• Title, Summary, Keyword: 삶의 질

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고령자의 삶의 질 향상을 위한 과학기술의 역할과 범위

  • Seo, Ji-Yeong;Lee, Yun-Jun;Han, Ung-Gyu;Jo, Hwang-Hui
    • 한국과학기술학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.137-155
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    • 2007
  • 본 연구는 고령화 사회에 대응하여 고령자의 삶의 질을 향상시키기 위해 과학기술이 해야 할 역할과 그 적용범위에 대해 살펴본다. 이를 위해 우리나라 노인의 삶의 질에 대한 현황을 살펴보고, 기술과 사용자 환경의 공진화 이론과 사회적 수요기술공급 순환체계 이론에 기반하여 보청기 사례연구를 통해 고령자에 대응하는 우리나라 과학기술의 사회적 기술공급체계에 대한 현황과 문제점을 알아본다. 마지막으로 고령자의 삶의 질 증대를 위한 과학기술 활용방안을 시스템적 관점에서 제시한다.

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The Effects of Happiness, Fatigue and Self-efficacy on Workers' Quality of Life (행복, 피로 및 자기효능감이 근로자의 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwon, Myoung-Jin
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.373-380
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    • 2020
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of worker's happiness, fatigue and self-efficacy on quality of life. The data was collected from September 15 to 30, 2018, and the subjects were 102 workers. Collected data were analyzed using the IBM SPSS 25.0 program. The results of this study are as follows. 1) Workers' quality of life was significantly different according to gender, subjective health, transportation to and from work, and time spent to commute (p <.05). 2) Workers' quality of life was significantly positively correlated with happiness and self-efficacy and negatively with fatigue (p <.05). 3) The significant factors affecting worker's quality of life were gender, happiness, fatigue and self-efficacy, and their explanatory power was 80.4%. In order to lead a satisfactory life, it is very important to improve the quality of life. Influences need to be reflected in interventions to improve the quality of life of workers.

Quality of Life in Korean Patients with Burning Mouth Syndrome (한국인을 대상으로 한 구강작열감증후군 환자의 삶의 질 평가)

  • Park, Ju-Hyun;Kwon, Jeong-Seung;Choi, Jong-Hoon;Ahn, Hyung-Joon
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.81-89
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the individually perceived quality of life in Korean patients with BMS using two questionnaires : the Medical Outcome Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36) and the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-49). This cross-sectional study included sixty subjects diagnosed with BMS and sixty healthy subjects as controls. All subjects in this study completed two questionnaires: the Medical Outcome Short Form Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36) and the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-49), which had been translated into Korean and subsequently validated for use in Korea. All of the subscales in the SF-36 exhibited significantly lower scores in BMS patients than control groups. Comparison of the mean SF-36 scores between the two groups revealed the greatest differences to be for the subscales of physical pain and role emotional (role limitations due to emotional problems). The mean score on each subscale of the OHIP-49 was significantly higher in BMS patients than control groups. Comparison of the mean OHIP-49 scores between the two groups revealed the greatest difference to be for the subscale of physical pain. These findings demonstrated that BMS had an impact on various components of a patient's quality of life. BMS patients exhibited more impaired results and a poorer quality of life than control groups.

Comparison of Quality of Life Related with the Level of Activity and the Grade of Activity in the Elderly Residing among City, Farmimg and Fishing Area (도시 및 농어촌 노인의 활동 수준 및 활동 정도에 따른 삶의 질 비교)

  • Lee, Taek-Young;Kim, Jin-Kyung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.402-411
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    • 2010
  • The aims of this study were to investigate the level of activity in the elderly residing in city and rural area and to determine the contributing factors to quality of life (QOL). Subjects were 537 who were older than 60 years of age. QOL was assessed by the SF-36, and the level of activity was assessed by the Korean Activity Checklist. QOL in the elderly residing in city was higher than that in the elderly residing in rural area, and the level of activity was also higher in the elderly residing in city in instrumental activities of daily living, low and high level of physical activity, and social activity compared with the elderly residing in rural area. There was a significant correlation between the level of activity and QOL. The contributing factors to QOL were QOL lower level scores, the Korean Activity Checklist scores, health status, and occupation in the elderly residing in city, whereas the contributing factors to QOL were QOL lower level scores, the Korean Activity Checklist scores, health status, age, and level of education in the elderly residing in rural area. From the findings of this study, the environment in that the elderly can enjoy meaningful activity should be constructed and various programs should be developed.

