• Title/Summary/Keyword: 정보처리이론

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Software Education using Information Processing Theory (정보처리이론을 적용한 소프트웨어 교육 활용 방안)

  • Kang, Min-Gyeong;Lee, Myung-Suk
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • 2020.01a
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    • pp.277-279
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    • 2020
  • 본 연구는 학생들의 효율적인 학습을 위하여 정보처리이론에 따른 소프트웨어 교육 수업 전략 설계 및 교수학습 활용 방법을 도출하는데 목적이 있다. 정보가 입력되어 인출되기까지의 정보처리과정을 적용해 소프트웨어 교육에서 프로그래밍을 보다 효과적으로 이해하고 적용할 수 있는 원리와 방법을 제시한다. 학습의 과정을 개선하고 소프트웨어 교육 정보를 보다 많이 기억하고 인출할될 수 있도록 돕는 유용한 내용들을 제공한다. 정보처리이론을 소프트웨어 교육 수업에 적용함으로써 학생들은 집중력, 문제해결능력이 향상되고 학습정보에 대해 효과적으로 기억하며 장기간 기억, 인출이 가능해 질 것을 기대한다. 교육 환경이 발전하고 학습방법도 달라지고 있지만 학습자의 인지구조가 변화되진 않을 것이다. 그러므로 발전하는 교육 환경에 맞추어 정보처리이론을 토대한 소프트웨어 교육에서 교수·학습 방법은 지속적으로 연구되어야 한다.

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Is it necessary to distinguish semantic memory from episodic memory\ulcorner (의미기억과 일화기억의 구분은 필요한가)

  • 이정모;박희경
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
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    • v.11 no.3_4
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    • pp.33-43
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    • 2000
  • The distinction between short-term store (STS) and long-term store (LTS) has been made in the perspective of information processing. Memory system theorists have argued that memory could be conceived as multiple memory systems beyond the concept of a single LTS. Popular memory system models are Schacter & Tulving (994)'s multiple memory systems and Squire (987)'s the taxonomy of long-term memory. Those m models agree that amnesic patients have intact STS but impaired LTS and have preserved implicit memory. However. there is a debate about the nature of the long-term memory impairment. One model considers amnesic deficit as a selective episodic memory impairment. whereas the other sees the deficits as both episodic and semantic memory impairment. At present, it remains unclear that episodic memory should be distinguished from semantic memory in terms of retrieval operation. The distinction between declarative memory and nondeclarative memory would be the alternative way to reflect explicit memory and implicit memory. The research focused on the function of frontal lobe might give clues to the debate about the nature of LTS.

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상황적 인지론(situated cognition)과 수학 학습

  • 박성선;전평국
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.23-32
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    • 1997
  • 최근 및 년 사이에 수학교육에 대한 연구는 광범위하게 이루어지고 있다. 이러한 수학교육의 문제는 크게 Piaget의 인지이론에 근거한 연구와 정보처리 이론을 바탕으로 한 인지심리 학자들의 연구에 근거하고 있다. 지금까지 연구되어 발표된 학습이론에 대한 논문들을 보더라도 이러한 경향을 쉽게 알 수 있을 것이다.(중략)

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An Exploratory Study on Artificial Intelligence Quality, Preference and Continuous Usage Intention: A Case of Online Job Information Platform (인공지능이 적용된 온라인 구인정보 플랫폼의 품질 및 선호가 지속사용의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • An, Kyung-Min;Lee, Young-Chan
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.73-87
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to clarify the continuous usage intention of artificial intelligence products and services. In this study, we try to define the artificial intelligence quality and preference on the online job information platform and investigate the effect of artificial intelligence on continues usage intention. A survey of artificial intelligence users was conducted and recalled 184. The empirical analysis shows that the artificial intelligence quality and preference have a positive effect on satisfaction, and that the satisfaction has significant effect on the intention of continuing use. but the artificial intelligence quality does not significantly affect the intention of continuing use. These results are expected to provide useful guidelines for artificial intelligence technology products or services in the future.

