• Title, Summary, Keyword: 입지적합성 평가

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Evaluating location suitability of Park-and-Ride facilities using GIS (GIS를 이용한 환승시설 입지 적합도 평가)

  • Kim, Kam-Young
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.718-735
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    • 2008
  • Park-and- Rides are intermodal transfer facilities providing a staging location for travellers to transfer between transportation modes. They are an alternative to alleviate transportation problems such as traffic congestion and air pollution in metropolitan areas. Siting Park-and-Ride facilities belongs to a kind of multi-criteria spatial decision making problems being associated with a combination of various location factors. The purpose of this paper is to provide a method and procedure to evaluate the location suitability of Park-and-Ride facilities using GIS(Geographic Information Systems). Using GIS-based suitability analysis, land value, landuse, road accessibility, public transportation accessibility, possibility to intercept automobile trips, distance to activity center and competition with existing facilities were evaluated as location factors. The suitabilities of individual factors were combined to produce a composite map with a specific weight scheme. Then a given number of sites with high suitability score were selected as potential facility locations and their demand were evaluated based on a commutershed with parabolic shape. The suggested method and procedure will provide useful information in determining Park-and-Ride sites and designing their structure.

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Location Suitability Assessment on Marine Afforestation Using Habitat Evaluation Procedure(HEP) and 3D kriging: A Case Study on Jeju, Korea (서식지 평가법(HEP)과 3D 공간보간법(Kriging)을 이용한 제주도 바다숲 입지적합성 평가)

  • Lee, Jinhyung;Kim, Youngho
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.771-785
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    • 2014
  • As marine desertification and chlorosis in Korean coast have been intensified over time, Korean government is promoting marine afforestation projects. However, marine afforestation location is mainly decided by administrative convenience. Also, there is limited literature on location suitability about the marine afforestation. This study aims to assess location suitability of marine afforestation considering 3 significant criteria: ecological, submarine topographical, and human-social environment. Jeju, the study area of this study, first observed chlorosis in Korean coast at the small fishery town in Seogwipo. Jeju is currently suffering from chlorosis all around the island. Habitat Evaluation Procedure (HEP), 3D kriging, Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is applied as analysis methods. Especially, 3D kriging is utilized for modeling 3D ocean space reflecting ocean environment appropriately. The result shows that Jocheon coast has better location suitability than Seogwipo Pyoseon coast. Jocheon coast has the maximum 61% suitability as the habitat of Ecklonia cava Kjellman, and is highly evaluated in other criteria. The results of this study are expected to find optimal marine afforestation location, and to contribute to the restoration of the Jeju coastal ecosystem and the revitalization of Jeju fishing village societies.

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A Suitability Analysis of the Factory Development Location using the Green Development Suitability Map (친환경 개발 적지도를 이용한 공장개발 입지의 적합성 분석)

  • Um, Dae-Yong;Lee, Jung-Kuen
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.265-274
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    • 2011
  • In this study, we tried to analyze the suitability of factory development location in environmental aspects using the Green Development Suitability Map(GDSMap) which was created by GIS analysis about the optimal location of development projects. For this, it was evaluated a influence of various environmental factors that were caused by developments by setting the legislative, environmental and ecological assessment items. In addition, we made the GDSMap by reflecting the characteristics of region & development project overall. And, it were compared a location distribution on the GDSMap & NEZMap(National Environmental Zoning Map) to analyze a suitability of factory development location about the 39 factories located in study area. Results of analysis, the factory locations of about 23% of total development projects were confirmed that it was performed in development restrictions area on the NEZMap which was utilized current in selecting the location of development projects. And the factory locations of about 31% of total development projects could confirm that it was performed in development restrictions area on the GDSMap which was made in this study. Therefore, it was judged that it must be determined the development location by considering the characteristics of development projects & that region when selecting the location of various development projects.

Analysis and Evaluation on the Location of Public Service Facility using Geographic Information System: The case of Kumchon Gu - Office in Seoul (GIS 기법을 이용한 공공 시설 입지분석 및 타당성 검토)

  • 장훈;허준;김민구
    • Proceedings of the Korean Association of Geographic Inforamtion Studies Conference
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    • pp.381-387
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    • 2004
  • 도시주민들은 경제, 문화생활 및 의식수준이 향상됨에 따라 보다 다양하고 양질의 공공서비스를 요구하게 되었다. 주민들의 이러한 요구는 공공서비스 시설의 입지문제와 직결되는 것으로 도시의 입지결정 시 가장 중요한 고려사항 중의 하나는 공공서비스를 보다 저렴하고 편리하게 시민들이 이용할 수 있게 제공함으로써 이용주민들의 복지를 극대화 시켜야한다는 점이다. 이러한 기본 목적을 충족시키기 위해서는 공공시설의 위치결정이 중요한 문제가 된다. 본 논문에서는 접근성 이론과 GIS 공간분석 기법을 접목하여 입지분석을 시행하였으며 연도별 최적입지를 산출하고, 각 구청의 연도별 최적 입지점의 지도화를 통해 그들의 이동 추이를 추적하며 각 구청의 연도별 최적값의 변화 추이를 살펴보았다. 또한 비교분석을 통하여 연도별 현구청의 입지 혹은 이전할 입지의 적합성을 평가하였다. 이를 위해서 입지분석을 위한 이론적 검토로서 공공서비스 시설의 입지이론에 대해 살펴보고 구청사의 입지 적정성을 객관적인 기준에 따라 평가할 수 있는 계량적인 입지분석 방법을 검토 정립하였다. 본 연구에서는 이론적인 근거를 실제 공공시설적용을 위하여 금천구를 선정하였고, 구청의 도시현황을 분석하고, 도로망, 인구추정을 통하여 관련자료를 수집하였다. 이를 토대로 정성적, 정량적 분석 및 효율성과 형평성을 고려하여 구청사 위치의 적정성에 대한 결론을 도출하였다.

