• Title, Summary, Keyword: 사회적 특성

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Social Network Changes of pre- and post- Retirement (중·노년기 은퇴자의 은퇴 전후의 사회적 관계망 변화)

  • Park, Hyunchun;Hong, Jin Hyuk;Choi, Minjae;Kwon, Young Dae;Kim, Jinseok;Noh, Jin-Won
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.753-763
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    • 2014
  • After retirement, retirees are exposed to many changes. But, one of the most influential factor on retirement is Social network. Social network is making various relationships with many people. This consists of functional feature and structure feature. This study to systematically investigate social network changes of pre- and post-retirement by using two features. We utilized 2008~2012 'Longitudinal study of ageing' and selected 1,569 retirees above 45 years old as a final subject. This study used STATA 12.0 program for analysing frequency and descriptive statistic. At first, we analyzed personal characteristics and affecting factor on social network of retirees through Panel logit model and fixed effects regression model. Second, we applied multiple panel logit model and fixed effects model to learn factor affecting employment and social network changes. We found that a number of social activities affects social network in the structure feature and support from sons and daughters also influences social network in the functional feature after retirement.

A Study on the Effect of Social Enterprises Characterics on Financial and Social Performance (사회적기업의 특성이 재무적 성과와 사회적 성과에 미치는 영향: CEO 특성을 중심으로)

  • Hwang, Sooo-Young;Kim, Yong-Duck
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.165-175
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    • 2018
  • Since the 1997 financial crisis, large scale unemployment and poverty have become serious, and public and social job creation projects have been carried out. However, with the limitations of low-wage and short-term jobs, the need for long-term and high quality jobs gradually began to attract attention. In recent years, social enterprises have grown both quantitatively and qualitatively and interest in social enterprises has increased. And also it is interested in the determinants of success and failure of social enterprises in the academic field. In this study, we examined the effects of social enterprise characteristics on financial and social performance, and we analyzed empirically by using social enterprises registered in the Korea Social Enterprise Agency. The financial performance of the social enterprise is measured by the net income ratio, operating income ratio, and the return on asset. The social performance of the social enterprise is measured by total number of workers and the employment rate of the vulnerable social groups. The characteristics of the social enterprise include the CEO characteristics (gender, age, experience in operating the social enterprise), the firm size, and the elapsed time of the authentication. The results of the empirical analysis are as follows. First, as a result of analysis for the effect on financial performance, we found that the financial performance have a statistically significant positive relationship with firm size, organizational form, government subsidies and capital adequacy ratio. And it is found that the social performance have a statistically significant negative relationship with CEO age, credit debt dependence. Second, as a result of analysis for the effect on social performance, we foumd that total number of workers have a significant positive relationships with CEO gender, CEO age, and firm size, government subsidies, while total number of workers have a significant negative relationship with certification type and industry dummy. On the other hand, the employment rate of the vulnerable social groups have a siginificant positive relationship with CEO gender and certification type and It have not statistically significant relationship with the government subsidies and the firm size.

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The Impact of Worker's Entrepreneurship and Personal Characteristics on Entrepreneurial Intention: Moderating Effect of Social Network (직장인의 기업가 정신과 개인적 특성이 창업의도에 미치는 영향: 사회적 네트워크의 조절 효과)

  • Chang, Yu-Jin;Lee, Byung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.497-511
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of entrepreneurship and personal characteristics on entrepreneurial intention and to analyze what factors influence the entrepreneurial intention through the moderating effects of social networks. So, the survey was conducted on 374 employees in their 30s or older. Descriptive statistics were used to understand the actual state of entrepreneurial intentions, and exploratory factor analysis was conducted to analyze the validity. In addition, a correlation analysis was conducted to identify relationships with variables, finally, a hierarchical regression analysis was performed to identify the effect of moderating social networks in entrepreneurship and personal characteristics. The study found that, firstly, Entrepreneurship was positively correlated with extroversion, achievement desire, self-efficacy, social network, entrepreneurial intention, and negatively correlated with introversion. Second, The extroversion of personal characteristics showed positive correlations with achievement desire, self-efficacy, social network, and entrepreneurial intention and negatively correlated with introversion. Introversion has a negative correlation with achievement desire, self-efficacy, social network, and entrepreneurial intention, and self-efficacy has a positive correlation with social network and entrepreneurship. Third, social networks have been shown to moderate the relationship between personal characteristics and entrepreneurial intention. Reflecting the results from this study, we expect that those preparing for future start-ups will be a meaningful reference to validate their capabilities and start them.

