• Title, Summary, Keyword: 인공수유

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A STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TONGUE FUNCTION AND MALOCCLUSION (설기능과 부정교합의 상관관계에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Mi Dae
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 1971
  • 부정교합과 구강영역의 악습관과의 관계를 구명해 보고자 본 저자는 구내 악습중 비교적 발생빈도가 높으며 부정교합에 미치는 영향이 크다고 생각되는 tongue-thrusting에 대한 다음과 같은 일연의 조사를 시행하였다. 1. Tongue-thrusting의 빈도와 부정교합의 유형과의 관계를 조사하였다. 2. 서울대학교 치과대학 부속병원에 내원한 263명의 부정교합 환자로부터 tongue-thrusting의 유무, 수유방법, 구내악습 및 상기도병변상태를 관찰하였다. 결과는 다음과 같았다. 1. 15세 내실 17세 남학생 1,356명중 tongue-thrusting을 보인 사람은 $12.7\%$였다. 2. Angle씨 3급 불정교합이 tongue-thrust swallowing과 가장 밀접한 관계가 있었다. 3. 인공 수유가 tongue-thrust swallowing의 원인이 된다는 명확한 근거는 없었다. 4. 상기도의 만성 병변은 tongue-thrust swallowing과 무관하였다.

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Comparison of Maternal Attachment and Maternal Role Confidence between Breast Milk in Sanitary Pack Feeding Infant's Mothers and Bottle Feeding Infant's Mothers of Low Birth Weight Infants in NICU (모유팩 모유수유아 어머니와 인공수유아 어머니간의 모아애착과 모성역할자신감 비교 - NICU의 저출생체중아를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Young-Hae;Choi, Jung-Nyou;Ju, Hyeon-Ok;Cho, Young-Ran
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.386-397
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study was performed to compare the difference of maternal attachment and the maternal role confidence between mother who feeds the child with mother's milk in sanitary pack by a nurse instead of her and mother who feeds the child with artificial milk. Methods: The subjects of this study consisted of mothers of premature baby who was in NICU and can not be fed with mother's milk directly. In the sample, 21 mothers were the breast feeding group and 20 were the bottle feeding group. Data were collected from April 3, 2004 to November 2, 2005, and were analyzed using SPSS WIN 10.0. Results: The degree of maternal attachment and maternal role confidence of the breast milk feeding group was higher than that of the bottle feeding group. In accordance with general characteristics, the difference was found in maternal attachment and maternal role confidence both breast feeding group and bottle feeding group. Conclusion: More systematic nursing mediation is required for the lactation of mother's milk in sanitary pack is planned to do positive interaction between mother and the child, which has an influence on the formation of maternal attachment and the of maternal role confidence after hospitalization.

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Differences in Breast feeding and Bottle feeding Primiparas′ Perceptions of their Babies during the Early time of Post-partum Period (초기 모유 수유와 인공 수유에 따른 초산모의 신생아에 대한 지각 비교)

  • Lee Ae Ran;Park Mun Hee
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.178-189
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    • 1997
  • This study was done to compare the breast-feeding primiparas' perceptions of their babies with bottle-feeding primiparas' at 2-3 days after delivery. The subjects of this study included 42 breast-feeding mothers and 56 bottle-feeding mothers. Data were collected by using the Neonatal Perception Inventory(NPI) devised by Broussard (1963) and added by Lee, Ja Hyung(1986) from December, 1996 to June, 1997. The results of this study are as follows, 1. Primiparas' perceptions of their babies according to their general characteristics. 1) There was no significant difference in mothers' perceptions according to mothers' age and whether they have a job or not. 2) There was a difference in mothers' perceptions according to their educational level (P<0.1). 2. The comparisons of breast-feeding mothers' perceptions of their babies with bottle-feeding mothers'. 1) There was no significant difference in the two groups' perceptions of other babies 2) There was no significant difference in the two groups' perceptions of their own babies. (1) Breast-feeding mothes' general perceptions of their own babies were better than bottle-feeding mothers', but there was no significant difference between the two groups. (2) Breast-feeding mothers' perceptions about the basic needs of their own babies were better than bottle-feeding mothers', and there was a significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). (3) Breast-feeding mothers'perceptions about the sense and motor abilities of their own babies were better than bottle-feeding mothers', but there was no significant difference between the two groups. (4) Breast-feeding mothers' perceptions about the necessary care of their own babies were lower than bottle-feeding mothers', but there was no significant difference between the two groups. 3) There was no significant difference between the two groups' positive-negative perceptions of their babies (1) 69% of breast-feeding mothers and 69.9% of bottle-feeding mothers had positive perceptions about general conditions, but there was no significant difference between the two groups (2) 57.1% of breast-feeding mothers and 46.4% of bottle-feeding mothers had positive perceptions about the needs of babies, but there was no significant difference between the two groups. (3) 50% of breast -feeding mothers and 48.2% of bottle-feeding mothers had positive perceptions about the sense and motor abilities of babies, but there was no significant difference between the two groups. (4) 57.1% of breast-feeding mothers and 60.7% of bottle-feeding mothers had positive perceptions about the necessary care for babies, but there was no significant difference between the two groups. 3. 54.8% of breast-feeding mothers tried to feed their own babies on the 1st day after delivery. 83.3% of breast-feeding mothers chose the feeding method for themselves. Only 9.5% of breast-feeding mothers took recomendations for breast-feeding from nurses. 78.6% of breast-feeding mothers had no chance to learn about breast-feeding. 69% of breast-feeding mothers complained about the difficulties of breast-feeding. The most serious problems were : 'insufficient milk supply', 'lack of knowledge about feeding technique' and 'problems with nipples'.

