• Title, Summary, Keyword: 울릉분지

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A study of push core sediments and topographical controls around the shallow gas hydrate site in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea (울릉분지 천부 가스하이드레이트 부존지역에서의 해저지형변화에 따른 퇴적물 특성 연구)

  • Chun, Jong-Hwa;Lee, Joo-Yong;Kim, Hak-Joo;Kang, Nyeon-Keon;Nam, Sung-Il
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.200-202
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    • 2008
  • 동해 울릉분지에서는 시추선 RemEtive를 사용하여 UBGH-X-01 가스하이드레이트 탐사가 2007년에 실시되었다. 본 연구에서는 천부 가스하이드레이트가 확인된 UBGH1-10 정점에서 무인잠수정(Quantam WROV)을 사용하여 획득된 푸쉬코어와 해저지형 분석을 수행되었다.UBGH1-10 정점은 seismic chimneys의 탄성파 특성이 발달된 지역이다. 이곳에서는 해저표면으로부터 수 m 하부에서 가스하이드레이트가 발견되었다. 이 정점은 수 m 높이의 얕은 둔덕들이 무인잠수정에 부착된 비디오 카메라에 의해서 관찰되었다.이곳에서 채취된 길이 약40 cm의 푸쉬코어는 생물교란된 뻘질 퇴적물로 구성되어 있으며, 가스하이드레이트와 chemosynthetic community는 관찰되지 않았다. 푸쉬코어는 X-ray fluorescence scanner를 사용하여 퇴적물의 26가지 원소 조성을 분석하였다. UBGH1-10 정점의 산화환원환경은 Mo/Al과 Mn/Ti 원소비를 이용하여 천부 가스하이드레이트가 발견되지 않은 UBGH1-9와 UBGH1-1 정점과 대비하였다. 이 정점의 일차생산력은 Ba/Al 원소비를 이용하여 다른 정점과 대비하였다. 천부 가스하이드레이트가 발견된 UBGH1-10 정점은 활발한 가스방출과 관련된 생물집단 서식 또는 자생광물 형성의 흔적이 발견되지 않으며, 퇴적물에서도 산화환원환경과 일차생산력의 큰 차이가 관찰되지 않는다.

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A comparison between organic matters and sedimentary facies in the Ulleung Basin, East Se (동해 울릉분지의 퇴적상과 유기물 특성 대비)

  • Chun, Jong-Hwa;Kwon, Young-Ihn;Kim, Ji-Hoon;Kim, Hag-Ju;Ryu, Byoung-Jae;Son, Byeong-Kook;Lee, Young-Joo;Lee, Ho-Young
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.504-506
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    • 2007
  • 동해 울릉분지에서 채취된 피스톤 코어 시료의 퇴적상과 유기물 특성을 대비하였다. 코어 시료의 퇴적상은 크게 홀로세 생물교란된 뻘 퇴적상과 빙하기의 다양한(생물교란된, 엽리가 발달된) 뻘 퇴적상으로 구분되었다. 코어 시료의 유기물 특성은 총유기탄소함량과 퇴적물 밝기($L^{\ast}$), 석영 함량, 오팔A 함량을 대비하여 밝혔다. 총유기탄소함량은 퇴적물 밝기와 높은 상관계수를 가진다. 코어 시료의 석영 함량은 총유기탄소함량과 퇴적시기에 따른 상관관계의 차이를 보이는데, 이것은 퇴적기작 차이에 의한 것으로 해석된다. 그리고 오팔 A와 총유기탄소함량의 상관관계는 퇴적장소에 따라 차이를 갖는다. 동해 울릉분지 코어 시료는 총유기탄소함량과 퇴적물 밝기가 높은 상관계수를 갖는데, 이것은 초기속성작용의 영향이 크지 않았음을 지시하는 것이다. 후기 홀로세에서는 총유기탄소함량이 거의 일정한 구간에서도 오팔A 함량이 큰 차이가 나타나는데, 이것은 퇴적장소에 따라 고해양 생산력의 차이가 있었음을 지시하는 것이다.

