• Title, Summary, Keyword: 울릉분지

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Slope Stability and Development of Debris Flow Deposit in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea (동해 울릉분지의 사면안정성 및 쇄설류 퇴적체의 발달)

  • Lee, Sun-Jong;Lee, Jeong-Min;Yoo, Dong-Geun;Lee, Go-Eun;Park, Soo-Chul
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.129-143
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    • 2017
  • The shallow sediments in the southwestern Ulleung Basin consist of mass flow deposits such as slide/slump and debris flow deposits (DFD), caused by slope failure. These sediments are proven to be important in studying geological disaster and stability of the seafloor. In this paper, we analysised the flow accumulation and slope failure susceptibility of the Ulleung Basin on the basis of multi-beam data, collected in this area. We also studied the distribution pattern and the seismic characteristics of the DFD in the uppermost layer of the Ulleung Basin on the basis of seismic data. The slope susceptibility was calculated as the frequency ratio of each factors including slope, aspect, curvature and stream power index (SPI), which causes the slope failure. These results indicate that the slope failure is frequently to occur in the southern and western continental slope of the Ulleung Basin. The sediment flow (mass flow) caused by the slope failure converges to the north and northwest of the Ulleung Basin. According to the seismic characteristics, the uppermost layer in study area can be divided into four sedimentary unit. These sedimentary units develop from the south and southwest to the north and northwest in association with slope susceptibility and flow accumulation.

Stratigraphical and Sedimentological Studies on Core Sediments from the Southwestern Ulleung Basin, East Sea (울릉분지 남서부 해역의 천부퇴적물에 대한 층서$\cdot$퇴적학적 연구)

  • 박명호;류병재;김일수;정태진;이영주;유강민
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.171-177
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    • 2002
  • Two piston-core sediments, obtained from the southwestern margin of the Ulleung Basin in East Sea, are analyzed to investigate the stratigraphy and sedimentary environment of the Late Quaternary. The cores consist mainly of cuddy sediments with silty sands, lapilli tephra and ash layers. The chronostratigraphic correlation with known eruption ages reveals that the core sediments contain the stratigraphic document over the past 46.1 kyr and the sedimentation rates during the last glacial period were relatively higher (12.1-14.9 cm/kyr) than those in pelagic ocean. Several sedimentary facies, mainly affected by turbidity currents, are commonly present in the core interval accumulated during the oxygen-isotope stage 2. Many of horizontal voids, which are thought to have formed by gas expansion, are observed in fore 00GHP-07. The total organic carbon (TOC) contents of the core sediments are noticeably high (average 1 .8%). Particularly, these TOC valuers increased during Termination I, suggesting that dering this time interval the sedimentary environment of the study area was changed to more anoxic.

Cenozoic Geological Structures and Tectonic Evolution of the Southern Ulleung Basin, East Sea(Sea of Japan) (동해 울릉분지 남부해역의 신생대 지질구조 및 지구조 진화)

  • Choi Dong-Lim;Oh Jae-Kyung;Mikio SATOH
    • The Korean Journal of Petroleum Geology
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.59-70
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    • 1994
  • The Cenozoic geological structures and the tectonic evolution of the southern Ulleung Basin were studied with seismic profiles and exploration well data. Basement structure of the Korea Strait is distinctly characterized by normal faults trending northeast to southwest. The normal faults of the basement are most likely related to the initial liking and extensional tectonics of Ulleung Basin. Tsushima fault along the west coast of Tsushima islands runs northeastward to the central Ulleung Basin. The Middle Miocene and older sequences in the Tsushima Strait show folds and faults mostly trending northeast to southwest. These folds and faults may be interpreted as a result of compressional tectonics. The Late Miocene to Qauternary sequences are not much deformed, but numerous faults mostly N-S trending are dominated in the Tsushima Strait. The Ulleung Basin was in intial rifting during Oligocene, and then active extension and subsidence from Early to early Middle Miocene. Therefore SW Japan separated from Korea Peninsula and drifted toward southeast, and Ulleung Basin was formed as a pull-apart basin under dextral transtensional tectonic regime. During rifting and extensional stage, Tsushima fault as a main tectonic line separating SW Japan block from the Korean Peninsula acted as a normal faulting with right-lateral strike-slip motion as SW Japan drifted southeastward. During middle Middle Miocene to early Late Miocene, the opening of Ulleung basin stopped and uplifted due to compressional tectonics. The southwest Japan block converging on the Korean Peninsula caused compressional stress to the southern margin of Ulleung Basin, resulting in strong deformation under sinistral transpressional tectonic regime. Tsushima fault acted as thrust fault with left-lateral strike-slip motion. From middle Late Miocene to Quaternary, the southern margin of Ulleung Basin has been controlled by compressional motion. Thus the Tsushima fault still appears to be an active thrust fault by compressional tectonic regime.

