• Title, Summary, Keyword: 사적이전

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Relations between Older People's Transfer incomes and Life Satisfaction (노인의 이전소득과 삶의 만족도 관계)

  • Lee, Hyoung Ha
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.238-241
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    • 2018
  • 본 연구는 한국복지패널 제11차 데이터를 활용하여 노인의 삶의 만족도와 이전소득(공적이전, 사적이전 소득)의 관계를 규명하고자 시도되었다. 분석결과, 일반가구 노인의 경우 공적이전 소득이 삶의 만족도에 유의미한 정(+)적인 영향을 미치는 반면, 저소득가구 노인의 경우 사적이전 소득이 삶의 만족도에 유의미한 정(+)적인 영향을 미치는 것으로 분석되었다. 이러한 결과는 일반가구 노인의 경우 공적이전 소득이 1,019.2만원(월평균 84.9만원)으로 공적이전 소득이 소득안정화 효과로 나타나 삶의 만족도를 높이는 것으로 예측할 수 있다. 그러나 저소득가구 노인의 경우 일반가구 노인의 공적이전 소득의 절반 수준인 508.5만원(월평균 42.4만원)으로 나타났다. 이는 저소득가구 노인의 경우 비록 "마음이 편하지 않는" 소득원천인 사적이전 소득이 불안정한 소득안정화 부족분을 채워주어 삶의 만족도를 높이는 것으로 추정할 수 있다.

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A Study on the Relationship between Public Income Transfers and Private Income Transfers in Korea (공적 소득이전과 사적 소득이전의 관계)

  • Shon, Byong-don
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • no.39
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    • pp.343-364
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    • 2008
  • Using data from Korea Welfare Panal Study(KWPS), this study examines the relationship between public income transfers and private income transfers in Korea. This research is analyzed by the procedure of OLS regression analysis. The results are as follows. First, the paper shows that public income transfers crowded out the private income transfers. Specially public assistance crowed out the private income transfers. The amount of public income transfers has negative correlation with the amount of private income transfers. The amount of public assistance income has negative correlation with the amount of private income transfers. But social insurance transfers do not have influence on the private income transfer. Second, the private income transfers in Korea are altruistically motivated.

The Effects of Private Income Transfers' Reducing Poverty in Korea (사적 소득이전의 빈곤완화 효과)

  • Son, Beyong-Don
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.39
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    • pp.157-179
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    • 1999
  • This study is an empirical research to analyze how many private income transfers in Korea decrease poverty rate, to compare the effects of private income transfers' decreasing poverty rate with income classes. This study has utilised the Family Income and Expenditure Survey to estimate the poverty ratio in urban areas and Unemployment Household Survey which Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs has investigated at 1998. Majour findins are these. First, Sizes of private transfers incomes are much than that of public transfers incomes. The rates in receiving private transfers income are ten times higher than that in receiving public transfers income among urban worker's household. The mean of private transfer income are about six times larger than that of public transfer income among urban worker's household. Second, the effects of private income transfers' reducing poverty rates are not large. After private transfers, urbarn workers' households are about 10 per cent away from its poverty line, and unemploy households are only 3 per cent away from its poverty line. Third, especially, private income transfers are hardly reducing poverty rates among extreme poverty class. After private transfers, urban workers' households which their incomes are within low 5%, are not away from its poverty line at all.

