• Title, Summary, Keyword: 삶의 질

Search Result 3,575, Processing Time 0.058 seconds

삶의 질 향상을 위한 우리나라 보건요원의 역할

  • 남철현
    • Proceedings of The Korean Society of Health Promotion Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.13-37
    • /
    • 1998
  • 삶의 질을 향상시키고자 하는 염원은 끊임없이 삶을 영위해 온 인류가 추구하여 온 보편적인 가치라고 할 수 있다. Inkeles(1993)는 살의 질을 근대화 또는 산업화 맥락에서 연구하였으며 산업화로 인하여 물질적, 물리적 조건 특히 국민총생산량(GNP)과 같은 경제적 조건의 발전이 있었으며 그 결과 국민의 삶의 질이 향상되었다고 결론짓고 있다.(중략)

  • PDF

Health-Related Quality of Life in the Early Childhood of Premature Children (미숙아로 출생한 유아의 건강 관련 삶의 질 정도와 영향요인)

  • Lim, Eun-Hee;Ju, Hyeon-Ok
    • Child Health Nursing Research
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.37-45
    • /
    • 2015
  • Purpose: In this study, a comparison was done of the extent of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) for preterm and fullterm children during early childhood, and factors affecting HRQoL in the early childhood of premature children were analyzed. Methods: Eighty mothers of children born prematurely and 83 mothers of children born at fullterm listed on two Internet cafes were sampled for this study. The major instrument used for the study was the TNO-AZL Preschool Quality Of Life (TAPQOL) questionnaire. Results: Total score for HRQoL in the premature group was 80.5 (${\pm}9.9$) and for the full term group, 85.0 (${\pm}8.3$), on a 100-point scale. A comparison of the premature group and full term group showed that the domains which scored relatively lower with respect to HRQoL included the stomach, motor function, anxiety, liveliness and communication. Among the factors that have an impact on HRQoL were 'length of stay in neonatal intensive care unit (${\geq}7$ days)' and 'birth weight (<1,000 gm)'. The explanation power of the model was 17%, which was statistically significant. Conclusion: These findings indicate that a differentiated premature infant follow-up program for children who are hospitalized over 7 days in NICU or weighed under 1,000g at birth is urgently needed.

Geography Education and Quality of Life: The Agenda of Geography Education in the 21st Century (지리교육과 삶의 질: 21세기 지리교육의 과제)

  • 류재명
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
    • /
    • v.35 no.2
    • /
    • pp.341-349
    • /
    • 2000
  • 본 연구는 삶의 질의 문제가 지리교육 분야에서는 어떻게 제기될수 있는지를 살펴보고, 지리교육 활동에 참여하고 있는 사람들의 삶의 질을 높이기 위해서 수행되어야 할 과제는 무엇인지를 밝힌 것이다. 지리교육분야에서 제기되는 삶의 문제란 배우고 가르치는 활동의 질과 밀접히 관련되는데, 지리를 가르치고 배우는 과정에서 투입되고 활용되는 다양한 소프트웨어와 하드웨어의 질적 개선이 없이는 지리교육 분야에서의 삶의 질을 고양되기 힘들다는 것이다. 교재와 학습 프로그램과 수업운영방법에 있어서의 질적 발전을 도모하기 위해서는 지리교육의 목표 명료화, 지리교육과정의 계열적 조직방안 개발, 지리교육의 개념과 내용체계 표준화, 자료에 근거한 사고력 기르기 학습프로그램의 개발 등의 연구가 앞으로 체계적으로 이루어져야 할 필요성이 있음을 논의하였다.

  • PDF

Quality of Life of Long-term Survivors after a Subtotal or a Total Gastrectomy for Gastric Cancer (위암 수술 후 장기생존자에서 위 절제 범위에 따른 삶의 질)

  • Lee, Seung-Soo;Han, Sung-Won;Jeong, Hye-Yeon;Song, Jye-Won;Chung, Ho-Young;Yu, Wan-Sik
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.34-39
    • /
    • 2010
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare quality of life of long-term survivors after a subtotal or a total gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Materials and Methods: The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 questionnaire and QLQ-STO22 questionnaire were used to assess quality of life of 166 patients on their 5th annual follow-ups after gastrectomy for gastric cancer. One hundred twenty-six patients underwent a subtotal gastrectomy and 40 patients a total gastrectomy. Results: The subtotal gastrectomy group revealed a trend to have better quality of life in functional scales (physical, role, emotional, cognitive and social), fatigue, pain, dyspnea, diarrhea and financial difficulties. The total gastrectomy group showed a trend to have better quality of life in the global health status and quality of life, nausea and vomiting, insomnia, appetite loss and constipation. In all scales of the EORTC QLQ-STO22, the subtotal gastrectomy group had a trend to have better quality of life. However these did not reach the statistical significance. Conclusion: Surgeons may not limit the extent of resection concerning long-lasting poor quality of life. Oncologically sound resection is recommended.