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Association between breastfeeding and early childhood caries: analysis of National Health Insurance Corporation's oral examination data for infants and toddlers (모유수유와 유아기 우식증과의 관련성: 국민건강보험공단 영유아 구강검진 자료 분석)

  • Choi, Yoon-Young
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.119-128
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    • 2021
  • Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of breastfeeding on the occurrence of early childhood caries in Korean infants and toddlers. Methods: Data on oral examinations of infants and toddlers of the National Health Insurance Service were analyzed. The study subjects were children who participated in both the first, second, and third oral examinations and the first general health examination in 2008-2017 (n=142,185). Based on the responses to the questionnaire, the subjects were classified into breastfeeding, formula feeding, and mixed feeding groups. The participants were monitored for the development of early childhood caries in three sequential oral examinations. Results: Based on the oral examination results conducted at 54-65 months old, the decayed-filled teeth index of the breastfeeding group was the highest (2.03±3.08), followed by the mixed (1.96±3.03) and the formula feeding groups (1.82±2.91). The Cox proportional hazard regression model including all the variables showed that the risk of developing dental caries was significantly lower in the formula (hazard ratio [HR], 0.85) and mixed feeding groups (HR, 0.91) than in the breastfeeding group. Conclusions: Breastfeeding children have a higher risk of early childhood caries; therefore, oral hygiene education and regular dental check-ups are necessary.

A Study on the Knowledge of Child Development of Mothers with Infants (영아기 첫자녀를 둔 어머니의 아동발달지식에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Bok Hee;Jung, Min Ja;Kim, Yang Eun
    • Journal of Korean child care and education
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.89-109
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the level of knowledge that mothers have on child development. To do so, a Knowledge of Child Development Inventory(KCDI) developed by Larsen &Juhasz(1986) was carried on to 156 mothers with an infant range from birth to age 24 months. The findings of the study were twofold: First, 70% of the questions on average were answered correctly by the participants. In other words, mothers generally demonstrated a high level of knowledge on child development. With regard to knowledge of child development, their knowledge on physical development of children was relatively low in comparison with that of cognitive and emotional development. In addition, mothers with a girl were more aware of child development especially in relation to child's emotional development. Also, mothers who delivered a heavier baby at birth possessed a higher level of knowledge concerning child's physical development. Second, other external factors, such as the level of family income and mother's education, played a significant role in affecting the level of knowledge on child development. Unsurprisingly, mothers with a higher income and education level demonstrated a higher level of knowledge on child's cognitive development. The findings of the study implicates that mothers seldom demonstrate a proper level of knowledge on child development. Hence, this study suggests that a practical, functional training services and resources for current and future mothers must be ensued.

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Feeding Mode and Evacuation Pattern of Breast-Feeding and Formula-Feeding (모유 영양과 인공 영양의 수유 양식 및 배변 상황)

  • 임현숙
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.423-432
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    • 1993
  • Feeding mode and evacuation pattern of 9 breast-fed(BF) infants and 22 formula-fed(FF) infants were monitored at 1, 2 and 3 months postpartum in Korea. The daily feeding volume to the BF infants was significantly less than that to the FF infants at 2 and 3 months postpartum. And the daily feeding voloume to the BF infants decreased significantly with age, whereas that to the FF infants increased significantly. These data indicated that the frequency of daily feeding decreased with age in bofy infants' intake per feeding increased whereas the BF infants' did not. As a result, the BF infants could not adjust their intakes. The frequency of daily evactation of the BF infants was higher than that of the FF infants, but the amount of daily evacuation of the BF infants was less than that of the FF infants.

