• Title, Summary, Keyword: 시민참여교육

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Social Contribution and Future Direction of Home Economics Education (가정교육학의 사회적 기여와 미래 방향)

  • Chae, Jung-Hyun;Lee, Soo-Hee;Yoo, Tae-Myung
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.139-154
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to put forth of a future vision from examining of social contribution, future direction, and theoretical framework of home economics education and its cases of practice in educational setting. This study was carried with literature review, and results of study were as follows: First, home economics education should contribute to society through (1) educating individuals suffering from family tiredness to maintain autonomous lives free from distorted family ideology by being critically conscious of them in individual dimension, (2) educating individuals to develop a competence as a citizen to be critical of family ego-centric ideas and to participate and support communal life in family-social dimension, and (3) educating female and male students gender sensitivity and management of family life to be critical of gender discrimination ideology in gender dimension. Second, future home economics education should reinforce all round character education which let students develop their creativity and problem solving ability and foster students' wisdom of life with honesty and morality rather than merely acquiring knowledge in individual dimension. Third, this study employed Brown and Paolucci's conceptual scheme as a theoretical framework which focuses on the role of home economics education leading individuals and families as a changing agent. This framework let individuals and families to critically examine the social character and ideas provided by existing social, economical, and political systems, and to transform social character and ideas to build an ideal societal condition when there are any problems in them. Fourth, this study examined sample classroom instruction of Japan and FCCLA of United States of America to see how they educate students to become a changing agent. In conclusion, future vision of home economics education is to accomplish family revolution to sustain happy family relation and their family lives in which they feel pampered from achievement and free from distorted family ideology. For home economics to accomplish family revolution, it should strengthen education for empowerment, enlightenment, and autonomy. This study calls for immediate paradigm shift not as an occupational but as a practical-critical praxis subject matter for family revolution through home economics education.

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An Analysis of Statistical Indicators on the Infrastructure of Science and Technology Culture in Korea (과학기술문화 하부구조에 관한 통계지표 분석)

  • Song, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of Science and Technology Studies
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.185-205
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    • 2006
  • This article analyzes statistical indicators on the infrastructure of S&T culture in Korea. In the case of visible infrastructure, science museums, S&T programs in TV, and S&T books are not sufficiently secured except for internet. The utilization of visible infrastructure tends to be increased but in rudimentary stage. In relation to invisible infrastructure, public interest and understanding of &T is underdeveloped, social status of S&T personnel is low compared to social importance, and participation in S&T policy of S&T personnel and citizens organization is limited. For the development of statistical indicators in S&T culture, personal, institutional, and social contexts should be much considered, surveys on the particular social groups are systematically pursued, and a white paper on the S&T culture in Korea needs to be published.

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Urban energy transition and energy autonomy in Daegu (대구의 도시 에너지 전환과 에너지 자립)

  • Choi, Byung-Doo
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.647-669
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    • 2013
  • Depletion of fossil fuels and sharp rise of international oil price as well as climate worming and frequent environmental disasters have required to strengthen resource(esp. energy) and environmental policy and discourse. And hence highly influential discourses and policies such as the concept of sustainable development and strategy for carbon regulation have been developed and pursued world-widely. But these concept and strategy have seemed to be subsumed in the process of neoliberalism, so as to have little effective results. This leads us to energy transition and energy autonomy or autarky as alternative strategic and normative concepts. Daegu has shown strong interests in urban energy problems relatively earlier than other cities, and developed the so-call 'Solar City' project. But it could not properly tackled with the problems, while tending to meet with the global imperatives. This paper considers urban energy problems and energy policy of Daegu with its significance and limitations, and suggests 4 principles for urban energy transition and autonomy with some concrete alternative measures; that is, the transition from fossil and nuclear energy to renewable energy, the transition from supply-led policy to demand side focusing policy, the transition from central governing energy system to locally distributed one, and the transition from market-dependent management to citizen-participatory energy governance.

