• Title/Summary/Keyword: 양액재배

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Effect of Substrates and the Ratios of $NO_3^- to NH_4^+$ in Nutrient Solution on Growth and Yield of Sweet Pepper(Capsicum annuum L) in Bag-Culture (자루 재배용 배지의 종류와 $NO_3^-:NH_4^+$의 비율이 단고추의 생육 및 수량에 미치는 영향)

  • 김덕호;김영호;정헌재
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Bio-Environment Control Conference
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    • pp.82-87
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    • 1998
  • 단고추의 자루재배에 의한 양액재배시 $NO_3$$^{-}$$NH_4$$^{+}$의 비율을 8:2와 10:0으로 하였을 때, 배지 종류에 따른 생육, 수량 및 무기성분 흡수에 미치는 영향을 구명하기 위하여 실험한 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. 배지의 무기성분 중 P 및 Mg는 버미큘라이트+왕겨에서, K는 펄라이트+버미큘라이트에서 높았다. 배지내 Ca의 농도가 가장 높았으며, 8:2보다 10:0에서 배지내 무기성분의 농도가 높았다. 2. $NO_3$$^{-}$ : $NH_4$$^{+}$ 비율에 따른 양액의 pH 및 EC는 모든 배지에서 작물재배에 적합한 범위를 유지하였으며, pH는 10:0에서 더 안정적이었고, EC는 8:2에서 높게 유지되었다. 3. 초장과 경경은 배지에 따른 생육차가 없었으며, 옆면적은 버미큘라이트+왕겨에서, 생체중, 건물중 등은 피트모스+훈탄에서 무거웠다. 생육은 $NH_4$$^{+}$를 첨가한 8:2의 모든 배지에서 10:0에 비하여 증가하였다. 4. 8:2에서의 과수 및 수량은 버미큘라이트+왕겨에서 17.53개와 1,5889으로 많았으며, 10:0에서의 과수는 버미큘라이트+왕겨에서 16.44개로, 수량은 필라이트+피트모스에서 1,394g으로 많았다. 8:2의 모든 배지에서 10:0에 비하여 과수, 수량, 평균과종, 과경, 과장 및 상품과율 등이 증가하였다. 5. 무기성분은 8:2와 10:0의 경우 $K^{+}$는 잎과 줄기에서, $Ca^{2+}$ 는 뿌리에서, $Mg^{2+}$ 는 잎에서 많았으며, $PO_4$$^{-}$ 는 과실과 줄기에서 많았다. 배지간에 따른 차이는 나타나지 않았으며, $K^{+}$, $Ca^{2+}$$Mg^{2+}$ 는10:0에서, $PO_4$$^{-}$ 는 8:2에서 각각 많았다.

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Effect of Number of Branches on the Growth and Yield of Sweet Pepper(Capsicum annuum L.) Grown in Long Term Bag -Culture (단고추의 장기 자루식 양액재배시 분지수가 생육 및 수량에 미치는 영향)

  • 김경제;나상욱;우인식;신동기;문창식;김진한
    • Journal of Bio-Environment Control
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.92-96
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    • 1997
  • This study was carried out to clarify the effects of number of branches per pot on the growth and yield in long term bag-culture of sweet pepper. Two plants were grown in pot with four, six, and eight branches. The results are summarized as the followings : 1. Plant height, stem diameter, leaf dry weight, root dry weight, and stem dry weight did not significantly differ among treatments, while the number of leaves and leaf area were the greatest In the treatment with eight branches per pot. 2. Although fruit length was not influenced by the number of branches per pot, fruit diameter and fruit weight were greater with four branches per pot. The yield of the four branches was 124.5ton/ha, which was not significantly different from the yield of the eight branches, 113.4ton/ha. Considering the average fruit weight, fruit quality, and labor saving, four branches per pot appears to be appropriate. 3. Although the yield of eight branches per pot during the first five months was higher, however, four branches per pot should be recommended for the long term bag- culture of sweet pepper because the yield of the four branches from April, which is the middle stage of growth to the final harvest was higher than the yields of the others.