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Vulnerability assessment on the location of industrial complex considering climate change -Focusing on physical and economic features of province·industrial complex - (산업단지의 입지적 요건을 고려한 기후변화 취약성 평가 - 지자체 및 산업단지의 물리적·경제적 특성에 집중하여 -)

  • Kim, Yoonjung;Lee, Dongkun;Seo, Changwan;Ryu, Jieun;Chae, Yeora;Baek, Gyounghye;Bae, Chae-Young
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.627-637
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    • 2013
  • 기후변화가 산업단지에 미치는 영향은 지자체에까지 확산될 수 있으며 물리적, 경제적인 영향이 미쳐지므로 어떠한 물리적, 경제적 변수에 의해 산업단지의 피해가 초래되는지 규명될 필요가 있다. 따라서 본 연구는 국가 산업단지를 대상으로 산업단지 및 입지 시군구의 물리적, 경제적 특성을 기반으로 한 기후변화 취약성 평가를 수행하고 산업단지 입지에 영향을 미치는 시간, 공간별 극한기후를 규명하고자 하였다. 산업단지의 극한기후에 의한 취약성은 IPCC에서 제안한 상향식 취약성 평가 방법을 따라 분석되었으며 전력요구도, 위험지역유무 등 단지의 물리적 입지조건과 입지 지자체의 기반시설 현황, 지자체와 산업단지의 경제적 특성 등이 평가 기준으로 연구되었다. 기후노출, 민감도, 적응 능력의 항목별 가중치와 항목내 변수들의 가중치 분석에 AHP가 적용되었다. 본 연구는 홍수, 가뭄, 혹서, 혹한, 해수면상승에 대해 취약 입지 시군구를 밝혔고 홍수와 가뭄, 혹서와 혹한별로 대비되는 취약성 결과가 나옴을 고찰하였다. 또한, 각 극한기후별로 적응능력 함양이 시급한 시군구를 밝혀 지자체 차원의 노력이 필요한 시군구를 규명하였다. 서울시 금천구는 산업단지 입지에 가장 취약한 지역으로 나타났으며 홍수, 혹한에서 높은 취약성을 보임이 분석되었다. 한편, 극한기후의 발생에도 불구하고 전반적으로 낮은 취약성을 보인 산업단지 입지 지자체는 광주광역시, 전라북도 익산, 제주시 등으로 분석되었다. 따라서 본 연구는 산업단지의 업종에 따라 적합하지 않은 입지 지역을 규명하였으며 향후 산업단지 입지의 잠재 기후변화 영향을 고려한 의사결정을 지원할 수 있다.

Study on System Evaluations the Location Suitability for Urban Mini-Industrial Complex: Case of Seoul Metropolitan Area (미니 산업단지의 입지적합성 평가 연구: 수도권을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Hyeon-joo;Choi, Dae-sik;Song, Youngil;Lee, Eun-yeob;Kim, Tae-gyun;Kwak, Byoung-jo;Ahn, Jae-seong
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.334-348
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    • 2020
  • Recently, the demand for corporate location in the city is increasing. Due to the difficulty of finding a large site in the city, the small-scale 'mini-industrial complex' would be appropriate as a future industrial complex type. In response to this, site suitability indicators was prepared and applied to the metropolitan area as a pilot. To this end, the under-utilized site were assumed as potential candidates for development. After analyzing the importance among indicators through a questionnaire from experts and companies, this was applied as a weight. As a result, candidate sites ranging from Grade 1 to Grade 4 were derived. The indicators that had a great influence on the location identified as a Grade 1 were transport accessibility and urban service conditions when the company weight was applied, whereas advanced knowledge industry and university/research center when applying expert weight. The Seoul-south axis and southwest axis of Gyonggi-Do were identified as the most excellent mini-industrial complex locations among the Seoul metropolitan areas. It means that the already formed knowledge industry clusters will be recognized as competitive future industrial locations.

