• Title, Summary, Keyword: 삶의 질

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Important significant factors of health-related quality of life(EQ-5D) by age group in Korea based on KNHANES(2014) (한국인의 연령대에 따른 건강관련 삶의 질(EQ-5D)에 대한 주요 요인 분석)

  • Oh, Hyun Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.573-584
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    • 2017
  • The main purpose of this study is to investigate the important impacting factors of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) by different age groups. The subjects of this study were 5,976 adults over 19 based on data from the 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and EQ-5D index score was used for the measurement of HRQOL. Three age groups were considered of young (19-39), middle (40-65), and old (over 66) and for each age group Bayesian ordered probit model analysis was fitted to identify significant factors and their effects on HRQOL. Sex, subjective awareness of health, stress and diseases have been identified to be common important factors for all age groups. HRQOL of women is more likely to be lower than that of men. Subjective awareness of health affect positively but stress and diseases affect negatively on HRQOL. For middle age group, occupational activities have been found to be important positive factors on HRQOL. On the other hand, obesity is more important factor influencing on HRQOL negatively and frequent walking is recommended for old age group.

The Effect of Depression and Self-efficacy on the Quality of Life (요양병원 입원노인의 우울과 자아효능감이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kwag, Sung-Won;Sim, Kyoung-Bo;Roh, Heo-Lyun;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean society of community based occupational therapy
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 2018
  • Objective : Purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of depression and self - efficacy on the quality of life of the elderly hospitalized in a nursing hospital and to suggest a new direction for improving the quality of life of the elderly. Methods : The target was 212 senior citizens who were hospitalized at a nursing hospital located in K city in North Gyeongsang Province. The questionnaire was structured by adding the characteristics of the subjects, the Korean Senior Depression Index (GDS-K), the Self-effective Index (WHQOL-BRFA), and the World Health Organization's Life-Enhanced scale. coded using SPSS ver.18, the depression, self-efficiency, and quality of life differences according to the general characteristics (t-test, ANOVA), and Self-efficacy, depression, and the correlation coefficient between quality of life and A multI-sentence analysis to see the impact of depression and self-efficacy on the quality of life. Results : Self - efficacy and depression according to subject characteristics were different according to length of stay, and quality of life was different in religion. The correlation between depression, self - efficacy, and quality of life of admitted elderly showed statistically significant negative correlation (p <.01) with depression in both the quality of life and self - efficacy sub - variables. The depression and the self - efficacy of the elderly had the greatest effect on the quality of life. The variables were depression (${\beta}=-.328$), social efficacy (${\beta}=.248$), and physical efficacy (${\beta}=.193$). Conclusion : In order to improve the quality of life of the elderly, it will be necessary to provide and develop medical care services that reduce depression and improve self - efficacy (physical and social).

농촌 여자노인의 BMI 및 사회경제적 수준에 따른 건강관련 삶의 질

  • 최정숙;권성옥
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Community Living Science Conference
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    • pp.168-168
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    • 2004
  • 평균수명과 노인인구의 증가로 단순한 수명 연장보다는 사는 동안 좀더 나은 신체적 기능을 유지하면서 건강한 삶을 살기를 원하게 되면서 건강관련 삶의 질이 매우 중요하게 대두되고 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 농촌지역에 거주하는 65세 이상의 여자노인들을 대상으로 건강관련 삶의 질 실태를 파악하고, 이에 영향을 미치는 사회경제적인 요인을 분석하여 노년기 삶의 질을 향상시킬 수 있는 정책이나 프로그램 개발에 유용한 자료를 제공하고자 한다. (중략)

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Disabled People of activities of daily living and quality of life relationship (재가장애인의 일상생활활동과 삶의 질의 관계)

  • Kim, Jeong-Won;Oh, Myung-Hwa;Chung, Hyun-Ae
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.173-180
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    • 2013
  • This study investigated the quality of life, activities of daily living, and 20 years of age or older and disabled people living in Gwangju, Naju area. Performance of Basic daily life activities and instrumental activities of daily living, and quality of life were investigating the extent to Learn these correlations, bivariate correlation analyzes were conducted. The results showed lower quality of life, lower performance of activities of daily living was instrumental activities of daily living, quality of life and more relevant. Through this study of disabled people, more independent and to lead the life of quality is high, it is trying to be helpful in the future.