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An Analysis on the Anti-poverty Effectiveness of Public and Private Income Transfers; After the Enactment of National Basic Livelihood Security Act (공적 이전과 사적 이전의 빈곤 감소 효과 분석 : 기초생활보장제도 도입 이후를 중심으로)

  • Hong, Kyung-Zoon
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.50
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    • pp.61-85
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    • 2002
  • Using the 2001 Family Income and Expenditure Survey micro-data, this study analyses the anti-poverty effectiveness of public and private income transfers. In this study, the anti-poverty effectiveness of income transfers is summarized in two ways; 1) the poverty reduction effect of the income transfers, and 2) the poverty reduction efficiency of the income transfers. The poverty reduction effects are measured with several poverty indices including the head-count ratio, poverty gap, and Sen index. Using Beckerman's model, this study also analyses the poverty reduction efficiency of income transfers. This analysis documents substantial differences in the anti-poverty effectiveness of public and private income transfers. Although the private income transfers contribute more to reduce the head-count poverty ratio and Sen index than public income transfers, their differences are significantly reduced after the enactment of National Basic Livelihood Security Act. The results also reveal that the anti-poverty effectiveness of public and private income transfers vary by the types of families. In families headed by elderly and working aged, private income transfers have more anti-poverty effectiveness. But, public income transfers contribute more to reduce poverty than private income transfers among families headed by single adults with children. The results of this study suggest that recent changes in anti-poverty policies in Korea have been strengthened the Government's responsibility. And more importantly, to effectively reduce poverty among the poor families, anti-poverty polices must be designed to consider different family types.

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Effects of the Elderly private transfer Income and public transfer Income on life satisfaction and Self Esteem (노인의 공적, 사적이전소득이 삶의 만족도, 자존감에 미치는 영향)

  • Won, Kyeong-Hye;Lee, Sang-Houck
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.3787-3796
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is public and Private transfers in the elderly life satisfaction, self-esteem any influence to understand. Analysis of the frequency analysis, T-test, ANOVA, regression analysis was performed. Study the following points were discussed. First, the elderly public transfer and Private transfers in accordance with life satisfaction, self-esteem was significant. Second, private transfers from children in public transfer income subsidies and the more life satisfaction and self-esteem, respectively. Third, the private sector of private transfers. Individual grants fewer higher self-esteem. Based on these results, the following suggestions were Economic independence of the elderly a chance to increase the self-esteem that was found. Therefore, a more practical and should be supported by specific public transfer system.

The Role of Public and Private Income Transfers to the Income Status of Women Who Experienced Marital Disruption (결혼해체를 경험한 여성의 소득수준 및 빈곤실태와 공.사적소득이전의 역할)

  • Yoon, Hong-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.56 no.2
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    • pp.5-27
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    • 2004
  • This study estimates the role of public and private income transfer to the income status of women who experienced marital disruption. In detail, this study estimates five major subjects (1) women's socioeconomic background, (2) income and poverty status, (3) family income composition, (4) the anti-poverty effect of public and private income transfers, and (5) factors associated with women's poverty status. Major findings of the study are as follows: First, women's socioeconomic characteristics, income status, and poverty status are different according to what types of marital disruption (separation, divorce, death of spouse) they experienced. Second, the role of public and private income transfers to reduce women's poverty are also different according to their marital status. Third, widow's working condition and the level of public assistance are significantly associated with the poverty status of widow.

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Private Income Transfers and Old-Age Income Security (사적소득이전과 노후소득보장)

