• Title, Summary, Keyword: 울릉분지

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Geomagnetic Field Properties and Magnetic Interpretation in the Southern Part of the Ulleung Basin (鬱陵盆地 남단해역의 地磁場 特性 및 磁氣異常 解析)

  • 박찬홍;석봉출
    • 한국해양학회지
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.117-132
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    • 1991
  • Marine total magnetic intensity over the southern part of the Ulleung Basin and geomagnetic data measured at a land base station are analyzed. Fourteen days observation of geomagnetic field at a fixed on-land base station showed how the geomagnetic field around the study area behaves. geomagnetic data at the base station can also be used as correction data for a diurnal variation. Magnetic anomalies in the study area do not reflect an effect of sea bottom topography but mainly subsurface basement. The southern part of the Ulleung Basin can be devided into two zones according to a different anomaly pattern; along the coastal shelves the isolated anomalies with a short wave and a strong amplitude are dominant, and toward the open sea the anomalies become much more subdued. The high anomaly zone adjoined to land is interpreted to be caused by granitic intrusives or volcanic rocks, and the weak anomaly zone to the outer sea to be arisen from an existence of deep basement. A spectrum analysis is applied to estimate magnetic basement depths from three anomaly profiles with a long period and a weak amplitude toward the outer sea. The calculated depths are 7.0km, 5.0km, and 2.6km respectively from outer profile. The basement might be correlated with the mixed layer of tuff, basalt, and sediment, which had been defined as L-2 layer in the Yamato basin and the Japan Basin.

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A Preliminary Evaluation on CO2 Storage Capacity of the Southwestern Part of Ulleung Basin, Offshore, East Sea (동해 울릉분지 남서 주변부의 이산화탄소 저장 용량 예비 평가)

  • Kim, Yu-Lee;Lee, Keum-Suk;Jo, So-Hyun;Kim, Min-Jun;Kim, Jong-Soo;Park, Myong-Ho
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 2012
  • A theoretical $CO_2$ storage capacity is estimated on the southwestern continental shelf margin of Ulleung Basin, offshore Korea using 2D/3D multi-channel seismic and wellbore data acquired in the area over the two decades since the late 1980s. For the first time in Korea, the present study applies an efficiency factor to the capacity calculation, together with the other required parameters. For possible $CO_2$ storage volume estimation of the study area, we interpreted the seismic data in the Gorae area from 800 m to 3,000 m below the seafloor integrated with the well data, and identified five different seismic units; the limited depth interval is considered because of fluid state of $CO_2$ and tightness of the formation. The total volumes of each seismic unit were converted with a time-depth relation inferred from the checkshot surveys before the other required parameters including porosity and density were applied to compute the potential storage capacity. The accumulated possible storage volume from the five depositional units in the study area is estimated to be approximately 5,100 Mton ($P_{50}$). The approaches made in this study will be applied to the rest area of the basin and other continental shelves (i.e., Yellow Sea and northern part of East China Sea) in the next phase.

High Resolution Gravity Mapping and Its Interpretation from both Shipborne and Satellite Gravity Data in the Ulleung Basin (울릉분지에서의 선상중력과 위성중력 통합에 의한 중력 해상도 향상 및 해석)

