• Title, Summary, Keyword: 입체영상 표시장치

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A Study on Compensation of Disparity for Incorrect 3D Depth in the Triple Fresnel Lenses floating Image System (심중 프렌넬 렌즈 시스템에서 재생된 입체부양영상의 올바른 깊이감을 구현하기 위한 시차보정 방법에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, K.H.;Kim, S.H.;Yoon, Y.S.;Kim, S.K.
    • Korean Journal of Optics and Photonics
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.246-255
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    • 2007
  • The floating image system (FIS) is a device to display input source in the space between fast surface of the display and an observer and it provides pseudo 3D depth to an observer when input source as real object or 2D image was displayed through the optical lens system in the FIS. The Advanced floating image system (AFIS) was designed to give more effective 3D depth than existing FIS by adding front and rear depth cues to the displayed stereogram, which it was used as input source. The magnitude of disparity and size of stereogram were strongly related each other and they have been optimized for presenting 3D depths in a non-optical lens systems. Thus, if they were used in optical lens system, they will have reduced or magnified parameters, leading to problem such as providing incorrect 3D depth cues to an observer. Although the size of stereogram and disparity were demagnified by total magnifying power of optical system, the viewing distance (VD) from the display to an observer and base distance (BD) for the gap between the eyes were fixed. For this reason, the quantity of disparity in displayed stereogram through the existing FIS has not kept the magnifying power to the total optical system. Therefore, we proposed the methods to provide correct 3D depth to an observer by compensating quantity of disparity in stereogram which was satisfied to keep total magnifying power of optical lenses system by AFIS. Consequently, the AFIS provides a good floating depth (pseudo 3D) with correct front and rear 3D depth cues to an observer.

Technical Trend and Market Prospects of 3D Display (3차원 입체 디스플레이 기술동향 및 시장전망)

  • Yu, Y.S.
    • Electronics and Telecommunications Trends
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2001
  • 차원 입체 디스플레이는 시각 정보를 디스플레이에 전달하여, 화면에 표시되는 영상을 시청자로 하여금 3차원적으로 인식하게 하는 디스플레이 장치이다. 이는 현재 상용화가 진행중인 HDTV와 함께 차세대 디스플레이로 주목되었고, 이에 따르는 의료, 광고, 방송, 군사, 영화 등 인접산업으로의 폭넓은 파급효과가 기대되어 일본, 미국, 유럽 등을 중심으로 많은 연구가 진행되어 왔다. 본 고에서는 이러한 3차원 입체 디스플레이의 국내외 기술개발과 시장 동향을 통해, 국내 업계가 관련 원천기술을 확보하고 주력해야 할 분야에 대해 고찰하고자 한다.

Comparison of Stereoscopic Fusional Area between People with Good and Poor Stereo Acuity (입체 시력이 양호한 사람과 불량인 사람간의 입체시 융합 가능 영역 비교)

  • Kang, Hyungoo;Hong, Hyungki
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.61-68
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study investigated differences in stereoscopic fusional area between those with good and poor stereo acuity in viewing stereoscopic displays. Methods: Stereo acuity of 39 participants (18 males and 21 females, $23.6{\pm}3.15years$) was measured with the random dot stereo butterfly method. Participants with stereo-blindness were not included. Stereoscopic fusional area was measured using stereoscopic stimulus by varying the amount of horizontal disparity in a stereoscopic 3D TV. Participants were divided into two groups of good and poor stereo acuity. Criterion for good stereo acuity was determined as less than 60 arc seconds. Measurements arising from the participants were statistically analyzed. Results: 26 participants were measured to have good stereo acuity and 13 participants poor stereo acuity. In case of the stereoscopic stimulus farther than the fixation point, threshold of horizontal disparity for those with poor stereo acuity were measured to be smaller than the threshold for those with good stereo acuity, with a statistically significant difference. On the other hand, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups, in case of the stereoscopic stimulus nearer to the fixation point. Conclusions: In viewing stereoscopic displays, the boundary of stereoscopic fusional area for the poor stereo acuity group was smaller than the boundary of good stereo acuity group only for the range behind the display. Hence, in viewing stereoscopic displays, participants with poor stereo acuity would have more difficulty perceiving the fused image at farther distances compared to participants with good stereo acuity.

Design and Tolerance Analysis of 3-D Stereoscopic Display Modules with Alternating Illumination Angles (조명각 변조 방식의 3차원 입체영상 표시장치설계 및 공차분석)

  • Jeong, Woo-Chul;Ha, Sang-Woo;Park, Hun-Yang;O, Beom-Hwan;Park, Se-Geun;Lee, El-Hang;Lee, Seung-Gol;Park, Sun-Ryoung;Jo, Sung-Min
    • Korean Journal of Optics and Photonics
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.201-208
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    • 2005
  • In order to realize a 3-D stereoscopic display module with alternating illumination angles, several conditions required for a lenticular lens sheet were established, and then both the lens specification and the module structure were designed. Also the performance of the stereoscopic module and its tolerance characteristics were evaluated by simulating the intensity distribution on the observation plane with a finite-ray tracing technique. From the evaluation, it was known that an intersection area between two adjacent lenses should not be filled and that the lateral mismatch between a planar liquid crystal shutter and a lens sheet should be minimized.

