• Title, Summary, Keyword: 유방암 환자

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Analysis of mammography for patient with Breast Cancer (유방암 환자들의 유방영상검사 분석)

  • Mo, eun-hee;Lim, cheong-hwan;Lee, sang-ho
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.218-220
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    • 2010
  • 85명의 유방암 환자를 대상으로 이들의 유방영상을 검토하고 유방암 환자들의 특징을 살펴보고자 한 본 논문에서 유방암 환자들의 평균나이는 51.9세이었고, 유방암이 가장 많이 발생하는 부위는 상외측(43.5%)인 것으로 조사되었으며, 유방암이 가장 많이 발생하는 연령은 40대 인 것으로 조사되었다. 유방암 환자들의 유방조직밀도는 69.4%가 dense breast이었고, 30.6%가 fatty breast인 것으로 조사되었으며, 이 두 그룹의 평균연령은 dense breast를 가진 그룹이 유의하게 낮은 것으로 조사되었다. 유방영상의 위음성률은 27.1%, 민감도는 72.9%로 조사되었고, dense breast를 가진 환자들의 유방영상 위음성률은 32.2%, 민감도는 67.8%로 조사되었다.

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Factors Affecting Breast Self-examination According to Health Belief Model (건강신념 모형에 따른 유방자가검진 수행에 영향을 미치는 관련요인 연구)

  • Kang, Hyun-Ju;Hong, Jee-Young;Lee, Moo-Sik;Na, Baeg-Ju;Lee, Bo-Woo
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.1077-1082
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 일반 여성과 유방암 환자를 대상으로 유방 자가검진의 이행율과 유방 자가검진에 영향을 미치는 요인을 파악하기 위하여 시도된 단면적 조사 연구이다. 건강신념 변수에 대해 일반 여성군과 유방암 환자군을 비교하면 일반 여성군이 유방암 환자군에 비해 유방암에 대한 심각성이 높은 것으로 나타났다. 유방암 환자군에서는 일반 여성군에 비해 유방암에 대한 민감성이 높았으며, 유방암 검진에 대한 유익성이 높고, 건강관심도가 높은 것으로 나타났다(p<0.01). 건강신념 변수에 대해 유방 자가검진 이행자와 불이행자를 비교해 보면 유방 자가검진 이행자는 불이행자보다 건강 관심도가 높고(p<0.01) 유방 자가검진에 대해 설명을 들은 경험이 있는 경우 자가검진 이행율이 높은 것으로 나타났다(p<0.05). 유방 자가검진 불이행자에서는 이행자보다 건강관심도가 낮고, 주위에서 유방 자가검진을 권하는 사람이 없는 경우가 많았다(p<0.01).유방 자가검진 이행자와 불이행자간 민감성, 심각성, 유익성, 장애성에 대해서는 유의한 차이가 없는 것으로 나타났다. 유방 자가검진 이행 여부에 관해서는 유방암 환자군이 일반 여성군에 비해 유방 자가검진을 3.5배 시행하지 않는 것으로 나타났고(p<0.01), 연령은 40대 미만보다 60대 이상여성이 1.6배 유방 자가검진을 시행하지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 교육수준은 대졸이상 보다 고졸이하가 2.4배 유방 자가검진을 시행하지 않고, 가구 소득은 200만원미만보다 400만원이상 고소득자가 2.7배 유방 자가검진을 시행하지 않는 것으로 나타났다. 자녀수는 자녀가 없는 여성이 자녀수가 3명이상인 여성에 비해 12.1배 유방 자가검진을 시행하지 않는 것으로 나타났다(p<0.05). 건강 신념과 유방 자가검진 실천의 관계를 본 결과 건강관심도와 행동계기가 유방 자가검진 수행에 유의한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 건강관심도가 높을수록 유방 자가검진 실천도가 높고, 행동 계기 즉 주위에서 유방 자가검진을 권하는 사람이 있는 경우가 유방자가검진 수행율이 높은 것으로 나타났다(p<0.05). 본 연구 결과를 통해 유방암 환자를 포함한 일반여성을 대상으로 유방 자가검진의 중요성과 유방 자가검진 방법에 대해 정기적인 교육 프로그램, 포스터, 안내책자 등을 통한 적극적인 교육과 권유가 필요할 것으로 보여 진다. 유방 자가검진 프로그램 개발 시 유방암 환자와 일반 여성을 대상으로 한 차별화 된 교육 프로그램 개발이 필요하고 이를 통해 유방암 환자에게 유방암의 재발 위험성과 자가검진의 필요성, 올바른 유방암 환자의 자가검진법을 인지시킴으로서 유방 자가검진 실천율을 향상 시킬 수 있을 것이라고 생각된다.