Quality of Life of Patients in Acute Stage of Stroke (급성기 뇌졸중 환자의 삶의 질)

  • Kim, Se-Joo;Kim, Young-Shin;Choi, Nak-Kyung;Lee, Yoon-Young;Lee, Byung-Chul;Lee, Man-Hong
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2002
  • Objectives : Stroke is a chronic condition that may carry significant negative impact on the quality of life in patients. Research, treatment and rehabilitation on stoke, however, have focused on physical aspects, neglecting its psychiatric aspects and quality of life. So, aim of this study is to compare quality of life in stroke patients and healthy controls by using WHO Quality of Life(QOL) Scale that evaluates the domains of physical health, psychological health, social relationship and environment. Additionally, relationship between clinical factors in patients with stroke and their quality of life were explored. Methods : 98 patients in acute stage of stroke and 24 healthy controls were recruited in this study and WHO QOL Scales were completed. Total scores and scores of domains of WHO QOL Scale in two groups were compared. Correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were performed to examine the relationship between quality of life and the clinical characteristics in patients with stroke. Results : Total scores and scores of all domains of WHO QOL scale in patients with stroke were decreased compared to those in healthy controls. Clinical characteristics including the depression, anxiety, social support system showed significant correlation with quality of life in general and most of subscales of QOL. And male patients have higher level of quality of life than female patients. But, physical disabilities rated with Barthel's index did not show significant correlation with quality of life. Multiple regression revealed that the severity of depression, anxiety, gender, and level of social support system were factors directly affecting the quality of life in the patients with stroke. Conclusion : Quality of life in patients with stroke was poorer than that of healthy controls. The severity of depression, anxiety, gender, and the level of social support system were related to the quality of life in the patients with stroke.

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A Study on Plan to revitalize IT Education for the Disabled' QOLT(Quality of Life Technology) (장애인의 삶의질 향상을 위한 정보화교육 활성화방안)

  • Bae, Ki-Tae;Yun, Hyeok-Gyu
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.265-266
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    • 2016
  • 본 논문에서는 정보화 사회에서 정보화격차가 더욱 심화되고 있고 삶의 질 차이가 벌어지고 있는 현실에서 장애인들의 삶의 질 향상을 위한 정보화교육 활성화 방안을 정보화교육 강사의 역량 중심으로 고찰해보고 효과적인 활성화 방안을 제시하는 연구를 수행하였다. 국가차원에서 정보격차해소에 관한 법률을 제정하여 정보통신망에 대한 자유로운 접근과 정보이용을 보장하고 국민의 삶의 질 향상과 국민경제 발전을 위한 장애인 정보화 교육장 운영 합리화 방안에 대한 환경을 마련하였으나 실제 현장에서 가장 핵심적인 역할을 수행하는 정보화 교육 강사에 대한 체계적인 관리 시스템이 존재하지 않아 실효성이 높지 않은 측면이 있다. 장애인 정보화 교육 강사에게 장애인에 대한 인식 교육 및 효과적인 교수법에 대한 교육이 필요하며 체계적인 정부지원을 통해 장애인정보화 보육 강사가 안정감 있게 교육 업무에 집중하고 교육의 질을 높일 수 있게 한다면 장애인들의 정보화 및 고용 창출, 및 삶의 질 향상을 높일 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.

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A study on the Relationship among Depression, Walking and Quality of Life for the Elderly -Focusing on the Moderation Effects of Walking- (노인의 우울, 걷기, 삶의 질의 관계에 대한 연구 -걷기의 조절효과 중심으로-)

  • Song, Hee-Seung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.515-525
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    • 2016
  • This study examined how walking moderates the influence of depression on quality of life in elderly. Data of the study were analysed using the sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-2, 2014). The subjects were elderly aged 65 years or more and the number of the sample was 1,263. Using hierarchial regression analysis, walking as a moderator of the depression and quality of life relationship was examined. Quality of life for elderly showed significant differences according to sex(t=8.26, p<.001), age(t=5.19, p<.001), number of chronic disease(F=37.88, p<.001), depression(t=9.62, p<.001) and walking per week (t=47.36, p<.001). Walking moderated the relationship between depression and quality of life in elderly. Based on these findings, the enhancement of walking in depressed elderly is recommended to promote the quality of life.

Quality of Life and Its Related Factors of Radiation Therapy Cancer Patients (방사선 치료를 받은 암환자의 삶의 질과 관련요인)

