• Title, Summary, Keyword: 삶의 질

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Development of the Structural Model of Middle-aged Men's Subjective Quality of Life (중년남성의 주관적 삶의 질 모형 구축)

  • Ha, Tae Hi
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.125-135
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to construct and test a structural equation model of subjective quality of life in middle-aged men. The participants were 493 middle-aged men. Data were collected from September 10 to October 31, 2011. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0 and AMOS 19.0. Self-esteem, social support, family communication showed direct and indirect effect on subjective quality of life for middle-aged married men, and job satisfaction showed a direct effect on subjective quality of life. The structural regression model of middle-aged men's subjective quality of life was a good fit with the model. These results indicate that it is necessary to design intervention programs to increase self-esteem, social support, family communication and job satisfaction in order to increase middle-aged men's subjective quality of life.

The relationship between masticatory ability and the quality of life oral health- related using OHIP-14 of the elderly (노인들의 저작 능력과 OHIP-14를 이용한 구강건강 관련 삶의 질과의 관련성)

  • Cho, Min-Jeong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.341-348
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between masticatory ability and oral health-related quality of life using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) of the elderly. Total 195 elderly subjects were assessed for subjective masticatory ability, objective masticatory ability and OHIP-14 concerned with quality of life. When masticatory ability is low, the odds ratio(OR) of the quality of life is worse was increased. After adjusted age, residence, education, denture, odds ratio of subjective masticatory ability was 2.42(p<0.05) increased and odds ratio of objective masticatory ability was 7.58(p<0.001) increased. This study showed significant association between masticatory ability and the total OHIP-14 score of the quality of life of the elderly. Masticatory ability can affect quality of life oral health-related in elderly. While following up on various studies were carried out as a long-term, I hope it will be of help in improving the quality of life of the elderly with maintaining a healthy oral health.

A Structural Model of Baby Boomers' Capital Dynamics and Quality of Life: Moderated by Birth Cohort (베이비부머의 자본역동과 삶의 질의 구조모형: 출생코호트의 조절효과)

  • Shin, Hak-Gene
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.429-437
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    • 2019
  • This study examined diverse capital dynamics and the effect of the dynamics on the quality of life of Korean baby boomers living in Jeonju. Also this study investigated the moderating effect of birth cohort. A structural equation modeling conducted with 303 baby boomers for verification. The results are as follows: First, the human capital of baby boomer directly or indirectly affected psychological, economic, social capital, and quality of life. Second, economic capital directly or indirectly affected psychological, social capital, and quality of life. Third, psychological capital directly or indirectly affected social capital and quality of life. Fourth, social capital affected the quality of life. Fifth, the birth cohort moderated the impacts of economic capital on psychological capital and quality of life. The results provided an understanding of the quality of life of baby boomer and the direction of intervention.

Influence of Upper extremity function, Activities of Daily Living, Therapeutic Flow and Quality of Life in Stroke patients (뇌졸중 환자의 상지기능, 일상생활활동, 치료적 몰입이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Ji-Hoon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.417-425
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to analyzed the correlation between upper extremity function, activities of daily living, quality of life and therapeutic flow in stroke clients and identify the factors influencing therapeutic flow. Total 249 stroke patients from 13 hospitals were measure at therapist and researcher for upper extremity function, activities of daily living, therapeutic flow and quality of life. Factors that affect the quality of life correlation as s result of positively correlated with upper extremity function(r=.312, p<.001), activities of daily living(r=.605, p<.001), therapeutic flow(r=.525, p<.001). And the effect on quality of life in stroke clients variables affecting therapeutic flow(${\beta}=.344$, p<.001), activities of daily living(${\beta}=.293$, p<.05) and Time since of onset(${\beta}=.145$, p<.05) were the order of analysis. The regression model explained 35.9% of variances(F=35.736, p<.001). Therefore, it was found that therapeutic flow in stroke clients is an important factor for quality of life, future therapeutic flow study will continue to be needed.

A study on the Relationship among Physical Function, Quality of Sleep and Quality of Life for the Elderly in a Community (일개 지역사회 노인의 신체적 기능, 수면의 질, 삶의 질에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Seung Ae
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.335-345
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship among physical function, quality of sleep and quality of life for the Elderly in a Community. Method :The survey was carried out for 253 elderly over 65 years old who live in K Metropolitan City. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, Scheffe test were applied using SPSS WIN 14.0 program. Results :The major findings of this study were as follows. 1) The level of physical function had a significant difference depending on gender, age, residence type and, monthly income. The quality of life had a significant difference depending on family member and monthly income. 2) Activity of daily living(r=.303, p=.000) and quality of sleep(r=-.294, p=.002) were significantly related to quality of life. Conclusion : Based on these results, this study suggests that in order to improve the quality of life of the Elderly in a Community, a nursing program in consideration of the characteristic of physical function and quality of sleep, is required.