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Characteristics of Element Geochemistry in Ulleung Basin Sediments During the Late Quaternary (제4기 후기 동안 동해 울릉분지 퇴적물내 원소 함량 특성과 기원지 연구)

  • Um, In-Kwon;Choi, Man-Sik;Shin, Hyung-Sun
    • The Sea:JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN SOCIETY OF OCEANOGRAPHY
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.69-79
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    • 2009
  • Major and trace elements were analyzed in three core sediments to investigate geochemical characteristics of East Sea sediments and provenance changes during late Quaternary in Ulleung Basin. Comparing with Yellow and South Sea sediments, contents of major elements were generally similar while contents of trace elements were significantly different. Furthermore, within this basin, there were some variabilities in trace element compositions. In the western slope sediments (WS), Mo was enriched over 6 times as much as other sites. On the other hand, Zr, Nb, Hf and Ta were enriched in basin sediments (Basin), and Ca and Cs were enriched in southern slope sediments (SS). After excluding elements derived from biogenic, authigenic and diagenetic origins, the lithogenic elements (K, Ti, Cs, Zr, Nb, Hf and Ta) could be classified into three groups from the comparison of element/Al ratios among cores. The first group consisted of elements (K and Ti) that showed the nearly similar element/Al ratios among three cores. The second group contained Cs which showed significant difference between two slope sediments. The third group elements (Zr, Nb, Hf and Ta) showed highly enriched in basin relative to both slope areas. The depth profiles of metal/Al ratios in basin sediments provided the following interpretation for the compositions of sediment and their variation. From 10,000 yr B.P. to 7,000 yr B.P. two lithogenic components (volcanic ashes and western slope sediments) were mixed and deposited in the basin. After 7,000 yr B.P., however, southern slope sediments were mixed with volcanic ashes and deposited in basin area. This event of source change is nearly close to inflow period of the Tsushima Warm Current to Ulleung Basin. Thus, it might be suggested that element geochemistry in Ulleung basin sediment indicate the change of current system in the study area.

동해 울릉분지 남서부 천부퇴적층의 퇴적학적 특성 및 지화학 연구

  • 김일수;류병재;박명호;정태진;이영주;유강민
    • 한국석유지질학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.56-62
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    • 2001
  • 울릉분지 남서부 해역에서 채취한 두 개의 피스톤 코어 (piston core) 시료를 이용하여 퇴적학 및 지화학적 특성을 연구하였다. 코어는 제4기말의 이질 퇴적물로 대부분 구성되어 있고, 테프라 (tephra layer)와 사질 퇴적물이 일부 협재되어 나타난다. 기존 확인된 울릉분지의 테프라를 이용하여 층서 대비를 한 결과, 두 코어는 대양보다는 높은 퇴적률 (10-12cm/kyr)을 갖는다. 이는 코어가 약 4만 4천년 전의 기록부터 시작하고 있음을 의미한다. 동위원소 층서 2 (마지막 빙기) 중에 형성된 구간에서는 저탁류의 영향을 많이 받은 여러 종류의 퇴적상들이 교호하여 나타난다. 코어의 하부 구간에서는 가스의 방출에 의하여 형성된 것으로 사료되는 수평균열이 다수 관찰된다. 두 코어에서 측정된 유기탄소 (organic carbon) 함량은 평균 $1.8\% $(0.1-4.5\%)$으로 열린 바다 (open sea) 퇴적물의 유기탄소 함량보다 높다. 이는 Termination I 시기 때 해수면 상승으로 인해 산소가 다소 결핍된 환경으로 전이되면서 유기탄소의 양이 증가하였음을 보여주는 것으로 해석된다.

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Geochemical characteristics of sediment, pore water, and headspace gas in the Ulleung Basin (울릉분지 퇴적물, 공극수 및 공기층 가스의 지화학적 특징)

  • Kim, Ji-Hoon;Park, Myong-Ho;Ryu, Byong-Jae;Lee, Young-Joo;Jin, Young-Keun
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.373-376
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    • 2006
  • 본 연구의 목적은 동해 울릉분지의 제4기 후기 퇴적물 내의 유기물, 공극수와 메탄의 특징 및 상호작용을 규명하는데 있다. 연구지역에서 채취한 코어퇴적물을 원소 분석한 결과 C/N 및 C/S 비(wt. %)는 퇴적물 내 유기물이 주로 해양조류 기원을 가지고, 일반적인 해양 또는 정체 환경에서 퇴적되어Tdam을 지시한다. 그러나 Rock-Eval 열분석 결과는 유기물 기원이 육상식물(Type III)이고, 열적 성숙단계가 미성숙단계임을 보여준다. 이러한 원소분석과 열분석간의 상반된 결과는 유기물이 침강하는 동안 또는 퇴적 후 이루어진 강한 산화작용에 기인한 것으로 추정된다. 퇴적물 내 공극수의 황산염 농도가 퇴적물의 심도가 증가할수록 감소하며, 감소하는 경향은 크게 두 가지 (적선성, concave down)로 나누어진다. 이는 모든 코어에서 황산엽 환원작용이 일어나고 있음을 지시한다. 또한 직선선의 황산엽농도 구배는 무산소 메탄 산화작용(AMO)의 전형적인 특징이다. 황산염 농도의 수직적 구배를 이용하여 SMI(sulfate-methane interface) 심도를 계산하면, 남부울릉분지의 코어 (03GHP-01, 03GHP-02; <3.5mbsf)가 북부울릉분지 코어(01GHP-05, 01GHP-07, 03GHP-03, 03GHP-04, 03GHP-05; > 6mbsf)보다 낮은 값을 갖는다. 위와 같은 SMI 심도차는 메탄의 상부 분산량과 밀접한 관련있는 것으로 추정된다. 메탄가스의 탄소 안정동위원소 $({\delta}^{13}C)$ 분석값들은 -83.5%o에서 -69.5%o의 범위를 가지고 있고, 이산화탄소 환원작용($CO)_2$ reduction)에 의한 생물 (biogenic) 기원임을 지시한다.

