• Title, Summary, Keyword: 음식물 쓰레기

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An Analysis of Food Waste Generation of Residents and Food Waste Resources in Multifamily Housing (음식물쓰레기 자원화를 위한 공동주택 거주자의 음식물쓰레기 배출량 및 자원화 의향에 관한 분석)

  • Oh, Jeong-Ik;Lee, Hyun-Jeong;Seok, Hee-Jean
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.32 no.10
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    • pp.905-915
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    • 2010
  • With rising food waste, the management activities have gained growing attention, and the disposal options, particularly utilization of food waste for energy recovery, become central. This research examines the factors affecting food waste generation and the tendency to resource food waste. The self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted in newly built multifamily housing estates to collect data, and 300 responses were analyzed. The statistical analysis showed that most of the respondents purchased food materials in largely franchised grocery stores and discarded food that had been too long refrigerated to edible. The lifecycle of food consumption was divided into three states - food purchase plan, cooking and food waste collection. Regression analysis was employed to find out the relationships between three stages and food waste generation or tendency to resource food waste. The results described that food waste generation being affected by the stage of food purchase plan (food waste removal conditions) was statistically significant while it's statistically significant that the stage of cooking (prepurchase considerations) influenced the attitude toward food waste resource. The research findings indicated that food is overconsumed, and further many viewed food waste resources as a proactive and integrative mode in the global wave of sustainability.

An Exploration on Food Waste Management of Local Governments (전국 지방자치단체의 음식물쓰레기 관리 분석)

  • Oh, Jeongik;Lee, Hyunjeong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.101-109
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    • 2016
  • This research is to explore food waste management across local governments. In particular, pubic administration on food waste, food waste management (from generation to disposal) and civil complaints in jurisdiction are examined. In doing so, a self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted among civil officers in charge of food waste management, and all the collected responses were statistically analyzed. The main results were as follows: public spending on food waste management was a little larger in metropolises than in provincial cities, and the largest food waste source was identified as households (in housing). While regular collection of food waste by trucks was the most common transport method adopted by local governments, resource recovery for compost/fertilizer production was widely used. Also, most of the respondents agreed that the current approach to food waste handling practices are necessarily replaced with more advanced technology converting waste into energy or fuel. Further, it's found that the civil complaints on food waste management were largely categorized into 3 groups - food waste handling, civil service and food waste retrieval. Therefore, the findings indicate that the development and application of no-food waste or waste-to-resource systems are effective in housing estates where large amount of food waste is generated and eliminated.

Food Waste Management and Public Dissemination of Zero-Food Waste System in Multifamily Housing Estates (공동주택단지의 음식물쓰레기 관리 실태 및 지방자치단체의 음식물쓰레기 무배출 시스템 도입 의향 분석)

  • Oh, Jeongik;Lee, Hyunjeong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.219-227
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    • 2016
  • As the largest source of food waste is housing, and the food waste properties are good enough to recycle, the proactive approach to conventional food waste disposal is highly regarded. This research is to examine food waste management in the Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA) and non-SMA and to analyze the public inclination to disseminate zero-food waste system (ZFWS) with fermentation and extinction technology in multifamily housing estates. The self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted and the collected data were statistically analyzed. The main findings are summarized as follows: food waste in multifamily housing estates were retrieved by refuse truck and largely recycled for compost and forage. Also, many local governments were in favor of ZFWS, and unwilling to invest in it due to financial constraint. It's found that logistics of ZFWS is likely to be influenced by important features such as a considerable amount of cost saving, effective energy recovery, and efficient operation/management.

오존을 이용한 음식물 쓰레기 처리용 축사개발

  • 양희영;우인성;김성중;황명환
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Industrial Safety Conference
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    • pp.85-88
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    • 2001
  • 음식물쓰레기는 우리 생활쓰레기의 약 30%를 차지하여 단일 항목으로 가장 많은 점유율을 차지하는 것으로서 그 처리에 많은 어려움을 겪고 있는 실정이다. 가정에서 발생하는 음식물쓰레기는 음식물쓰레기 봉투에 넣어진 후 운반되어 매립, 소각 및 퇴비나 사료로서 재활용되는 것이 일반적인 처리방법이다.(중략)

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A Study on Foodwaste Pretreatment for Anaerobic Digestion (혐기성 소화를 위한 음식물쓰레기 전처리 방안에 관한 기초연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Oh;Cho, Kyong-Hwan;Lee, Chang-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.60-66
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effective pretreatment of foodwaste for the anaerobic digestion. Considering the foodwaste generation and the anaerobic digester for municipal wastewater sludges, the some pretreatment processes were performed such as the grinding of foodwastes with the addition of water, the mixing with sludges, and the hydrolysis with the addition of NaOH. The results were as followings ; 1. As the stage of feasibility test in laboratory scale, the foodwaste grinding using a household garbage disposer was performed with three different water mixing ratios of 1:1, 1:5 and 1:9 as weight base. The physicochemical characteristics of grinded foodwaste were analyzed and the effective conditions was recommended as the 1 :5mixing ratio of foodwaste and water and the below 8mm particle size. 2. And the mixing of foodwaste and municipal wastewater sludge was studied with three different mixing ratios of 1:9, 3:7 and 5:5 as weight base. The physicochemical characteristics of the mixed foodwaste and sludges were analyzed and the effective mixing ratio was recommended as 3:7 of foodwaste and sludge.