An Analysis on Korean Mortality Structure (한국인의 사망력 구조분석)

  • 이상식
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.51-80
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    • 1990
  • 한국의 사망력은 높은 수준의 성별 사망력 차이와 중년 남성의 급격한 사망력 상승을 그 구조적 특성으로 하고 있는데, 이러한 한국인 사망력 구조의 특이성은 직접적으로는 사망원인의 성별, 년령별 차별적 역활에 기인하며 간접적으로는 이들 원인의 차별성을 초래하는것으로 추정되는 경제개발기간동안의 사회, 경제 및 공공정책상의 변화 및 생활습관의 차이에서 기인된다고 보아진다. 본 연구에서는 이들 차이를 결과짓는 여러 요인들을 중심으로 한국인의 사망력 구조상에서 나타난 년령별 및 성별특성을 분석하는데 그 주요점을 두었다. 1985년 경제기획원 조사통계과에 의해 집계된 사망원인통계자료는를 활용하여 한국인의 사망력 구조의 특성을 사망원인과 관련시켜 연구분석한 결과는 다음과 같이 종합될수 있다. 첫째, 40대 이후 남성의 높은 사망력에 의거한 요인들은 뇌혈관질환, 고혈압성질환, 암질환 및 기지 심질환 및 간의 악성신생물 순으로 중요하게 나타났다. 둘째, 0세에서의 남녀간의 기득개념의 차이는 차이는 초년 또는 청년층에서의 남녀간의 사망력 차이에서 보다는 40대 이상의 중장년층에서의 남녀간의 사망력 차이에서 비롯되었으며, 뇌혈관 질환, 악성간질환 및 고혈압성 질환, 간의 악성 신생물,및 기타 심질환 및 간의 악성 신생물 질환들이 중장년층에서의 남녀간의 사망력 차이를 결정하는데 주역활을 하고 있는 것으로 나타났다. 세째, 위의 년령간의 및 남녀간의 사망력 수준의 차이를 결정짓는 주요한 사회적 간접요인들로는 첫째, 사회.경제개발과 함께 이어 병행되어온 보건정책들이 즈로 어린이 또는 여성에 편향된 결과 였으며, 둘째,환경적 요소로서 중년 남성들의 Social stress, 운동부족과 관련된 질병들과 공해, 먼지, 유해화학물 가스 등 산업재회와 관련된 질병들에 의한 사망률이 높으며, 세째, 행위적 요소로서 음주와 흡연과 관련된 질병들에 의한 중년 남성의 사망률이 높은것들로 요약될수 있다. 중년 남성의 높은 사망률은 기술적,사회적 경험이 축적된 노동력의 상실로서 국가적 손실이 크며, 고 년령층 인구의 구조적 측면에서도 성의 불균등을 초래하여 미혼 여성의 증가등 사회적인 기반문제의 주요한 요인이 되므로서 그 중요성은 지대하다고 할수 있겠다. 그러므로 이 문제는 국가적 사회적 차원에서 해결이 시급하며 그 해결책으로는 지금 까지 도외시 되어 왔던 중년 남성의 건강을 위한 프로젝트의 실지와 함께 이들에게 노출되어 왔던 운동 부족, 사회적 스트레스 및 산업재회의 해소 내지 제거에 대한 방안들이 연구 되어야 하겠다. 한편 음주 및 흡연등의 개인행위적 습관의 개선을 위한 사회 계몽활동의 추진 및 건전한 스트레스 해결책의 개발이 중요하다고 하겠다.

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The Characteristics and Determinants of Welfare Attitudes (복지태도의 미시적 결정구조와 특성)

  • Ryu, Jin-Seok
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.56 no.4
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    • pp.79-101
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    • 2004
  • This paper examines the characteristics and determinants of welfare attitudes in Korea. Based on Survey data, this study focuses mainly on how social-economic position variables, welfare status and welfare compliances influence attitudes towards welfare. Welfare attitudes can be classified by five areas as follows: legitimacy of welfare functions, affordability of welfare costs, need-based welfare principles, responsibility of welfare provision and adequacy of welfare spending. There are the major findings. First, attitudes towards welfare is identified state-friendly or pro-welfare attitudes. Second, among the social-economic position variables, welfare status and welfare norms variables, welfare compliance has statistically the most significant effects on welfare attitudes. Third, the level of pro-welfare attitudes is largely determined by welfare norms and images espoused by individuals. These findings suggest that we can not apply cleavages thesis which are developed by studies on the support for welfare state.