  • Shin, Ryung-Mi;Jung, Won-Seok;Oh, Byeong-Cheon;Jo, Jun-Young;Kim, Gi-Chul;Choi, Tae-Gyu;Lee, Sok-Goo
    • The Journal of Korean Society for Radiation Therapy
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.21-29
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this master's thesis is to utilize basic data in order to improve the quality of life of cancer patients who received radiation therapy after analysing related factors that influence patient's quality of life and obtaining information about physical, mental problems of patients. Materials and Methods: By using a structured questionnaire about various characteristics and forms of support, I carried out a survey targeting 107 patients that experienced radiation therapy at a university hospital in the Daejeon metropolitan area from July 15 to August 15, 2010 and analysed the factors influencing quality of life. Results: In case of pain due to disease, 65.15 and painless 81.87 showed a high grade quality of life. As body weight decreases, the quality of life become lower. When the grade of quality of life according to economic characteristics was compared, all items except treatment period showed a difference (P=0.000). When the score of social support, family support, medical support and self-esteem was low, the mark of quality of life showed respectively 61.71, 68.77, 71.31, and 69.39 on the basis of 128 points. When the score of support form was high, the mark of quality of life showed 90.47, 83.29, 90.40, and 90.36 (P<0.05). When analyzing the correlation between social support, family support, medical support and self-esteem and the degree of quality of life, social support was 0.768, family support 0.596, medical support 0.434, self-esteem 0.516. They indicated the correlation of meaningful quantity statistically (P<0.01). The factors that improved the quality of life were married state, having a job and painless status. As monthly income increases, the quality of life was also much improved (P<0.05). Among the factors related to quality of life, social support and medical support and higher self-esteem scores of the quality of life score increased 0.979 point, 0.508 points and 1.667 point, respectively. Conclusion: In conclusion, the quality of life of cancer patients that received radiation treatment is related to social support, medical support and self esteem. Self-esteem is an important factor that influenced quality of life, so if government offers works that doesn't affect patient's health, they are a useful method that maximize self-esteem and lessen their financial burden at the same time. Along with these policies, the developments of the attention of medical and the program for cancer patient's family are needed for the purpose of improving quality of life of cancer patients. Lastly, medical team, patients and family have to cooperate in harmony to overcome difficulties of cancer patients.

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Evaluation of Quality of Life according to Temporomandibular Disorder Symptoms in Dental Hospital Worker (치과병원 종사자에서 측두하악관절장애 증상에 따른 삶의 질 평가)

  • Kim, Dong-Kook;Lim, Hyun-Dae;Lee, You-Mee
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.61-72
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    • 2012
  • Temporomandibular disorder(TMD) is relatively prevalent disease, and quality of life may be impaired in TMD patients. Like general population, dental hospital workers are also exposed to the risk of TMD. But, many of them tend to overlook or tolerate their symptoms for lack of time and interest. Therefore, problems may become more serious, causing interference of performing task and decrease of quality of life. The aim of this study were to obtain data for TMD prevalence in dental hospital workers and to evaluate quality of life according to TMD symptoms. Subjects were recruited from Wonkwang University Dental Hospital. After consent, subjects completed quality of life questionnaire and were evaluated for subjective and objective signs and symptoms of TMD. Subjects were classified into 4 groups : (1) normal group (2) joint disorder group, (3) local myalgia group, and (4) myofascial pain group. The result of the study indicated that TMD negatively influences the quality of life in dental hospital worker. TMD symptoms can deteriorate quality of life in dental hospital worker. Future effort to make protocol for proper management is needed.

Health-Promoting Behavior and Quality of Life among Community-Dwelling, Middle-Aged Women: A Comparative Study between Overweight and Normal-Weight Groups (지역사회 거주 중년 여성 집단에서 건강증진 행위와 삶의 질: 과체중 집단과 정상체중 집단 간 비교)

  • Yang, Hwa-Mi;Choo, Jina;Kim, Hye-Jin
    • Korean journal of health promotion
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.159-168
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    • 2018
  • Background: Strategically improving health-related quality of life (HRQOL) should be discussed among overweight middle-aged women who are vulnerable to low HRQOL. We examined firstly if overweight middle-aged women would have significantly lower levels of HRQOL and health-promoting behaviors than normal-weight middle-aged women, and to examine secondly if health-promoting behaviors would be significantly associated with generic and obesity-specific HRQOLs within the overweight middle-aged women. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional, comparative study. Participants were 119 women aged 30-49 years who were recruited from a community in Seoul, South Korea; 63 women for the overweight group who were recruited from a baseline sample of the Community-Based Heart and Weight Management Trial, while 56 for the normal-weight group who were recruited separetely. Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP II), World Health Organization Quality of Life-brief version (WHOQOL-BREF) of a generic HRQOL measure, and Impact of Weight on Quality of Life-Lite (IWQOL-Lite) of an obesity-specific HRQOL measure were used. Results: Compared to the normal-weight group, the overweight group showed significantly lower scores of total WHOQOL-BREF as well as some HPLP II subscales including stress management (P=0.029). Among the HPLP II subscales, stress management was significantly and positively associated with total WHOQOL-BREF (${\beta}=1.58$, P=0.003) and self-esteem IWQOL-Lite (${\beta}=11.58$, P=0.034) among the overweight group. Conclusions: Among middle-aged overweight women, low levels of health-promoting behavior for stress management were shown, which should be strategically increased for improving their generic and obesity-specific HRQOLs.