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Exploring Residents' Attitudes in Multifamily Housing Toward Food Waste Zero-Emission System with Fermentation and Extinction Technology (발효·소멸 기술을 이용한 음식물 쓰레기 무배출 시스템에 대한 공동주택 거주자의 태도에 관한 분석)

  • Oh, Jeongik;Lee, Hyunjeong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.321-333
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    • 2013
  • As environmental sustainability becomes a key consideration in policy-making, more responsible consumption and utilization in daily life concern both health and quality of life. To address inequities in health in relation to environments, waste management has taken more progressive ways, and one of them is biomass-to-energy conversion that utilizes energy recovery from food waste. By extension, a food waste zero-emission system using fermentation and extinction technology gains much attention, so that this study is designed to examine residents' attitudes toward recycling food waste produced at home and toward food waste zero-emission system. Utilizing a survey questionnaire, this research collected data from 400 individual units of multifamily housing estates nationwide, and the data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings indicate that food waste generated at home was highly water-contained and produced in the stage of food preparation before cooking while respondents viewed that food waste collection and treatment needed to be improved. It's noted that respondents strongly supported the use of food waste as a energy source and would have the use of the food waste zero-emission system built in kitchen sink. Regression analysis showed that educational attainment of housewives, cooking style, and planning food purchase were statistically significant factors in the attitude of the responded residents toward recycling food waste while none of the factors were in the attitude toward the food waste zero-emission system.

음식물쓰레기의 고온호기성처리시 보조열량원의 첨가에 따른 효과

  • Jang, Seong-Ho;Seo, Jong-Hwan;Park, Jin-Sik;Mun, Chu-Yeon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Environmental Sciences Society Conference
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    • pp.342-346
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    • 2006
  • 본 연구에서는 음식물쓰레기를 고온호기성공정으로 처리시 수분증발량을 증대시키기위한 보조열량원으로 대두유를 첨가할 경우의 음식물쓰레기의 감량화 특성을 고찰하였으며, 그 결과는 다음과 같다. 음식물쓰레기부하를 50kg/$m^3$ d, 열량원으로 대두유를 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% 각각 첨가한 중량제거율에 근거한 음식물쓰레기 제거효율은 0% 첨가시는 94.5%, 5% 첨가시 97.6%, 10% 첨가시 91.7%, 15% 첨가시 87.2%로 나타났다. 대두유 첨가에 따른 열량비는 C/W비로 0.67, 1.52, 2.37, 3.21이었으며, 대두유를 5% 첨가한 경우의 음식물쓰레기 제거효율이 높은 것으로 판단되었고 고온호기성공정으로 음식물쓰레기를 처리할 경우 적정한 C/W비는 1.52인 것을 확인 할 수 있었다.

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A Study on The Development of Smart Food Waste Bin (스마트 음식물 쓰레기통 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Yu, Jeonghoon;Kim, Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.231-233
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    • 2019
  • 본 연구는 음식물 쓰레기를 효율적으로 줄일 방법에 관한 것으로 아두이노 기반 IoT 기술을 이용해 스마트 음식물 처리 시스템을 제작하였다. 대부분의 음식물 쓰레기가 75%에서 80%정도의 수분을 포함하기에 본 시스템에서는 탈수기능을 함께 구현하였다. 특히 개인별 음식물 배출 현황을 실시간으로 모니터링 할 수 있도록 안드로이드 기반의 안드로이드 애플리케이션을 구현하였는데, 이는 개인이 버리는 음식물 쓰레기양의 통계를 시각화하였다. 그리고 이를 분석한 패턴을 통해 향후 쓰레기를 줄일 수 있도록 유도할 수 있는 스마트 음식물 쓰레기통을 개발하고자 하였다.

Comparison of Anaerobic Digestion for food wastewater and food waste by HADS Pilot Plant (HADS Pilot Plant를 이용한 음폐수와 음식물쓰레기의 혐기성 소화 비교)

