• Title, Summary, Keyword: 유방절제술

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A Comparison of Clinical Outcomes for Breast-conserving Treatment and Mastectomy for Early Breast Cancer (조기 유방암에서 유방보존치료와 유방절제술 치료성적 비교)

  • Noh, Jae-Myoung;Park, Won;Huh, Seung-Jae;Choi, Doo-Ho;Yang, Jung-Hyun;Nam, Seok-Jin;Kim, Jeong-Han;Im, Young-Hyuck;Ahn, Jin-Seok
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.10-16
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: To compare the treatment outcomes and to analyze prognostic factors between the use of a breast-conserving treatment(BCT) and a mastectomy for early stage breast cancer. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 1,200 patients with pathological stage T1-2N0 breast cancer who received surgery between September 1994 and December 2002 at Samsung Medical Center. We compared the patient characteristics and treatment outcomes between the two treatment groups. Results: Among the 1,174 eligible patients, 601(51.2%) patients received a BCT and the remaining 573(48.8%) patients received a mastectomy. The mastectomy group of patients had significantly more cases with a larger tumor size, multicentricity, extensive intraductal component, and estrogen- and progester-one-receptor negativity. The ten-year overall survival rates(OS) of the BCT and mastectomy groups were 91.96% and 91.01%, respectively(p=0.1274). The ten-year disease-free survival rates(DFS) were 80.48% for the BCT group of patients and 84.95% for the mastectomy group of patients, respectively(p=0.8795). Conclusion: Our study shows some differences in patient characteristics between the two treatment groups. However, these differences did not result in significant survival differences.

Radiation Treatment of Postmastectomy Lymphangiosarcoma (유방 철제술후 임파육종의 치료 1예)

  • Choi, Ihl-Bong;Kim, Mi-Hee;Gil, Hak-Jun;Kim, Chun-Yul;Bahk, Yong-Whee
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.81-84
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    • 1988
  • Since the entity of postmastectomy lymphangiosarcoma was first reported by Stewart and Treves in 1948, postmastectomy lymphangiosarcoma has become a well recognized, uncommon malignant tumor which occurs in the upper extremity following mastectomy for mammary carcinoma. The postmastectomy lymphangiosarcoma occurred at an average age of 63.9 years and at an average of 10 years and 3 months following mastectomy. The lymphangiosarcoma raised from blood and lymphatic vessel. The histologic appearance has been observed edematous dermiss and dilated lymphatics lining with malignant cells. Most authors recommend radical amputation for treatment, either shoulder disarticulation or forequarter amputation. Other modalities of treatment including radiotherapy were considered as ineffetive. The present report provides a case of the regression of postmastectomy lymphangiosarcoma with chronic lymphedema by external irradiation. Radiation therapy was used as primary therapy. Total tumor dose of 6500 cGy in 9 wks was delivered using 6 MV x-ray and 8 MeV electron.

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Radical Radiotherapy with Lumpectomy (wide excisional biopsy) for Early Breast Cancer -A Case Report and Review of Literature- (초기 유방함의 근치적 방사선치료)

  • Oh, Won-Young;Whang, In-Soon
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.283-288
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    • 1988
  • However, long-term results of retrospective studies suggest that, for the great majority of individuals, mastectomy or conservative surgery with radiation therapy were be equally effective. The results at 5 and 10 years from prospective randomized trials indicate that survival following primary radiation therapy for early breast cancer is equivalent to that fellowing mastectomy. When competently Performed, Primary radiation therapy gives highly satisfactory cosmetic results and acceptably low rates of local tumor recurrence. A number of controversial issues remain concerning patient evaluation and selection and the optimal techniques of treatment, both surgical and radiotherapeutic. In addition, further work is needed to clearity the best way to integrate primary radiotherapy with adjuvant systemic treatment. And further follow-up of these patients with primary radiation therapy for early beast cancer will be required for ultimate proof of the relative merits. A case which was conservative surgery and radical irradiation of early breast cancer with review of literatures will be done.

