• Title, Summary, Keyword: 시민참여교육

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Analysis of the Content and Components of Consumer Competency Presented in Home Economics and Other Subjects of Middle School (중학교 가정교과와 타 교과에 제시된 소비자역량의 내용과 구성요소 분석)

  • Yoon, Sohee;Sohn, Sang-Hee;Lee, Soo-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.81-96
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to identify implications for the role of home economics in consumer education in middle schools focusing on building consumer competency. To this end, the content in middle school textbooks of home economics and other subjects, written according to the 2015 revised curriculum, were analyzed. This study examined consumer education content based on the consumer competency measurement index developed by the Korean Consumer Agency, and reviewed different foci presented by subjects. This study also investigated how the knowledge, attitude and practice, which are components of consumer competency, are presented. The major findings of this study can be summarized as follows: First, consumer competency content, presented in textbooks of home economics and other subjects, were comprised of citizenship competency(65.3%), transactional competency(27%), and financial competency(7.7%). Second, in terms of content on the consumer's citizenship competency, little attention was paid to consumer rights, revealing an imbalance between responsibilities and rights. Third, despite its importance, the "utilization of information and communications technology" in transaction competency, and "consumer participation" in citizenship competency are insufficiently covered in the home economics. Fourth, social studies was the subject that most extensively covered the content of consumer competency. In terms of scope, home economics dealt with most of the sub-fields. Fifth, even when the same content of consumer competency was covered, it was presented differently by subject. Sixth, there was a lack of connection between components of consumer competency-knowledge, attitude, and practice, with a disproportionately high emphasis on knowledge. In conclusion, this study concluded that consumer education content of middle school subjects is insufficient to enhance consumer competency.

Development of Survey Tool for the Scientific Character of Elementary Student (초등학생을 위한 과학인성 검사 도구 개발)

  • Nam, Ilkyun;Im, Sungmin
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.825-838
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to develop a survey tool of scientific character for elementary student which connects science education and character education effectively by figuring out traits of elementary students' character being presented in teaching and learning context of elementary school science. For this, we adapted the theocratical model from the previous research which defined scientific character as the competencies being able to practice in concrete teaching and learning context of science. Based on this model, we developed the survey tool as 'Scientific Character Inventory for Elementary Student' to assess elementary students' scientific character as the competences to practice the virtues being pursued in the context of elementary school science and verified its reliability and validity. As a result of an exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, we confirmed all the items could be summarized into 28 items and eight constructs such as scientific problem-solving, self-management, self-reflection, communication, interpersonal skill, community participation, global citizenship, and environmental ethics awareness. We found that minimum reliability coefficient of constructs was over than 0.5 and reliability coefficient of the total items was 0.878. And also, there was modest relationship between each construct and the total score of scientific character. These results show that the developed survey tool can be useful in evaluating the effectiveness of science character education. This study is meaningful in that it systematically reveals constructs of scientific character which can be raised in concrete context of science teaching and learning so as to suggest the survey tool to assess this.

The New Urbanization Process and Changing Spatial Structure of Seoul (서울의 신도시화 과정과 공간구조의 변화)

  • 이경자;홍인옥;최병두
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.443-470
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    • 2003
  • This study is to consider economic, political, socio-cultural and environmental characteristics of the new urbanization process and its spatial structures and urban policy of Seoul in the 1990s. Some experimental findings which have been identified throughout this study can be summarized as follows. First of all, Seoul, the largest city in S.Korea has experienced a restructuring process of economy, which has been promoted by the development of producer services as well as knowledge- based or high tech industries. Secondly, the autonomy of Seoul has increased after the introduction of local self-government, with relatively higher self-management of local finance than other cities, strengthening the tendency of enterpreneurialism, empowering civil movements, and increasing the political participation of women. Thirdly, in the socio-cultural aspect, the material wants to gain a certain identity through consumption, using urban environments culturally, varying consuming attitudes and ways of leisure times in relation with the rapid development of transportation and information communication. Fourthly, in the environmental aspect, Seoul has tried to introduce the concept of sustainable development in terms of increasing wants on the quality of life, and to develop a pro-environmental eco-city with environmental rehabilitation, constructing green space and eco-park. Finally, in the spatial dimension, Seoul has shown a structuration of multi-centers, with highly spectacular urban landscapes and seemingly authentic urban planning. These results make us confirm that Seoul has been in the process of new urbanization which can be distinguished from the previous one.

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The Types and Processes of Corporate Philanthropy Programs on Forestry in Korea 500 Companies (국내 500대 기업의 산림분야 사회공헌활동 프로그램의 유형과 추진방식)

  • Kim, Jae-Hyun;Chang, Chu-Youn;Tae, Yoo-Lee;Kim, Hae-Chang
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.99 no.6
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    • pp.816-826
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the types and processes of corporate philanthropy programs on forestry in Korea 500 largest companies. The result shows that 75 companies of Korea 500 companies (15.0%) participated in corporate philanthropy program related to forestry and there are 113 programs that those companies are proceeding. The types of 108 programs can be divided into 5 parts; 1) volunteer work, 2) creating forests & management, 3) one-time planting work, 4) forest education, 5) training experts & job creation. Among them, volunteer work (55.6%) and creating forests & management (29.6%) showed high proportion. The process of programs depends on their types. The volunteer and one-time planting work were mainly proceeded directly by corporate volunteer organization. But creating forests & management, forest education and training experts & job creation were usually proceeded in consort with local governments, NPOs and NGOs, and so on. These results show that Korean corporate philanthropy in forestry is progressing to strategic philanthropy through participation and partnership of various social groups. This shows the possibility to progress corporate community investment (CCI) with forest education and training experts & job creation.