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Acid Steatocrit in Korean Infants (한국 영아의 Acid Steatocrit에 대한 연구)

  • Park, Ji He;Chung, So Chung;Song, Jun Soup;Kim, Kyo Sun
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.320-324
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : Steatorrhea tests have been developed using various methods. Acid steatocrit is a simple method to detect steatorrhea and has very high sensitivity and specificity. This present study was designed to establish the normal values of acid steatocrit in Korean infants and to find the difference according to the various feeding methods. Methods : Acid steatocrit tests were conducted on 128 infants who were under 12 months of age and who had non-specific gastrointestinal diseases between May 1998 and April 2001. The results were classified into neonatal ages(79 neonates), 1-6 months(28 infants), 7-12 months(21 infants). This included formula-fed(46 neonates) and human milk-fed(33 neonates), 1-6 months formula-fed (18 infants) and human milk-fed(10 infants), 7-12 months formula-fed(11 infants) and human milk-fed(10 infants). Results : The acid steatocrit values decreased by infant age in months. Acid steatocrit values decreased much more after 7 months of ages. The acid steatocrit values of human milk-fed infants were significantly lower than those of formula-fed infants. Conclusion : Our study confirms that a physiologic steatorrhea was found in the infant period and decreases by infant age of months. The acid steatocrit test might be useful for the evaluation of gastrointestinal milk fat malabsorption disorders and therapeutic effects.

A Study on Iron, Zinc and Copper Contents in Human Milk and Trace Element Intakes of Breast-fed Infants (모유의 철분,아연 및 구리 함량과 모유 영양아의 모유와 미량원소 섭취량에 관한 연구)

  • 최미경;안흥석;문수재;이민준
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.442-449
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    • 1991
  • Concentrations of iron. zinc, and copper were measured in human milk samples collected longitudinally from 21 highly selected. healthy lactating women. And the daily milk and trace elements intakes of 14 exclusively breastfed infants were determined by the test-wei-ghing procedure and the direct analysis of milk samples at 6 or 7weeks postpartum. Significant decreases in iron. zinc and copper were found with time postpartum. Iron contents decreased from 0.33$\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$ at 2-5 days to o.21$\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$ at 12weeks. Zinc concentrations also declined from 4.15$\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$ in colostrum to 2.33$\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$ in matured milk at 12 weeks. Mean copper levels of colostum, transitional. and matured milk were 0.21$\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$, 0.34$\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$, and 0.26$\mu\textrm{g}$/$m\ell$ respectively. Data indicated that the amount of milk ingested ranged from 432g/day to 1266g/day and the mean intake was 768g/day. Daily mean intakes for iron, zinc, and copper were 0.19mg, 2.10mg, and 0.15mq respectively.

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Factors Affecting Performance of Hand Hygiene by Parents of Hospitalized Infants (입원 영유아 부모의 손 위생 수행 영향요인)

  • Jin, Su Jin;Song, Young Mi;Han, Hye Young;Seo, Kyung Hwa;Kim, Soon Jeong
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.285-292
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: Purpose of this study was to identify factors affecting the performance of hand hygiene by parents of hospitalized infants. Methods: The study was conducted with 209 parents of hospitalized infants from one hospital in Changwon. Data were collected from June through August, 2014 and analyzed using SPSS Win 18.0 program. Results: There were positive correlations between performance of hand hygiene and perceptions of sanitary formula bottle (r=.586, p<.001), attitude to hand hygiene (r=.438, p<.001), and knowledge of hand hygiene (r=.405, p<.001) and between parent efficacy and perceptions of sanitary formula bottle (r=.572, p<.001). Awareness of perceptions of sanitary formula bottle (${\beta}$=.308, p<.001), parent efficacy (${\beta}$=.281, p<.001) and hand hygiene attitude (${\beta}$=.207, p<.001) were significant predictors of hand hygiene performance and explained 46.1% of the variance. Conclusion: To increase infection control medical institutions should provide education on hand hygiene and training for parents of hospitalized infants. In order to enhance the performance of hand hygiene, it is necessary to develop and apply nursing programs for hospitalized infants that include hand hygiene attitude, maintenance of the sanitary formula bottle and parent efficacy.

Edutech in the Era of the 4th Industrial Revolution (4차 산업혁명 시대의 에듀테크)

  • Park, Ji Su;Gil, Joon-Min
    • KIPS Transactions on Software and Data Engineering
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    • v.9 no.11
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    • pp.329-331
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    • 2020
  • Edutech is a compound word of education and technology, and is an educational paradigm in the era of the 4th industrial revolution. This refers to next-generation education using information and communication technology (ICT) such as big data, artificial intelligence (AI), robots, and virtual reality (VR) of the 4th industrial revolution. e-Learning is being used as an online lecture for education in ICT, but edutech is attracting attention along with e-learning as the feeding of non-face-to-face education has rapidly increased due to COVID-19. Therefore, this paper summarizes the reviewed papers on the blockchain-based badge service platform, simulation-based collaborative e-Learning system, video English dictionary, and blockchain-based access control audit system.