• Title/Summary/Keyword: 자동노출제어장치

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Evaluation of Usefulness of Automatic Exposure Control (AEC) by Comparison Analysis of Entrance Surface Dose (ESD) and Entropy in Clinical Application of Digital Radiography (DR) (디지털 방사선 시스템의 노출 유형에 따른 임상 적용 시 입사표면선량 및 Entropy 비교분석을 통한 자동노출제어장치의 유용성 평가)

  • Choi, Ji-An;Hwang, Jun-Ho;Lee, Kyung-Bae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.8
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    • pp.276-283
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of automatic exposure control (AEC) by analyzing entrance surface dose (ESD) and entropy on using automatic exposure and manual exposure. The experimental method was to measure the dose by placing a semiconductor dosimeter on the Rando Phantom for the Pelvis, Abdomen, Skull, and Chest regions. The DICOM file was simultaneously acquired and then entropy was analyzed by using Matlab. As a result, when using the automatic exposure control, dose of all sites was lower than manual exposure's dose and entropy was high. In addition, paired t-test was performed for each item and p<0.05 was found in each item. In conclusion, the use of automatic exposure control can be a useful method to contribute to the optimization of the exposure dose and the image quality by reducing the amount of unnecessary radiation amount and information loss that can occur in X-ray examination.

A Study on the Quantitative Analysis Method through the Absorbed Dose and the Histogram in the Performance Evaluation of the Detector according to the Sensitivity Change of Auto Exposure Control(AEC) in DR(Digital Radiography) (DR(Digital Radiography)에서 자동노출제어장치의 감도변화에 따른 검출기 성능평가 시 흡수선량과 히스토그램을 통한 정량적 분석방법에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Jun-Ho;Lee, Kyung-Bae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.232-240
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    • 2018
  • This study is to suggest a method to evaluate the detector performance using change of absorbed dose and histogram according to sensitivity change of Auto Exposure Control(AEC). The experiment site is skull, abdomen pelvis and the accuracy of the detector was evaluated by measuring the absorbed dose of the detector sensitivity S200, S400, S800, S1000. Also the dynamic range of the detector was evaluated through the histogram analysis. As a result, the absorbed dose decreased gradually as the sensitivity was set higher from S200 to S1000. And through the sensitivity histogram analysis, as the sensitivity of the skull is set higher, the amount of information at both ends of the histogram is lost. Abdomen and pelvis areas showed underflow phenomena in which the amount of information in the first part of the histogram was lost as the sensitivity was set higher. In conclusion, the detector accurately implemented the sensitivity change, but the dynamic range of the image due to the sensitivity change of the AEC due to the deterioration of the detector performance can not be realized properly and it was found that the evaluation through the absorbed dose and the histogram is useful when evaluating the performance of the detector.

Quantitative Evaluation of Image Quality using Automatic Exposure Control & Sensitivity in the Digital Chest Image (디지털 흉부영상에서 자동노출제어 및 감도변화를 이용한 영상품질의 정량적인 평가)

  • Lee, Jin-Soo;Ko, Seong-Jin;Kang, Se-Sik;Kim, Jung-Hoon;Kim, Dong-Hyun;Kim, Changsoo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.8
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    • pp.275-283
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    • 2013
  • The patient radiation dose is different depending on selection of Ion chamber when taking Chest PA which using AEC. In this paper, we studied acquiring the best diagnostic images according to selection of Ion chamber on AEC mode as well as minimizing patient radiation dose. Experimental methods were selection of Ion chamber and change of sensitivity under the same conditions as Chest PA projection. At AEC mode, two upper ion chambers sensors and one lower ion chamber sensor were divided into 7 cases according to selection of on/off. after measuring five times respectively, we obtained average value and calculated exposure dose. Image assessment was done with measured Modulation Transfer Function, Peak Signal to Noise Ratio, Root Mean Square, Signal to Noise Ratio, Contrast to Noise Ratio, Mean to Standard deviation Ratio respectively. In exposure assessment results, selection of two upper chambers was the lowest. In resolution assessment results, image of two upper chambers had the second high spatial frequency at sensitivity at 625(High) was 1.343 lp/mm. RMS value of image selecting two upper chambers was low secondly. SNR, CNR, MSR were the high value secondly. As the sensitivity was increased, radiation dose was decreased but better image could be obtained on image quality. In order to obtain the best medical images while minimizing the dose, usage of two upper ion chambers is considered to be clinically useful at sensitivity 625(High).