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Construct Validity of the Revised Piper Fatigue Scale in Korean Women with Breast Cancer (Revised Piper Fatigue Scale의 구성타당도 : 한국여성 유방암 환자를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Eun-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.485-493
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    • 1999
  • Revised Piper Fatigue Scale (Piper et al., 1998)은 미국에서 개발된 암환자의 피로를 측정하는 자가보고서 형식의 도구이다. 이 도구는 총 22문항으로 네 개의 구성요소로 이루어져 있으며, 미국인 유방암 환자를 대상으로 신뢰도와 타당도가 검증되었다. 본 연구의 목적은 한국 유방암 환자를 대상으로 Revised Piper Fatigue Scale의 구성타당도를 재평가하기 위함이다. 총 122명의 유방암 환자가 번역-역번역 과정을 거쳐 한국어로 번역된 Revised Piper Fatigue Scale에 응답을 하였고 그 자료는 요인분석 (principal axis analysis with oblique rotation)에 의해 분석되었다. 요인분석 결과, 총 19문항으로 이루어진 네 개의 구성요소가 도출되었다. 총문항의 Cronbach's alpha는 .93이었고, 도출된 네 요인들의 alpha는 .84에서 .91이었다. 한국어로 번역된 총 19문항의 Revised Piper Fatigue Scale(revised PFS-K)은 한국인 유방암 환자에게도 적용될 수 있는 신뢰도와 타당도가 검증된 도구라 할 수 있다. 앞으로 다양한 한국인 암환자를 대상으로 계속해서 도구 검증이 이루어지기를 제언한다.

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Analysis of Mammography for Patient with Breast Cancer (유방암 환자를 대상으로 한 유방영상검사 분석)

  • Mo, Eun-Hui;Lim, Cheong-Hwan;Lee, Sang-Ho;Jung, Hong-Ryang;Lee, Hye-Nam
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of breast cancer from mammography images and to investigate the characteristics of patients who was diagnosed as a breast cancer. The subjects for this study were 85 patients who underwent breast imaging test with screen-film method and investigated from March 2010 to October 2010. The average age of the subjects is 51.9 years old. The 43.5% of onsets were located at the upper outer quadrant (UOQ). In terms of the age group, group for 40-49 ages were highest 37.6 (32/85)%. As for breast composition, fatty and dense breast were 30.6% (26/85) and 69.4% (59/85) respectively. The average age of the patients with fatty breast is 62.4 years old, whereas those with dense breast was 46.5 years old. The false negative rate of mammography images was 27.1% (23/85) and the sensitivity of mammography was 72.9% (62/85). The false negative rate of the patients with dense breast was 32.2% (19/59). the sensitivity of them was 67.8% (40/59).

The Status for Radiation Treatment of Cancer Patients focused on Busan Area (부산지역을 중심으로 조사된 암환자의 방사선 치료 현황)

  • Park, Euntae;Park, Sungkwang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.151-156
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    • 2013
  • As the number of cancer patients and its death rate increases, this study is to understand the occurrences in cancer patients in Busan area and to provide active help for treatment, prevention and management of cancer patients. It was investigated and analyzed based on 4462 patients who were diagnosed with cancer and received radiation therapy from Jan. 2011 to Dec. 2012 at tertiary medical institution in Busan area. The seven main cancer types were breast cancer, cervical cancer, lung cancer, colon rectal cancer, brain tumor, laryngopharyngeal cancer and liver cancer. The most common type of cancer was breast cancer which takes up 38.1% of cancer patients stood out from other cancer types. Breast cancer is that shows increasing trend and in need of appropriate countermeasures and managements for decreasing cancer risk. Therefore the causes and prevention of breast cancer analysis, an appropriate management program is required.