A study of prostate symptom, sleep quality and quality of life in the community-dwelling korean elderly (남성 노인의 전립선 증상, 수면의 질, 삶의 질에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Kyung-Rim;Kang, Younhee;Shin, Mee-Kyung
    • 한국노년학
    • /
    • v.28 no.4
    • /
    • pp.1041-1054
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study aimed to identify the severity and types of prostate symptom, to identify the relationship of prostate symptom, sleep quality and quality of life of the elderly in korea, so to provide basic data for developing nursing interventions for the elderly's prostate symptom management. This study used a descriptive correlational research design. The subjects of this study were 100 elderly men over 65yr in an urban city. Data were collected through personal interviews using questionnaires from September 2006 to March 2007. The IPPS, PSQI and SF-36-K were administered. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Pearson's correlation. The major findings of this study were as follows: 1) 44% of the participants have moderate to severe Prostate symptom(IPSS>7). 2) Prostate symptom has positive relationship with sleep quality(r=.272, p=.006) and negative relationship with health related quality of life(r=-.197, p=.049). The results of this study indicate that prostate symptom is related to sleep quality and quality of life. So it is necessary to give information to the elderly about the effective coping method of prostate symptom and about the life style which have positive effect to prostate symptom.

A Spatial Multicriteria Analysis Approach to Urban Quality of Life Assessment (공간적 다기준평가 기법을 이용한 도시의 삶의 질 분석)

  • Jun, Byong-Woon
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
    • /
    • v.11 no.4
    • /
    • pp.122-138
    • /
    • 2008
  • A pixel-based approach to urban quality of life assessment can be regarded as a spatial decision problem under the condition of complexity because it searches the urban space for evidence of hot spots of quality of life based on multiple and differentially weighted evaluation criteria. Such an assessment involves inappropriate scaling of several incommensurate criteria, much unstructured subjectivity in the decision maker's judgment, and the large data handling in a raster GIS environment. There is a need for identifying alternative approaches to tackle the ill-structured problem in urban quality of life assessment. In this context, this research proposes and implements a spatial multicriteria analysis approach to evaluate urban quality of life in a raster GIS environment. The implementation of this methodology is illustrated with a case study of the Atlanta metropolitan area. Results indicate that the proposed methodology may provide an alternative approach for evaluating the quality of life in an urban environment.

  • PDF

The Effects of Task Oriented Activity and Modified Constraint Induced Movement Therapy on Quality of Life for Patients With Stroke (과제 지향적 훈련과 수정된 강제유도 운동치료가 뇌졸중 환자의 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jong-Min;Kim, Bo-Ra
    • Therapeutic Science for Rehabilitation
    • /
    • v.1 no.2
    • /
    • pp.23-34
    • /
    • 2012
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of task oriented activity and modified constraint induced movement therapy (mCIMT) on Quality of Life (QOL) for patients with stroke. Methods : Thirty stroke patients were participated voluntarily and were assigned randomly into task oriented activity and mCIMT groups. The QOL of both groups were assessed using Stroke Specific Quality of Life (SS-QOL). Results : The QOL showed a statistically meaningful difference for both groups (p<.05), but after the intervention, the both groups showed no statistically meaningful difference in terms of the QOL (p>.05). Conclusion : We found that task oriented activity and mCIMT improve the QOL of patients with stroke through increasing their affected upper extremity function and movement. It is expected that task oriented activity and mCIMT will have a positive effect on the QOL of stroke patients by applying them to clinic with occupational therapy.

Relationship between Leisure Activities, Job Satisfaction and Quality of Life among Security Agents (시큐리티 요원의 여가활동과 직무만족 및 삶의 질의 관계)

  • Kim, Kyong-Sik;Lee, Kwang-Lyeol;Kim, Pyung-Su;Kim, Chan-Sun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.9 no.3
    • /
    • pp.336-344
    • /
    • 2009
  • This study is to examine the relationship between leisure activities, job satisfaction and quality of life among security agents. To attain the goal of the study described above paragraphs, private guards held in Seoul and Gyeong-Gi were set as a collected group. Then, using judgment sampling method, finally drewout and analyzed 333 peoples in total. The result of reliability analysis check up was here below; Chronbach's $\alpha$= .665-.816. The conclusion drawn from this study is as follows: First, it make no difference between leisure types in job satisfaction. Second, there is a difference between leisure type in quality of life. Third, the level of leisure activities results in the indirect, direct effect on quality of life through job satisfaction. Job satisfaction is an important variable intermediating the relationship between leisure activiteis and quality of life.

Development of the Structural Model of Middle-aged Men's Subjective Quality of Life (중년남성의 주관적 삶의 질 모형 구축)

  • Ha, Tae Hi
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.14 no.5
    • /
    • pp.125-135
    • /
    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to construct and test a structural equation model of subjective quality of life in middle-aged men. The participants were 493 middle-aged men. Data were collected from September 10 to October 31, 2011. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0 and AMOS 19.0. Self-esteem, social support, family communication showed direct and indirect effect on subjective quality of life for middle-aged married men, and job satisfaction showed a direct effect on subjective quality of life. The structural regression model of middle-aged men's subjective quality of life was a good fit with the model. These results indicate that it is necessary to design intervention programs to increase self-esteem, social support, family communication and job satisfaction in order to increase middle-aged men's subjective quality of life.