• Title, Summary, Keyword: 시민참여교육

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The Past and Future of Public Engagement with Science and Technology (참여적 과학기술 거버넌스의 전개와 전망)

  • Kim, Hyomin;Cho, Seung Hee;Song, Sungsoo
    • Journal of Science and Technology Studies
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.99-147
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    • 2016
  • This paper critically reviews the previous discussion over public engagement with science and technology by Science and Technology Studies literatures with a focus on justification and acceptance. Recent studies pointed out that the "participatory turn" after the late 1990s was followed by confusion and disagreement over the meaning and agency of public engagement. Their discussion over the reproduction of the ever-present boundary between science and society along with so-called late modernity and post-normal science and sometimes through the very processes of public engagement draws fresh attention to the old problem: how can lay participation in decision-making be justified, even if we agree that privileging the position of experts in governance of science and technology is no longer justified? So far STS have focused on two conditions for participatory turn-1) uncertainties inherent in experts' ways of knowing and 2) practicability of lay knowledge. This paper first explicated why such discussion has not been logically sufficient nor successful in promoting a wide and well-thought-out acceptance of public engagement. Then the paper made a preliminary attempt to explain what new types of expertise can support the construction and sustainment of participatory governance in science and technology by focusing on one case of lay participation. The particular case discussed by the paper revolves around the actions of a civil organization and an activist who led legal and regulatory changes in wind power development in Jeju Special Self-governing Province. The paper analyzed the types of expertise constructed to be effective and legitimate during the constitution of participatory energy governance and the local society's support for it. The arguments of this paper can be summarized as follows. First, an appropriate basis of the normative claim that science and technology governance should make participatory turn cannot be drawn from the essential characteristics of lay publics-as little as of experts. Second, the type of 'expertise' which can justify participatory governance can only be constructed a posteriori as a result of the practices to re-construct the boundaries between factual statements and value judgment. Third, an intermediary expertise, which this paper defines as a type of expertise in forming human-nonhuman associations and their new pathways for circulations, made significant contribution in laying out the legal and regulatory foundation for revenue sharing in Jeju wind power development. Fourth, experts' conventional ways of knowing need to be supplemented, not supplanted, by lay expertise. Ultimately, the paper calls for the necessity to extend STS discussion over governance toward following the actors. What needs more thorough analysis is such actors' narratives and practices to re-construct the boundaries between the past and present, facts and values, science and society. STS needs a renewed focus on the actual sites of conflicts and decision-making in discussing participatory governance.

An Experience of Living Lab as Energy Transition Experiment: The Case of Urban Living Lab for Mini-PV System in Seong-Dae-Gol, Seoul, KOREA (에너지전환 실험의 장으로서 한국 리빙랩의 경험: 성대골의 도시지역 미니태양광 사례를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jun han;Han, Jae kak
    • Journal of Science and Technology Studies
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.219-265
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    • 2018
  • Recently, interest in energy tranisition is rising. Energy transition requires active participation and cooperation of diverse stakeholders, including users / citizens, in that it requires not only changes in technological factors but also changes and coordination of various social factors. Living labs are attracting attention as one of the ways to do this. This article is a detailed analysis of the activities of the mini-PV living lab in the urban area from 2016 to 2017 at the Seoul, Sung Dae Goal. Through the Living Lab, mini PV DIY products, backup centers, local financial services, and the development of a variety of education and training strategies have been achieved. These activities and achievements were analyzed through questions raised on strategic, tactical, and operational levels, as well as through multi-level perspective and interaction between initiative, regime, and niche. In conclusion, this living lab activity confirmed the possibility of a 'transition lap' to solve social problems such as sustainability of energy production and utilization. In particular, it gained remarkable results in terms of the operational leves of transition management governance, that is, transition experiment, and it was also remarkable in that it was the initiative of citizens. However, it did not proceed without difficulty. In particular, structural problems such as the conflict between the flexibility inherent in living lab and the bureaucratic rigidity of the financial support organization have appeared. There was also a limitation that there was no 'transition field' on the strategic level necessary to replicate and expand strategic niches while spreading the knowledge gained from the transition experiment, forming the vision of transition.