A Study on the Digital Mammography for Breast Cancer Patients (유방암 환자의 Digital Mammography에 관한 연구)

  • Lim, Cheong-Hwan;Lee, Sang-Ho;Jung, Hong-Ryang;Mo, Eun-Hui
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 2012
  • This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of breast cancer diagnosis of digital mammography which is in the highest interest of breast imaging test, and to investigate the characteristics of breast cancer patients. For this purpose, 57 breast cancer patients who underwent breast imaging test were examined between May 2010 and June 2011. The average age of the breast cancer patients was 50.8 years old, and the most frequently occurring location was the upper outer quadrant (UOQ), accounting for 33.3%. By age, the highest occurrence rate of breast cancer was the age group of 40~49, accounting for 42.1%. As for the breast composition of the breast cancer patients, fatty breast accounted for 31.6% (18/57) and dense breast for 68.4% (39/57), indicating that nearly 70% of the breast cancer patients have dense breast. It was found that the detection rate of breast cancer was the highest (45.3%) when both microcalcification and mass are simultaneously present in the radiographic lesion of the breast imaging. In dense breast, the mass without microcalcification was lower in detection rate than fatty breast. Accordingly, the mass is the cause of raising the false negative rate in dense breast. The findings show that the false negative rate of digital mammography was 7.0% and the sensitivity 93.0%. Also, the false negative rate of dense breast was 12.8%, and the sensitivity 87.2%, indicating that the sensitivity to breast cancer in this study was higher than the dense breast of previously reported screen film mammography.

Related Factors of Regular Breast Examination Before The Incidence of Breast Cancer (유방암(乳房癌) 발병전(發病前) 규칙적(規則的) 검진여부(檢診與否)와 관련요인(關聯要因))

  • Jeung, Jeung-Woo;Na, Baeg-Ju;Kim, Chul-Woung;Lee, Moo-Sik;Kim, Sang-Ha
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.9-12
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구는 임상적, 병리조직학적으로 유방암을 진단 받고 일개 대학병원의 2003년~2008년 유방암환자 440명 대상으로 통원 치료 받는 유방암 환자 382명을 대상으로 여성 유방암 발병전 규칙적 검진 요인을 찾고자 연구를 실시하였다. 즉 유방암 발병전 전문 검사기관에 규칙적인 검사 실시 여부와 요인을 연구하였다. 불충분한 설문지 58명을 제외하고 382명 최종선정 설문지를 연구 분석하였다. 본 연구의 유방암환자 발병전 관련요인에 대한 결과는 다음과 같다.

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Eating patterns and use of nutritional information in breast cancer survivors treated with radiation therapy in South Korea (일반인과 유방암 환자간의 식행동 및 영양정보에 관한 인식조사)

  • Kim, Kyoung-Ok;Park, Hyunjin;Chun, Mison;Lee, Eun Hyun;Kim, Hyun-Sook
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.250-260
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    • 2013
  • The purposes of this study were 1) to investigate eating behaviors and patterns in breast cancer patients using a newly developed food frequency questionnaire and 2) to examine perception and use of nutritional information about breast cancer treatment among cancer patients treated with radiation therapy. Sixty breast cancer patients (case group) undergoing radiation therapy in Ajou University Hospital, Suwon, South Korea and 79 healthy women (control group) participated in this study. Mean age of subjects in the control group was $46.00{\pm}7.88$ years and BMI was $23.12{\pm}2.85kg/m^2$, and that of the case group was $50.06{\pm}11.64$ years and $22.32{\pm}3.24kg/m^2$. The results of eating behaviors showed several significant differences between control and case groups. Breast cancer patients ate meals on a more regular basis, on time, and more frequently compared to control subjects. In addition, they preferred more salty or spicy and bland food compared to healthy women. According to answers from the food frequency questionnaire, breast cancer patients consumed significantly lower amounts of boiled white rice, meats and processed food, fish and shellfish, coffee, milk, and cheese, whereas they consumed a significantly large amount of boiled multigrain rice, vegetable, seaweeds, soybean and processed food, and yoghurt compared to healthy women. This study also observed the way in which cancer patients and healthy control subjects obtain information about breast cancer treatment and its reliabilities. Results showed that healthy women did not hesitate to obtain information from mass media, while breast cancer patients would obtain nutritional information from specialists rather than mass media. Results of this survey confirmed that breast cancer patients avoided intake of red meat protein, even though they already recognized the importance of dietary protein intake for recuperation and treatment of the disease. These results could be used for future diet and nutrition guidelines for breast cancer patients.