Depth resolution of 3D display system with two display modes based on Integral Photography (Integral Photography를 이용한 입체 영상 표시 장치의 두 가지 동작 모드에 따른 깊이 분해능)

  • 박재형;민성욱;정성용;이병호
    • Proceedings of the Optical Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.118-119
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    • 2001
  • 3차원 디스플레이 시스템에 대한 연구는 입체 영상이 높은 해상도와 넓은 시야각을 갖도록 하기 위하여 다양한 방식으로 활발히 진행되고 있다. 1908년 Lippmann에 의하여 제안된 Integral photography(IP)는 특별한 안경이 필요하지 않고 연속적인 시점을 제공한다는 장점을 갖고 있다. 제안된 당시에는 기록 및 재생 매체로 사진 건판을 사용하여 동영상의 재생이 불가능하였지만, 최근 사진 건판 대신 CCD 카메라와 LCD 패널을 기록 및 재생 매체로 사용함으로써 동영상이 가능한 IP 시스템이 제안되었다. (중략)

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3-D Conformal Radiotherapy for CNS Using CT Simulation (입체조준장치를 이용한 중추신경계의 방사선 입체조형치료 계획)

  • 추성실;조광환;이창걸
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.90-98
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : A new virtual simulation technique for craniospinal irradiation (CSI) that uses a CT-simulator was developed to improve the accuracy of field and shielding placement as well as patient positioning. Materials and Methods : A CT simulator (CT-SIM) and a 3-D conformal radiation treatment planning system (3D-CRT) were used to develop CSI. The head and neck were immobilized with a thermoplastic mask while the rest of the body was immobilized with a Vac-Loc. A volumetric image was then obtained with the CT simulator. In order to improve the reproducibility of the setup, datum lines and points were marked on the head and body. Virtual fluoroscopy was performed with the removal of visual obstacles, such as the treatment table or immobilization devices. After virtual simulation, the treatment isocenters of each field were marked on the body and on the immobilization devices at the conventional simulation room. Each treatment fields was confirmed by comparing the fluoroscopy images with the digitally reconstructed radiography (DRR) and digitally composited radiography (DCR) images from virtual simulation. Port verification films from the first treatment were also compared with the DRR/DCR images for geometric verification. Results : We successfully performed virtual simulations on 11 CSI patients by CT-SIM. It took less than 20 minutes to affix the immobilization devices and to obtain the volumetric images of the entire body. In the absence of the patient, virtual simulation of all fields took 20 min. The DRRs were in agreement with simulation films to within 5 mm. This not only reducee inconveniences to the patients, but also eliminated position-shift variables attendant during the long conventional simulation process. In addition, by obtaining CT volumetric image, critical organs, such as the eyes and the spinal cord, were better defined, and the accuracy of the port designs and shielding was improved. Differences between the DRRs and the portal films were less than 3 m in the vertebral contour. Conclusion : Our analysis showed that CT simulation of craniospinal fields was accurate. In addition, CT simulation reduced the duration of the patient's immobility. During the planning process. This technique can improve accuracy in field placement and shielding by using three-dimensional CT-aided localization of critical and target structures. Overall, it has improved staff efficiency and resource utilization by standard protocol for craniospinal irradiation.

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Readability Enhancement Algorithm for Patterned Retarder based Stereoscopic 3D display (Patterned Retarder 방식 입체 디스플레이에서의 가독성 향상 기법)

  • Lee, Hui Jung;Song, Byung Cheol
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics and Information Engineers
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    • v.50 no.5
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    • pp.175-182
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    • 2013
  • This paper proposes a readability enhancement filter for Patterned Retarder (PR) display. In general, when some texts in stereoscopic images are shown on PR display, their readability tends to be lowered. In order to overcome this problem, we present a readability enhancement algorithm which consists of readability filtering stage and post-processing stage for specific characters. First, each input stereo image is divided into an odd line image and an even line image. Then, they are independently up-scaled vertically by using Lanczos filter. Next, two up-scaled line images are averaged considering vertical phase difference. In post-processing stage, two specific characters which are normally difficult to read on PR display are detected, and they are filtered for additional readability enhancement. Here, this additional filtering is based on a specific brightness adjustment, and is applied only for two characters. The experiment results show that the proposed method achieves significant improvement in terms of readability in comparison with the previous scheme.

Dose Distribution and Design of Dynamic Wedge Filter for 3D Conformal Radiotherapy (방사선 입체조형치료를 위한 동적쐐기여과판의 고안과 조직내 선량분포 특성)

  • 추성실
    • Progress in Medical Physics
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.77-88
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    • 1998
  • Wedge shaped isodoses are desired in a number of clinical situations. Hard wedge filters have provided nominal angled isodoses with dosimetric consequences of beam hardening, increased peripheral dosing, nonidealized gradients at deep depths along with the practical consequendes of filter handling and placement problems. Dynamic wedging uses a combination of a moving collimator and changing monitor dose to achieve angled isodoses. The segmented treatment tables(STT) that monitor unit setting by every distance of moving collimator, was induced by numerical formular. The characteristics of dynamic wedge by STT compared with real dosimetry. Methods and Materials : The accelerator CLINAC 2100C/D at Yonsei Cancer Center has two photon energies (6MV and 10MV), currently with dynamic wedge angles of 15$^{\circ}$, 30$^{\circ}$, 45$^{\circ}$ and 60$^{\circ}$. The segmented treatment tables(STT) that drive the collimator in concert with a changing monitor unit are unique for field sizes ranging from 4.0cm to 20.0cm in 0.5cm steps. Transmission wedge factors were measured for each STT with an standard ion chamber. Isodose profiles, isodose curves, percentage depth dose for dynamic wedge filters were measured with film dosimetry. Dynamic wedge angle by STT was well coincident with film dosimetry. Percent depth doses were found to be closer to open field but more shallow than hard wedge filter. The wedge transmission factor were decreased by increased the wedge angle and more higher than hard wedge filters. Dynamic wedging probided more consistent gradients across the field compared with hard wedge filters. Dynamic wedging has practical and dosimetric advantages over hard filters for rapid setup and keeping from table collisions. Dynamic wedge filters are positive replacement for hard filters and introduction of dynamic conformal radiotherapy and intensity modulation radiotherapy in a future.

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