control does not seem to have a significant impact on participation intention because securities type crowdfunding is an investment in an early-stage business with a high risk of loss. On the other hand, the study has great significance in that it empirically confirmed that domestic securities type crowdfunding investors perceive the funding progress information provided by the platform as a signal and imitate many other investors, showing herd behavior when they actually make an investment. It is expected that this study will provide meaningful insights for the policy making of crowdfunding supervisory offices and platform operators by empirically identifying major variables that influence the participation intentions and herd behavior of domestic securities type crowdfunding investors.

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A Study on the Current Status and the Results of the Equity Crowdfunding Film Project (증권형 크라우드펀딩 영화 프로젝트 현황 및 결과에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Joo-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.179-189
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    • 2020
  • This study analyzes the status and results of equity crowdfunding film projects from 2016 to 2018. The film project is conducted in the form of general corporate bonds and participating bonds, and 41.5% of the total bonds were issued, 9.5 billion won. In addition, a t-test analysis of the movie's the breakeven point and audience numbers showed that statistically significant and the average number of audience members was low. Therefore, this study suggests the following for the sustainable growth of the equity crowdfunding film project. Equity crowdfunding brokers should reinforce the review of the possibility of achieving the breakeven point of the film and the factors affecting the box office in the investment manual, and should also actively attract projects on the big films that are likely to be successful. This study is meaningful in that it analyzes the equity crowdfunding film project, which has not yet been widely studied in Korea, and is expected to provide implications in the subsequent research and system improvement process.

An Empirical Study of Equity-Based Crowdfunding in Korea (국내 증권형 크라우드펀딩에 대한 실증연구)

  • Kim, Min-Soo;Lee, Jong-Keon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.135-147
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    • 2016
  • Equity-based crowdfunding combines virtual technologies with traditional investing principles. Equity-based crowdfunding is a financing method for startups and small businesses to raise small amounts of capital from a "crowd" of investors. Small businesses can raise capital, advertise product or service, and receive feedback from crowds of investors in exchange for ownership equity in their business. This study examined the operational performance of equity-based crowdfunding in Korea. Data were collected from 125 success and failure equity-based crowdfunding of 75 firms. Results were as follows: First, success firms had a clear vision than failure firms in raising equity-based crowdfunding. Second, success firms had success experiences than failure firms in raising equity-based crowdfunding. Third, success firms had patents to technologies or products that are practical and that customers need. Fourth, success firms had three or more year long-term objectives than failure firms in raising equity-based crowdfunding. Finally, implications of the results were discussed.

A Comparative Study on the Regulatory Framework of Crowdfunding (크라우드펀딩 법제에 관한 비교연구)

  • De Moor, Lieven;Kim, Hyonsu
    • The Journal of Small Business Innovation
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2016
  • The whole world enters into the financial revolution called crowdfunding. The United States, Italy, the United Kingdom and Japan have already legally allowed equity crowdfunding. South Korea also enacted equity crowdfunding in July 2015 for the purpose of efficient financing for startups and SMEs. This study reviews their crowdfunding regulations in terms of offering and investment limitations, requirements for intermediaries and requirements for issuers. And then, we raise several points about Korean crowdfunding and suggest amendment of regulations to promote fund raising through crowdfunding.

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크라우드펀딩을 통한 자금유치 성공법: 자코토 교육법을 중심으로

  • Lee, Jeong-Hun;Sim, Gyu-Jin
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.77-81
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    • 2018
  • 자본시장법 개정과 벤처 창업 활성화를 위해 크라우드펀딩(Crowdfunding)의 역할이 매우 중요해지고 있다. 크라우드펀딩은 자금 수요자가 자신의 사업이나 자금조달 목적을 홍보하여 불특정 대중(crowd)으로부터 자금공급 여부에 대한 집단지성(collectiveintelligence)을 이끌어내고, 온라인상의 전문중개기관(intermediation)을 통해 소액의 자금을 조달(funding)하는 행위이다(김세련, 2017). 본 연구는 2017년 4월부터 약 1년간의 질적연구로 주식 및 채권 발행을 통한 증권형 크라우드펀딩을 준비하여 성공한 기업 5곳의 면담 자료와 실제 현장에서 강사로 교육을 하면서 관찰한 참여관찰일지를 전사 및 코딩하였다. 이를 기반으로 첫째, 크라우드펀딩에 성공한 기업들의 특징을 밝혀내고 둘째, 크라우드펀딩에 관한 사전교육이 성공에 영향을 미치는지 확인하였다. 본 연구결과를 바탕으로 궁극적으로는 크라우드펀딩을 통해 성공적으로 자금 유치를 하기 위한 교육법을 밝혀내고자 하였다. 기존 교육방식에 자코토 교육철학을 접목시켜 자코토 교육법이 크라우드펀딩을 통한 자금유치 성공에 긍정적인 영향을 준다는 것을 밝혀낸다. 자코토의 교육법은 어떤 '설명'도 하지 않고 프랑스어를 완벽하게 배우도록 한 자코토의 실험이 누구나 알려는 의지를 갖는다면 새로운 것을 배울 수 있다는 지능의 동일성에 근거하여 학생들에게 알려는 의지를 불러일으키고 빠져나갈 수 없는 고리를 강제하여 스스로 앎을 얻도록 한 것을 말한다.

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A Study on Investor Protection through Morphological Analysis of Equity Crowdfunding Investment Manual (증권형 크라우드펀딩 투자설명서 형태소분석을 통한 투자자 보호방안에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Joo Young;Park, Keun Woo
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.165-182
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    • 2019
  • An equity crowdfunding system of Korea has been introduced since January 25, 2016. The crowdfunding has contributed to remove the funding gap for startups in Korea. In the three years since the introduction of the system, the amount issued has been growing annually 31 percent. In 2018, the general investors who participated in equity crowdfunding, account for 93.8% of the total market size. General investors are a large part of equity crowdfunding. Investors, however, are facing the information asymmetry problems. General investors rely heavily on the investment prospectus provided by startups to obtain the information they need to determine their investment decisions. Under these circumstances, startups have the incentive to provide information that is advantageous to them, and investors are likely to be adversely affected by the investment prospectus. In this study, we collected the novel crowdfunding prospectus dataset: a total of 459 investment prospectus and conducted a morphological analysis. The analysis showed that the more positive the word, the higher the success rate of investors' subscriptions. We also compared projects that were heavily invested by general investors with projects that were heavily invested by professional investors. Then, we were able to examine that the success rates of project subscription, which were heavily invested by general investors, were higher than the projects of professional investor type. It can be interpreted as a general investor driven crowdfunding market. Based on these results, we propose three policies. First, the supervisor should be strengthened to provide more detailed information on investment risk factors in the prospectus. Second, the crowdfunding intermediary should monitor information provided by startups. Third, an investor should be asked to add a question to the investment compliance test that allows the investor to recognize the problem in the manual.