• Title, Summary, Keyword: 신체조성

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Relationship of Bone Mineral Density Measured by Ultrasound Bone Densitometry and Body Composition or Backmuscle Strength (초음파방식으로 측정된 골밀도와 신체조성 및 배근력의 관계)

  • Lee, Won-Jeong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Radiology
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.721-728
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition (BC) or backmuscle strength (BS). Sixty-one participants were measured by BMD using ultrasound bone densitometry and Inbody for BC (i.e., SLM=Soft lean mass, SMM=Skeletal muscle mass, FS=Fitness score. et al.), BS after self-questionnaire for life cycle. This study was performed after approving Institutional Review Board and obtaining the informed concent from all participants. Participants was divided into two group by BMD T-score; $T-score{\geq}-1.0$, T-score<-1.0. Statistical analysis was performed by using SPSS ver. 22.0(USA), Spearma test for correlation between BMD and BC or BS. BMD or SLM, BS was increased with increasing physical activity or body mass index. SMM or SMM, FS of BMD $T-score{\geq}-1.0$ group was higher than that of T-score <-1.0 group as well as BS(p>0.05). BMD T-score was correlated positively with SLM(r= 0.424) or SMM(r= 0.431) in men, as well as in women(p<0.05). BS was correlated positively with SLM or SMM, FS. BS was significantly positive correlated with BMD in women group (r= 0.591, p= 0.001), but not in men group. We concluded that BMD is the relationship with SLM or SMM, as well as BS in women.

Effect of Physical Activity Program on Body Composition and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Security Guards (민간경비원의 신체활동 참여가 신체조성과 심혈관계 인자에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kyong Tae;Kim, Jong Gul
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effect of physical activity program on body composition and cardiovascular risk factors in security guards. The subjects consisted of twenty security guards who are working to the security company in Seoul, physical activity group of 10 people and control group of 10 people in 2012. The results were as following. For body composition, there were significant decreases in body fat, also significant increases in fat free mass(p<.05). There were significant decreases in TG, elevated HDL-C was observed with physical activity group(p<.05). It is concluded that physical activity program might make beneficial effect such as increasing fat free mass, it also produces lower incidence of cardiovascular disease during 12 weeks in security guards.

The Changes of the body composition and vascular flexibility According to Pilates mat Exercise during 12 weeks in elderly women (12주간 필라테스 매트 운동에 따른 노인 여성의 신체조성 및 혈관탄성도의 변화)

  • Jang, Ji-Eun;Yoo, Yong-Kwon;Lee, Byung-Hoon
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.8 no.11
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    • pp.1777-1784
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was Changes of body composition and vascular flexibility check according to Pilates Mat exercise in elderly Women and in future, Exercise programs for seniors health promotion as evidence when tried to utilize. Female 30 elderly patients classified into the control group and the exercise group, who was conducted Pilates Mat exercise was gradually intensity applied for 60 minutes, three times per 1week, a total of 12 weeks. The following were result the study. Body composition showed statistically significant increased(p<.01) in skeletal muscle and body fat rates was decreased(p<.01), and there was no statistically significant difference in body fat mass. Vascular flexibility showed systolic pressure was statistically significant decreased(p<.01) and peripheral pulse pressure were statistically significant decreased(p<.01), and there was no statistically significantly difference in diastolic pressure and aorta pulse pressure. As a result of all these, it was judged that a positive effect for body composition, and vascular flexibility after pilates mat exercise in 12 weeks.

The Effects of Nordic Walking on Body Composition and Physical Fitness in Obese Women with Intellectual Disability (비만 지적장애 성인여성의 노르딕워킹이 신체조성 및 체력요인에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Seok-Jin;Kang, Yoo-Seok
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.427-435
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of nordic walking on body composition and physical fitness in obese women with intellectual disability(ID). The subjects in experimental group(n=12) participated in nordic walking program for 12 weeks while those in control group(n=9) was controled not to participate in physical activities. After the training, weight, muscle mass and fat mass% showed significant improvement in experimental group. In physical fitness, strength, balance and coordination in experimental group showed significant improvement. In conclusion, these results suggest that nordic walking can be recommended as an effective intervention program to change body composition and to improve physical fitness in obese women with ID.