Related Factors to Physical Inactivity of Residents in One Metropolitan City (일개 광역시민의 신체비활동 관련 요인 분석연구)

  • Kang, Sung-Wook;Hong, Jee-Young;Lee, Moo-Sik;Na, Baeg-Ju;Lee, Jin-Yong;Bae, Seok-Hwan;Kim, Young-Sin
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.1076-1079
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구는 일개 광역시 주민들 4000명을 대상으로 일반적 특성, 건강행태 관련 특성, 신체비활동 정도를 조사하여 신체비활동의 유발요인에 대해 알아보고자 시행되었다. 그 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 걷기운동 미실천 수준의 경우 연령, 교육수준, 의료보장, 직업, 기초생활수급유무, 독감 예방접종, 체중조절시도, 고위험음주, 스트레스 인지정도, 지역사회 운동프로그램참여, 운동시설의 접근성이, 중등도 이상의 운동 미실천의 경우, 성별, 연령, 월 소득, 가구소유, 건강검진 여부, 체중 조절 시도, 현재 흡연 여부, 지역 사회 운동 프로그램참여가 통계적으로 유의했으며, 이 변수들을 이용하여 신체비활동 수준을 결과변수로 하는 로지스틱 회귀분석을 시행하여, 걷기운동의 경우 20대에 비해서 30대가 1.46배, 40대가 1.57배 미실천률이 높고, 사무직이 전문행정관리직에 비해 1.37배, 체중조절을 시도하지 않은 군이 한 군에 비해 1.70배, 스트레스를 많이 느낀 군이 안 느낀 군에 비해 1.58배, 조금 느낀 군에 비해 1.38배, 운동시설 접근성이 어려운 군이 쉬운 군에 비해 1.75배정도 높은 것으로 분석되었고, 중등도 이상 운동의 경우 여자의 경우 남자에 비해 미실천율이 1.74배, 체중조절시도를 안한 군이 한 군에 비해 1.63배, 지역사회운동프로그램참여 안한 군이 한 군에 비해 2.36배 높은 것으로 나타났다. 고령화 사회로 가고 있는 현 상황에서 여러 가지 만성질환이 대두되고 있고, 이에 따른 신체활동의 중요성이 대두되고 있다. 하지만 우리나라의 경우 신체활동 실천율이 낮은 것이 현실이다. 신체활동의 실천율을 향상시키기 위해서는 신체비활동 결정짓는 요인들에 대해 우선 파악해야 한다. 분석결과 가장 차이가 나는 것은 운동시설의 접근성과 지역사회운동프로그램의 불참군에서 가장 신체비활동이 큰 것으로 파악되었다.

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The Effects of Bibliotherapy Program for Competency Enhancement in Nursing Students (독서치료를 적용한 역량증진 프로그램이 간호대학생의 역량에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Jung-Hoi;Ahn, Hwang-Ran;Pyoun, Soon-Nam
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.6992-7005
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of Bibliotherapy Program for competency enhancement in nursing students. A quasi-experimental design was employed in this study. Participants for the study were 24 nursing students, 10 in the experimental group and 14 in the control group. This Program was conducted on the experimental group once a week for 90~120minutes/session during 10weeks(9session). Data were analyzed by using the SPSS/WIN. 21.0 program with ${\chi}^2$ test, t-test and two-way ANOVA. As a result, Participants in the bibliotherapy reported significantly different in total competency(F=10.62, p=.001) scores from those in the control group. Components of competence were significant differences in the Basic competencies(F=8.74, p=.001) and Practical competencies(F=8.58, p=.001) scores, but the Results competence in citizenship competency(F=.229, p=0.797), there was no significant difference. This Program was effective in increasing competency(basic competencies and practical competencies) for nursing students. Therefore, this approach is recommended as enhance the competency strategy for nursing students.

Development Stages and Characteristics of Place-Based Industry-Academic Cooperation Projects: The Case of Universities Participating in the LINC+ Project (대학-지역 연계형 산학협력 사업의 발전단계와 특성: LINC+사업 참여대학을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Jong-Ho;Jang, Hoo-Eun
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.96-109
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    • 2019
  • As the role of universities as a civic university contributing to regional development has been emphasized, industry-academic cooperation projects are increasingly focused on quadruple helix interactions of university, government, business and civic society. Drawing upon focus group interviews, we divided place-based industry-academic cooperation projects into four different types and stages of development, according to two indicators of network participation and network strength. Although the proportion of projects that were in the early stages of development was overwhelmingly high, some universities developed a close cooperative system with the local community to enhance the effectiveness of the industry-academic cooperation projects and to implement them in an advanced stage. These findings suggest that the LINC+ project, which has been criticized for its policy effectiveness, will not only contribute to enhancing policy effectiveness through place-based projects but also enhance the role of universities as the main body of regional innovation.

