• Title/Summary/Keyword: 음악요법

Search Result 84, Processing Time 0.114 seconds

Effects of Music Therapy on Anxiety of Intravenous Urology Patients (음악요법이 경정맥요로조영 검사시 환자의 불안에미치는 영향)

  • Yeo, Jin-Dong;Ko, In-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
    • /
    • v.11 no.2
    • /
    • pp.95-107
    • /
    • 2017
  • This study is a research based on the non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design whose purpose is to examine the effects of music therapy on the anxiety of patients who take the Intravenous Urography test and their feeling of discomfort during the test. "The first hypothesis that the experimental group who receive music therapy will be lower in score for anxiety during the Intravenous UrographyI test than the control group who do not was supported because after the therapy, the experimental group was found significantly decreased in that score in comparison to the control group. "The second hypothesis that the experimental group who receive music therapy will be fewer in vital signs after the Intravenous Urography test than the control group who do not" was rejected in terms of both systolic and diastolic blood pressure. But the same hypothesis was partially supported because the two groups showed a significant difference in pulse rate after the test. "The third hypothesis that the experimental group who receive music therapy will be less in the feeling of subjective discomfort during the Intravenous Urography test than the control group who do not" was verified to find that the two groups were significantly different from each other in the feeling. Specifically, there was a significant difference between the two groups in only one sub-area of that These findings suggest that music therapy could be an alternative method which can effectively reduce the state anxiety of patients during the Intravenous Urography test.

Effects of Music Therapy on the Anxiety of Patients who Take the Magnetic Resonance Imaging(MRI) Test (음악요법이 자기공명영상(MRI) 검사시 환자의 불안에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Byeong-Kyu;Yeo, Jin-Dong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.11 no.6
    • /
    • pp.289-301
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study is a research based on the non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design whose purpose is to examine the effects of music therapy on the anxiety of patients who take the magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) test and their feeling of discomfort during the test. "The first hypothesis that the experimental group who receive music therapy will be lower in score for anxiety during the MRI test than the control group who do not was supported because after the therapy, the experimental group was found significantly decreased in that score in comparison to the control group. "The second hypothesis that the experimental group who receive music therapy will be fewer in vital signs after the MRI test than the control group who do not" was rejected in terms of both systolic and diastolic blood pressure. But the same hypothesis was partially supported because the two groups showed a significant difference in pulse rate after the test. "The third hypothesis that the experimental group who receive music therapy will be less in the feeling of subjective discomfort during the MRI test than the control group who do not" was verified to find that the two groups were significantly different from each other in the feeling. Specifically, there was a significant difference between the two groups in only one sub-area of that feeling, that is, tension. These findings suggest that music therapy could be an alternative method which can effectively reduce the state anxiety of patients during the magnetic resonace imaging(MRI) test.

Effect of Music Therapy on Vital Signs, Anxiety, Cortisol and Pain of Cataract Surgery Patients in Elderly (음악요법이 노인백내장 수술환자의 활력징후, 불안, 코티졸 및 통증에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Jung-Hae;Park, Kwang-Hi
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.13 no.8
    • /
    • pp.549-558
    • /
    • 2015
  • Purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of music therapy on vital signs, anxiety, cortisol, and pain of Cataract Surgery Patients in elderly. Non equivalent control group pre-post test design was adopted. The number of subjects consists of 41 elderly having cataract surgery, 21 in the experimental group and 20 in the control group. Data were analyzed by $x^2$ test, Fisher's exact test, independent sample t-test, and Mann-Whitney U test. Results were: 1) there was no difference between two groups in their vital signs changes 2) anxiety, cortisol in the saliva, and pain of the experimental group decreased more significantly than those of the control group. This study confirmed the ability of music therapy to relieve pain and anxiety in cataract surgery, and suggested that music therapy could be used effectively in various interventions for the elderly.