Individual & Community in Korean Neo-Confucianism (한국(韓國) 성리학(性理學)에 있어서의 개인과 공동체)

  • Lee, Sang-Ik
    • The Journal of Korean Philosophical History
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    • no.38
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    • pp.97-128
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    • 2013
  • Originally confucianism is closer to communitarianism than to individualism. The ideal of confucianism is to realize ethical community. Chu Hsi's theory of the Song dynasty reestablishes the ideal of ethical community and dignitaries(士大夫) take the job to realize it as their own vocation. There are many developed 'family clans and kinsfolk societies', 'local covenants and sacred storehouses' and 'private academies' in the Chosun dynasty as in the Song dynasty. These communities are three kinds of axial confucian community, which are both natural ascriptive groups and voluntary contract groups in nature. Communities of Chosun dynasty are to strengthen the solidarity through friendship and mutual help as well as to cultivate good customs in society. Also these traditional communities are managed by democratic procedures, as these are originally voluntary contract groups. On the other hand, traditional neo-confucian self-training theories like that individual personality should be harmony with general order, or one should pursuit his private interest according to fair principles are the process of sublimation private individual into public citizen.

The Results of the Environmental Model City Project in Japan (일본 환경모델도시의 계획적 특성과 추진성과에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Nam-Jung;Kang, Myung-Soo
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.429-437
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this research is to seek the suggestions applicable to Korean green-growth(development) policy and the realization of low carbon society by looking around the promotion policy and the process, the promotion system, main environmental policy in each city about the business for environmental model city in Japan which has been promoted in a city in order to realize low-carbon society. Japan had selected 13 local governments as an environmental model city as a part of a policy to build low-carbon society in 2008~2009, and Japan has formed information sharing between cities and provinces, the spread of information sharing and the free competition among local governments for an environmental model city through Zero Carbon City Promotion Council consisting of local governments and specialists. When examining these cases in Japan, the green-growth policy promoting currently in Korea needs to be converted from the central government-dominated policy to the local government-dominated policy and Koreaneeds to make more effort to develop software programs in order to realize green-growth social system.

A Study on efficiency of security police through cooperation with private sector (민간영역과의 공조에 의한 경비경찰 효율화에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Hyeok
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.20
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    • pp.119-140
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    • 2009
  • It seems that security police's business to secure safety of state and citizens has existed since the mankind began to create a community. State was not fully responsible for such security business from the beginning. The business was carried out autonomously by the private sector for a long period. However, as the state system had been strengthened, the public sector absorbed the function. But in the modern society where various risks exist, safety of society could not be guaranteed only by public police. Accordingly, cooperation with the private sector is indispensable. In the limit of public police, autonomous organization of security companies and general citizens is expanding its scope. As a result, they should exercise partnership as a tripod to build social safety net. Security police failed to secure manpower exclusively responsible for security, despite various businesses and excessive mobilization. Accordingly, their professionalism and ability to cope with crisis are being questioned. In particular, efficiency of security police is becoming a more urgent issue in an era of international terrorism. Private sector can be classified into security companies and private autonomous organization. In case of security companies, the problem is quality and business ability of guards compared to a rapid external growth such as quantitative expansion and advancement into various businesses. In terms of pure private activity, the necessity of understanding of public police activity and conditions for organizational and continuous activity should be prepared. To tide over such problems and effectively achieve the common goal, changes in the method of employment, new establishment of security police department, and strengthening of professionalism and crisis management ability are necessary in the public police sector. In case of security companies, improvement of relations with public police through joint education, strengthening of business ability and activation of business cooperation through these matters are necessary. To maximize activity of pure private sector, it needs to establish reserve police, manage such private autonomous organization and bolster publicity with citizens.

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Collaborative Governance and Development of the Yeongnam Region : a Conceptual Reconsideration (협력적 거버넌스와 영남권 지역 발전: 개념적 재고찰)

  • Choi, Byung-Doo
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.427-449
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    • 2015
  • Network governance can be defined as collaborative process to develop a new socio-political order through civil society centered networking with government and market, and the term 'collaborative governance' can be used in a sense that the basis of governance is collaborative process. In particular, it can be stressed that collaborative governance between regions need double collaborative processes, that is, collaboration between local governments and collaboration between local government and local civil society within a region. Yet, the collaboration as a core element of collaborative governance should not be seen as a pure normativity presupposing confidence and reciprocity, but as a strategy based on competition and antagonism. The normativity implied in the concept of collaborative governance may not realized in actual process, and tends to be mobilized as a rationale for justifying neoliberal strategies. In order to overcome such limits of collaborative governance, the concept of collaborative governance should be reconstructed. This paper suggests that collaborative governance can be seen as hegemonic governing process in a Gramcian sense operating in the government plus civil society, and that, radicalizing Ostrom's concept, it also can be seen as a governing process producing polycentricity by self-regulating subjects. Finally, collaborative governance between regions needs expansion of material basis for economic complementarity and construction of infrastructure as well as a discursive process in order to enhance connectivity between them.

