• Title, Summary, Keyword: 소결

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Microstructural evolution in liquid-phase sintered $\alpha$-silicon carbide (액상소결 $\alpha$형 탄화규소의 미세구조 변화)

  • 이종국;강현희;박종곤;이은구
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.324-331
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    • 1998
  • After the addition of yttrium aluminum garnet of 2, 5, 10 mol% as a sintering aid, $\alpha$-silicon carbides were prepared by a liquid-phase sintering at $1850^{\circ}C$, and the microstructural evolution was investigated during sintering as functions of liquid-phase amount and sintering time. The highest apparent density in each compositions was obtained in specimens sintered for 2 h, and the percentage of weight loss increased with sintering time. By increasing the amount of sintering aid (yttrium aluminum garnet), the rate of grain growth during sintering decreased, but the apparent density of sintered body increased. The phase transformation from 6H-SiC to 4H-SiC was partially observed in specimens sintered for a long time, and so, a few rod-like grains were observed.

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Effect of Starting Material for MgG on the Mechanical Properties of Alumina Ceramics (알루미나 세라믹스의 기계적 특성에 미치는 MgO출발물질의 영향)

  • 조용익;정상귀;조성용;김승재
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 2002
  • The effect of kind of starting materials used for a sintering additive. magnesium acetate and magnesium nitrate, on the mechanical properties of alumina sintered body made by adding 1000 ppm of the additives, respectively, was investigated. As for the alumina sintered bodies prepared from magnesium acetate and magnesium nitrate, we observed that their relative densities decreased rapidly with increasing sintering temperature 1$600^{\circ}C$. Outer layer of alumina bodies had a duplex microstructure consisting of pores and grain growth. Also the inner layer had a second phase between alumina grain boundaries. By EPMA analysis, we confirmed that the grain boundary phase was a compound containing Mg.

Fabrication and Characterization of PSZ/NiCrAlY Composites by Plasma Activated Sintering (통전활성 소결법에 의한 PSZ/NiCrAlY계 복합체의 제조 및 특성평가)

  • 신종호;정연길;허성강
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.37 no.9
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    • pp.839-846
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    • 2000
  • 통전활성 소결법을 이용하여 단상의 세라믹스(PSZ) 및 금속(NiCrAlY)과 PSZ/NiCrAlY 복합체를 각 소결온도에서 제조하였으며, 이에 대한 특성평가는 개량형 소형펀치 시험법을 이용하여 수행하였다. 복합체의 밀도 및 경도에 미치는 소결온도의 영향은 NiCrAlY의 부피분율 증가에 따라 감소되었으며, 중간조성에서의 밀도 및 경도는 연속적인 변화를 나타내었다. 파괴인성의 변화에서는 60vol%-NiCrAlY 이상의 조성에서 급격한 증가를 나타내었으며, 짧은 소결시간 및 빠른 승온속도 등 통전활성 소결법의 장점에 의해 단상의 PSZ에서도 10 MPa.m$^{1}$2/ 의 높은 파괴인성 값을 얻을 수 있었다. PSZ/NiCrAlY 복합체에서의 특성은 소결온도와 NiCrAlY의 부피분율에 의해 지배적으로 영향을 받았으며, 단상의 PSZ은 전형적인 취성거동을 나타내었고 80vol%-NiCrAlY 까지의 복합체에서는 부분적인 취성 및 소성거동을 함께 나타내었다. 각 소결체에서 최고의 특성을 나타내고 소결온도는 단상의 PSZ 경우인 140$0^{\circ}C$에서부터 단상의 NiCrAlY 경우인 120$0^{\circ}C$까지 최대 20$0^{\circ}C$의 차이를 나타내었으며, PSZ과 NiCrAlY의 조성비에 따라서 연속적인 변화를 보였다.