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Mineral Composition of the Sediment of Ulleung Basin, Korea (울릉분지 퇴적물의 광물조성)

  • Son, Byeong-Kook;Kim, Hag-Ju;Ahn, Gi-Oh
    • Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.115-127
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    • 2009
  • Mineral quantification was performed on sediments of the Ulleung basin by X-ray powder diffraction and the computer software based on Rietveld quantification method. The sediments are dominated by amorphous opal-A with quartz, feldspars, micas, clays, calcite, and pyrite. The opal-A shows iterative variation in abundance with increasing burial depth. In addition, the relative abundance of opal-A is coincident with abundance of organic carbon contents, indicating that the Ulleung sediment consists mostly of amorphous silica derived from organism in the pelagic environment. Upward increase in the abundance of opal-A is markedly shown in the cores located in the slope region. On the other hand, there is a distinct tendency that the abundance of calcite is inversely proportional to that of opal-A. This indicates that the abundance of opal-A increases during the rise of sea level. Also, the fall of sea level lowers the abundance of opal-A.

Naming of Undersea Features in the East Sea (동해 해저지형의 명명)

  • Kwon, Youg-Rak;Choi, Jing-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.623-629
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    • 2006
  • At present, 3 names about undersea features in the East Sea - Korean Plateau, Tsushima Basin, Syun-yo Bank - are listed on Gazetteer Any explanations are not given for registration of these names. Just it seems that the names written on International marine chart(INT 511) were recorded to Gazetteer. Furthermore Tsushima Basin and Syun-yo Bank have no oceanographic, geologic reason and geographical relevance, and the names should be replaced by Ulleung Basin and Isabu Tablemount, respectively, that is deeply related to geographical relevance and genetic origin.

Gas Hydrate Exploration Using LWD/MWD in the Ulleung Basin, the East Sea of Korea (LWD/MWD를 이용한 동해 울릉분지 가스하이드레이트 탐사)

  • Kim, Gil-Young;Yoo, Dong-Geun;Kim, Won-Sik;Lee, Ho-Young;Park, Keun-Pil
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.263-270
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    • 2008
  • The Gas Hydrate Research and Development Organization (KGHDO) of Korea accomplished successfully geophysical logging (LWD: Logging While Drilling, MWD: Measurement While Drilling) for five sites in 2007, in order to investigate the presence of gas hydrate in the Ulleung Basin, the East Sea of Korea. The togging parameters acquired from LWD/MWD dre electrical resistivity, acoustic velocity, neutron density and porosity, and natural gamma. In addition, pressure, temperature, and diameter of borehole were measured. LWD/MWD data showed several evidences indicating the presence of gas hydrate. Based on LWD/MWD data, three coring sites were selected for sampling of gas hydrate. Subsequently, various gas hydrate samples were collected directly from three sites. Therefore. the presence of gas hydrates was verified by coring. LWD/MWD data will be significantly used to estimate the amount of gas hydrate. Also, they will provide important information to elucidate about sedimentologic characteristics of gas-hydrate bearing formation and sedimentary environment of the Ulleung Basin.

Amplitude Variation Analysis for Deep Sea Seismic Data in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea (동해 울릉분지 심해 탄성파 탐사자료 진폭변화분석)

  • Cheong, Snons;Kim, Youngjun;Kim, Byungyup;Koo, NamHyung;Lee, Ho-Young
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.163-170
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    • 2013
  • The amplitude variation with offset of seismic data can detect fluids in the sediment and resolve the petrophysical properties of hydrocarbons in the subsurface. We analyzed and described the amplitude variation in deep sea seismic data obtained from the Ulleung Basin, East Sea. By inspecting seismic CDP-offset and CDP-angle gathers which show a bright reflection event, we decided a target zone for amplitude variation analysis. From the seismic angle gather at the middle of Ulleung Basin, we recognized amplitude increase or decrease versus offset on the intercept-gradient curve. Using the product attribute and Poisson's ratio change attribute computed in terms of intercept with gradient, the top and the base of gas saturated sediments were described. The area of amplitude variation suggestive of the presence of gas saturated sediments is shown at the depth of 3 s traveltime. Anomalous features of seismic amplitude in the Ulleung Basin were classified by the crossplot of intercept and gradient. The background trend of crossplot between intercept and gradient shows an inverse proportional relation that is common for wet sediments. Anomalous amplitudes of Class III fall into the first and the third quadrants on crossplots. We inferred regional gas/water saturated area with the horizontal dimension of 150 m in the Ulleung Basin by cross-section with respect to cross-plot anomaly.