Analysis of text entry task pattern according to the degree of skillfulness (숙련도 차이에 따른 문자 입력 작업 행태 분석)

  • Kim, Jung-Hwan;Lee, Suk-Jae;Myung, Ro-Hae
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2007.02b
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2007
  • 최근 다양한 기기와 환경에서 문자 입력에 대한 요구가 높아지고 있다. 이에 따라 효율적인 문자 입력 인터페이스 설계를 위해 문자 입력 인터페이스의 평가가 필요한 실정이다. 기존 연구를 살펴보면 문자 입력 시간을 시각 탐색 시간과 손가락 이동 시간으로 나누고 정보처리 이론인 Hick-Hyman Law와 Fitts’ Law를 통해 예측, 평가 하였다. 하지만 위 두 과정은 연속적(serial)인 과정으로 눈과 손의 coordination(협응)에 대해 관과 하는 한계가 있다. 또한, 기존 문자 입력 시간 예측 모델은 전문가라는 특정 숙련도를 가정하고 만들어졌기 때문에 실제 문자 입력 시간에 비해 과대 측정되어 왔다. 이에 본 연구는 문자 입력 시간 예측 모델에 눈-손 coordination 매개변수를 삽입하고자 눈-손 coordination의 시간을 측정하고 행태를 분석하였다. 또한, 비숙련자와 숙련자의 구분을 통해 시각 탐색 시간과 손 움직임 시간 그리고 눈-손 coordination의 시간 과 행태가 어떻게 변화하는 지 분석하였다. 그 결과 눈-손 coordination 시간은 문자 입력 시간과 밀접한 관계가 있었다, 그리고, 눈-손 coordination 시간은 숙련도에 상관없이 문자 입력 시간의 22%를 차지하였다. 또한, 숙련자와 비숙련자의 문자 입력 시간과 비교해 손과 coordination 시간 비율은 차이가 없었다. 하지만, 눈의 움직임 시간 비율은 큰 차이를 나타내었다. 이 결과는 눈-손 coordination과 숙련도 차이를 기존 문자 입력 예측 모델에 매개변수로써 적용하기 위한 기초 자료가 될 것이다.

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New Discussion on Cognitive Conflict Using Conceptual Structure (개념구조를 이용한 인지갈등에 대한 새로운 논의)

  • Moon, Seong-Sook;Kwon, Jae-Sool
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.359-382
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    • 2008
  • There are so many research literatures on conceptual change theory and the nature of concepts such as p-prims, mental model, ontological belief, and cognitive structure. Conceptual change means learning (Vosniadou, 1999; Duit;1999). It is necessary to review and elaborate existing conceptual change theories in order to explain the learning process and its implications. Therefore, we derived from reviewing literatures that learners construct new conceptual structure in response to given contexts at the same time activating their beliefs. We reviewed some mental theories that integrated cognitive and affective components and were based on framework/specific theory or information processing theory. We suggest learners' framework of conceptual structure and conflict model of conceptual structure. We expect to obtain effective ways of science teaching and learning and implications for cognitive conflict and conceptual change from using conceptual structure later.

Empirical Study on the Impact of China Mobile Phone Market Origin Image on Consumers' Purchasing Intention (중국 휴대폰 시장에서 원산지 이미지가 소비자의 구매 의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 실증 연구)

  • Gao, Ze;Sim, Jae-yeon;Liao, Xuan
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.11
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    • pp.101-109
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    • 2019
  • With the rapid development of China's economy, the consumption concept of Chinese consumers has changed, and the purchase intention of consumers is also affected by the origin of the brand. The purpose of this study is to help local enterprises gain more competitive advantages in international marketing activities by improving the image of the country of origin. Based on the theory of clue utilization, this paper constructs a theoretical model of the effect of the image of origin on consumers' purchase intention and puts forward the basic hypothesis. The data were collected, analyzed and processed through questionnaire survey and spss23.0. The results showed that: the image of the place of origin and the perceived value had a significant impact on the purchase intention. The image of origin has significant influence on perceived value. Finally, combined with the empirical research results, relevant marketing strategies and Suggestions are provided for local enterprises. At the same time, it also provides some reference for other countries to sell in China.