Health-related Quality of Life and Its Related Factors in Urban Elderly Women (일개 광역시 도시 여성노인의 건강관련 삶의 질과 이에 미치는 요인)

  • Na, Yoon Joo;Choi, Yeon Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.7224-7230
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    • 2014
  • This study attempted to identify the health-related quality of life and its related factors in urban elderly women. This study used the data of the 2011 Community Health Survey. The subjects of this study were 704 elderly women. Based on the literature review, this study examined variables with health-related quality of life and construct integrated conceptual framework of the study. For data analysis, SPSS 18.0 and LISREL 8.8. were used to calculate the percentage, mean, standard deviation, Spearman correlation, and path analysis parameter. The total mean EQ-5D index score was $0.81({\pm}0.20)$ and the major problems were pain/discomfort (62.5%) and mobility (53.9%) and normal activity (38.9%). The model showed a goodness of fit to the empirical data. Age, income, health promotion behavior, social support, physical health and mental health had significant direct effects on EQ-5D and age, income, health promotion behavior and social support had indirect effects on EQ-5D. These variables explained 28% of the variance of EQ-5D. To improve the quality of life in urban elderly women, it is essential to have a comprehensive program for elderly women.

A study on the Fear of falling, Activity of daily living and Quality of life for the Elderly (노인의 낙상두려움, 일상생활수행능력과 삶의 질에 관한 연구 -낙상경험유무, 만성질환유무, 거주지역별 비교-)

  • Kang, Ki-Seon;Yang, Ji
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.193-199
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to provide basic data for the development of fall prevention programs for the elderly and for improvement of quality of life based on history of falls, chronic diseases, location, fear of falling, daily living activities, and quality of life. This study was conducted from 15th August to 17th September of 2016 on 185 elderly subjects above the age of 65 living in four centers of J city and four centers of J rural. The results of this study are as follows: There were no statistically significant differences in daily living activities, fear of falls, and quality of life regarding falls in the past. There were statistically significant differences in fear of falling and quality of life regarding chronic diseases. There were statistically significant differences in daily living activities and quality of life regarding residence. This study confirms that there were relations among daily living activities, fear of falling, and quality of life, and there was a negative correlation between fear of falling and accomplishment of daily living activities(r=-.386, p<.000). There was also a positive correlation between accomplishment of daily living activities and quality of life(r=.513, p<.000). Therefore, avoiding outings on slippery roads and creating safe environments for the elderly are important to reduce fear of falling. Additionally, a system should be developed for the elderly to acquire necessary information for daily life.

Influences of Self-esteem, Rehabilitation Motivation on Quality of Life in Stroke Pateints with Rehabilitation Therapy (재활치료 중인 뇌졸중 환자의 자아존중감, 재활동기가 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • An, Eun-Seo;Suh, Soon-Rim;Kim, Eun-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.176-187
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to investigate the levels of self-esteem, rehabilitation motivation and quality of life and to identify the influencing factors of quality of life in stroke patients who were receiving rehabilitation therapy. Data were collected from February 22 to March 20, 2016 using self-administered questionares and the data from 216 participants were analyzed using SPSS WIN 21.0 program(SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). The results of this study were as follows: the mean self-esteem was 3.09/5, rehabilitation motivation was 3.60/5, and quality of life was 2.95/5. Sex, age, education, caregiver, occupation, duration after attack, the degree of disability(dependence), and cognitive function were significantly associated with quality of life. There was positive correlation between quality of life and self-esteem(r=.45, p<.001) and there was positive correlation between quality of life and rehabilitation motivation(r=.27, p<.001). Variables such as self-esteem, duration after attack, the degree of disability(dependence), and cognitive function explained 43.6%(F=14.87 p=<.001) of the variance in quality of life in model 3. Consequently, it is needed to develop and apply nursing intervention and programs for improving self-esteem during rehabilitation in order to improve quality of life of stroke patients.