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Analysis of the Relevance to Education for Sustainable Development and the Inquiry Tendency of 2015-Revised Middle School Home Economics Textbooks: Focusing on the 'Adolescence Consumption Life' Unit (2015 개정 중학교 가정 교과서 지속가능발전교육(ESD) 연관성 및 탐구 성향 분석: '청소년기의 소비생활' 단원을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Saetbyeol;Kim, Yeasle
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.161-177
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    • 2020
  • This research aims to identify the relevance of 'Adolescence consumption' units to ESD(Education for Sustainable Development), and to analyze the unit's inquiry tendency through the Romey analysis method. The assessment criteria in association with ESD developed in the previous literature were summarized and established to set up an analysis framework consisted of 11 key points including environmental perspective (natural resources, climate change/disaster prevention and mitigation, and sustainable rural and urban systems), economic perspective (corporate sustainability, market economy, and poverty gap mitigation), and socio-cultural perspective (human rights/peace/human protection, cultural diversity and understanding, health/safety, civic engagement, and management of nation). With this framework, the learning contents of 'adolescence consumption life' unit in twelve middle school Home Economics textbooks were analyzed including the texts, images/illustrations/tables/graphs, and activities. The analysis revealed that the core elements of the 'market economy' and 'management of nation' from the economic perspective were presented in three different formats: texts, images/illustrations/tables/graphs, and activities. However, relatively insufficient contents were presented in terms of health/safety, civic engagement, sustainable rural and urban systems, and corporate sustainability, and thus, development of textbooks dealing with various ESD contents is neededrecommended. Additionally, most textbooks' texts and images/illustrations/tables/graphs tend to be authoritative, while activities and assignments exhibited an inquiry tendency. It is advisable to incorporate a wider variety of ESD-related content in Home Economics classes and creatively employ inquiry-based learning activities for the development of pro-sustainable-development consumption values and behavioral tendencies among young students.

Water Related Disaster Risk Reduction Education & Training Program for Official Development Assistance (공적개발원조를 위한 물관련 재해위험경감 교육훈련프로그램 연구)

  • Lee, Seungho;Cho, Ye-Eun;Ko, Hyejin
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.128-128
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    • 2015
  • 본 연구는 공적개발원조 사업 중 하나로 개발도상국의 실무자 및 정책결정자의 물 관련 재해위험경감 역량 강화를 위한 교육 훈련 프로그램을 검토하고 개발하는데 목적이 있다. 특히, 물 관련 재해에 대한 구조적, 비구조적 대응방식을 균형있게 논의하고 지방정부 및 관련기관과의 협력, 지역사회기반의 재해경감정책 등 새로운 대응방식관련 교육 프로그램을 검토한다. 2000년-2006년 기간 Emergency Disasters Database (EM-DAT)에 기록된 전 세계 2,163건의 물 관련 재해는 총 29만 명 이상의 인명피해와 4,220억 달러의 재산피해를 초래하였다. 이런 재해는 개발도상국이나 선진국 모두에게 치명적이지만 특히 재해대응역량이 부족한 개발도상국에 막대한 손실을 초래하여 국가개발과 존망에 큰 위협이 되고 있다. 그럼에도 불구하고 대부분의 개발도상국은 재해관리를 간과하여 빈곤의 악순환에서 벗어나지 못하고 있는 실정이다. 본 연구는 2005년 효고행동강령(Hyogo Framework for Action: HFA)의 기본원칙, 2011년 중간평가 검토, 2015년 이후 제시될 새로운 재해위험경감 정책의 틀 속에서 재해위험경감 교육 프로그램을 연구하고자 한다. 이를 위하여 개발도상국 공무원을 대상으로 공적개발원조 프로그램을 운영한 천안의 중앙민방위방재교육원과 일본 고베시의 JICA 등을 방문하여 물 관련 재해 대응의 실질적 개선방향을 모색하였다. 물 관련 재해대응을 위한 교육 프로그램 대상은 실무자와 정책결정자로 설정하고 예방/대비/대응/복구의 유형에 따른 교육과정을 검토한다. 재해 대응 역량강화를 위하여 댐이나 제방 등 홍수위험관리기술과 같은 구조적 방식뿐만 아니라 근본적인 재해위험경감을 위한 홍수위험도 분석과 관리, 도시홍수위험경감계획, 관련 법규제정, 지역홍수위험경감과 민관협력 등과 같은 비구조적 방식에 대한 교육도 포함한다. 이런 측면에서 한국의 경제발전 경험과 물 관련 재해관리 경험을 정책, 사업, 사례와 연관시켜 교육을 진행하고 장단점 비교를 통하여 개발도상국 현지에 적합한 모델을 모색한다. 또한 재해발생시 피해규모를 최소화하게 하는 초동대응을 위해서 행정뿐만 아니라 지역, 시민, 기업 등 다양한 이해 당사자와 주체가 참여하는 종합대책교육을 포함한다. 사회경제발전의 지속을 위해서는 재해에 대한 관리가 매우 중요하다. 특히 인간의 삶에 너무도 익숙하지만 홍수, 가뭄 등으로 치명적인 피해를 야기하는 물 관련 재해에 대응하기 위해서는 물 관리와 관련 재해에 대한 전반적인 이해가 필수적이다. 따라서 한국의 물 관리 경험에 기초한 재해위험경감 교육과 훈련은 개발도상국의 효과적인 재해관리를 가능하게 할 것이다.

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A Study on Developing Qualification Criteria in the Private Security Industry (민간경비 자격검정 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Choe, Jung-Taek
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.18
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    • pp.143-167
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    • 2009
  • As of entering the 21st century, a trend in the field of a private security industry among the advanced countries have been increased a qualification system and train session to meet the needs of professionalism. Intensifying the professionalism in Korea, education and train system has been initiated to change but the oligopoly market already formulated due to impractical selection standard and management of education system. Issuing certification and offering basic training through a designated institution for the purpose of improving quality of the private security industry worker, its practical effectiveness were lower than expectation. Rather certification-holder or security agency, institution or truster's rent-seeking behavior have been increased by occupational licensing system. The founded results, which were associated to problems in selecting and educating to the private security guard, in this study were that any verification has been initiated towards dual-system in official approval and structural problems in education system, and non-existence of verification for professionalism and management capability to security agency owner and its upper managerial level. Current a dual system in an officially authorized verification system and completion of security guard credential requested change to an unified official qualification verification system to solve those problems. Ranges of an applicant to the unified official qualification verification system should be extend to the whole population in the private security industry. Moreover, minimization of the dead-weigh loss, which is caused by oligopoly phenomenon while using its market-dominant status, increasement number of designated institution, which allows self-regulating competition, and endowment of autonomy, which is in selecting education and agency, were requested to solve the problems in selecting and educating to the private security guard. In order to minimize stated problems while maintaining objectiveness, a new manage and supervise institution, which is called a 'private security industry committee', should be establish. The private security industry committee is a formation of governance network which are participated from professional group to civil organization.

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A Study of Predicting the Degree of Donors' Philanthropic Effort in Nonprofit Social Welfare Arena (후원 활동에 참여하는 사람들의 일반적 특징과 그들의 후원 노력에 영향을 미치는 요인들에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Chul-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.35
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    • pp.1-30
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    • 1998
  • The primary objectives of this research is to identify (1) demographic and behavioral characteristics of donors for social welfare organizations in Korea and (2) factors that predicts the degrees of donors' philanthropic effort measured by the fraction of personal income given to these organizations. This study uses the data based on the responses of 191 participants among 500 donors selected randomly from the donor population of 5 major social welfare organizations. In the demographic aspect, this study showed that donors have higher frequencies in college education, Christianity, married status, age of 30s & 40s, and middle class. In the behavioral aspect, this study showed that donors have higher frequencies in inner motivation for philanthropic participation ("joy of giving"), satisfaction about the activities of social welfare organizations, trust toward funds administration of social welfare organizations, and active participation ("solicitation to others") about donation. This study also showed that donor's duration is distributed around 3 years (median) and donors' donation amount is distributed around 20,000 Won (median). This study found that the median value of donors' philanthropic effort is 1.2 percent and the distribution of philanthropic effort by income has the U shape. Finally, using polynomial regression analysis, this study found that the first power and second power of donor's income, age, continuation motivation of donation, and degree of active participation are statistically significant in predicting the degree of donors' philanthropic effort. This study will contribute to expanding knowledge about donors' characteristics and provide a practical implication for financial resource mobilization strategies in nonprofit nongovernmental sector.

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