  • Park, Chan Hong;Kim, Jeong U;Heo, Sik;Won, Jung Seon;Seok, Bong Chul;Yu, Hae Su
    • Journal of the Korean Geophysical Society
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 1999
  • The errors between track segments or at the cross-over points of shipborne gravity were successfully reduced by applying a cross-over error adjustment technique using satellite gravity. The integration of shipborne and satellite altimeter-implied free-air gravity anomalies after the cross-over error adjustment resulted in a high resolution gravity map which contains both short and long wavelength components. The successful adjustment of the cross-over errors in the shipborne gravity using the satellite gravity suggests that the shipborne gravity can be combined with the satellite anomalies characterized by a stable and long wavelength component. The resulting free-air anomaly map is evenly harmonized with both short and long wavelength anomalies. Thus the corrected anomaly map can be better used for the geological interpretation. Free-air anomalies with more than 140 mGal in total variations generally correspond to the seafloor topographic changes in their regional patterns. A series of gravity highs are aligned from the Korea Plateau to the Oki Island, which are interpreted to be caused by seamounts or volcanic topographies. The gravity minima along the western and southern shelf edge are associated not only with the local basement morphology and thick sediment fill at the continental margin, but also possibly with the crustal edge effect known for passive continental margins. Series of NE-trending linear anomalies are possibly caused by a swarm of volcanic intrusions followed the initial opening of the Ulleung Basin. The linear high anomalies in the Ulleung Plateau are terminated by the straightly NNW-trending anomalies with a sharp gradient in its western boundary which indicates a fault-line scarp. The opposite side adjoined with the fault-line scarp shows no correlation with the fault-line scarp in geometry indicating that the block might be horizontally slided from the north. A gravity high in contrast to the deepening in seafloor toward the northeastern central Ulleung Basin is probably responsible for the thin crust and shallow seated mantle. The gravity minima along the western and southern shelf edge are associated not only with the local basement morphology and thick sediment fill at the continental margin, but also possibly with the crustal edge effect known for passive continental margins. Series of NE-trending linear anomalies are possibly caused by a swarm of volcanic intrusions followed the initial opening of the Ulleung Basin. The linear high anomalies in the Ulleung Plateau are terminated by the straightly NNW-trending anomalies with a sharp gradient in its western boundary which indicates a fault-line scarp. The opposite side adjoined with the fault-line scarp shows no correlation with the fault-line scarp in geometry indicating that the block might be horizontally slided from the north. A gravity high in contrast to the deepening in seafloor toward the northeastern central Ulleung Basin is probably suggestive of a thin crust and shallow seated mantle.

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Geological Structure and Depositional Environments in the Dok Island, East Sea (독도 주변해역의 지구조와 퇴적환경)

  • Huh Sik;Park Cha-Hong;Yoo Hai-Soo;Han Sang-Joon
    • 한국지구물리탐사학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.145-150
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    • 2005
  • A maximum of 3 km thickness of sediments were deposited above basement deformed by volcanic activities around the Dok Island. As the geological structure, the tension caused the basement-involved normal faults in the early stage of basin formation, whereas the sediment layers showed normal faults, volcanic domes and sills caused by volcanic activities. From the distribution of volcanics in order of age at the Ulleung Basin, volcanic activities were increased toward the northeastern direction (toward Dok Island). The study area is characterized by extensional crustal deformation before sediment deposition during the Early or Middle Miocene age, After the Late Miocene age, the basin was deformed by deep buried volcanics or subsidence of basin, in consequence, became complex geological structures.

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Geological Structure and Depositional Environments in the Dok Island, East Sea (독도 주변해역의 지구조와 퇴적환경)

  • Huh, Sik;Park, Chan-Hong;Yoo, Hai-Soo;Han, Sang-Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Geophysical Society
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.131-135
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    • 2005
  • A maximum of 3 km thickness of sediments were deposited above basement deformed by volcanic activities around the Dok Island. As the geological structure, the tension caused the basement-involved normal faults in the early stage of basin formation, whereas the sediment layers showed normal faults, volcanic domes and sills caused by volcanic activities. From the distribution of volcanics in order of age at the Ulleung Basin, volcanic activities were increased toward the northeastern direction(toward Dok Island). The study area is characterized by extensional crustal deformation before sediment deposition during the Early or Middle Miocene age. After the Late Miocene age, the basin was deformed by deep buried volcanics or subsidence of basin, in consequence, became complex geological structures.