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The Sintering Behavior of the Hyperstoichiometric Uranium Dioxide in the Oxidative Atmosphere (약 산화성 분위기 중에서의 과산화성 2산화 우라늄의 소결에 관한 연구)

  • Jang Keu Han;Won Ku Park;Han Su Kim
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.197-206
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    • 1983
  • The slightly hyperstoichiometric uranium dioxide, i.e. U $O_{2.005}$ and U $O_{2.01}$ within a range of the requirement for the use of a nuclear fuel, were sintered directly in an atmosphere of $CO_2$/CO mixture without any succeeding reduction process. The kinetics of sintering in the late stage were investigated for various O/U ratios. A sintering diagram, which show the relation of Temperature-Time-Density-Grain size, was established for each O/U ratio. Only by controlling the oxygen partial pressure in the sintering atmosphere, U $O_2$ pellet could be sintered very easily at low temperature 1050$^{\circ}$~120$0^{\circ}C$ with a density above 95% T.D. and average grain size above 7${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$. It was found that the rate of grain growth follows D=(Kt)$^{1}$4/ in the late stage of sintering. And the activation energies for grain growth in the final sintering stage were found to be 75, 64 and 62kca1/mo1 for U $O_{2.005}$, U $O_{2.01}$ and U $O_{2.10}$, respectively. Although no significant differences are obtained between the activation energies for different O/U ratios, the sinterability is enhanced considerably with increasing the oxygen partial pressure in the sintering atmosphere.tmosphere.

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$Li_2O$ 첨가에 따른 $UO_2$$UO_2-3.23wt%CeO_2$분말의 소결거동 연구

  • 김시형;김한수;나상호;이영우;손동성
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
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    • pp.74-79
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    • 1997
  • $UO_2$$UO_2$-3.23wt%CeO$_2$가 128$0^{\circ}C$에서 소결되면 밀도는 각각 93%T.D., 91.2%T.D.이었으나, Li$_2$O가 0.lwt%씩 첨가된 경우에는 소결밀도가 95.5%T.D., 95.1%T.D.로 증가하였다. 소결온도가 증가함에 따라서 $UO_2$$UO_2$-3.23wt%CeO$_2$의 소결밀도는 현저하게 증가되는 반면에, Li$_2$O가 첨가된 경우에는 저온에서도 이미 치밀화가 많이 일어났기 때문에 소결밀도의 증가폭이 완만하였다. Li$_2$O가 첨가된 분말에서는 소결온도가 더 높아지면, 결정립성장이 주로 일어나게 되어 168$0^{\circ}C$에서 소결되었을 때, $UO_2$$UO_2$-0.1wt%Li$_2$O의 결정립크기가 각각 8.7$\mu\textrm{m}$, 120$\mu\textrm{m}$ 이고, $UO_2$-3.23wt%CeO$_2$$UO_2$-3.23wt%CeO$_2$-0.lwt%Li$_2$O는 각각 10.9$\mu\textrm{m}$, 34$\mu\textrm{m}$ 이었다. $UO_2$$UO_2$-3.23wt%CeO$_2$ 그리고, 두 조성에 Li$_2$O가 각각 첨가된 경우, Ar-4vol.%H$_2$ 분위기보다 H$_2$분위기에서 소결했을 때 밀도가 더 높았다. 그러나, 결정립은 $UO_2$$UO_2$-Li$_2$O의 경우, 수소분위기에서 소결했을 때, (U,Ce)O$_2$와 (U,Ce)O$_2$-Li$_2$O에서는 Ar-4vol.%H$_2$분위기에서 소결했을 때 더욱 성장하였다.

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A Study on Sintering and mechanical Properties of Sinter/HIPed SiC Whisker/$Al_2O_3$ Composite (Sinter/HIP 공정으로 제조한 SiC whisker/$Al_2O_3$ 복합재료의 소결 및 기계적 물성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Chae-Hyun;Kim, Jong-Ock;Kim, Chong-Hee
    • The Journal of Natural Sciences
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.53-59
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    • 1995
  • Effects of sintering additives and sintering temperatures on the sintering behavior and mechanical properties of SiC whisker reinforced alumina composites have been investigated in this study. Dense (>95% TD) composites were obtained by using 2 wt% $Y_2O_3$ as liquid phase sintering additive. But only porous composite could be obtained when the sintering additives were MgO and $TiO_2$, which were known as the sintering additives for solid state sintering of alumina. Bending strength and fracture toughness were enhanced by reinforcement of SiC whisker. It is belived from the microstructure investigation that the enhanced by strength and toughness could be attribute to the reinforcing and grain growth inhibition effects of SiC whisker. After HIP treatment, fully dense composites were obtained and further enhanced mechanical properties achieved.

