• Title/Summary/Keyword: 연하 곤란

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A study on the development of a program to check the severity of dysphagia patients using the K-means algorithm (K-means 알고리즘을 통한 연하 곤란 환자의 심각도를 확인하는 프로그램 개발 연구)

  • Choi, Dong-gyu;Jang, Jong-Wook
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • 2019.05a
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    • pp.104-107
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    • 2019
  • Modern people have abundant food and various forms of life compared to the past, but they have come to form an unhealthy diet, such as skipping breakfast and not eating in time in a busy life. When these eating habits are maintained for a long time, it leads to digestive trouble. The most easily occurring symptoms are called reflux esophagitis and dysphagia. Among them, dysphagia requires quick and accurate diagnosis as they develop into various forms of complications or are also identified as presymptoms of gastric and laryngeal cancers. The result of the diagnosis is still passively judged by the doctor and each of results are different depending on the doctor. The result of the diagnosis here means the severity. When they identify treatment or complications following the results of the diagnosis, the wrong diagnosis may lead to excessive or insufficient treatment. In this paper, to figure out the severity of dysphagia in the diagnosis of dysphagia, we studied the development of a program using the K-means algorithm in the processing of X-ray images for identifying residual food in epiglottic vallecula and pyriform sinus in the section leading to esophagus.

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Quantitative Evaluation of Dysphagia Using Scintigraphy (신티그라피를 이용한 연하곤란증의 정량적 평가)

  • Park, Seok-Gun;Hyun, Jung-Keun;Lee, Seong-Jae
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.276-289
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    • 1998
  • Purpose: To evaluate dysphagia objectively and quantitatively, and to clarify the effect of neck position and viscosity changes in patients with aspiration and laryngeal penetration. Materials and Methods: We studied 35 patients with dysphagia and 21 normal controls using videofluoroscopy and scintigraphy. Videofluoroscopy was performed with barium with three different viscosity, and scintigraphy was done with water, yogurt, and steamed egg mixed with Tc-99m tin colloid. If aspiration was found during videofluoroscopic examination, patient's neck position was changed and study repeated. Videofluoroscopy was analyzed qualitatively. We calculated 7 quantitative parameters from scintigraphy. According to the videofluoroscopic findings, we divided patients into 3 subgroups; aspiration, laryngeal penetration, and no-aspiration group. Results: The result of videofluoroscopy revealed that the most common finding was the delay in triggering pharyngeal swallow. Pharyngeal transit time (PTT) and pharyngeal swallowing efficiency(PSE) in patients with aspiration were signifi-cantly different from other groups. After neck position change, aspiration could be reduced in all of 7 patients, and laryngeal penetration reduced by about 82%. PTT and PSE were also improved after position change. Aspiration and laryngeal penetration occurred more frequently in thin liquid swallowing than in thick liquid and solid swallowing. Conclusion: PTT and PSE were useful for the evaluation of dysphagia. Aspiration and laryngeal penetration could be reduced when appropriate position assumed. We could decrease the chance of aspiration by changing the patient diet consistency. Scintigraphy might be useful tool to quantitate and follow up these changes.

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Development and Evaluation of an Enteral Nutrition Protocol for Dysphagia in Patients with Acute Stroke (연하 곤란이 동반된 급성 뇌졸중 환자를 위한 장관 영양 프로토콜 개발 및 효과)

  • Yoo, Sung-Hee;Kim, So-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.280-293
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The study was done to develop an evidence-based enteral nutrition (EN) protocol for effective nutritional support for dysphagia in patients with acute stroke, and to evaluate effects of this protocol on clinical outcomes. Methods: A methodological study was used to develop the EN protocol and a quasi-experimental study to verify the effectiveness of the protocol. The preliminary EN protocol was drawn by selecting recommendations from previous well-designed EN guidelines, and then developing additional recommendations based on high-quality evidence. Content validation was assessed by an expert group, and clinical applicability by care providers and patients. The scale-level content validity index of the final EN protocol was 0.99. Assessment was done of differences in percentage of caloric goals achieved and presence of undernutrition, aspiration pneumonia, and gastrointestinal (GI) complications after application of the EN protocol. Results: In the EN protocol group, the percentage of caloric goals achieved ($R^2=.24$, p=.001) and the reduction of GI complications (p=.045) were significantly improved, but the presence of undernutrition (p=.296) and aspiration pneumonia (p=.601) did not differ from the usual care group. Conclusion: Results indicate that the new EN protocol for dysphagia in patients with acute stroke significantly increased their nutritional intake and reduced GI complications.

