• Title, Summary, Keyword: 아동.가족복지지출

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A Study on the Relationship Between Child Poverty Rate and Family Policy Expenditure of Welfare States -Focused on OECD Countries- (복지국가의 아동·가족복지지출과 아동빈곤율의 관계 -OECD 국가를 중심으로-)

  • Ryu, Yun Kyu;Baek, Seung Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.36
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    • pp.65-99
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    • 2011
  • The main purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between child poverty rate and family policy expenditure of welfare states (focusing on OECD countries). We analyzed not only the total social & family policy expenditures but the components of the family policy expenditure. OECD SOCX and calculated data from the LIS & OECD data were utilized for child and family policy expenditures and the poverty rate. One-way correlation and cluster analysis were employed for the analysis. The analytic results are as follows: Southern European and Anglo-Saxon countries' child poverty rates were higher and Scandinavian countries' child poverty rates were lower than any other clusters. The countries with high child poverty rate had higher child poverty rate than the entire nation's poverty rate, but Scandinavian countries' child poverty rate was lower. There was a strong correlation between family policy expenditure and child poverty rate. Especially the service expenditure and leave benefit expenditure were highly correlated with child poverty rate. On the other hand, cash expenditure was not significantly correlated with child poverty rate. We can suggest the policy implications from these results. Based on the analytic results, policy implications that the government should increase the family policy budget, especially the budget for family services and leave benefit to decrease child poverty rate and should make effort to support the employment of parents through policies such as active labor market strategies can be suggested.

German Family Policy in Gender Perspective (독일 가족정책의 현황과 젠더적 성격)

  • Lee, Jin-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.58 no.4
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    • pp.93-118
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    • 2006
  • Family policy focusing on family-work linkage is characterized by family policy measures which are made up benefits in cash, leave policies and social infrastructure for child care. This study aims to identify gender ideology of german family policy. Based on diverse indicators, this study is tried to analyze characteristics of benefits in cash, leave policies and social infrastructure for child care in Germany. And then, as the results of policy - implementation the fertility rate and women employment rate are presented. In Germany, family policies have been reformed in order to better support working parents. In spite of diverse endeavors, the results of this study show that german family policy has limits to family-work linkage. Family benefits in cash has had no effect on increase in fertility and women employment because of its traditional gender ideology. Leave policy and social infrastructure have to be improved for better provision of public chid care.

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A Study on the Expenditure State of Midlife Households for Elderly Life지s Preparation (중년기가계의 노후대비 지출실태에 관한 연구)

  • 송혜림
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.133-149
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the expenditure state of midlife households for elderly life stage and to find out the variables that have influence upon these expenditure. The findings are follows: 1) The expenditure state was influenced by various as like wife’s age, couple’s education, number of children, husband’s retiring allowance, monthly savings, whole assets of households, level of dependence upon own children, etc. 2) The demand for economic preparation, program about elderly life, information and welfare system was related to the practical expenditure state absolutely and relatevely. The result showed that the husbands’retiring allowance was the most effective variable to the expenditure state for the elderly life. In conclusion the rational distribution of economics resources according to the family life stage is very important for the economic welfare of households.

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