Daily health, family support and the aged's life quality (일상적 건강성 및 가족 지지와 고령자 삶의 질)

  • Lee, mi-ran
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.329-330
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    • 2015
  • 전지구적인 고령화시대를 살아가는 인류에게 행복한 노년기 삶의 질에 관한 유용한 방안은 매우 중요한 과제가 되고 있다. 특히, 고령노인의 건강은 삶의 최우선 순위가 될 뿐만 아니라, 가족과 사회 그리고 국가의 다양한 정책과 제도적 시스템을 조절하는 요인으로서 작용한다. 또한 공적 시스템과 비공식적 지원체계는 노년후기 가족의 삶의 질에 큰 영향력을 가질 뿐만 아니라, 노인에 대한 가족 지원을 조절하기 때문에 전방위적으로 구축되어야 한다. 본 연구는 노인의 일상적 건강성을 향상시키고, 노인에 대한 가족지원체계를 보완하며, 성공적이고 행복한 삶의 질에 대하여 파악하고자 한다. 노인의 삶의 질 향상은 노년기 삶의 긍정적 마무리 및 행복감과 관련성이 높다. 따라서, 노년기 공식적 비공식적 지원체계의 다양한 지원과 동시에 가족 지지의 대처자원을 발굴하고, 보완가능한 대체가족 지원시스템을 개발, 강화시켜 독거노인과 돌봄노인의 케어시스템을 다차원적으로 확충해 나가야 할 것이다.

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Impact of Refractive Surgery on Quality of Life in Myopia Patients (시력교정수술이 근시환자의 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Sue-Ah;Kim, Jung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Ophthalmic Optics Society
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.337-344
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: To evaluate the vision-specific Quality of Life according to modes of refractive error correction in myopia. Method: This study included subjects from two different universities in Korea during March 2005 to June 2005. The following subjects (470) were university students, university faculty members, and their immediate families; all of whom were over the age of 19 and all who had refractive error of some sort. The four focus groups consisted of 171 spectacle wearers, 154 contact lens wearers, 123 refractive surgery patients, and 22 post-refractive surgery patients who returned to wearing glasses. The study of Vision-Specific Quality of Life used QIRC - The Quality of Life Impact of refractive Correction Questionnaire, which was translated by our group from English into Korean. Using analysis of co-variance (ANCOVA) and adjusting for age, sex, job, economic status, and education level, we examined and compared the QOL mean scores of the three groups (glass & contact lenses wears, refractive surgery patients, and post-refractive surgery patients who returned to wearing glasses). Results: After adjusting for major compounding variance, the research results showed the highest QOL mean score of 43.2 for the group who had received refractive surgery, 37.1 for the glasses & contact lenses group, and 33.4 for patients who had returned to wearing glasses after refractive surgery. There were significant differences between the three groups (p=0.001). Conclusion: Refractive surgery has shown a significant contribution to improve the QOL in myopia patients. However, upon our investigation, patients who underwent refractive surgery and returned to wearing glasses had a lower QOL compared to non-refractive surgery patients who wore glasses/contact lenses. Upon concluding our studies that shows that refractive surgery does not always conclusively bring higher QOL, we would like patients to carefully consider their options before undergoing refractive surgery in the future.

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The Changes in the Quality of Life Measure of the Seoul Metropolitan Area (수도권 삶의 질 지수 변동에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Se-Hyung;Chang, Hoon;Rho, Jin-A
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.29-37
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this research is to measure Quality of Life indices using Factor Analysis and Principle Component Analysis and to analyze the spatial patterns of Quality of life distribution in the Seoul Metropolitan Area in terms of spatial association using spatial statistics and spatial exploratory technique. In order to check the degree of clustering, this study used spatial autocorrelation indices, global Moran's I index. In addition, local scale analysis was conducted using Moran Scatterplot and Local Moran's I to identify the spatial association pattern and the high Quality of life. The analysis based on global statics showed that, in the Seoul Metropolitan Area, QoL Indices had been distributed with positive spatial association. According to the local spatial statistics, the general tendency of clustering H-H clusters which were mainly concentrated on the Seoul, L-H clusters were concentrated on the Kyunggi-Do and L-L Clusters showed the regional extent of lagging behind. However, in case of H-H, L-H Clusters they had been spread out in the Newtown as population increase.

The Effects of Mental Health on the Quality of Life After Stroke (뇌졸중 후 정신건강이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyeong-Min;Shim, Min-Kyu
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.237-244
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    • 2015
  • The purposes of this study are to examine the correlations among mental health and quality of life in stroke patients and find the factors affecting quality of life. The participants were 224 inpatients diagnosed with stroke. The Stroke Specific Quality of Life(SS-QOL) was used for measuring Quality of life and the Symptom Check-List-90-Revised(SCL-90-R) was utilized to measure mental health. The relationships among the variables were examined with Pearson correlation coefficients. And the simple regression analysis and stepwise multiple regression analysis were performed to identify the predictive variables that explain changes of quality of life. There were statistically significant correlations between quality of life and mental health. Mental health was identified as a factor that explains 28% of change in quality of life. And depression was identified as a factor that explains 42% of change in quality of life. The quality of life in stroke patients, the depression was negatively related with it. When working with a stroke patient, an occupational therapist needs to address mental health aspects from the beginning of the rehabilitation process for a holistic approach and optimal outcome.