• Title, Summary, Keyword: 비산재

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Synthesizing Behavior of Calcium Chloroaluminate with using MSWI Fly Ash in the Different Sintering Conditions (생활폐기물(生活廢棄物) 소각(燒却) 비산(飛散)재의 소성(燒成) 조건(條件)에 따른 Calcium Chloroaluminate 합성(合成) 거동(擧動)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Yoo, Kwang-Suk;Lee, Seong-Ho;Hwang, Sun-Ho;Ahn, Ji-Whan
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.68-74
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    • 2010
  • The aim of this study is to investigate the behaviors of synthesis of Calcium Chloroaluminte($11CaO{\cdot}7Al_2O_3{\cdot}CaCl_2$) under the melting temperature of municipal solid waste incineration fly ash(MSWI fly ash); $900^{\circ}C-1300^{\circ}C$ of sintering temperature. A sludge generated from a water purification plant (SW) was also used to fill up $Al_2O_3$ source, which might be deficient in MSWI fly ash. MF and SW were mixed at mixing ratio of 10 to 7, which is the mole ratio of CaO to $Al_2O_3$ of calcium Chloroaluminte. Mixed samples were sintered in the opened sintering reactor and the closed sintering reactor, respectively. The results showed that calcium chloroaluminte was formed at $1,000^{\circ}C$ in both reactors, but the temperature of decomposition of calcium chloroaluminte depended upon sintering reactor type; an opened sintering reactor and a closed sintering reactor, owing to the vaporization velocity of Cl.

The Combustion Safety of Waste CCA Treated Wood (폐 CCA처리재의 소각처리)

  • Son Dong-won;Lee Dong-heub;Lee Hyun-mi;Lee Myung-je
    • Journal of Korea Foresty Energy
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.29-33
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    • 2004
  • This study was carried out to find out safety disposal methods of waste CCA treated wood. The heavy metals of remnant were analyzed after combustion of CCA treated wood at different temperatures. Arsenic volatilized temperature was detected. The removal rate of heavy metals by acid in the ash were examined. Through this study, we could conclude that in order to protect volatilize arsenic, combustion of CCA treated wood should be do under the $300^{\circ}C$. But when CCA treated wood combustion under $300^{\circ}C$, it's weight-loss rate was $55\%$, so land reclamation dependence will be increased. When CCA treated wood combustion at high temperature, the land reclamation dependence could be reduced, but the arsenic that volatilize into the atmosphere should be captured. When it bums with high temperature, the ash contains lots of copper and chromium, so removal of heavy metals should be conducted.

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Evaluation of Impact Damage and Residual Compression Strength after Impact of Glass/Epoxy Laminate Composites for Lightweight Bogie Frame induced by Ballast-Flying Phenomena (도상자갈 비산에 의한 경량 대차프레임 적용 유리/에폭시 적층 복합재의 충격손상 및 충격 후 잔류압축강도 평가)

  • Goo, Jun-Sung;Shin, Kwang-Bok;Kim, Jung-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.109-115
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    • 2012
  • In order to evaluate the effect of structural degradation of a GFRP composite bogie frame due to ballast-flying phenomena, the impact test and residual compression test after impact was conducted for glass fiber/epoxy 4-harness satin woven laminate composites applied to skin part of a bogie frame. The impact test was performed using a instrumented impact testing system with energy levels of 5J, 10J, and 20J, and the impactor was designed to have various ballast shapes such as sphere, cube, and cone to consider the ballasted track environments. The residual compression strength was tested to evaluate the degradation of mechanical properties of impact-damaged laminate composites. The results showed that the damage area and the degradation of residual compressive strength after impact for laminate composites was increased with increase of impact energy for all ballast shapes, and was particularly most influenced by ballast shape of cone.

A Study on the Characteristics and Utilization of Ash from ASR Incinerator (ASR 소각재의 이화학적 물성 및 재활용(再活用)을 위한 기초연구(基礎硏究))

  • Lee, Hwa-Young
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.32-39
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    • 2007
  • The measurement of physicochemical properties of ASR incineration ash has been carried dot and the preparation of light-weight material has also been performed using ASR ash for recycling point of view as building or construction materials. For this aim, chemical composition, particle size distribution, and heavy metal leachability were examined for 2 bottom ashes and 4 fly ashes obtained from the domestic ASR incinerator. In the present work, attempt has been made to prepare the lightweight material using boiler ash as a raw material, which is prepared by forming the mixture of boiler ash, lightweisht filler and inorganic binder and followed by calcination at elevated temperature. As a result, the content of Cu in bottom ash was as high as about 3wt% so that the recovery of Cu from ash was required. The major compound of SDR #5 and Bag filter #6 was found to be $CaCl_2{\cdot}Ca(OH)_2{\cdot}H_2O\;and\;CaCl_2{\cdot}4H_2O$, respectively. It is thought that heavy metal teachability of lightweight material prepared with boiler ash was significantly decreased due to the encapsulation or stabilization of heavy metal compounds.