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Rainfall Ensemble Generation Considering the Regional Characteristics (지역특성을 고려한 강우 앙상블 생성)

  • Kang, Minseok;Ro, Yonghun;Kim, Gildo;Youn, Sunghyun;Yoo, Chulsang
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.217-217
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    • 2016
  • 강우는 시 공간적 변동성이 크고 지형특성으로 인한 지역 편차가 큰 특성을 가지고 있다. 따라서 강우 발생을 분석하는 경우, 강우의 시 공간적 변동성과 지역특성을 고려해야한다. 본 연구에서는 지역특성을 고려한 강우 앙상블을 생성하였다. 강우의 지역특성을 고려하기 위해 2010~2015년 동안 발생한 강우사상 중 서울지역을 통과하는 대류성 강우사상 30개를 선정하였다. 지역특성 고려하기 위한 매개변수로 강우강도와 풍향을 선정하고, 매개변수의 가중인자를 결정하였다. 또한 매개변수의 정량화를 위해 강우강도의 경우 대수정규분포, 풍향의 경우 Von mises분포를 매개변수의 확률분포로 선정하고, 선정된 두 확률분포에 Copula함수를 적용하여 결합확률분포를 추정하였다. 아울러 추정된 결합확률분포에 Monte-Carlo Simulation기법을 적용하여 매개변수에 대한 난수를 발생시키고, 이를 이용하여 지역특성을 고려한 강우 앙상블을 생성하였다.

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An Empirical Study on the Factors Influencing the Acceptance of Mobile Easy Payment Services: A Case of Chinese User (모바일 간편 결제 서비스 수용요인에 관한 실증연구: 중국사례를 중심으로)

  • Chen, Lu;Lee, Dong-Myung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, a research model was designed to investigate the factors influencing the intention to use of mobile easy payment services in China. Our research model includes the service factors(instant connectivity, economic and security), social factors(subjective norms and image), the user's individual factors(self-efficacy personal innovativeness and suitability), perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness and intention to use. A survey was conducted to collect the data with users who have had the actual using experience about mobile easy payment services. In this research, the data were collected by online survey, and in final analysis, 439 users' questionnaires were used. The empirical paper proves research hypothesis by using SPSS 22.0 and AMOS 23.0. The results of the study are as follows: the mobile easy payment service factors, social factors and the user's individual factors partially give positive effects to perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness; perceived ease of use gives positive effects to perceived usefulness. In addition, perceived ease of use and perceived usefulness have positive effects to on intention to use.

Determinants of Entrepreneurial Intentions: Individual Characteristics and Environmental Factors (창업 의지의 결정요인: 개인특성 및 환경요인)

  • Yoon, Bang-Seob
    • 한국산학경영학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.23-42
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    • 2004
  • This study examined individual characteristic factors and environmental factors as determinants of entrepreneurial intentions. As for individual characteristic factors, individuals' career orientations and entrepreneurial self-efficacy were examined. As for environmental factors, social supports and successful role models, labeled as personal environmental factors, were examined, and social perceptions for entrepreneurs, labeled as social environmental factors were also examined. Data were collected from undergraduates of business department, and graduates of the same department. The samples of 208 and 81 for each group were used for final analysis. Results showed that as a whole, career orientations affected entrepreneurial intentions. Specifically, entrepreneurial orientations had positive effects. and security orientations had marginally negative effects on entrepreneurial intentions, while, unexpectedly, autonomy orientations had no significant effects. Entrepreneurial self-efficacy had the strongest positive effects on entrepreneurial intentions. Social supports and successful role models, which were not identified as distinct variables by the respondents, were integrated as a new variable of 'network environments' for analysis in this study. Network environments positively affected on entrepreneurial intentions. Social perceptions for entrepreneurs, however, did not affect on entrepreneurial intentions. Based on the results of career orientations, self-efficacy, and network environment, the implications for activating entrepreneurship were discussed.

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The Influence of Convergence Characteristics of Social Economy Internet Shopping Malls on Customer Trust and Loyalty (사회적경제 인터넷 쇼핑몰의 융합 특성이 고객 신뢰도, 충성도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Eun-Jeong;You, Yen-Yoo
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.127-137
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    • 2021
  • Korea's social economy promotion policy is a government-led policy, and its success or failure depends on how well it is known to the residents. The Jeonnam Social Economy Internet Shopping Mall was also established as a government-led road, but its popularity is low. This study examines the influence between reliability and loyalty of the 'Jeonnam Social Economy Shopping Mall'. 267 samples were used and verified with the SPSS 22.0 program. As a result of the study, the characteristics of shopping malls had a significant effect on customer trust and loyalty, and played a mediating role between reliability and loyalty. The residential area and the purpose of purchase had a moderating effect. The limitation of research is that comparative research with other shopping malls is insufficient. In the future, comparative evaluation should be carried out in relation to research on social economy enterprise products by region.