Analysis of Dosimeter Error and Need for Calibration Guideline by Comparing the Dose Area of the Built-in Dose Area Product and the Moving Dose Area Product when using Automatic Exposure Controller in Intervention (인터벤션에서 자동노출제어장치 이용 시 내장형 면적 선량계와 이동형 면적 선량계의 면적선량 비교를 통한 선량계 오차분석과 교정지침 필요성 연구)

  • Choi, Ji-An;Hwang, Jun-Ho;Lee, Kyung-Bae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.508-515
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the errors of the built - in dose area product and the calibrated moving dose area product when using automatic exposure controller of the interventional equipment. And then, the importance of the dosimeter calibration and the necessity of the calibration guideline were investigated. The experimental method was to assemble the phantom into Thin, Normal, and Heavy Adult according to the NEMA Phantom manual and to measure the dose area with the built-in dose area product and the moving dose area product. As a result, in all thicknesses, the built-in dose area product showed higher doses than the moving dose area product, and the thicker the thickness, the larger the difference. In addition, paired t-test was performed for each item and there was a significant difference in each item between p<0.05. In conclusion, considering the intervention which is highly exposed to the radiation exposure, it is that we have to know the accurate dose when using the AEC of the equipment. And there is no calibration guide for the built-in dose area meter, thus calibration guidelines should be prepared.

A Study on the Dynamic Range Performance Evaluation Method of Detector with Variation of Tube Voltage and Automatic Exposure Control (AEC) in Digital Radiography (DR) -Focused on the Dynamic Step Wedge and Histogram Evaluation (DR(Digital Radiography)에서 관전압 및 자동노출제어장치의 감도 변화에 따른 검출기의 동적 범위 성능평가 방법연구 -Dynamic Step Wedge와 히스토그램 평가를 중심으로)

  • Hwang, Jun-Ho;Choi, Ji-An;Kim, Hyun-Soo;Lee, Kyung-Bae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.368-380
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    • 2019
  • This study proposes a method to evaluate the performance of a detector by analyzing the dynamic step wedge and histogram according to the change of the tube voltage and sensitivity when using the Automatic Exposure Control (AEC). The performance of a detector was evaluated by measuring X-ray quality, Entrance Surface Dose (ESD), tube current, dynamic range corresponding to detector sensitivities of S200, S400, S800, S1000 per tube voltage of 60, 70, 81, 90 kVp. As a results, all of the qualities satisfied the acceptance criteria, and the Entrance Surface Dose and tube current were decreased stage by stage as sensitivity was set higher. In the dynamic step wedge, the observable dynamic range has also increased as tube voltage became higher. The histogram showed the quantization separation phenomena as the tube voltage was set higher. The higher the sensitivity, the more the underflow and overflow occurred in which the amount of information on both ends of the histogram was lost. In conclusion, the deterioration in the performance of the detector was found to be insufficient to realize the change of the tube voltage and sensitivity when using the Automatic Exposure Control, and it is useful to use dynamic step wedge and histogram in evaluating detector performance evaluation.

A Study of The Correlation of The Area Dose with Residual CT Contrast Media and MRI Contrast Media during The Use of General Imaging Automatic Exposure Control System (일반촬영 자동노출제어장치 사용 시 잔존 CT 조영제와 MRI 조영제에 따른 면적선량의 상관성 연구)

  • Hong, Chan-Woo;Park, Jin-Hun;Lee, Jung-Min;Seo, Young-Deuk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.619-627
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of CT contrast agent and MRI contrast agent on the area dose in the body when using automatic exposure control system in general radiography. After making rectangular holes in the center of the abdominal thickness paraffin phantom, CT contrast agent and MRI contrast agent were respectively diluted with physiological saline solution for contrast medium dilution ratio of 10:0, 9:1, 8:2, 7:3, 6:4, 5:5, 4:6, 3:7, 2:8, 1:9, 0:10%. Each experiment was set to 78 kVp, 320 mA, which is the proper condition for KUB photography, and thereafter a total of 30 inspections were made for each dilution ratio using an automatic exposure control device, and the area dose corresponding to the dilution ratio of each contrast agent, Average comparison and correlation analysis were performed on the exposure index. As a result, the CT contrast agent and the MRI contrast agent appeared different in area dose according to the dilution ratio(p<0.05), and as the dilution ratio increased, the area dose increased for CT contrast agent and MRI contrast agent(P<0.05). In each test, the exposure index showed the manufacturer's recommendation of 200-800 EI value, and the exposure index and area dose increased as the area dose increased(p<0.05). In conclusion, CT contrast agent and MRI contrast agent confirmed to increase the area dose by general imaging test using all automatic exposure control device. Therefore, it is considered that it is necessary to perform it after the contrast medium has been excreted sufficiently when using usual imaging test after using the contrast agent in CT and MRI examination.

Reducing Methods of Patient's Exposed Dose Using Auto Exposure Control System in Digital Radiography (디지털 방사선장비에서 자동노출제어 사용 시 환자피폭선량 감소 방안)