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Physical Function and Fatigue in Mastectomy Patients (유방절제술 환자의 신체기능과 피로)

  • Yoo, Yang-Sook
    • Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.164-171
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : The purpose of this study was to provide information for developing a rehabilitation intervention that improves adaptation and the quality of life after mastectomy by investigating the level of physical function and fatigue in mastectomy patients. Methods : The subjects were 63 patients selected from St. Mary's Kangnam hospital Data were collected from March to June, 2003. Physical function was measured by the range of motion of the shoulder joint, shoulder function, and physical symptoms. fatigue was measured by using the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI). Results : The range of motion on the affected side was significantly lower than that in the healthy side. Shoulder function score was highest in the item of 'pull on pants', and lowest in the item of 'back zipper'. Physical symptom score was highest in the item of 'numbness', and lowest in the item of 'Itching sensation'. The highest item interfered by fatigue was 'normal work (includes both work outside the home and daily chores)'. Conclusion : The result of this study suggests that effective rehabilitation intervention for mastectomy patients should be needed to improve physical function, and reduce fatigue.

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The Effect of Joint Mobilization with Electrotherapy interventions on External Rotation and Pain in Mastectomy Patients (유방암 절제술 환자의 관절가동술과 전기자극을 융합한 중재가 어깨 가쪽돌림과 통증에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Tae-Hyun;Cho, Kyun-Hee;Park, Shin-Jun
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.188-197
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    • 2020
  • This study was to investigate the effects of joint mobilization with two different electrotherapy methods on shoulder external rotation range of motion and pain in mastectomy patients. Thirty mastectomy patients were divided into STMG (joint mobilization+pain scrambler therapy, n=15) and TENMG (joint mobilization+transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, n=15). The measurements were performed shoulder external rotation range of motion (ROM), pain (VAS). In both groups, there was a significant difference in the shoulder external rotation ROM, pain after intervention (p <.05). STMG was more decrease in VAS score than TENMG (p <.05). There was no significant difference in shoulder external rotation ROM between the two groups. In order to decrease the pain of mastectomy patients, it was confirmed that STMG was more effective than TENMG.. It is thought that a control group is added to confirm various differences, and more subjects are needed.

Radiation Therapy for Patients with Early-Stage Breast Carcinoma Treated with Breast-Conserving Surgery (조기 유방암에서 유방 보존술후 방사선 치료)

  • Shin, S.O.
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.274-284
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    • 1997
  • 조기 유방암에 대한 바람직한 치료는 유방의 형태를 최대한 보존하면서 악성 종양을 치료하는 것이다. 이러한 목적을 충분히 달성하기 위하여 최대한 조기에 유방암을 진단하고 미용상 종양 절제술에 적합한 환자를 선택하여 절제 범위를 최소화한 유방 보존술을 시행하며 수술 후 유방 전체에 대한 근치적인 방사선 치료를 적절히 시행하면 된다. 여러 연구에서 전통적인 치료법인 근치적 또는 변형 근치적 유방 절제술의 성적과 비교하여 차이가 없으므로 조기 유방암의 치료에는 이상적인 치료법으로 인정된다. 이와 병행하여 액와부 림프절 및 전신적인 재발에 대한 진단 및 예방을 위하여 액와 림프절에 대한 충분한 외과적인 처치와 병리학적인 검사를 시행하여 불필요한 방사선 치료로 인한 부작용을 최소화하여야 한다. 만약 전신적인 치료가 요구되는 경우에는 항암제 및 내분비 요법을 병행하여 재발을 억제해야 유방 보존술의 장점을 살릴 수 있다. 결론적으로 이 치료법이 조기 유방암 환자의 삶의 질을 개선시키면서 최상의 치료 효과를 얻기 위해서는 유관 진료 각과의 의료진이 유기적으로 협조하여 조기 진단률을 높히고, 유방 보존술 및 방사선 치료 과정에서 환자들에게 치료 결과에 대한 확신을 심어주도록 열심히 노력해야 된다. 또한 치료와 연관된 부작용이나 합병증을 최대한 줄여나가는 방향으로 치료 방법을 계속 보완 발전시키는 것이 매우 중요하며 아직도 발전의 여지가 많은 이 치료법이 조기 유방암의 이상적인 치료법으로 정착하기 위해서는 향후 다양한 임상적인 경험을 통한 더 많은 연구가 필요하리라 생각한다.