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The 2nd Ulleung Basin Gas Hydrate Drilling Expedition (UBGH2) (울릉분지 가스 하이드레이트 2차 시추)

  • Ryu, Byong-Jae;Lee, Sung-Rock;Yoo, Dong-Geun;Kim, Gil-Young;Chun, Jong-Hwa;Bahk, Jang-Jun;Kim, Ji-Hoon;Lee, Joo-Yong
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.147.1-147.1
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    • 2011
  • 지식경제부 가스 하이드레이트 개발사업의 일환으로 동해 울릉분지 가스 하이드레이트 2차 시추(Ulleung Basin Gas Hydrate Drilling Expedition: UBGH2)가 2010년 7월 8일부터 9월 30일까지 D/V Fugro Synergy를 이용하여 수행되었다. UBGH2 수행을 위해 선정된 13개 site에서 약 1개월 동안 Schlumberger사의 장비를 이용 Logging-While-Drilling/Measurement-While-Drilling(LWD/MWD) 자료를 취득하였다. LWD/MWD 자료는 선상에서 분석되었으며, 이 결과는 coring 및 borehole plan 수립을 위하여 활용되었다. Coring Phase 동안 10개 site의 18개 hole로부터 퇴적물 코어 시료를 채취하고 선상에서 퇴적학, 지구화학, 생지화학, 물리적 특성 등 각종 분석과 측정 작업을 수행하였다. 약 2개월에 걸쳐 수행된 coring phase 동안에 2개 site에서 FAOL(Fugro Alluvial Offshore Limited)사의 장비를 이용 Wireline Logging/Vertical Seismic Profile(WL/VSP) 자료도 취득하였다. LWD/MWD phase와 coring phase 동안 12개 site에서 무인잠수정(remotely operated vehicle: ROV)를 이용하여 퇴적물 시료 채취, 해저면 관찰, 용존메탄 측정 등의 작업을 수행하였으며, 선상에서 취득된 이들 자료를 분석하였다. Coring을 수행한 모든 site에서 가스 하이드레이트 부존을 확인하였으며, 다양한 산상의 가스 하이드레이트 실물을 회수하고 분석하였다.

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Gravity Characteristics on the Eastern Asia by using GRACE Data (GRACE자료를 이용한 동아시아의 중력특성)

  • Yu Sang Hoon;Min Kyung Duck
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.299-304
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    • 2005
  • Geoid undulation and gravity anomaly were calculated from GRACE satellite data on the eastern Asia including Korean peninsula. Geoid undulation varies from -60m in the China to 60m toward the Pacific Ocean across the Korean Peninsula. Calculated gravity anomalies are in the range of -60 and 60 mgal except the subduction zone showing -100 mgal. High positive values are observed at Mt. Baekdu, Kaema highland and Taebaek mountains, and low values at Ulleung, Japan and Yamato basins in the East sea. We removed regional components below the spherical harmonic degree of 10 from gravity anomaly to get the residual anomaly for crust components. Residual gravity anomaly shows high anomalies at the northern mountainous area and Kyungsang basin in the Korean Peninsula. And low anomalies appears at the western Korea bay basin, Kunsan basin, Cheju basin, and Ulleung basin in the marine. Anomalies separated by the spherical harmonic degree as well as the residual anomalies are useful for the study of large crustal structure about geologic scale and depth distribution and for the survey of natural resources.

Implications of Deep Nitrite in the Ulleung Basin (울릉 분지 저층수의 아질산염)

  • Lee, Tong-Sup;Kim, Il-Nam;Kang, Dong-Jin;Kim, Dong-Seon
    • The Sea:JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF OCEANOGRAPHY
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.239-243
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    • 2007
  • Presence of bottom water nitrite in the Ulleung Basin was remarkable because it is totally unexpected phenomenon at such an oxygen-rich environment. Yet no scientific explanation was set forward. Of several plausible explanations, following the Ockham's suggestion, a leaching of nitrite as an intermediate product of denitrification in the top sediment at the slope is most agreeable to given environmental settings. There seems no complementary process to make up the loss of N in the Ulleung Basin, which seems contribute to the characteristically low N:P ratio in the deep waters. If warming proceeds that weakens the thermohaline circulation, a current biological pump may stall and the phytoplankton assemblage might replaced drastically. If so this will pause an utmost challenge to the ecosystem of the East/Japan Sea. Still there remains a contradictory sedimentary signature that requests further explanation regarding the N (or organic C)-cycle such as extraordinarily high organic carbon content despite abundant oxidants in the overlying waters.