Analyzing Site Characteristics and Suitability for Wind Farm Facilities in Forest Lands (산지 내 풍력발전단지 입지 특성 및 적합성 분석)

  • Kwon, Soon-Duk;Joo, Woo-Yeong;Kim, Won-Kyung;Kim, Jong-Ho;Kim, Eun-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.86-100
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    • 2014
  • The purposes of this study are to provide a guideline for the suitability of wind farm facilities in forest lands and to suggest improvement plans of policies and systems to minimize the damage of forest lands. First, we implemented a literature review and field surveys to examine and select factors for the suitability of wind farm facilities in forest lands. Spatial database for selected location factors of wind farm facilities in forest lands was constructed to develop the suitability model for locating wind farm facilities focusing on Gangwon-do. Data used in this study include wind power resource, legal mountainous preserved area, forest roads, developed areas, forest class, and other spatial data. In order to find specific-sized potential areas for a certain number of wind farm turbines, we used block statistics and focal statistics methods. As a result, the areas for potential wind farm locations were 1,261ha from a block statistics method and 1,411ha from a focal statistics method. Based on the outputs of this research, it is required to make an urgent solution for the prevention of forest disaster and to prepare reduction measures for the destruction of ridge landscape.

소자본창업 외식업소의 사전준비 요인과 경영성과 간의 관계에 관한 연구

  • Lee, Mi-Hyang;Hwang, Bo-Yun
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.157-159
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    • 2016
  • 이 연구의 목적은 소자본 외식업소 창업시 사전 준비단계 요인들의 필요성과 그 효용성을 알아보는 데 연구목적을 세우고, 서울 및 경기지역에 소재하고 있는 외식업체 창업자들을 대상으로 전문조사원이 설문조사를 실시하여 수집된 자료를 spss(통계 패키지 프로그램)를 활용하여 분석하였다. 창업전 준비단계별 중요성 평가와 경영성과 간의 관계를 규명함으로써 새로 소자본 외식업소 창업을 하고자 하는 예비 창업자들에게 좀 더 효율적인 정보를 제공하고자 한다. 연구 결과, 창업준비성 요인인 창업교육, 창업동기, 업종경험, 자금조달 능력,사업자 역량, 가족의 동의, 창업자의 건강이 타 요인 대비 더 많이 강조되었으며, 창업준비성 요인에 대한 경영성과 우수집단의 중요성 평가가 저조집단 대비 통계 적으로 유의미하게 높았다. 업종(아이템) 선정 요인인 아이템과 창업자, 창업자금, 입지와의 적합성, 수명주기, 향후 발전성, 유행성, 노동력 공급의 용이성이 타 요인 대비 더 많이 강조되었으며, 아이템 선정 요인에 대한 경영성과 우수집단의 중요성 평가가 저조집단 대비 통계적으로 유의미하게 높았다. 상권내 입지분석 요인인 경쟁점포, 유동인구, 교통 편리성, 주목성, 가시성이 타 요인 대비 더 많이 강조 되었으며, 상권내 입지분석 요인에 대한 경영성과 우수집단의 중요성 평가가 저조집단 대비 통계적으로 유의미하게 높았다. 이 같은 결과는 여러 준비단계 중 특히 창업준비성 요인과 아이템선정 요인, 상권내 입지분석 요인이 중요하며, 이는 장기적으로 안정된 경영을 뒷받침해주는 요인임을 시사한 것으로 볼 수 있다.

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The Site Selection of Waste Incinerator Using Fuzzy Sets and AHP Theory (쓰레기 소각장 입지선정에 있어서 퍼지집합과 AHP 이론의 활용)

  • 이희연;임은선
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.223-236
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    • 1999
  • Recently, the need of wast incineratory has been recognized. However, the waste incinerator is considered the typical example of NYMB syndrome as a locally unwanted facilities. Therefore, the site selection of waste incineratory should be determined very carefully with consideration of various location factors. The purpose of this study is to provide a new decision-making process model for site selection that provides a rational and a systematic way. The fuzzy set theory and AHP theory, which have merits to overcome uncertainly and complexity of spatial data, are applied to select candidate sites for the waste incineratory. The method is able to produce a more flexible and objective solution for selecting suitability sites in comparison to rigid boolean logic. The result of this study shows that geographic information systems have clear implication for informing the spatial decision making process.

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Developing Analytical Model for Locating Preferred Ecovillage Sites Using GIS - The Case Study of Bukgu, Pohang (GIS를 이용한 생태마을 입지분석 모델 개발 - 경북 포항시 북구를 사례로)

  • Kim, Doo-Soon;Jung, Seon-A
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.30-46
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    • 2013
  • Using ArcGIS Model Builder, with emphasis on the importance of ecology and user friendliness, a model for site selecting tool is developed. This tool is developed by establishing standardized method for data selection and analysis with evaluation criteria using GIS. For this task, our first action was to objectively define and establish 18 elements to evaluate the potentiality of the site based on extensive literature reviews. These 18 elements reflect environmental, social/cultural and legal aspects that may influence the decision process to select the desired site. Secondly, using ArcGIS Model Builder, 18 analytical elements were made into thematic mapping which represent systematically organized graphic input to the model with automatic double check system and overlay analysis capability. Thirdly, to validate the effectiveness of the developed model, site location analysis was performed using the actual site, Buk-ku, Pohang.