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Low Impact Development and Green Infrastructure in South Korea: Trends and Future Directions (한국의 저영향개발과 그린인프라: 현황과 발전 방향)

  • Kim, Reeho
    • Ecology and Resilient Infrastructure
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.80-91
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    • 2016
  • Diverse types of meteorological disasters that are frequently occurring at the present time, such as urban flooding, draught, heat waves, or tropical nights do not only cause casualties and property damages but also make it difficult to preserve the natural environment of the city. That is why Low Impact Development or Green Infrastructure has recently received lots of attention as a means to minimize meteorological disasters, adapt to climate change and to leave a better urban environment for the next generation. As of now, Korea's low impact development and green infrastructure technology are standing at the stage of incubation or demonstration. Both central and provincial governments have accelerated the updating of laws and regulations, which allows us to turn the Gray City with Gray Infrastructure that only uses water into a Green City with Green Infrastructure that manages the water. To spread and distribute such a notion in a systemic way, it requires new technology development tailored to Korea, verification of technology, and maintenance of related technological standards, cooperation with other industries, training & promotion, and the participation of citizens.

The Judgment of Criminal Liability and Psychiatric Evaluation for Mentally Defective Person (정신장애자의 형사책임능력 판단과 정신감정)

  • Jung, Yong-Gi
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.43
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    • pp.177-204
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    • 2015
  • The Korean Criminal Code ${\S}10$ (1) provides that "The act of a person who, because of mental disorder, is unable to make discriminations or to control one's will, shall not be punished". Therefore, it'll not be able to be given criminal punishment if a mentally defective person is determined to lack the criminal liability. The problem about judging the criminal liability for the mentally defective person exists in areas where the criminal law intersects with psychiatry. Although the supreme court ultimately judges whether the criminal liability by mental defectiveness exists or not, the judgment of mental defectiveness, which is biological element, needs psychiatric knowledge and it is no wonder to rely on this. In particular, a change is required in the procedure and contents of mental examination for a mentally defective person as implementation of the Civil Participation in Criminal Jury Trial. It is needed the improvement of procedure to submit more accurate mental examination and the result of it in order that jurors are able to understand the result of mental examination and make an decision. This is because jurors consisting of ordinary citizens take part in trial. For guaranteeing the precise result of mental examination in the criminal justice procedure, it is necessary to establish the pool of manpower consisting of psychiatrists or psychologists who have completed the specific educational programs about the criminal justice and legal psychiatry, and it is desired to carry out the psychiatric test with selecting appraisers who belong to a pool of manpower. Furthermore, it is required to draw up and submit the written appraisal of mental examination which is easy to be known because of considering the nonprofessional of jurors consisting of ordinary citizens in the Civil Participation in Criminal Jury Trial. In order to gain a fair verdict of the jury about whether mental defectiveness exists or not, it is recommended the prompt submission of the written appraisal of mental examination, the presentation of the written appraisal of mental examination summarizing the important contents, and making out the written appraisal of mental examination for jurors to understand it easily.

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An Analysis of the Policy-Knowledge-Power Dynamics in Higher Education Reform in Transitional Myanmar (전환기 미얀마 정치사회변화와 신(新)고등교육 개혁: 정책·지식·권력의 역동을 중심으로)

  • Hong, Moon-Suk
    • Korean Journal of Comparative Education
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.135-159
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    • 2018
  • This thesis compares and analyzes the dynamics between policy, knowledge and power of Myanmar's higher education development. The papers begins by exploring the dynamics during the Socialist Military Regime(1962~1988), the Collapse of Higher Education Era(1988~2010), Thein Sein's Reform Era(2010~2015) and the current Aung San Suu Kyi's Civilian Era(2015~Now). By highlighting recent dramatic policy changes, the article argues that the policy discourse on the subject of internationalization of higher education and the technocratization of education development policy by the current Civilian Government in its new policy discourse, that resulted in the active participation as well as the contributions of international donors has directly impacted on the policy dynamics around the Comprehensive Education Sector Review and the introduction of the National Education Strategic Plan 2016~2020. Further, by examining complex interaction between the current domestic education stakeholders and international donors in education sector in Myanmar, this thesis argues that the new analytical framework on the understanding of policy dynamics in developing countries goes beyond the national level. The paper argues that there needs to be broadening of the analytical framework towards the multidimensional analysis perspective that includes global, national as well as local level policy, knowledge and power dynamics in Myanmar's dynamically changing higher education sector.