  • Kim, Hisam
    • KDI Journal of Economic Policy
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.71-130
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    • 2008
  • Using data from the Korean Labor & Income Panel Study (KLIPS), this study investigates private income transfers in Korea, where adult children have undertaken the most responsibility of supporting their elderly parents without well-established social safety net for the elderly. According to the KLIPS data, three out of five households provided some type of support for their aged parents and two out of five households of the elderly received financial support from their adult children on a regular base. However, the private income transfers in Korea are not enough to alleviate the impact of the fall in the earned income of those who retired and are approaching an age of needing financial assistance from external source. The monthly income of those at least the age of 75, even with the earning of their spouses, is below the staggering amount of 450,000 won, which indicates that the elderly in Korea are at high risk of poverty. In order to analyze microeconomic factors affecting the private income transfers to the elderly parents, the following three samples extracted from the KLIPS data are used: a sample of respondents of age 50 or older with detailed information on their financial status; a five-year household panel sample in which their unobserved family-specific and time-invariant characteristics can be controlled by the fixed-effects model; and a sample of the younger split-off household in which characteristics of both the elderly household and their adult children household can be controlled simultaneously. The results of estimating private income transfer models using these samples can be summarized as follows. First, the dominant motive lies on the children-to-parent altruistic relationship. Additionally, another is based on exchange motive, which is paid to the elderly parents who take care of their grandchildren. Second, the amount of private income transfers has negative correlation with the income of the elderly parents, while being positively correlated with the income of the adult children. However, its income elasticity is not that high. Third, the amount of private income transfers shows a pattern of reaching the highest level when the elderly parents are in the age of 75 years old, following a decreasing pattern thereafter. Fourth, public assistance, such as the National Basic Livelihood Security benefit, appears to crowd out private transfers. Private transfers have fared better than public transfers in alleviating elderly poverty, but the role of public transfers has been increasing rapidly since the welfare expansion after the financial crisis in the late 1990s, so that one of four elderly people depends on public transfers as their main income source in 2003. As of the same year, however, there existed and occupied 12% of the elderly households those who seemed eligible for the National Basic Livelihood benefit but did not receive any public assistance. To remove elderly poverty, government may need to improve welfare delivery system as well as to increase welfare budget for the poor. In the face of persistent elderly poverty and increasing demand for public support for the elderly, which will lead to increasing government debt, welfare policy needs targeting toward the neediest rather than expanding universal benefits that have less effect of income redistribution and heavier cost. Identifying every disadvantaged elderly in dire need for economic support and providing them with the basic livelihood security would be the most important and imminent responsibility that we all should assume to prepare for the growing aged population, and this also should accompany measures to utilize the elderly workforce with enough capability and strong will to work.

Household Formation and Income Inequality (가구구성과 소득 불평등)

  • Kim, Dae Il;Lee, Simon Sokbae;Whang, Yoon-Jae
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.1-44
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    • 2014
  • This paper investigates the effect of household formation on the mapping from wage inequality to income inequality, which usually is smaller than the former. Added workers, income pooling among household members, and shared consumption are the factors that make income distribution less inequal than wage distribution, and the effect of income pooling appears to be the greatest. This suggests than the increase in nuclear families and the resulting increase of old families have a potential effect of worsening income inequality at the absence of sufficient private income transfers among the two households. A simple counter-factual estimate indicates that income pooling among the children's and parents' households can efficiently and sizeably reduce income inequality.

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Reciprocity on intergenerational resource transfers from middle-aged children to elderly parents (중년기 자녀의 노부모에 대한 자원이전의 호혜성)

  • Koh, Sun-Kang
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.103-121
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    • 2012
  • This study examines whether reciprocity exists in intergenerational resource transfers from middle-aged children to elderly parents. Analyzing data from a sample of 1123 middle-aged adults, this study highlights the importance of reciprocity in the transfer of resources between middle-aged adults and their elderly parents. The possibility of an inheritance shows a very strong effect on care-giving to elderly parents. Furthermore, past financial transfers from parents to middle-aged children correlates strongly with financial transfers from middle-aged children to their elderly parents.

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Intergenerational Financial Resource Transfers and Preparation for Later Life in the Middle-Aged (중년기 가정의 세대 간 경제적 자원이전과 노후생활 준비)

  • Kim, Soon-Mi;Koh, Sun-Kang
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.59-76
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    • 2012
  • This study examines the relationship between intergenerational financial resource transfers and preparation for later life among the middle-aged. The study sample consists of 1536 middle-aged individuals with at least one living parent and one married child. The level of preparation for later life is dependent upon the level of household economic status. The statistically significant variables predicting the level of preparation for later life include age, education, subjective health status, household income and household assets. Moreover, intergenerational resource transfers are statistically significant factors that explain the level of preparation for later life. The effect of financial transfers from middle-aged parents to their adult children on the level of preparation for later life is the most significant financial transfer variable.

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