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Change Of the Properties and the $Cr_3C_2$ Phase by Sintering Atmospere on $Ti(C, N)-Cr_3C_2$ Ceramics ($Ti(C, N)-Cr_3C_2$, 소결체의 오결분위기에 따른 물성과 $Cr_3C_2$ 상변화)

  • 김무경;이재의
    • Korean Journal of Crystallography
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.44-52
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    • 1992
  • The effect of sintering atmosphere on the final properties and phase change of Ti (C, N) Cr3c2 ceramics was investigated. In the case of sintering in vacuum and N2 atmosphere, densely packed sintered body was obtained. In Ar atmosphere, however, densification was much decreased compared to sintering in vacuum and Na. XRD analysis showed that in vacuum atmosphere Cr3c2 phase was changed to Cr7c3 Phase whereas in N2 and Ar atmosphere phase change was not occurred. That is, for vacuum sintering, the formation of defects in Ti(C, N) structure occurred through de-nitridation process, and it promotes the diffusion of C in Cr3c2 and raises the densification effects. But in the case of N2 atmosphere, densification phenomenon was considered to be due to sintering mechanism that enabled formation of free carbon and removal of oxygen by free carbon and existence of carbon in the grain boundary.

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Sintering of Layer Structure Materials: Effect of Starting Material on Sintering Defects and Residual Stress (층상구조 재료의 소결: 출발물질이 소결결함 및 잔류응력에 미치는 영향)

  • 정연길
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.61-68
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    • 1999
  • To analyze several defects and residual stress in sintering of layer structure materials, multiayer materials with TZP/SUS and ZT/SUS, and bilayer materials with porcelain/alumina and porcelain/Y-TZP were fabricated by sintering method. Multilayer materials prepared by pressureless sintering show the sintering defect such as warping, splitting, cracking originated from the difference of sintering shrinkage between each layer, which could be controlled by the adjustment of number and thickness in interlayer. In tape casting, a certain pressure given during sintering relaxed the sintering defects, specially warping. The residual stress in bilayer was examined with Vickers indentation method. A small tensile stress in porcelain/alumina and a large compressive stress in porcelain/Y-TZP were generated on the porcelain interface due to the thermal expansion mismatch, which affected the strength of bilayer materials. As a consequence, the sintering defects of multilayer materials and the residual stresses of bilayer materials were dominantly influenced on material design and starting material constants.

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A Study on the Reaction -Bonding and Gas Pressure Sintering of Si Compact made by Pressureless Powder Packing Method (무가압 분말 충전 성형법에 의해 제조된 Si 성형체의 반응 소결과 가스압 소결에 관한 연구)

  • 박정현;강민수;백승수;염강섭
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.33 no.12
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    • pp.1414-1420
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    • 1996
  • Using Si powder with average particle size of 8${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ Si compacts were formed by pressureless powder packing method. The compacts were reaction bonded at 1350, 140$0^{\circ}C$ for 3~35 hrs under N2/H2 atmosphere and its microstructures were examined. Reaction bonded silicon nitrides showed nitridation of 90% and relative density of 88% After the impregnation of 5wt% MgO as sintering additive using aqueous solution of Mg nitrate the Si compacts were reaction bonded at 140$0^{\circ}C$ for 15hrs. The reaction bonded bodies were gas pressure sintered at 180$0^{\circ}C$ 190$0^{\circ}C$ 200$0^{\circ}C$ for 150, 300min. They showed relative density of 95% bending strength of 600MPa and fracture toughness of 6 MPa.m1/2.

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