CALS환경에서 기업간 정보공유의 범위에 관한 연구

  • 고일상
    • Proceedings of the CALSEC Conference
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    • pp.41-50
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    • 1999
  • 최근의 CALS 시스템 구축 가속화 및 전자상거래 활성화 분위기는 정보기술의 전략적 활용의 초점을 개별기업 위주에서 기업간 협력체제 구축과 이를 바탕으로 하는 기업간 전자적 결합(Electronic Integration)으로 옮기고 있다. 우리는 정보기술의 공유를 기반으로 새로운 기업간의 관계를 구축할 수 있으며, 이러한 관계를 전략적으로 활용함으로써 기존 사업에서의 경쟁우위 뿐만 아니라, 새로운 사업기회를 창출할 수 있다. 관련기업간의 데이터 표준화를 통한 정보의 공유는 CALS 시스템 구축의 바탕이 된다고 할 수 있는데, 정보공유의 범위는 산업별 특성과 제품별 특성에 따라 달라질 수밖에 없으며, 관련기업간의 교섭력(Bargaining Power)에 의해서도 영향을 받게된다. CALS 환경에서는 개별기업의 정보전략에 따라 수직적 협력관계에 있는 기업들간의 정보공유 정도와 수평적 협력관계에 있는 기업들간의 정보공유 정도가 결정된다고 할 수 있다. 정보공유의 범위를 설정하는 데에는 기업간에 이루어지는 업무의 성격, 공급-제조-유통으로 연결되는 관련기업간의 구조 등도 크게 영향을 미치는 것으로 파악되고 있다. 이 연구에서는 CALS 시스템 구축과정에서 우리가 고려할 수 있는 정보공유의 범위를 관련업무공유, 시스템공유, 부품 설비공유, 시설공유 등의 관점에서 분석하여 봄으로써, 각 산업별로 진행되고 있는 시범사업들의 시스템 영역의 범위를 재조명해보고자 한다. 이 연구에서 집중적으로 다루게 될 정보공유의 범위에 대한 내용은 CALS 시스템을 개발하려는 기업들의 응용서비스 개발 및 정보전략 구축에 중요한 공헌을 할 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.진" 사업에 대한 표준 설정을 위하여 노스캐롤라이나주 지방보건소의 "보건교육/건강증진" 표준체제를 예로 들었다. 다음으로, 경제적인 효율면에서 볼 때 "보건교육/건강증진" 사업에는 단기 혹은 장기 투자가치가 있는가 하는 것이다. 새로 태어나는 미국 지방 보건소의 "보건교육/건강증진" 활동은 지역 시민 및 그 단체가 광범위하고도 자연 다발적으로 참여할 때만 성공할 수 있다고 결론 지울 수 있다.한 분야별 전문가시스템 개발을 지양하고 MCRDR이론을 기반으로 한 범용성 있는 전문가시스템 개발 툴의 개발에 관한 연구를 소개한다. 후 새로운 지식을 얻는 반복적인 Explanation-based Data Mining Architecture를 제시하였다. 본 연구의 의의로는 데이타 마이닝을 통한 귀납적 지식생성에 있어 귀납적 오류의 발생을 고메인 지식을 통해 설명가능 함을 보임으로 검증하고 아울러 이러한 설명을 통해 연역적으로 새로운 가설지식을 생성시켜 이를 가설검증방식으로 검증함으로써 귀납적 접근과 연역적 접근의 통합 데이타 마이닝 접근을 제시하였다는데 있다.gical learning to give information necessary to improve the making. program and policy decision making, The objectives of the study are to develop the methodology of modeling the socioeconomic evaluation, and build up the practical socioeconomic evaluation model of the HAN projec

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Social Capital and Health in South Korea: Considering Socio-economic Factors and Health-related Lifestyles (한국인의 사회자본과 건강: 사회경제적 요인 및 건강 관련 생활습관을 중심으로 한 분석)