Psychosocial Factors Predicting Delayed Diagnosis of Breast Cancer : The Role of Marital Relationship Functioning (지연된 유방암 진단을 예측하는 정신사회적 요인 : 부부관계기능의 역할)

  • Kim, Ji Young;Woo, Jungmin;Lee, Sang Shin;Kim, Hea Won;Khang, Dongwoo;Rim, Hyo-Deog
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : Breast cancer has been the most prevalent female cancer in South Korea since 2001. Early detection of this disease is the most effective strategy for reducing mortality. The objective of this study was to identify factors which could predict advanced stage at diagnosis of breast cancer. Methods : Participants who were initially diagnosed with breast cancer and referred to the Stress Clinic of the Breast Cancer Center at Kyungpook National University Hospital were included. Through a semi-structured interview, the authors investigated psychosocial variables such as the extent of marital and family functioning and emotional-economic family burden as well as sociodemographic and health behavior-, health characteristic- and cancer-related variables. Results : Data were collected from 219 participants. One hundred and twenty(54.8%) subjects were diagnosed with advanced-stage breast cancer. Variables that were significantly different between the advanced-stage and early-stage groups included : monthly breast self examination(p<0.000), annual mammographic screening(p<0.000), mode of tumor detection(p<0.000), nature of the first symptoms(p<0.000), time to treatment after diagnosis(p<0.000), overloaded economic and family burden(p=0.018), marital functioning(p<0.000) and family functioning(p<0.00). Logistic regression analysis indicated that irregular annual mammography screening(OR=7.431 ; 95% CI 2.407-22.944) or a lack of screening(OR=25.299 ; 95% CI 7.855-81.482) and a dysfunctional marital relationship(OR=4.772 ; 95% CI 2.244-10.145) were significantly associated with advanced stage at diagnosis of breast cancer. Conclusions : We reconfirmed screening behavior to be a risk factor for delayed diagnosis of breast cancer. Our findings also emphasized the importance of psychosocial factors such as marital functioning in early detection of breast cancer. Psychiatric consultation in the area of martial functioning could be beneficial for increasing early detection in breast cancer.

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Serum Phospholipid Fatty Acids in Benign Breast Tumor and Breast Cancer (양성 유방 종양과 유방암 환자의 혈청 인지질 지방산 조성)

  • Shim, Eu-Gene;Ahn, Sei-Hyun;Hwang, You-Jeong;Leekim, Yang-Cha
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.213-220
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    • 2009
  • Studies on the relationship between blood fatty acids and the risk of breast cancer have not yielded definite conclusions. The role of fatty acids in the development and progression of breast cancer is unclear. We conducted a case-control study to determine serum phospholipid fatty acid composition in benign breast tumor and breast cancer. Subjects consisted of 27 benign breast tumor and 68 breast cancer patients, and 28 matched controls. The levels of fatty acids were measured by gas chromatography. Higher arachidonic and palmitic acids were observed in breast cancer patients as compared with control and benign breast tumor patients. The percentage of total saturated fatty acids in breast cancer was higher than in control and benign breast tumor patients. The level of stearic acid was lower in benign breast tumor and breast cancer patients. Saturation index, the ratio of stearic to oleic acid, was lower in benign breast tumor and breast cancer patients compared to the control. Moreover, stearic acid was negatively and arachidonic acid was positively correlated with the cancer stage. In conclusion, our results support that serum phospholipid compositions of specific fatty acids are associated with the risk of benign breast tumor as well as breast cancer. Further studies are necessary to investigate mechanisms linked to the breast cancer etiology.