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The Role Of Tumor Marker CA 15-3 in Detection of Breast Cancer Relapse After Curative Mastectomy (유방암 환자에서 근치적 유방 절제술 후 재발 발견에 대한 CA 15-3의 역할)

  • Hyun, In-Young;Kim, In-Ho;Lee, Moon-Hee;Kim, Chul-Soo
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.311-317
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of tumor marker CA 15-3 in the following: the diagnosis of breast cancer relapse after curative mastectomy, and the differentiation or the value of tumor marker by site of metastases. Materials and Methods: Two hundred two patients (median age 48 years) with breast cancer included in the follow-up after curative mastectomy. The tumor marker CA 15-3 was determined by IRMA (CIS BIO INTERNATIONAL, France). Test values > 30 U/ml were considered elevated (positive). Results: Among 202 patients, recurrent diseases were found in 16 patients. CA 15-3 was elevated in 5 of 16 patients with recurrences. There was no false-positive patient who had elevated CA 15-3. Sensitivity and specificity of CA 15-3 for detection of breast cancer recurrence were 31%, and 100%. CA 15-3 was elevated in all of the 4 patients with liver metastases. CA 15-3 was elevated in none of the patients who relapsed with metastasis to bone-only or contralateral breast-only. Conclusion: The tumor marker CA 15-3 in the detection of breast cancer relapse after curative mastectomy is specific, but not sensitive. However, it is useful to rule out liver metastases of breast cancer, which indicates bad prognosis.

Effect of Foot Massage on Anxiety and Pain in Mastectomy Patients (발마사지가 유방절제술 환자의 수술후 불안과 통증에 미치는 효과)

  • Chung, Bok-Yae;Choi, Eun-Hee
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.47-55
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    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of foot massage as a nursing intervention on the anxiety and pain of the mastectomy patients. Method: This research was quasi-experimental study of a total of 28 patients with 14 in the experimental group and 14 in the control group. For the experimental group, foot massage for 30 minutes was given by a foot-massage specialist. Anxiety and pain were measure once before the foot massage and five times after the massage. The collected data were analyzed by repeated ANOVA and t-test using the SPSS 12.0 program. Result: There was a statistically significant decrease in anxiety and pain in the experimental group compared to the control group over 5 different times. Conclusion: The foot massage was effective on anxiety and pain in mastectomy patients in this study. Therefore, foot massage would be usefully utilized as a nursing intervention for mastectomy patients.

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Effectiveness of Individualized Upper Extremity Exercise Program for Patients after Mastectomy (유방절제술 후 환자를 위한 맞춤형 상지 운동프로그램 효과)

  • Lim, Kyung Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.313-323
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to develop an individualized upper extremity exercise program for patients after mastectomy and evaluate its effectiveness. A nonequivalent control-group pretest-posttest design was used for this investigation. Research participants were patients with breast cancer who underwent mastectomy at two university hospitals (experimental group, n=17; control group, n=16). The experimental group received an individualized upper extremity exercise program three times a week for 7 weeks. Data were analyzed by the ${\chi}^2-test$, Fisher's exact test, Mann-Whitney U-test and Wilcoxon Signed Rank test using SPSS WIN 21.0. Inter-group comparison revealed significant differences between pre-test and post-test in hands behind the back, flexion, abduction, external rotation, internal rotation, and grip strength. Moreover, the experimental group showed significant improvements in hands behind the back, flexion, abduction, external rotation, internal rotation, and grip strength relative to the control. In conclusion, the individualized upper extremity exercise program was shown to be an effective intervention to improve physical functions in upper limbs and shoulders. Therefore, this program should be applied to patients after mastectomy in clinics since many patients have suffered from decreased physical functions in upper extremities.