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Effects of Nitrogen Form of Nutrient Solution on the Growth of Aster tataricus, Chrysanthemum boreale, and Farfugium japonicum (개미취, 감국 및 털머위 생육에 미치는 양액내 질소원의 영향)

  • Cho, Yeon-Hee;Park, Eun-Ah;Chiang, Mae-Hee
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.14-17
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    • 2000
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of nitrogen form in the Hoagland nutrient solution on the growth of Farfugium japonicum, Aster tataricus and Chrysanthemum boreale. The nitrogen form of Hoagland nutrient solution was modified to $NH_4{^+}(100%),\;NO_3{^-}(100%),\;and\;NH_4{^+}+NO_3{^-}(50%+5%)$ for this study. In the treatment of $NO_3{^-}\;and\;NH_4{^+}+NO_3{^-}(1:1)$, F. japonicum showed the best growth, especially in fresh weight. With the treatment of $NO_3{^-}$, shoot and root fresh weight of A. tataricus and C. boreale were increased. The activity of nitrate reductase and the concentration of chlorophyll and nitrate were increased with $NO_3{^-}$ treatment in all these plants.

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Effect of Surfactant Addition in Nutrient Solution on Mineral Nutrient Uptake and Growth of Lettuce in DFT Culture (계면 활성제 처리가 수경재배 상추의 무기이온 흡수 및 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi Ki Young;Yang Eun Young;Moon Byung-Woo;Seo Tae Cheol
    • Journal of Bio-Environment Control
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.240-244
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of different surfactants on the fertilizer reduction and increase of the mineral nutrients uptake of lettuce (Latuca sativa L. 'Hanbatchungchima') in deep flow technique culture. The measured items from lettuce leaves expanded fully were growth, photosynthetic and transpiration rate, and mineral nutrient content K, Ca and Mg, respectively. The highest growth were observed at $0.3mg{\cdot}L^{-1}$ polyvinyl alcohol (PV4-95) treatment, including lettuce grown in the half strength of nutrient solution. The highest photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate and mineral nutrient content were observed at $0.3mg{\cdot}L^{-1}$ calcium lignosulfate (CLS) treatment. Therefore, high-quality leaf lettuce production could be achieved by apply proper surfactants PVA-95 and CLS, which can cut down the total amount of fertilizer and increase uptake of mineral nutrients.

Effect of Nutrient Solution Composition Modification on the Internal Quality of Some Leaf Vegetables in Hydroponics (수경재배시 양액 조성 처리가 몇가지 엽채류의 내적 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Ho-Min;Kim, Il-Seop
    • Journal of Bio-Environment Control
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.348-351
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to find out the change of infernal quality, such as vitamin C and nitrate contents in some leaf vegetables grown hydropoincally in different nutrient conditions. Pak-choi (Brassica camperistis L. spp. chinesis Jusl.), chungchima (Lactuca sativa L. var. crispa cv. Chungchima) and romaine (Lactuca sativa L. var. longifolia Lam.) lettuces were cultivated for 2 weeks in 4 different nutrient solutions, such as tap water; no-nutrient, added $NH_4$, discarded $NO_3$, and supplied Yamazaki' solution for lettuce as a control. The growth of leaf vegetables was not different among nutrient solution treatments except tap water. The nitrate content showed the highest in control, and followed by $+NH_4$ treatment, $-NO_3$ and tap water treatment, regardless of kind of vegetables. The vitamin C content in 3 different vegetables showed the opposite result against nitrate content so that the treatment that showing the highest vitamin C content was tap water in romaine and chungchima lettuces, and $-NO_3$ treatment in pak-choi. The vitamin C and the nitrate content showed high correlations; $r=-0.614^*$ in pak-choi, $-0.651^*$ in romaine lettuce, and $-0.804^{**}$ in chungchima lettuce.

Germination and Growth Response of Spergularia marina Griseb by Salt Concentration (갯개미자리(Spergularia marina Griseb)의 염농도에 따른 발아 및 생장 반응)