The Development and Features of Discussion about Community Design (커뮤니티디자인의 전개와 논의의 특징)

  • Kim, Yun-Geum;Reigh, Young-Bum
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.22-31
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    • 2012
  • This study was prompted by the recognition that the tenn "Community design" has recently been used in diverse practical fields without prior discussion about its underpinnings, a potentially problematic state of affairs. Based on these problems, this study studied the special quality about the concept of community design. Community design can be discussed from two perspectives. The first views community design as a design that concerns the community, an inhabited area populated with people who have common interests, at least in part because of geographic proximity to each other. The second sees community design as a movement that started in the 1960s and places a great importance on democratic decision making, communication, and collaboration. This study will focus on the latter. This branch of community design encompasses an advocacy planning approach, in which design professionals represent deprived communities in their resistance against comprehensive redevelopment. This was associated to the wider social protest movements of the mid and late 1960s. In the 1970s, this branch of community design was developed alongside community design centers, which provided local-level technical assistance to the communities on a number of issues, such as design and planning. The discussion about community design started in earnest from the early 1980s. A review of the literature m community design reveals several characteristics. First, community design deals with the relationship between the physical environment and several aspects of a region, including the social and cultural. Second, it involves community participation, which many scholars believe is the core of community design. Specifically, community design has been characterized by increased participation and democratic debate and decision making. The Third is about communication methods. Since the 1960s, diverse methods had been developed to promote communication effectively. Finally, community design must consider the relationship between designers, who typically value aesthetics and efficiency of form, and the needs of the community with which they are working. Indeed, some scholars believe that this relationship is generally contentious, although the designer can also be thought of as the facilitator of the community's needs. As community design practice becomes more prevalent, a review of the foundation of institution and policy and the role of experts is also needed. The community design movement bas been theorized ex post facto through diverse discussion that has sought to ascribe meaning and direction to its practice. In other words, the relationship between this theory and practice is cyclical. Therefore, this study can contribute to the virtuous circle.

Public Art and Urban Reimagineering : An Evaluation of Busan Biennale 2006 (공공예술과 도시 재이미지화 : 2006 부산 비엔날레 평가)

  • Choi, Byung-Doo
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.543-562
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    • 2007
  • Busan Biennale, began from 2000, has been argued that it would improve 'intrinsic introspection related to localism' against 'a lifestyle forced by capitalism in a global dimension', by promoting urban esthetic imagination in the public sphere of the city and reflecting it upon exhibited artworks. But Busan Biennale seems to reflect partly an attempt for new place marketing or urban reimagineering as a part of postmodern culture, even thought it has been planned to be an authentic stage or public-place art for citizens. This paper is to examine Busan Biennale 2006, held from Sep.16 to Nov.25 in Busan main theme of which is 'everywhere', constituted with three major projects: the Contemporary Art Exhibition, Sea Art Festival, and the Busan Sculpture Project. Ths paper considers first some implications of the transformation of modem to postmodern city, focusing on spatial representation of the city and public place art, and then tries to evaluate whether Busan Biennale is really embedded in the local authenticity and esthetic imagination for citizen or not. As concluding remarks, this paper suggests that Busan Biennale would be continuously developed, when it is oriented more towards local public-place art for citizens with their active participations rather than towards urban reimagineering strategy to make and promote an image of Busan as a global city.

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Indicators and Planning Features of Ecologically Based Urban Regeneration -Cases from Hamburg, Germany and Copenhagen, Denmark (생태기반형 도시재생의 계획지표 및 특성에 관한 연구 -독일 함부르크와 덴마크 코펜하겐 사례를 중심으로)

  • Rhee, Bum-Hun;Chang, Dong-Min
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.158-166
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    • 2018
  • Contrary to urban development, urban regeneration is a process of land development through conservation, restoration, and management. In particular, ecologically based urban regeneration is an attempt to improve the quality of life in an area, establish a stable settlement space, and revitalize the local economy by considering the ecological environment. In this regard, the objectives of this study were to establish theoretical concepts and analyze the successful foreign cases of ecologically based urban regeneration, and propose a direction of socio-economic regeneration along with the physical-environmental regeneration of urban areas in Korea. The study results suggest the following. First, strategies must be developed to coordinate public transportation, such as buses and subways, by considering the importance of bicycle riders, along with the sustainable-commuting system. Second, both the importance of planning parks and trails around water systems in various scales while maintaining the existing natural environment as well as using natural elements, such as electric vehicles and wind-power generation systems, were emphasized. Third, urban regeneration for increased energy efficiency requires specific architectural planning and facilities. Fourth, education and research for easy access by the public, as well as public-private partnership, will be needed in the regeneration process.