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Submerged Temperature Measurements using SUS-Ocean Acoustic Tomography Technology in the East Sea : Preliminary Results (동해에서 SUS-해양음향 토모그래피를 적용한 해양내부 수온관측 : 예비결과)

  • 한상규
    • Proceedings of the Acoustical Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.141-146
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    • 1998
  • 동해 울릉분지에서 해양내부에 수온구조 파악을 위하여 수중 폭발성 음원인 SUS를 이용한 해양음향 토모그래피 실험을 1998년 8월에 실시하였다. 토모그래피 실험은 30, 60 km 반경으로 36개의 지점에서 항공기를 이용하여 SUS를 투하하고 관측해역 중앙에 위치한 선박에서 선배열수신기 (10개의 수신기 배열)로 수신하였다. 토모그래피 실험에 의한 역산 결과를 비교하기 위하여 AXBT를 이용한 수온관측이 동시에 수행되었다. AXBT 관측으로 울릉분지에서 자주 나타나는 난수성 소용돌이가 관측되었으며 이는 관측해역의 남동쪽에 위치하고 있으며 남서방향에서 북동방향으로 진행하는 형태를 보이고 있다. 음파의 도달시간 차이를 이용한 역산결과는 해양내부의 수온분포를 보여주는데 오차가 커서 새로운 해양음향 토모그래피 기법의 도입 필요성을 제시한다.

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Characterization of thermal conduction for gas hydrate bearing in-situ sediments (울릉분지 현장 시료와 F110표준사를 이용한 GH함유토의 열전달 양상 분석)

  • Kim, Young Jin;Yun, T.S.
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.148.1-148.1
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구에서는 가스 하이드레이트의 미래 상업생산을 위한 연구활동으로 동해 울릉분지 현장시료를 채취하여 가스 하이드레이트 함유토의 열전도 현상에 관한 연구를 실시하였다. 두 종류의 현장시료를 이용하여 메탄 하이드레이트를 생성하여 공극비 및 포화도에 따라 조건을 달리하여 실험을 수행하였다. 열전도도 측정을 위하여 Transient Plane Source (TPS) 기법을 이용하였다. 현장시료의 사용에 앞서 예비실험으로써 F110표준사를 사용, 비교 분석 자료로써 활용하였다. 하이드레이트 생성 확률을 높이는 기법으로써 불포화시료를 동결, 해동 후 가스를 주입하였으며 동결된 불포화 시료의 열전달양상의 변화를 함께 고찰하였다. 실험결과, 하이드레이트의 포화도가 증가함에 따라 함유토의 열전도도의 증가함을 알 수 있어다. 거의 동일한 물과 GH의 열전도도에도 불구하고 하이드레이트 결정화 작용으로 동일한 포화도의 불포화 시료와 비교하여 약간의 상승을 보였다. 또한 공극비 및 흙을 구성하는 미네랄의 성분에 따라 열전도도의 발현 양상이 상이함을 관찰하였다. 이에 차후 하이드레이트 생산을 위한 현장 측정 및 전산 모사시 이에 관한 고려가 필요할 것으로 사료된다.

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Geophysical study about gas hydrate formation in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea (동해 울릉분지 가스하이드레이트 형성에 관한 지구물리해석)

  • Kang, Dong-Hyo;Ryu, Byong-Jae;Yoo, Dong-Geun;Bahk, Jang-Jun;Koo, Nam-Hyung;Kim, Won-Sik
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.680-681
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    • 2009
  • On the basis of seismic interpretation, seismic indicators of gas hydrate and associated gas such as bottom simulating reflector (BSR), acoustic blanking, column structure, gas seepage, enhanced reflection were identified in the Ulleung Basin. Fractures, faults, sandy layer could be the migration pathways transporting fluid and gas to stability zone. The formation of gas hydrate in the Ulleung Basin include: (1) nodules, veins, layers in muddy sediments and disseminated forms in sandy layer within localized column structure, (2) disseminated forms in sandy layer, and (3) disseminated forms in sandy layer just above BSR.

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