Dysphagia Caused by Osteochondroma of the Cervical Vertebral Body: A Case Report (경추체 전방에 발생한 골연골종으로 인한 연하곤란: 증례 보고)

  • Min, Hak-Jin;Kim, Jin-Soo;Kim, Jong-Ho
    • The Journal of the Korean bone and joint tumor society
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.32-36
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    • 2012
  • A 56 year-old female presented with dysphagia 8 weeks ago and newly developed dysphonia 2 weeks ago. The radiology study and swallowing difficulty evaluation study revealed the esophagus and the posterior wall of the laryngopharynx to be severely compressed by the mass of the anterior $4^{th}$ and $5^{th}$ vertebral body of cervical spine. En bloc excisional biopsy of the bony mass was performed, which completely resolved the clinical symptoms. We report a rare case of osteochondroma occurring at the anterior portion of cervical spine leading to dysphasia and dysphonia with a review of relevant literature.

Cavernous Hemangioma of the Esophagus - One Case Report - (식도 해면상 혈관종 - 1례 보고 -)

  • 목형균;신호승;홍기우
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.32 no.9
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    • pp.851-854
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    • 1999
  • Hemangioma in the esophagus is an uncommon tumor. There have only been about 30 cases reported in the world literatures. It occurs predominantly in men and although majority are asymptomatic, may cause bleeding and dysphagia. Hemangioma in the esophagus was diagnosed with a barium swallowed esophagography and endoscopy. The main treatment modes recommended are surgery and endoscopic resection. We experienced one case of cav ernous hemangioma occurring at the distal esophagus. The patient was a forty-six year old male with dysphagia and indigestion. Barium esophagogram showed a filling defect at the distal portion. Esophagoscopy showed a bluish polypoid mass. Surgical resection was per formed and the pathologic diagnosis was confirmed as cavernous hemangioma. Postoperative course was uneventful and the patient had been followed up without any problems.

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Development and Evaluation of a Dysphagia Assessment Tool and an Intervention Program for the Elderly in the Long-Term Care Facilities (노인요양시설 노인의 연하곤란 사정도구, 중재프로그램 개발 및 평가)

  • Kim, Chi-Young;Lee, Young-Mi;Ha, Eun-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.685-693
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a dysphagia assessment tool and a intervention program for elderly in the long-term care facilities and to evaluate its effect. The dysphagia assessment tool consists of 20 items was developed through literature review, previous studies and discussion with nursing/medical members. The intervention program consisted of 72 items and participants for evaluation were 50 elders who were registered at long-term care facilities in 4 regions of Seoul. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS Statistics 18.0 and Spearman's Correlation, t-test, and $x^2$-test. After the application of the dysphagia assessment tool and intervention program, the weight in experimental group was increased (t=4.913, p=.000) and the total time of swallowing was reduced (t=-4.557, p=.000) than control group. These findings were statistically significant. Considering these results, by applying the dysphagia assessment tool and the intervention program, the lives of the elderly in long-term care facilities are expected to be improved and emergency situations such as aspiration pneumonia and asphyxia will be decreased.

Aberrant Right Subclavian Artery with Dysphagia and Recurrent Pneumonia -A case report - (연하곤란 및 반복괵인 폐렴를 동반한 이상우쇄골하동맥 - 1예 보고 -)

  • 장원채;임영혁;임성철;오봉석
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.282-285
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    • 2004
  • Aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) is an anomaly with a reported incidence of 0.5% to 2%. Most patients with an ARSA remain asymptomatic; however about to% of adult patients have compressive symptoms. A case is reported of a 64-year old female patient who had a few years of history of dysphagia and recurrent pneumonia. Angiography was performed, which demonstrated an ARSA with common origin of the right and left carotid arteries. Surgical correction was performed via right thoracotomy. The proximal aberrant artery was mobilized behind the esophagus. The distal, right subclavian artery was exposed, transected, and transposed with reimplantation into the aortic root by graft bypass.

Dysphagia Due to an Aberrant Right Subclavian Artery (우측 쇄골하 동맥 기시이상으로 인한 연하 곤란 - 수술 치험 1례 -)

  • 최필조
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.169-173
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    • 1990
  • An aberrant right subclavian artery is a rare congenital anomaly that usually does not produce symptoms. Symptomatic patients require surgical intervention. Ligation of the aberrant artery through a left thoracotomy has been advocated as the operation of choice. If development of vertebrobasilar insufficiency is anticipated, division and ligation of he aberrant artery and its anastomosis to the right common carotid artery or aortic arch are performed at a second operation. Experience with successful surgical treatment of a patient with an aberrant subclavian artery is described. A right thoracotomy incision was utilized for division of the subclavian artery and for reestablishment of arterial continuity with Dacron graft. Postoperative arteriography demonstrated a good reconstruction and normal blood flow was established to the right upper extremity.

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Esophageal Steno-Obstruction due to Nonesophageal Tumors (비식도 종양에 의한 식도의 협착 및 폐쇄)

  • Oh Yoon Kyeong;Gil Hak Jun;Chung Soo Mi;Yoon Sei Chul;Shinn Kyung Sub;Bahk Yong Whee
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.111-117
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    • 1987
  • From March, 1983 to March, 1987, 16 patients with esophageal steno-obstruction due to nonesophageal tumors were treated in the Division of Therapeutic Radiology, Kangnam St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic University Medical College. The patient characteristics, effect of radiotherapy (XRT) on esophageal steno-obstruction and survival were evaluated. The most common primary tumor was lung cancer (14/16) and the middle third of the esophagus was most frequently involved (14/16). Improved clinical response was observed in $80\%$ of the patients who finished the planned courses of XRT. The mean radiation dose evoking the improvement of dysphagia was 2,993 cGy given over a period of 3 to 4 weeks. The Kaplan-Meier estimates of survival at 15 and 30 weeks of follow-up were $60\%$ and $46\%$, respectively. In the completed group who finished the whole planned courses of XRT, survival rates were $77\%\;and\;51\%$, respectively. Four patients were alive over 90 weeks with normal passage of food.

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The Clinico-Statistical Analysis of Dysphagia (연하곤란을 주소. 내원한 환자의 임상통계적 고찰)

  • 윤태현;선우대활;고건성;김진영
    • Proceedings of the KOR-BRONCHOESO Conference
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    • 1978.06a
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    • pp.6.1-6
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    • 1978
  • Dsysphagia or difficulty in swallowing is a symptom wich indicates the presence of disease or dysfunction. Because the cause & the original site are variable, it is significant to study the clinicostatistical analysis on 133 cases with complant of dysphagia during the last one year in the department of Otolaryngology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University. The results are as follows; 1) Among the total O.P.D. patients (6313 cases), patients complaining the dysphagia are 2.1%. 2) Male to female sex ratio is 1. 3 to 1, slightly predominent in male and average are 35.7 years. 3) The duration of chief complaint is about 251 days in average, but excluding the 8 cases with more than year of symptom, it is about 40 days. In detailed analysis of the duration; 67 cases (50.4%) occurred within 1 weak: 24 cases (18.0%), 1 week to 1 month: 34 cases (25.6%), 1 month to 1 year: 8 cases (6.0%), more than 1 year. 4) As to the site of origin, the oropharyngolaryngeal origin 106 cases (76.7%) are 4 times as many as the esophageal origin 27 cases (20.3%). 5) As to the etiological classification: inflammation 67 cases (50.4%), tumor 28 cases (21.0%), corrosive agent 14 cases (10.5%), foreign body 11 cases (8.3%) in order. 6) As to the disease entity: pharyngitis and tonsillitis 42 cases (31.6%), stomatitis 14 cases (10.5%), corrosive esophagitis 14 cases (10.5%), laryngeal tumor 12 cases (9.0%), peritonsillar abscess 9 cases (6.8%), esophageal foreign body 7 cases (5.2%), tongue tumor 7 cases (5.2%), tonsillar tumor 6 cases (4.5%), (pharyngeal foreign body 4 cases (3.0%)in order.

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