  • Jeong, Jae-Hyeok;Kim, Sun;Lee, Jang-Hee;Choi, Weon-Young;Lee, Kyung-Bo;Cho, Kwang-Min
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.59 no.2
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    • pp.139-143
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to investigate the germination and growth response by Salinities of Spergularia marina Griseb grown in the western coastal region in South Korea. The germination was investigated for 10 days at temperature $10^{\circ}C$, $15^{\circ}C$, $20^{\circ}C$, $25^{\circ}C$ in order to examine the germination of Spergularia marina Griseb by NaCl concentration 0.0, 0.3, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0%. The germination of NaCl concentration 0.0~1.0% was 90% over at $15^{\circ}C$ treatment, but the germination of NaCl concentration 2.0% was 0% at all temperature treatments. To identify the growth response of Spergularia marina Griseb according to the salinity, Spergularia marina Griseb was cultivated for 8 weeks in Hoagland culture medium and sea water. In nutrient solution culture, growth was best in NaCl 50mM among 0~400 mM concentrations and in 0, 12.5, 25, 50, 100% of sea water, growth was best in 12.5% (dilution ratio with fresh water) treatment. Spergularia marina Griseb's inorganic component contents according to salinity showed that $Na^+$ content increased, but contents of $K^+$, $Ca^+$, $Mg^+$ decreased. As a result, appropriate condition for Spergularia marina Griseb's germination is considered to be maintained at $15^{\circ}C$ and in less than NaCl 1.0% of salinity. When nutrient solution culture, NaCl 0.3% of treatment level is considered to be the optimum salinity.

Analysis on Growth and Yield of Cherry Tomato Grown in a Two-Story Bed System Adapted to Strawberry Cultivation as Affected by the Planting Time during the Uncultivated Period (딸기 재배용 2단 베드 시스템에서 휴작기 이용 방울토마토 재배 시 정식 시기에 따른 생육과 생산성 분석)

  • Choi, Hyo Gil;Moon, Byoung Yong;Kang, Nam Jun;Ko, Dae Whan;Kwon, Joon Kook;Lee, Jae Han;Park, Kyoung Sub
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.228-235
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to determine the yield of cherry tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill.) grown at three planting times during the uncultivated period of strawberry. Cherry tomato was planted under condition filled with strawberry dedicated culture medium on a two-story bed with April 20, April 30, and May 10 at 2015. Fruit harvest was completed on July 31. The supply concentration of nutrient solution at the time of transplanting was started as EC $1.2dS{\cdot}m^{-1}$ and it was gradually increased to EC $2.5dS{\cdot}m^{-1}$ after blooming of the first flower cluster. Netherlands PBG solution was supplied for one minute six times per day. The heights of cherry tomato plants planted at earlier were significantly greater than those of tomato plants planted later. The heights of cherry tomato plants grown at the bottom of the bed were greater than those grown in the upper bed. The yield of cherry tomatoes planted on April 20 at the bottom of the bed was greatest with an average of 2,954 g of tomatoes per plant. There were no significant differences in the average weight and sugar content of fruit according to planting times and bed position. The yield of cherry tomato plants planted on April 20 was 18% and 34% higher than that of plants planted on April 30 and May 10. We confirmed to increase the yield of the cherry tomato when early plants planted on two-story bed. These results indicate that farmers can choose the best period of producing cherry tomato during the un-cultivated period of strawberry under two-story bed conditions.

Bush Growth and Fruit Quality of 'Duke' Blueberry Influenced by Nutritional Composition in Unheated Plastic House (블루베리 '듀크' 품종의 무가온 하우스 재배에서 질소비율 조절에 따른 수체생육 및 과실품질 변화)

  • Cheon, Mi Geon;Kim, Yeong Bong;Hong, Kwang Pyo;Kumar, H.M. Prathibhani C.;Kim, Jin Gook
    • Journal of Bio-Environment Control
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.319-325
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    • 2018
  • The aim of the present study was to determine the influence of different fertilizer combinations on the growth, yield, and fruit quality of 'Duke' blueberry cultivar and the water quality of growth medium. The experiment was carried out with three year old 'Duke' blueberry bushes which were cultivated in containers ($60{\times}80{\times}40cm$) filled with 130 L peat moss and 40 L pearlite (v/v). Sawdust was used as the mulch in growth containers. Three different fertilizer combinations (FC) i.e., FC-1 consisted with standard solution, FC-2 consisted with nitrogen reduced by 10% from FC-1, and FC-3 consisted with nitrogen reduced by 20% from FC-1 were tested while, the ground water used as the control. The effects of different fertilizer combinations on shoot diameter, shoot length, number of shoots, leaf length, SPAD value (the relative content of chlorophyll), berry weight, soluble solids content, titratable acidity, and yield per bush in 'Duke' blueberry were examined. Also, the effects of different fertilizer combinations on pH, EC, $NH_4$ and $NO_3$ in 'Duke' blueberry growth medium were monitored. The highest pH and lowest EC, $NH_4$ and $NO_3$ in growth medium was recorded with control treatment during the experiment period. The maximum shoot diameter (3.7 mm) and shoot length (35.7 cm) was recorded for the FC-1. Highest number of shoots (47%) were recorded from 'Duke' blueberry bushes supplemented with FC-1 compared to other treatments. The fertilizer combinations supplemented with nitrogen showed significant influence on leaf length and SPAD value compared to control 'Duke' blueberry bushes. However, the fruit quality attributes, i.e., berry weight, soluble solids content, and titratable acidity were not significant different among fertilizer treatments. The significantly highest yields per bush were recorded for FC-1, FC-2, and FC-3, as 2.2, 2.9, and 2.7 kg, respectively compared to control (0.2 kg). Although, the FC-1 was supplemented with highest nitrogen content it resulted low yield per bush while having high number of shoots and vigorous growth.