Effects of Long-term Aqua Exercise Program on Body Composition, Exercise Function and Quality of Life of the Old Women (장기간의 아쿠아 운동 프로그램이 여성노인의 신체조성, 운동기능 및 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jin-Jong;Hwang, Tae-Yeun;Lee, Byung-Hoon;Yoo, Jae-Young;Jun, Kyoung-Hee;Jeong, Jin-Gyu
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.8 no.9
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    • pp.1399-1405
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    • 2013
  • This study selected 31 old women over 65 years old residing in G county, Jeonnam and applied the aqua exercise program to them for 1 hour a session, once a week for 1 year from Feb. 1, 2011 to Jan. 31, 2012 in order to examine the effects of the program on body composition, exercise function, quality of life and self-esteem in the elderly. As a result of measuring health related factors before and after applying the exercise program, it was found that long-term aqua exercise program had statistically significant change and increase in body composition (weight, body fat mass and percent body fat), exercise function (flexibility, balance, TUG, back muscle strength), quality of life and self-esteem. Therefore, it is considered that continuous aqua exercise program is needed to improve body composition, exercise function, quality of life and self-esteem of the old women in rural areas.

Effects of Elastic Band Resistance Training on Body Composition, Arterial Compliance and Risks of Falling Index in Elderly Females (탄성밴드 저항운동이 고령여성의 신체조성, 혈관탄성 및 낙상위험도지수에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Hyeok;Kim, Dayeol
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.199-208
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    • 2017
  • Both cardiovascular diseases caused by decreased body composition and arterial compliance and falling induced by loss of muscle mass are frequent occurrences in the elderly. Therefore, elderly people are advised to perform elastic band resistance exercises to improve their body composition and arterial compliance. Thus, the purpose of this study was to examine the effects of 12 weeks of elastic band resistance training on the body composition, arterial compliance and falling index in elderly females (> 65 years). The elastic band resistance exercise program was administered 3 times per week for 60 minutes each time for 12 weeks. In addition, the exercise intensity was set to 11-14 on the Borg scale (6-20). Before and after the training period, the body composition (body weight (BW), muscle mass, % body fat, body mass index (BMI)), arterial compliance (ankle brachial index (ABI) and pulse wave velocity (PWV)) and risk of falling index were determined. (After the program?), the BW (p=.003), BMI (p=.002), PWV (p=.017) and risk of falling (p=.037) in the exercise group were significantly reduced, whereas the BW (p=.009) and BMI (p=.009) in the control group were significantly increased. In conclusion, the body weight, BMI and arterial compliance of elderly females were positively changed by the elastic band resistance training. Thus, the elastic band resistance exercise may be useful for elderly people to prevent metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases and to reduce their risk of falling.

Effects of Rhythm Exercise Training on Body Composition and Arterial Compliance in Elderly Females (리듬운동이 고령여성의 신체조성과 혈관탄성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Daeyeol
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.243-250
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    • 2016
  • The body composition and arterial compliance with advanced age increase the risks of cardiovascular diseases, but the elderly can perform rhythm exercise easily, which may positively influence their body composition and arterial compliance. Therefore, this study examined the effects of rhythm exercise training on the body composition and arterial compliance in elderly females. The subjects (n=20) were assigned randomly to either an exercise group (n=10, EX) or non-exercise control group (n=10, CON). The rhythm exercise training for 12 weeks consisted of 3 sessions per week with 60 minutes per session. In addition, the intensity was set to 11-14 of the Borg scale (6-20). The body composition and arterial compliance (pulse wave velocity (PWV)) were measured before and after training. The skeletal muscle mass in the EX was increased significantly (p=0.04) and the right (p=0.002) and left side (p=0.02) of the PWV in the EX were decreased significantly, but the skeletal muscle and both sides of the PWV in the CON were not changed. Elderly females could easily perform rhythm exercise training, which resulted in improvements of the skeletal muscle mass and arterial compliance. Therefore, rhythm exercise training may prevent or delay sarcopenia and reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases.