• Title/Summary/Keyword: 순수기술효율성

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Analysis of Relative Efficiency in Domestic Bank (국내 일반은행의 상대적 효율성 분석)

  • Noh, Meehyun
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • 2014.11a
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    • pp.429-430
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    • 2014
  • 본 연구는 DEA를 이용하여 국내 일반은행(13개)의 상대적 효율성을 분석하였다. 분석결과, CCR모형에 의한 기술효율성이 '1'인 은행은 5개, BCC모형에 의한 순수기술효율성이 '1'인 은행은 9개였으며, 규모효율성이 '1'인 은행은 5개였다. 시중은행과 지방은행의 효율성 평균 차이 분석에서는 기술효율성과 순수기술효율성에서는 유의한 차이가 없었으며, 규모효율성에서만 p<0.1에서 지방은행이 시중은행 보다 다소 높은 효율성을 보였다.

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Evaluation of University Library Efficiency Using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA를 적용한 대학도서관의 효율성 평가)

  • Jung, Young-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean BIBLIA Society for library and Information Science
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.301-315
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    • 2011
  • DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis) is useful to measure the relative efficiency of organizational units where the presence of multiple inputs and outputs. This study applied DEA-CCR and DEA-BCC to evaluate the technical, pure technical, and scale efficiency of 29 university libraries. The input variables were number of books, print edition expenses, building space, staff, number of seats. As output variables we estimated: reader visits, number of borrowed items, number of visitors. It was found out that number of libraries with 100% relative efficiency among 29 libraries were 13. Also the results shows that main reason of inefficiency was from scale rather than from pure technical. Many inefficient libraries were operations of increasing return to scale.

Management Efficiency of Chestnut-Cultivating Households in Chungnam Province (충남지역 밤나무 재배 임가의 경영 효율성 분석)

  • Won, Hyun-Kyu;Jeon, Jun-Heon;Yoo, Byoung-Il;Lee, Seong-Youn;Lee, Jung-Min;Ji, Dong-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.102 no.3
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    • pp.390-397
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    • 2013
  • The study, utilizing a data envelopment analysis (DEA) which is one of the nonparametric estimation methods, aims to evaluate the management efficiency of chestnut tree cultivators in such provinces in Chungchungnam-do as Cheong-yang, Gong-ju, Bu-yeo and so on. The analysis data of this study is based on inputs and outputs of 20 forestry households surveyed in the 2012 survey titled 'A Study on Current Level and Condition of Chestnut Cultivation and Management', which was conducted from March 2012 to October 2012. The elements of inputs are composed of management cost, harvesting cost, material cost, non-operation expenses and cultivation area, while the element of output is a gross margin only. Then the study analyzes a technical efficiency, a puretechnical efficiency and a scale efficiency using CCR and BCC model among DEA methods. Based on that, it also provides improvement methods for forestry households that turned out to be inefficient. In order to verify the result of DEA analysis, the study additionally compares a result of this efficiency study with that of chestnuts management standard diagnostic table. According to the result, the average value of technical efficiency analyzed was 0.667, proving to be inefficient in general. Given that the average value of pure-technical efficiency was 0.944 and that of scale efficiency was 0.703, it can be inferred that inefficiency exists in the field of scale, not in the field of cultivation techniques. As for forestry households with the efficiency score of 1, it is shown that there were 6 households that recorded 1 in the technical efficiency field and 13 households that recorded 1 in the pure technical efficiency. Meanwhile, there were 6 households that recorded 1 in all of the three aspects. In the comparison with the scores from chestnuts management standard diagnostic table, there were 5 households made a high score of over 80, among which are 3 households with score 1 in the technical efficiency. Also, the results of this study and the chestnuts management standard diagnostic table are proved to have the same result, both of them showing the same households that recorded the highest score and the lowest score. This means the management efficiency evaluation using DEA can be applied to the fieldwork along with the chestnuts management standard diagnostic table.

Productivity Change in Korean banks After the Financial Crisis : $1997\sim2000$ (외환위기 이후 국내은행의 생산성 변화 측정: 1997년$\sim$2000년)

  • Hong, Bong-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Financial Management
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.133-151
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구는 Malmquist지수를 이용하여 1997년 외환위기 때부터 2000년까지 국내은행의 생산성 변화를 순수기술효율성, 규모효율성 및 기술진보의 변화로 구분하여 측정함과 동시에 서울소재은행과 지방은행간의 생산성을 비교하였다. 1997년과 2000년간의 순수기술효율성의 변화는 감소하였지만, 규모효율성과 기술진보의 변화가 순수기술효율성의 하락 부분을 상쇄한 결과로 2000년에는 1997년의 생산성 수준을 회복하였다는 것을 확인하였다. $1997{\sim}2000$년의 서울소재 은행과 지방은행간을 비교한 결과에 의하면 서울소재은행의 생산성이 높게 나타났다. 두 집단간에 이러한 차이는 규모효율성으로부터 기인하였으며, 기술혁신을 의미하는 기술진보의 변화에는 두 집단간에 차이가 없었다. 특히 지방은행의 생산성은 2000년에도 1997년도 수준을 회복하지 못하고 있다.

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Data Envelopment Analysis of the Management Efficiency of National Shipping Enterprises in South Korea -Chiefly on the Corporate Entertainment and Advertisement Cost- (DEA모형을 이용한 국적선사의 경영효율성 분석 -접대비와 광고·선전비를 중심으로-)

  • Park, Hyun-Jun;Kim, Hyuna;Lim, Young-Tae
    • Journal of Korea Port Economic Association
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.123-135
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    • 2016
  • This study uses Data Envelopment Analysis(DEA) to investigate the management efficiency of Korean shipping companies based on business administration costs such as corporate entertainment, advertisement, and labor costs. We analyze shipping enterprises listed on the Korean stock market of the period of 2010-2014. Corporate entertainment, advertisement and labor costs are used as input variables and sales and net income are used as output variables. We use technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency, scale efficiency and returns to scale to propose a plan to improve the efficiency of inefficiency decision-making units (DMUs). The results of the efficiency analysis show that six of the DMUs in the technical efficiency of CCR model and eight of the DMUs in the pure technical efficiency of BCC model are in efficient state. In terms of return to scale, six of the DMUs(24% of all DMUs) show increasing returns to scale, while 13 DMUs(52% of all DMUs) showdecreasing returns to scale. Because multiple efficient state for DMUs exist in the technical efficiency analysis, we conduct a super efficiency analysis. The results show that the efficient state of the twomost efficient DMUs are 1.314 and 1.243, respectively. This implies that these DMUs could maintain their current levels of the efficiency if they increase the amount spent on advertisements, corporate entertainment and labor costs by 31.4% and 24.3%. respectively. We conclude this study by providing the efficiency states of each DMU and target for improving the inefficiencies in each case.

Management Efficiency of the Full-time and Part-time Oak Mushroom Farms using DEA models (DEA 모형을 이용한 주업과 겸업 표고재배 임가의 경영효율성 비교 분석)

  • Lee, Seong-Youn;Jeon, Jun-Heon;Won, Hyun-Kyu;Lee, Jung-Min
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.103 no.4
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    • pp.639-645
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the management efficiency of oak mushroom farms in Korea using the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), which is one of the non-parametric estimation methods. The data that was analyzed in this study was from the result of 2013 survey entitled "Standard Diagnostic Table for Oak Mushroom Management", which was conducted from March 2012 to October 2012. This survey was based on the inputs and outputs of 20 oak mushroom farms. Specifically, this study analyzed the technical efficiency, pure-technical efficiency and scale efficiency using CCR and BCC model of the DEA methods. Furthermore, this study compares the management efficiency between the full time oak mushroom production farms and part time oak mushroom production farms. Results showed that mean value for the technical efficiency was 0.655 which is considered as inefficient in general. For the pure-technical efficiency and scale efficiency, the mean values were 0.830 and 0.747, respectively which showed that inefficiency in the management was observed in the mushroom farms. Results also showed that there were seven farms with a total efficiency of 1, namely Decision Making Unit(DMU)2, DMU5, DMU6, DMU8, DMU10, DMU15 and DMU20. The management efficiency of DMU7 specifically the inputs for production was analyzed and compared to DMU5 and DMU6 and results showed that the DMU7 had an excessive inoculation and site development cost. Lastly, it was also observed that the full time mushroom production farms were more efficient as compared to the part time mushroom farms because of the lower scale efficiency value or smaller area for mushroom production allotted in the part time farms.

Analysis of R&D Efficiency between Industries : focusing on Technology-innovative SMEs (연구개발 활동 효율성의 산업간 비교 분석: 기술혁신형 중소기업을 대상으로)

  • Jeon, Soojin
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.33-62
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    • 2021
  • This study compares and analyzes the efficiency of R&D activities of technology-innovative small and medium-sized enterprises(SMEs) between industries and proposes ways to improve efficiency. The research samples are 6,708 technology-innovative SMEs, which have received a guarantee by the KIBO from 2008 to 2011. Input variables are the level of R&D personnel, R&D investment, and output variables are patent applications, prototype. Efficiency is measured by the DEA model, and indirect comparisons that are individually measured by industry are performed. As a result of the analysis, the CCR for determining the optimal returns to scale is 0.19, the BCC for determining the optimal input distribution is 0.70, and the SE for determining the optimal output is 0.30. By industry type, the medium and low-tech industries have high CCR and BCC, while the high-end and high-tech industries have high SE. R&D activities need to be operated on an optimal scale through managing R&D performance because there is the inefficiency of scale across the industry. The contribution of the study is to analyze the R&D efficiency of each industry of technology-innovative SMEs by the technology evaluation data of the KIBO.

An Empirical Analysis on the Technical Efficiency from the Perspective of Space Closeness in Apparel Textile Industry of Busan (부산지역 섬유·패션기업의 공간근접성에 따른 효율성 분석)

  • Joo, Soo-Hyeon;Lee, Sun-Young;Kim, Young-Jae
    • International Area Studies Review
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.341-365
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    • 2008
  • This paper investigates the properties and relative importance of Apparel Textile industry of Busan in terms of both the number of employees and the value-added, and then analyzes the relative technical efficiencies from the perspectives of space closeness such as consumption market, suppliers, living standards and clustering environments using the DEA model. The main outcomes are as follows. The Apparel Textile industry is still a key industry in Busan with relatively high intensity and high LQ (greater than one) in spite of the recent decrease between 2000 and 2005 both in the number of employees and the value-added. Those firms with consumption market showed higher efficiency in all kinds of efficiencies than the firms without the market, and further relatively higher efficiency than the firms with suppliers. In addition, the firms located in the higher living standards also showed higher values of efficiency compared with the firms in lower living standards. The policy implication from the results is that the strategic and selective investment should be made according to the relative efficiency and thus the traditional industry should be transformed to the high value added one with additional investment to utilize the scale efficiency.

A Production Efficiency Analysis of Cucumber Farms in South Korea (시설오이 재배농가의 생산효율성 분석)

  • Kim, Hae-min;Jang, Min-ki;Yi, Hyang-Mi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.6823-6831
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to analyse cucumber farms managing efficiency and to draw some factors needed to maximize farms production efficiency. After reviewing and analysing some cucumber farms main management index in detail, we found that, compared to scale improvement, technical efficiency has more potential to increase cucumber farms income. Moreover There is a positive correlation between cucumber production and farms pure technical efficiency slightly, but because of the degree, we suggested to reduce input elements for enhancing pure technical efficiency under certain conditions.

A Study on the Efficiency of Strategy of Korean Companies in India (한국기업의 인도진출 전략의 효율성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Changbong;Shim, Seop
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.45-61
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the efficiency of Korean companies' entry strategy in India through the DEA model and to review the current status and competitiveness of Korean companies in India. To analyze 112 companies that entered India in analyzing the common variables among the major variables related to Korean companies' entry strategy into India. To measure efficiency, 'DEAR 2.1' An output - oriented CCR model and BBC model were used for the analysis to minimize the input and maximize the output factor. The results of the study on the relative efficiency analysis of the investment strategy of the companies in India are as follows. First, six firm was analyzed efficiently in the CCR model and most firms showed inefficiency in management. Second, even with the BCC model, which represents pure technology efficiency, 103 companies were analyzed efficiently as well. Unlike the CCR, overall technology efficiency of firms was high. Third, as a result of analyzing the efficiency of the scale, it was found that six company showed efficient efficiency, and most of the companies showed inefficiency overall. Companies with inefficiencies should increase efficiency by expanding their scale. Based on the above analysis, it is expected that the companies that will enter India in the future should secure the human and material resources to realize economies of scale considering the number of employees, investment scale, investment type and industry.

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