Physiochemical Properties and Plant Growth of The Hydroponic Substrate Using Waste Wood Chip (양액재배용 목재고형배지의 이화학적 특성과 작물생육 특성)

  • Kwon, Gu-Joong;Yang, Ji-Wook;Park, Hyo-Sub;Cho, Joon-Hyeong;Kim, Dae-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.400-409
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    • 2015
  • This study examined the plant growth and development characteristics of leafy vegetables on the hydroponic substrates of waste wood chips, radiate pine chips, and mat type of waste wood chips. The bulk density of waste wood chips and radiata pine chips were $0.2g/cm^3$ and $0.16g/cm^3$, respectively. The moisture retention properties of both the radiata pine chips and waste wood chips were found to be similar but not better than those of the control rock wool and coco peat hydroponic substrates. The moisture retention property of the mat type was found to be the lowest. The chemical analysis of waste wood hydroponic substrates (w/v) was as follows.; The pH was 6.59, electric conductivity was 6.76 dS/m, total nitrogen content was 0.5%, C/N ratio was 113%, phosphorus was 10.1 ppm, potassium was 77 ppm, calcium was 531 ppm, magnesium was 49 ppm, and sodium was 96 ppm. The results from the radiata pine chemical analysis showed that it had a pH of 5.29, electric conductivity of 4.49 dS/m, total nitrogen content of 0.32%, C/N ratio of 180%, phosphorus of 6.4 ppm, potassium of 83 ppm, calcium of 97 ppm, magnesium of 29 ppm, and sodium of 59 ppm. Except for the plants grown in mat type, the developmental characteristics of the plants grown in rock wool and coco peat hydroponic substrates were similar. Based on the results of the experiment, waste wood resources may possibly be used as an organic solid medium in place of the existing rock wool and coco peat medium.

Effects of Wick Number on Growth and Yield of Seed Potatoes Grown in a Wick-based Hydroponics (심지수의 차이에 따른 심지양액재배 씨감자의 생육 및 수량)

  • Kim, Chan-Woo;Kang, Bong-Kyoon;Song, Chagn-Khil;Park, Sung-Jun;Kang, Young-Kil
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.54 no.3
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    • pp.294-298
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    • 2009
  • A glasshous experiment was carried out in 2002 to evaluate growth differences between two wick types, and to determine the optimum number of wicks in a wick-based hydroponics for production of 'Dejima' seed potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.). The six minitubers ($7.0{\pm}0.2g$/tuber) produced through aeroponics were planted in a polystyrene box (51 cm long $\times$ 31 cm wide $\times$ 20 cm high) containing growth medium (perlite+peatmoss 1:2, v/v mixtures). Before the boxes were filled with the medium, 6 wicks per box were vertically and 2 to 10 wicks were horizontally installed, respectively, at the bottom of the boxes through holes. Comparing with 6 vertical wick treatment, 6 horizontal wick treatment increased the number of tubers per plant, but decreased average tuber weight. Yield of tubers greater than 5 g (seed potatoes) was not significantly affected by wick type. As the number of the horizontal wicks per box was increased from 2 to 6, the number of seed potatoes increased from 2.8 to 8.0/plant and then leveled off. Average tuber weight increased with increasing the number of the wicks up to 8 and then leveled off. As the number of the wicks per box was increased from 2 to 6, seed potato yield increased from 1.81 to 6.59 kg/$m^2$ and then slowly increased up to 10 wicks per box, reaching 12.9 kg/$m^2$. The results indicate that installing 8 wicks per box ($0.16m^2$) horizontally for the wick culture system in production of 'Dejima' seed potatoes is beneficial considering seed potato yield, cost of wicks, and convenient filling with medium.