  • Ju, Donghun;Lee, Jungmin;Park, Seongbum;Sung, Hyunje
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.245-245
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    • 2010
  • 우리나라 생활폐기물 중 음식물쓰레기는 가장 많은 부분을 차지하고 있다. 또한, 음식물쓰레기에서 발생되는 음폐수의 발생량은 8,926톤/일에 달하고 있지만, 이 중 극히 일부만이 하수처리장 등에서 병합 처리되고 있고 대부분은 해양 투기되고 있는 실정이다. 이에 본 연구에서는 독일 GBU사로부터 중온/습식/이상 혐기성 소화 기술을 도입하여 HADS Pilot Plant를 설치하였고, 2008년 3월부터 국내 음폐수 및 음식물쓰레기에 적합한 최적의 운전기술을 확보하기 위한 Pilot Test를 실시하였다. 본 실험에 사용된 HADS Pilot Plant는 산발효조($6m^3$), 메탄발효조($50m^3$), 안정화조/가스저장조($40m^3$)그리고 가스 소각기로 구성되어 있다. 그리고 적용 음폐수 및 음식물쓰레기는 경기도 Y군에 위치한 사료화 시설에 반입되는 것을 이용하였는데 음폐수는 평균 TS 13.5%, VS 80%, pH $3.7{\pm}0.2$의 성상을 나타내었다. 이를 이용해 계단식으로 유기물 부하를 증가시키면서 $4kgVS/m^3/d$까지 적용하며 중온 상태에서 혐기성 소화를 실시한 결과, $0.8Nm^3/kgVS_{rem}/d$의 바이오가스 회수 및 85%의 VS 감량이 가능함을 확인하였다. 그리고 음식물쓰레기는 음폐수와 달리 1차 파쇄/선별기 및 배관상에 설치되는 2차 미세파쇄/선별기를 통한 전처리를 실시하였고, 1차 파쇄/선별 후 평균적으로 TS가 17.4%, VS는 81%, pH는 $3.85{\pm}0.2$의 성상을 나타내는 음식물쓰레기를 2차 미세파쇄/선별기를 거쳐 Pilot Plant의 산발효조에 투입하여 중온상태에서 혐기성 소화를 실시하였다. 음폐수 적용시와 마찬가지로 계단식으로 유기물 부하를 증량하면서 $4kgVS/m^3/d$까지 적용하여 운전하였고, 그 결과 약 $0.9{\sim}1.2Nm^3/kgVS_{rem}/d$의 바이오가스 회수와 85~87%의 VS 감량 효율을 확인하였다. 음폐수와 음식물쓰레기의 혐기성 소화 실험 결과, 제거된 VS량을 기준으로 보았을 때, 음식물쓰레기에서 더 많은 바이오가스 발생하였는데 이는 음식물쓰레기에 존재하는 고형물이 미생물들의 서식 공간으로 활용됨에 따라 혐기성 소화 과정에서 일어나는 혼합 발효 및 공영양 대사가 음폐수 대비 좀 더 수월하게 일어날 수 있게 된 데에 따른 결과라고 생각된다. 당사의 HADS Pilot Plant test에서는 계단식의 순차적인 유기물 부하 증량과 총VFA/총 알카리도 비율을 0.3~0.4 수준이하로 유지하며 운전함에 따라 음폐수와 음식물 모두에서 안정적으로 $4kgVS/m^3/d$까지의 유기물 부하 적용이 가능하였다. 또한, 생산된 바이오가스 내 메탄의 함량은 60~65%를 유지하였으며, 메탄발효조의 pH는 별도의 조절이 없이도 운전기간 동안 평균 7.8~7.9 수준을 유지하였다. 이처럼 pH 3.7~3.8의 음폐수 또는 음식물쓰레기의 투입에도 안정적인 완충능력을 보여준 것은 소화조 내에서 기질로부터 분해되어져 나오는 암모니아와 이산화탄소가 강력한 버퍼 시스템을 구축하고 있음에 따른 결과로 사료된다. 그리고 음폐수와 음식물쓰레기의 경우 모두 85%이상의 높은 VS 제거율을 보여주었는데 이는 당사의 HADS Pilot Plant 소화조의 구조가 내통과 외통으로 구분되어져 있음에 따라 plug flow + CSTR의 특징을 가짐에 따른 결과로 판단된다. 상기한 결과를 바탕으로 향후에는 $5kgVS/m^3/d$ 수준의 유기물 부하 적용운전도 계획하고 있다.

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A Study of Foodwaste Treatment Technology Using Eatrhworm (지렁이를 이용한 음식물쓰레기 처리에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Chang-Ho;Lee, Jong-Min;Bae, Sung-Geun;Jeon, Sung-Kyun;Kim, Jong-Oh
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2005
  • This study was performed to obtain the basic data on current situations and challengeable aspects of vermicomposting industries in Korea and to develope foodwaste treatment technology using earthworm. Pre-treatment process of food waste consists of cleaning, grinding, mixing and others, and salinity of food waste was 0.7% on average, thus not suitable for feed of worms. When applying wash water and going through the cleaning process, however, salinity was dropped to 0.38%, indicating that cleaning process applying wash water is necessary to control the proper salinity for growth of worms. In the food waste processing experiment applying worms, it has been presented that smaller particles induce higher processing efficiency. As a result, food waste processing by worms is possible through maintaining the suitable environment for survival of worms from input process to generation of cast. Cast generated after processing food waste was proved to be most suitable for product standard of compost thus cast is presented to be recycled after processing the food waste applying the worms.

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