Effects of Music Therapy on Depression and Rehabilitation Motivation of Inpatients with Stroke (뇌졸중으로 입원한 환자에게 제공한 음악요법이 우울과 재활 동기에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Youn-Young;Lee, Mi-Joon;Kim, Eun-Sil;Lee, Ji-Won;Kwon, Young-In;Ha, Yu-Mi
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
    • /
    • v.11 no.4
    • /
    • pp.220-229
    • /
    • 2021
  • This study aimed to evaluate the effect of music therapy on depression and rehabilitation-motivation provided to stroke patients, thus achieving evidence-based music therapy as a nursing intervention method for patients. Thirty-three people who were hospitalized for stroke diagnosis at K-Hospital were required to listen to 10 pre-selected songs for three days before bedtime. According to the general characteristics, the proportion of male participants (25, 75.8%) was higher than female (8, 24.2%), and by age group, 6(18.2%) were in 40s, 19(57.6%) were in 50s and 8(24.2%) were aged 60 or older. The study data were analyzed using Wilcoxon-signed rank test. As a result, music therapy does not affect depression and rehabilitation-motivation. However, it was shown to be effective in reducing depression in MMSE group 1 (≤ 29) with low cognitive levels. It is expected that this study can be used as an evidence for music therapy which can be applied as a way to increase the effectiveness of nursing intervention.

The Effects of the Communication Accompanied with Music Therapy on the Anxiety of the Patients during the MRI Examination (MRI 검사 시 음악요법을 동반한 의사소통이 환자의 불안에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoon, Yong-Hak;Yoon, Hee-Jung;Lee, Sung-Kook;Kim, Kyung-Hee;Kwon, Gi-hong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.17 no.3
    • /
    • pp.93-102
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study examined effects of the communication accompanied with music therapy on the anxiety of patients during a MRI examination. In the experiment group consisting of thirty patients and the control group consisting of thirty patients, the experiment was performed from February 1st 2014 to March 31st 2014 in hospital C located in Daegu Korea. The research design was a non-equivalent control group quasi-experimental study. The results showed that the anxiety score (VAS score) on communication with music therapy of the experimental group was significantly lower (p=.001), than that of the control group. Among the vital signs, the blood pressure was similar in both groups. On the other hand, the pulse rate of the experiment group was significantly lower (p=.001). Four categories of the physical discomfort (perspiration, facial change, change in physical posture, and change in vocal sound) did not show any statistically significant difference between the control and experiment group. Among the mental discomforts, dizziness did not have a significant difference between the experiment group and the control group, but the experimental group had significantly low fear (p=.001) and anxiety (p=.001). From the above results, communication accompanying music therapy proves is an effective alternative examination method that reduces the anxiety of patients.

Convergence study on Effects of Music Therapy in Patients Undergoing Prostatectomy with Spinal Anesthesia (척추마취 전립선절제술환자의 음악요법효과에 대한 융합연구)

  • Lee, Young-Eun;Kim, Ju-Sung
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.97-106
    • /
    • 2017
  • The purpose of this convergence study was to identify the effects of favorite music therapy on anxiety, fatigue, and vital signs of patients undergoing prostatectomy with spinal anesthesia. This study used a nonequivalent control group design. A sample of 45 patients was included. The experimental group was given music therapy during operation. The data were collected using a structured questionnaire and monitoring at 30 min before operation, at 20 min and 40min undergoing operation, and at arrival recovery room after operation. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, ${\chi}^2-test$, Fisher's exact test, t-test, repeated measures ANOVA. The experimental group reported significantly lower anxiety and lower fatigue than the control group(p=.001; p=.020). However there were no significant differences in the systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and pulse rate between groups(p=.821; p=.473; p=.782). This findings indicate that the tailored favorite music therapy can be an effective nursing intervention for patient undergoing prostatectomy with spinal anesthesia to reduce anxiety and fatigue related to operation.

Effects of a Music Therapy Program on Depression, Balance, Flexibility in the Elderly (노인을 위한 음악요법 프로그램이 우울, 균형, 유연성에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Won-Yeu;Kwon, Seon-Suk
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.16-23
    • /
    • 2003
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of music therapy on depression, balance, and flexibility in the elderly. An experimental group consisting of 23 people, was given music therapy for 90 minutes per a week for 6 weeks, while a control group consisting of 21 people, was not given music therapy with quasi-experimental design. Result: The result of the study show that music therapy is effective for decreasing depression and improving flexibility in the elderly. However, this study found no significant differences in balance between the experimental and the control groups. Conclusion: Despite one part, nursing intervention of music therapy to adapt Rhythm for Life elevated the strength of the elderly's body and showed decrease in depression. Therefore the Music therapy Program improves the quality of life in the elderly.