The Relationship between Quality of Life and Depression, Anxiety in Hemodialysis Patients (혈액투석 환자의 삶의 질과 우울, 불안과의 관계)

  • Jeon, Yeong Ae
    • Journal of The Korea Internet of Things Society
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.7-22
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    • 2018
  • This descriptive investigation aims to identify a relationship between QOL, depression, and anxiety in hemodialysis patients. I conducted this research on 130 subjects aged 19 or above who have received dialysis for at least one month in the hemodialysis unit at N hospital in the city of S. However, it came to 112 as I took out those who either quit, died, or filled out a questionnaire in the incorrect manner. In regards to average points of QOL on a 100-point scale, it is 57.77, demonstrating quite low QOL. Concerning average points of depression and anxiety, it is 12.25 and 10.52, respectively, showing quite a high figure. With regard to a correlation, there is a significant correlation between the three factors in hemodialysis patients: there is a negative correlation between QOL and depression (r=-.782, p<.001); a negative correlation between QOL and anxiety (r=-.719, p<.001); and a positive correlation between depression and anxiety (r=.873, p<.001). The outcome of multiple regression analysis on factors affecting QOL shows that depression is the element influencing QOL (β=-.585). Therefore, this study is significant in providing basic data for establishing intervention strategies aiming to reduce levels of depression which has the strongest impact on QOL in the patients and for developing a nursing intervention program intending to improve their QOL.

Relationship between Mastication Problem and Quality of Life among Middle-aged Korean (한국 중·장년의 저작문제와 삶의 질의 관련성)

  • Lee, Hye-Jin;Kim, Young-Suk
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.7
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    • pp.215-222
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between mastication problems and quality of life among middle-aged Koreans. The study used data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(KNHANES VI). Data on 7,125 respondents aged 40 to 64 were analyzed to evaluate quality of life as measured by the Euro Quality of Life-5D(EQ-5D) index and mastication problems. Quality of life was classified as either low or high based on 0.96. The data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0. The prevalence of low quality of life was significantly higher in the group with mastication problems, at 41.9%, than in the group with no mastication problems(24.4%). After adjusting the general characteristics and oral health status, the odds of a lower quality of life were higher in the those with mastication problems, at 1.77 (95% CI: 1.53-2.06), than in those with no mastication problems. Mastication problem was significantly related to the quality of life. The studies are needed to reflect the oral factors in diverse age groups.

Factors Influencing the Quality of Life of Stroke Patients : A Systematic Review (뇌졸중 환자의 삶의 질에 영향을 끼치는 요인: 체계적 문헌고찰)

  • Jung, Jun-Sik
    • Therapeutic Science for Rehabilitation
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.39-51
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    • 2015
  • Objective : To synthesize and identify the studies that delineated the relationship between quality of life and other factors in stroke patients in South Korea. Method : Electronic databases were searched, including KISS, NDSL, National Assembly Library and KmBase. The search terms included stroke, quality of life and correlation, relationship. Only papers published in Korean were included. Results : Twelve studies, from 256 references screened, were included. All studies were non-experimental and correlational analysis. A correlation coefficient between Quality of Life and ADL .293~.622, Depression -.804~-.533, Cognition .090~.610, Quality of Sleep .107, Quality of Satisfaction .367, Fatigue -.260, MAL(Quality of Movement .208, Amount of Use .364), Family Support .824, Pain -.306, Motivation for Rehabilitation .51~.86, Balance .740, Self-efficacy .388 were analyzed respectively. Conclusion : The quality of life of stroke patients was influenced by multiple factors. Occupational therapists need to consider the functions of upper extremity and activities of daily living as well as depression, cognition, sleep, family support, pain, and self efficacy to improve quality of life of stroke patients.