  • Shin, Seong-Gyu
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 2013
  • This study was carried out to reduce patient dose through focus-detector distance, kilovoltage, and a combination of copper filters. In the C, L-spine lateral, Skull AP views were obtained by making changes of 60-100 kV in tube voltage and of 100-200 cm in focus-detector distance and by adding a copper filter when using an auto exposure control device in the digital radiography equipment. The incident dose showed 90 kV, 0.3 mmCu in C-spine lateral with 0.06 mGy under the condition of 200 cm; 100 kV, 0.3 mmCu with 0.40 mGy under the condition of 200 cm and 90 kV 0.3 mmCu in Skull AP with the lowest value of 0.24 mGy under the condition of 140 cm. It was observed that entrance surface dose decreased the most when was increased by 150 cm, 70 kV (C-spine lateral), 81 kV (L-spine lateral). It was also found out that as the between the focus-detector increased in the expansion of the video decreased but the difference was not significant when the distance was 180 cm or more. Skull AP showed the most reduction in the entrance surface dose when the tube voltage was changed by 80 kV, 0.1 mmCu, and 120 cm. Therefore, when using the automatic exposure control device, it is recommended to use the highest tube voltage if possible and to increase focus-detector distance at least by 150~200 cm in wall and 120~140 cm in table in consideration of the radiotechnologist's physical conditions, and to combine 0.1~0.3 mmCu and higher filters. It is thus expected to reduce patient dose by avoiding distortion of images and reducing the entrance surface dose.

A Study on the Development of High-sensitivity AEC-sensor for Minimization of Dose Creep in Diagnostic Imaging System (진단영상 시스템에서 선량크리프 현상의 최소화를 위한 고감도 AEC 센서에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kyo-Tae;Han, Moo-Jae;Heo, Ye-Ji;Kim, Joo-Hee;Kang, Sang-Sik;Park, Ji-Koon;Nam, Sang-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.321-325
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    • 2016
  • Dose creep is one of clinical errors that arises from the tester's inexperience or carelessness, and according to Task Group #116 of American Association of Physicists in Medicine, its continued occurrence is being reported in the digital method. At this point, the demand for an automatic exposure control device that minimizes the dose creep phenomenon and can improve reproducibility is increasing. In this study is to consider the automatic exposure control device sensor that can is not only easy to produce, but also reduce the dose creep phenomenon by conducting a research on high-efficient semiconductor sensor. As a result, the Intrinsic-type and PIN-type sensors have excellent optical property compared to Ref sensor, would have less shading effect, and have relatively low sensitivity, but would provide accurate feedback signals to automatic exposure control device with its consistent tendency according to exposure condition changes.

Effects of Field Configuration Shielding Area and Changing of Density and Sensitivity on Tube Current and Image Quality in Automatic Exposure Control System (자동노출제어장치의 채광창 차폐정도와 농도, 감도의 변화가 관전류량과 영상품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Min-Gyu;Seoung, Youl-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.635-642
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to analysis the effects of shielding area of field configuration with changing of sensitivity and density on tube current (milliampere-seconds, mAs) and image quality in automatic exposure control (AEC) system. The equipment used a digital radiography device (Digital Diagnost, Philips, Netherlands), which has a integral type with an X-ray tube and an indirect digital detector. The AEC system conditions were consisted of 9 setting environments, that mode changing of the sensitivity (S200, S400, S800) and the density (+2.5, 0, -2.5). The tube current evaluated automatically exposed mAs under 81 combination conditions crossed by AEC conditions in fixed at 40 kVp. The image quality evaluated the radiographic images that selected valid images by visual assessment the radiographic images of the self-produced conical pyramid phantom and then measured their signal to noise ratio (SNR). As a result, the maximum tube current was 60.0 mAs that automatically exposed conditions were the 100% of shielding area and the sensitivity of S200 and the density of +2.5. The minimum tube current was 0.9 mAs with non-shielding area and the sensitivity of S800 and the density of -2.5. When the shielded area 0% with the sensitivity of S200 and the density of +2.5, the maximum SNR was the highest as 25.2. But when the shielded area 25% with the sensitivity of S800 and the density of -2.5, the minimum SNR was the lowest as 4.7.

Study on Usefulness of Entrance Surface Dose (ESD), Entropy Analysis Method to Evaluate Ionization Chamber Performance and Implementation of Optimal Chamber Combination Model when using Automatic Exposure Control (AEC) Device in Digital Radiography (DR) (디지털 방사선 시스템(DR)의 자동노출제어장치 이용 시 이온 챔버의 성능 평가를 위한 엔트로피 분석법의 유용성과 최적의 챔버 조합 모델 구현 연구)

  • Hwang, Jun-Ho;Choi, Ji-An;Lee, Kyung-Bae
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.375-383
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    • 2020
  • This study aimed to propose a methodology for quantitatively analyzing problems resulting from the performance and combination of the ionization chamber when using an automatic exposure control (AEC) and to optimize the performance of the digital radiography (DR). In the experimental method, the X-ray quality of the parameters used for the examination of the abdomen and pelvis was evaluated by percentage average error (PAE) and half value layer (HVL). Then, the stability of the radiation output and the image quality were analyzed by calculating the entrance surface dose (ESD) and entropy when the three ionization chambers were combined. As a result, all of the X-ray quality of the digital radiography used in the experiment showed a percentage average error and a half value layer in the normal range. The entrance surface dose increased in proportion to the combination of chambers, and entropy increased in proportion to the combination of ionization chambers except when three chambers were combined. In conclusion, analysis using entrance surface dose and entropy was found to be a useful method for evaluating the performance and combination problems of the ionization chamber, and the optimal performance of the digital radiography can be maintained when two or less ionization chambers are combined.