  • PDF

Effects of Music Therapy on Stress of Preterm Labor and Uterine Contraction in Pregnant Women with Preterm Labor (음악요법이 조기진통 임부의 조기진통 스트레스 및 자궁수축에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Hye-Jin;Sung, Mi-Hae
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.23 no.2
    • /
    • pp.109-116
    • /
    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test effects of music therapy on stress due to preterm labor and uterine contraction in pregnant women with preterm labor. Methods: An experimental research design was used. Participants were 35 pregnant women with preterm labor who were between 20 to 37 weeks of pregnancy: control group (n=18) received only tocolytic drugs, while experimental group (n=17) received additional music therapy. In the experimental group, Traumerei was applied before Non-Stress Test (NST) from the second day to fifth day after admission as music therapy. Results: There was a statistically significant difference in stress due to preterm labor (z=-3.368, p<.001) between the two groups. Conclusion: The music therapy is an effective method for reducing the stress of pregnant women with preterm labor.

Effects of Music Therapy on Cognitive function and Agitation, Anxiety and Depression in Dementia Elderly: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials (음악요법이 치매노인의 인지기능, 초조행동, 불안 및 우울에 미치는 효과: 체계적 고찰 및 메타분석)

  • Chai, Gong Ju;Lee, Mi-Kyung;Nam, Eun Sook;Lee, Ho Yeon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.22 no.1
    • /
    • pp.520-530
    • /
    • 2021
  • Objectives: This study aimed to identify the effects of music therapy on cognitive function, agitation, anxiety and depression in the elderly with dementia. Method: A comprehensive literature search was performed on PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, Web of Science, Google scholar and PsycINFO, for the period 2010 to 2019. In the meta-analysis, the standardized mean difference (Hedges' g) and 95% confidence interval were calculated as summary measure, and the random effect model and inverse variance method were applied using the RevMan 5.4 program. A total of 13 studies were included; all were determined to be acceptable, based on the Cochrane collaboration's tool for assessing risk of bias. Results: The effect size (Hedges' g) was 0.31 (95% CI: -0.02, 0.65) for cognition and -0.03 (95% CI: -0.17, 0.11) for agitation behavior as the primary outcomes, and 0.61 (95% CI: -1.17, -0.05) for anxiety and -0.44(95% CI: -0.88, 0.00) for depression as the secondary outcomes. Subgroup analysis by type of music intervention revealed that combined music therapy has a significantly increasing beneficial effect on cognition of dementia patients (g=0.45[95% CI: 0.03, 0.87]). Conclusion: Music therapy was determined to exert beneficial effects in reducing anxiety and depression, and combined music therapy demonstrated improved cognitive functions in elderly patients with dementia.

The Effects of Self-Selected Music on Anxiety and Pain during Burn Dressing Changes (선호 음악요법이 화상환자의 드레싱 시 상태불안과 통증에 미치는 효과)

  • Son, Jung-Tae;Kim, Sun-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.36 no.1
    • /
    • pp.159-168
    • /
    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of music therapy on state anxiety and pain among patients undergoing burn dressing changes. Method: A convenience sample of 32 adult burn patients who were eligible and provided consent were included in the study which was a quasi-experimental study of a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Fifteen patients in the control group received the routine burn dressing changes but 17 patients in the experimental group listened to self-selected music through headphones connected to a CD player during burn dressing changes for three days. All subjects of the music group chose the type of music that would relax them. Before and after burn dressing changes, subjects completed the State Anxiety Inventory and self-report of pain scores. Result: There was a significant reduction in state anxiety before and after burn dressing changes in those who received music therapy in contrast to those who did not receive music therapy. The music group reported lower pain scores before and after burn dressing changes than did the non-music group. Conclusion: These findings indicate that music therapy composed of self-selected music is a valuable intervention for the treatment of pain and anxiety in patients undergoing burn dressing changes.