Seismic Evidence and Characteristics of Gas Hydrate in the Ulleung Basin (탄성파 자료에서 나타난 울릉분지내 가스수화물의 증거와 특성)

  • Kim, Han-Joon;Jou, Hyeong-Tae;Koo, Nam-Hyeong;Yoo, Dong-G.;Suk, Bong-Chool;Yoo, Hai-Soo;Lee, Ho-Young;Park, Keun-Pil
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.148-152
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    • 2008
  • Multichannel seismic profiles reveal a strong bottom simulating reflector (BSR) occurring below the seafloor in the plain of the Ulleung Basin, East Sea (Japan Sea). The essential characteristics of the BSR include its cross-cutting relationship to strata, strong amplitude, and reverse polarity with respect to the seafloor reflection, representing the base of the gas hydrate stability zone (BHSZ). The BSR reflection coefficient ranging from -0.23 to -0.26 is 1.5${\sim}$1.7 times that of the seafloor reflection and interval velocities decrease to less than 700 m/s below the BSR. These features indicate the existence of free gas beneath the GHSZ. Heat flow, estimated from the BSR depth as $95{\sim}98mW/m^2$, is in good agreement with measured values. Therefore, the BSR can be efficiently used to estimate regional distribution of heat flow in the Ulleung Basin.

Acoustic Characteristics of Gas-related Structures in the Upper Sedimentary Layer of the Ulleung Basin, East Sea (동해 울릉분지 퇴적층 상부에 존재하는 가스관련 퇴적구조의 음향 특성연구)

  • Park, Hyun-Tak;Yoo, Dong-Geun;Han, Hyuk-Soo;Lee, Jeong-Min;Park, Soo-Chul
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.513-523
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    • 2012
  • The upper sedimentary layer of the Ulleung Basin in the East Sea shows stacked mass-flow deposits such as slide/slump deposits in the upper slope, debris-flow deposits in the middle and lower slope, and turbidites in the basin plain. Shallow gases or gas hydrates are also reported in many area of the Ulleung Basin, which are very important in terms of marine resources, environmental changes, and geohazard. This paper aims at studying acoustic characteristics and distribution pattern of gas-related structures such as acoustic column, enhanced reflector, dome structure, pockmark, and gas seepage in the upper sedimentary layer, by analysing high-resolution chirp profiles. Acoustic column shows a transparent pillar shape in the sedimentary layer and mainly occurs in the basin plain. Enhanced reflector is characterized by an increased amplitude and laterally extended to several tens up kilometers. Dome structure is characterized by an upward convex feature at the seabed, and mainly occurs in the lower slope. The pockmark shows a small crater-like feature and usually occurs in the middle and lower slope. Gas seepage is commonly found in the middle slope of the southern Ulleung Basin. These gas-related structures seem to be mainly caused by gas migration and escape in the sedimentary layer. The distribution pattern of the gas-related structures indicates that formation of these structures in the Ulleung Basin is controlled not only by sedimentary facies in upper sedimentary layer but also by gas-solubility changes depending on water depth. Especially, it is interpreted that the chaotic and discontinuous sedimentary structures of debris-flow deposits cause the facilitation of gas migration, whereas the continuous sedimentary layers of turbidites restrict the vertical migration of gases.