  • Song, Yea-Li-A;Nam, Eun-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.71-84
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    • 2009
  • Objectives: This research intended to examine the relationships among social capital, socioeconomic factors, and health-related lifestyles and the effect of these factors on self-rated health in the Republic of Korea. Methods: The data of the social statistics survey that the Korea National Statistical Office conducted in 2006 were chosen and 37,928 people from them, who were 25~59 years old were sampled. This paper made path analysis to examine the relationships among social capital, socioeconomic factors, and health-related lifestyle and the influence of these factors on self-rated health. Results: In relation to the overall influences of socioeconomic factors, social capital, and health-related lifestyle on self-rated health, the following factors had a significant positive direct effect: education(0.069), subjective class(0.108), marriage(0.054), satisfaction with family relationships(0.087), reliability of institutions(0.020), citizens' participation(0.021), exercise(0.037), and refrain from smoking(0.011). However, abstinence from alcohol(-0.067) had a negative direct effect on self-rated health Conclusion: Based on the results, this paper can suggest that the plan of keeping and building up social capital should be considered in the whole aspects of the society and the project promoting drinking moderation is required to consider social culture than individuals.

Developing the Indicator System for Diagnosing the National Status Quo of Science Culture (국가 수준의 과학문화 실태 진단을 위한 지표 체제 개발)

  • Song, Jin-Woong;Choi, Jae-Hyeok;Kim, Hee-Kyong;Chung, Min-Kyung;Lim, Jin-Young;Cho, Sook-Kyoung
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.316-330
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    • 2008
  • During the past two decades or so, science (or scientific or scientific & technological) culture has become one of the main themes not only of policy makers but also of science educators. Although, the idea of science culture has been taken as a desirable goal, there is little agreement about what it means and how to measure it. Particularly in Korea, there has been a rapid growth of science culture projects and programs, either by governmental or non-governmental, but with little systemic monitoring and evaluation for its practice. The purpose of this study is, thus, to explore a model of measuring science culture and develop a comprehensive indicator system for it. We reviewed many literatures on definitions of science culture and the surveys for related terms, particularly, of recent national and international surveys (e.g. US Science and Engineering Indicators, Eurobarometer, Japanese Science and Technology Indicators). Based on this review, a model for science culture is proposed and then used to define the Science Culture Indicators (SCI). This model encompasses two dimensions(i.e. individual and social), which are further divided into two aspects (i.e. potential and practice). Each dimension is expected to represent citizen literacy of and national infrastructure of science culture respectively. Each category in this $2{\times}2$ matrix is further divided into several sub-categories. The discussion concerning how the model and the indicators can be used to check the states of science culture at social as well as individual levels will be given with some concrete examples, such as indicators particularly related to science education.

Development and Application of Rubric for Assessing Nature of Technology in the Context of Socioscientific Issues (과학기술관련 사회쟁점에 대한 의사결정에서 나타나는 NOT 이해 수준의 평가를 위한 루브릭 개발 및 적용)

  • Lee, Hyunok;Lee, Hyunju
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.323-334
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    • 2017
  • Current science education aims to guide students as future responsible citizens to make informed decisions on socioscientific issues (SSI). In the authors' previous study, it was found that conceptions of nature of technology (NOT) were explicitly represented in various contexts of SSI with differentiated levels of understanding, and cases of the informed NOT understanding included the key features of well-reasoned SSI decision-making. Therefore, enhancing NOT understanding could be one of the elements to leverage students' informed SSI decision-making. In this study, we developed a rubric to assess NOT understanding in the context of SSI and applied it to evaluate the impact of SSI instruction. Participants were 58 college students who took an SSI course for 6 weeks. Before and after the SSI course, they were asked to write decision-making essays on the Golden Rice issue (a type of genetically modified food). As a result of analyzing the pre- and post decision-making essay using the rubric, it was found that NOT understanding was improved after the SSI course; in addition, the salient patterns of NOT changes were analyzed in detail in order to gauge the influence of the SSI classes. Implications for science education were discussed.