Investigating Cognitive Process and Brain Activation Study on the Rational/Emotional Advertising Appeals: Emphasis on fMRI Experiments (이성적 자극과 감성적 자극에 따른 인지처리 기능 및 재인효과 차이에 관한 연구: fMRI 분석을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Do Young;Lee, Kun Chang
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.61-99
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    • 2016
  • This research investigated that participants' response time and recognition in the decision-making situation would vary according to either rational or emotional stimuli and analyzed how brain functions are related to each type of stimuli by means of fMRI. We tried to address the difference of cognitive processing between rational stimuli and emotional stimuli in the perspective of information processing theory. In order to achieve the research purpose above, we conducted two kinds of experiment studies. In study 1, subjects conducted decision-making task which selected which kind of information type the stimuli was after stimuli - rational stimuli or emotional stimuli - was randomly seen during experiment. During this experiment, we investigated the effect of each stimuli by measuring the duration from the onset time at which stimuli was shown to the response time at which subjects conducted decision-making. Furthermore, we compared the brain functions by finding out what kinds of brain areas were activated during the decision-making task. In study 2, subjects conducted recognition task at which subjects made a decision whether the stimuli was sees in the previous experiment or not. During the second experiment, we investigated the recognition effect by measuring the memory for each stimuli type. Moreover, we compared the cognitive processes during recognition by analyzing the differences of brain area functions. The results of two experiments above were as following. Firstly, regarding the response time as the effect of stimuli, we found that the effect of emotional stimuli was higher than that of rational stimuli. And regarding the recognition as the effect of stimuli, it was found that the effect of rational stimuli was higher than that of emotional stimuli. Secondly, the explanation about the characteristics of cognitive processes with the result of behavioral response by analyzing brain functions was as following. First of all, regarding the decision-making task which conducted for analyzing the effect of response time, the relatively high activated brain areas of rational stimuli were related with the functions of movement control or working memory, and the relatively high activated brain areas of emotional stimuli were connected with the functions of lingual processing.

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The Effect of the Supervisor's Transformational Leadership on Employees' Work Engagement : Focusing on the Mediating Effects of Psychological Contract Breach and Organizational Anomie (변혁적 리더십이 직무열의에 미치는 영향: 심리적 계약 위반과 조직아노미의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Bae, Chae-Yoon;Shin, Je-Goo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.11
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    • pp.281-307
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    • 2016
  • The goal of this study was to verify that effectiveness of transformational leadership in impacting work engagement with the psychological contract breach among members of the organization and organizational anomie as mediating factors. The mediating effect of psychological contract breach and organizational anomie on the relationship between transformational leadership and work engagement was explored using a theoretical approach based on Social Exchange Theory, Social Information Processing Model and Job Demands- Resources Model. To avoid common method bias, the dependent variable was surveyed using employee peer review. 277 surveys were collected from 18 companies in diverse industries including manufacturing, distribution, and finance. The results of the analysis showed that transformational leadership has a significant positive effect on employees' work engagement, while having a significant negative effect on psychological contract breach and organizational anomie. In addition, psychological contract breach and organizational anomie were found to act as partial mediators in the relationship between transformational leadership and employees' work engagement. Overall, this study showed that if leaders at organizations can assist employees to overcome negative factors such as psychological contract breach and organizational anomie through transformational leadership, it is possible to improve employees' work engagement.

A cognitive psychological consideration of Michael Chehov's acting techniques (미카엘 체홉 연기 테크닉에 대한 인지심리학적 고찰)

  • Jin, Hyun-Chung;Cho, Joon-Hui
    • (The) Research of the performance art and culture
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    • no.37
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    • pp.365-389
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    • 2018
  • This research aims to study Michael Chekhov's acting techniques scientifically, because his techniques has been studied only theoretically or empirically. Especially, this study focuses on 'imagination' and 'Psychological Gesture' from the perspective of cognitive psychology. Chekhov thought 'imagination' as the basis and core of all the works of acting. In cognitive psychology, it is called as 'imagery' and means 'a representation of the mind of the object not communicated by the sensory organs currently'. This study starts with defining imagery and takes a brief look at the features and kinds of imagery. Then the researcher will prove scientifically the possibility of training acting using imagery as Chekhov's assertion. For the proof of the validity of imagery, we'll look for the theoretical evidences-functional equivalence hypothesis, psychoneuromuscular theory, symbolic learning theory, psychophygiological information processing-and experimental ones-measurements of cerebral blood flow or event-related potential, experiments with fMRI(functional magnetic resonance imaging) or PET(positron emission tomography). As a result, we can see that imagery is functionally identical to perception and improves fulfillment of cognitive and physical tasks. As proving physical changes can draw out psychological changes(feeling) on the medium of imagery, we can also see the validity of Psychological Gesture. From the above research, even if Chekhov developed the acting techniques only on the basis of his experience, his techniques can be thought as having scientific validity. Though insufficient, this study can be a help for actors or students as they using Chekhov's techniques.