Study on the Characteristics of Gas Hydrate Layers Distributed in the Southern Ulleung Basin, the East Sea (동해 울릉분지 남부해역에 분포하는 가스 하이드레이트층의 특성 연구)

  • Huh Sik;Yoo Hai-Soo;Kim Han-Joon;Han Sang-Joon;Lee Yong-Kuk
    • The Korean Journal of Petroleum Geology
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    • v.10 no.1_2
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    • pp.18-22
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    • 2004
  • To identify and interpret the distribution and the characteristics of the gas hydrate layers in the Ulleung Basin, we have surveyed and gathered the multi-channel seismic data, Chirp sub-bottom profiler, SeaBeam and 12 m piston core samples since 1996. In previous works, high-resolution seismic profiles showed acoustic anomalies such as acoustic void, acoustic turbidity and pock mark which indicate the presence of gas-charged sediments. The patterns of horizontal degassing cracks originated from free methane expansion is the strong indicator of shallow gas-charged sediments in the core samples. The observation of submarine slides and slumps from destabilizing the sediments in the southern part of the Ulleung Basin may also point out that the gas had been released from gas hydrate dissociation during lowstand of sea level. The multi-channel seismic data show BSR, blanking and phase reversal. The gas hydrate layers above which large-scale shallow gases are distributed exist at the depth of about 200 m from the sea-floor with water depth of 2,100 m. From the interpretation of seismic sections in the southern Ulleung Basin, gas hydrate layers occur in the Pleistocene-Holocene sediments. These gas-charged sediments, acoustic anomalies and BSR may be all related to the existence of gas hydrate layers in the study area.

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A study on the crustal structure of the continental margin in the East Sea along the Korea Peninsula using potential data (포텐셜자료를 이용한 한반도 동해 대륙주변부의 지각구조에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Chang-Hwan;Yoo, Lee-Sun;Park, Chan-Hong;Suk, Dong-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Geophysical Society
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.13-25
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    • 2007
  • We investigated the undulation of Moho depth and the crustal structure of the continental margin in the East Sea along the Korea Peninsula from inversion and modelling using potential data and previous seismic results. Free-air gravity anomalies generally reflect topography effect. Bouguer gravity anomalies increase toward the Ulleung Basin, indicating that Moho depth is shallower under the Ulleung Basin. Positive magnetic anomalies exist along the continental margin and decrease toward the Ulleung Basin. In analytic signal, the small anomaly in the Hupo Bank infers that the Hupo Bank is uplifted by igneous intrusion and the strong anomaly on the continental slope denotes existence of SDR(seaward dipping reflectors), which are in accordance with the location of SDR detected in previous seismic studies. The inversion result of Bouguer gravity anomaly and the 2-dimensional gravity modelling indicate that the undulation of Moho depth shallows from the continental shelf toward the Ulleung Basin. This is in good agreement with the Moho depth calculated by the previous seismic velocity model using ocean bottom seismometer(OBS). The 2-dimensional gravity modelling infers magmatic underplating zone under the lower continental crust on the continental margin of the East Sea, indicating the possible rifiting of the continental margin.

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Spatial and Temporal Variation of Dissolved Inorganic Radiocarbon in the East Sea (동해 용존무기탄소 중 방사성탄소의 분지별 비교 및 시간에 따른 변화)

  • Sim, Bo-Ram;Kang, Dong-Jin;Park, Young Gyu;Kim, Kyung-Ryul
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.111-119
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the spatial and temporal variation of dissolved inorganic radiocarbon in the East Sea. Five vertical profiles of radiocarbon values were obtained from samples collected in 1999 in three basins (Japan Basin, Ulleung Basin, Yamato Basin) of the East Sea. Radiocarbon values decreased from 63- 85‰ at the surface to about -50‰ with increasing depth (up to 2,000 m) and were nearly constant in the layer deeper than 2,000 m in all basins. Radiocarbon values did not show significant basin-to-basin differences in the surface and the bottom layers. In the intermediate layer (200-2,000 m), however, they decreased in the order of Japan Basin > Ulleung Basin > Yamato Basin, which is consistent with the suggested circulation pattern in the intermediate layer of the East Sea. Radiocarbon was found to have decreased at ~2%/year in the surface water of the East Sea. In contrast, in the interior of the East Sea, radiocarbon values have increased with time in all three basins. In the Central Water, the annual increase rate was about 3.3‰, which is faster than the rates in the Deep and Bottom Waters. The radiocarbon in the Deep and Bottom Waters had increased until mid-1990s, after which time it has been almost constant.