Hangbisan, Sulfur-based Oriental Medicine, Lowers the Blood Cholesterol Level of ob/ob Obese Mice (유전성 비만 마우스에 대한 항비산의 혈중 콜레스테롤 저하 효과)

  • Chae, Myoung-Hee;No, Jin-Gu;Jhon, Deok-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.27-31
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    • 2007
  • Among oriental medicine, sulfur is known to generate heat in the human body. Since body warming reaction results in the consumption of energy source, the medicines containing sulfur could help in the weight loss of laboratory rats. This study was designed to determine the possible weight loss effects of Hangbisan, sulfur based oriental medicine, on ob/ob mice. The obese mice were fed with standard diet containing 10% (w/w) Hangbisan or 10% (w/w) cellulose during 12 weeks. Hangbisan affected the weight loss of obese mice as cellulose did during experimental periods, while also reducing the level of plasma total cholesterol. These results suggest that dietary Hangbisan improved the composition of blood profiles in obese mice, and therefore has potential as an anti-obesity ingredient in the application of oriental medicine compounds.

The distribution characteristics of persistent organic pollutants in incineration residues at solid waste incinerators (소각시설 소각재의 잔류성 유기오염 물질 분포특성)

  • Kim, Jong-Hyang;Lee, Bang-Hee;Baek, Sung-Bok;Lee, In-A;Lee, Sang-Hee;Park, Kyung-Ho;Kim, Hyun
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.119-127
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to investigate the distribution characteristics of persistent organic pollutants in incineration residues at industrial waste incinerators and municipal solid waste incinerators, which were analyzed by the official analytical method for the endocrine disrupting chemicals and the waste. Seven of 12 persistent organic pollutants were quantitatively analyzed by GC-MSD (SIM-mode). Hexachlorobenzene was detected in 21 samples among 44 incineration residues. The level of hexachlorobenzene was 0.132-8.138 ng/g in incineration residues, 0.195-5.765 ng/g in fly ash at industrial waste incinerators, 0.270-1.828 ng/g in bottom ash and 0.154-50.643 ng/g in fly ash at municipal solid waste incinerators, respectively.

소각재의 무해화 및 재활용에 관한 연구

  • 이동호;김성중;박현서
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Industrial Safety Conference
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    • pp.37-41
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    • 2000
  • 폐기물 소각시 발생되는 각종 유해가스 및 비산회재(fly ash)는 후처리 설비에 의해 배출허용기준치 이하로 처리된 후 대기 중으로 방출되도록 환경 규제되고 있다. 그러나 포집된 비산회재(fly ash) 및 노하부 배출재(bottom ash) 내에는 미 연소된 상태로 배출된 유해성 유기물질(다이옥신, 퓨란류 등)과 중금속 성분이 함유되어 있어 이들 소각잔류물(incineration residues)을 안정화나 무해화 처리 없이 단순 매립할 경우 강우에 의해 소각잔류물 내의 유해성분이 침출됨에 따라 토양이나 지하수 등에 2차 환경오염을 일으키게 된다. (중략)

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A Feasibility Study on the Deep Soil Mixing Barrier to Control Contaminated Groundwater (오염지하수의 확산방지를 위한 대체 혼합차수재의 적용에 관한 연구)

  • 김윤희;임동희;이재영
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.53-59
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    • 2001
  • There is a lot of method to manage the insanitary landfill but vertical cutoff walls have been widespreadly used and were installed into the subsurface to act as a barrier to horizontal groundwater flow, The stabilized material such as specialized cement or mixed soil with additives has been generally applied for the materials of the deep soil mixing barrier in korea. The amount of the stabilized material is dependent on the field conditions, because the mixing ratio of the material and the field soil should achieve a requirement in the coefficient of permeability, lower than 1.0$\times$$10^{7}$cm/sec. This study determined the quantity and optimized function ratio of the stabilized material in the formation process of the mixed barrier that was added with stabilized material on the field soil classified into SW-SC under USCS (Unified Soil Classification System). After that the fly ash and lime were selected as an additives an that could improve the function of the stabilized material and then the method to improve the functional progress in the usage of putting into the stabilized material as an appropriate ratio was studied and reviewed. The author used the flexible-wall permeameter for measuring the permeability and unconfined compressive strength tester for compressive strength, and in the view of environmental engineering the absorption test of heavy metals and leaching test regulated by Korean Waste Management Act were performed. As the results, the suitable mixing ratio of the stabilized material in the deep soil mixing barrier was determined as 13 percent. To make workability easy, the ratio of stabilized material and water was proven to be 1 : 1.5. With the results, the range of the portion of the additives(fly ash : lime= 70 : 30) was proven to be 20-40% for improving the function of the stabilized material, lowering of permeability. In heavy metal absorption assessment of the mixing barrier system with the additives, the result of heavy metal absorption was proved to be almost same with the case of the original stabilized material; high removal efficiency of heavy metals. In addition, the leaching concentration of heavy metals from the leaching test for the environmental hazard assessment showed lower than the regulated criteria.

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