• Title, Summary, Keyword: 비산재

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A Study on the Behavior of Heavy Metal Ions and Hydration of Clinker Utilizing Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Ash (생활폐기물 소각재를 이용하여 합성한 클링커의 중금속 및 수화반응 거동에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn Ji Whan;Han Gi Chun;Han Ki Suk
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.3-10
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    • 2004
  • The intension of this study is to produce ordinary portland cement using ash, both bottom ash and fly ash, obtained from municipal solid waste incineration ash (MSWI). We used limestone, waste molding sand, shale, slag from converting furnaces and fly ash as main raw materials and mixed them, setting the lime saturation factor (LSF) within 91.0, the silica modulus (SM) within 2.40, and iron modulus (IM) within 1.80. We conducted tests adding bottom ash alone 1, 2 and 3% by weight, respectively, and a mixture of bottom ash 0.9% and fly ash 0.1 % by weight. The result of analysis on clinker shows that the more ash is added, the lower the burnability index (B.I.) falls, lowering the mineral evolution of calcium silicate accordingly. From the measurement of compressive strength we have learned that the more ash is used, the lower the strength becomes.

A Study on the Characteristics and Utilization of Ash from Sewage Sludge Incinerator (하수(下水)슬러지 소각재의 특성(特性) 평가(評價) 및 재활용(再活用)을 위한 기초연구(基礎硏究))

  • Lee, Hwa-Young
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.3-9
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    • 2008
  • The measurement of physicochemical properties and chemical composition of SSA(sewage sludge ash) has been carried out and the preparation of lightweight material has also been performed using SSA for reuse as building or construction materials. For this aim, lightweight material has been prepared by forming the mixture of SSA, lightweight filler and inorganic binder followed by calcination at elevated temperature and characterized in terms of density and compressive strength. The pH of fly ash was found to be slightly alkaline, pH 8.69, due to the addition of caustic soda in order to neutralize the acidic gas while the pH of bottom ash was 6.48 Heavy metal leachability based on the standard leach test was also found to be below the detection limit for Cd, Cu, Pb, As and Cr of SSA. As far as the compressive strength of lightweight material was concerned, the compressive strength of lightweight material using fly ash was higher than that of lightweight material using bottom ash.

A Basic Study on the Effective Management for MSWI Fly Ash (II) - Effect of Leaching Parameter - (소각 비산재의 적정처리를 위한 기초연구(II) - 용출인자의 영향 -)

  • Kim, Jin-Beom;Lee, Woo-Keun;Shim, Yeong-Ju
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.22 no.7
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    • pp.1357-1364
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    • 2000
  • Our study was performed to evaluate the effect of leaching parameters including the physicochemical characteristics and the fractionated composition of heavy metals on the release of heavy metals in fly ash discharged from MSWI. Leaching parameters such as pH, CEC, particle size, and exchangeable fraction among the fractional composition classified by sequential extraction procedure are considered. The leaching rate of heavy metal released by KSLT method is largely dependent on the pH of fly ash. The effect of pH on the release of heavy metals is different from elements. It appears that the leaching rate of cadmium and copper decreases with increasing pH, while lead and zinc increases at the condition of neutral or strong alkali condition, which suggests that the leaching of heavy metals are limited by the solubility. It is found that the effect of CEC is similarly to that of pH, $D_{10}$ among the particle size of fly ash is negative correlated with the concentration of heavy metals leached by KSLT method. In the case of exchangeable fraction, the leaching rate of heavy metals is linearly correlated with the exchangeable fraction for the fly ash below 40 meq/l00g of CEC, but not related out of the range.

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Fly Ash Application Effects on CH4 and CO2 Emission in an Incubation Experiment with a Paddy Soil (항온 배양 논토양 조건에서 비산재 처리에 따른 CH4와 CO2 방출 특성)

  • Lim, Sang-Sun;Choi, Woo-Jung;Kim, Han-Yong;Jung, Jae-Woon;Yoon, Kwang-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.853-860
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    • 2012
  • To estimate potential use of fly ash in reducing $CH_4$ and $CO_2$ emission from soil, $CH_4$ and $CO_2$ fluxes from a paddy soil mixed with fly ash at different rate (w/w; 0, 5, and 10%) in the presence and absence of fertilizer N ($(NH_4)_2SO_4$) addition were investigated in a laboratory incubation for 60 days under changing water regime from wetting to drying via transition. The mean $CH_4$ flux during the entire incubation period ranged from 0.59 to $1.68mg\;CH_4\;m^{-2}day^{-1}$ with a lower rate in the soil treated with N fertilizer due to suppression of $CH_4$ production by $SO_4^{2-}$ that acts as an electron acceptor, leading to decreases in electron availability for methanogen. Fly ash application reduced $CH_4$ flux by 37.5 and 33.0% in soils without and with N addition, respectively, probably due to retardation of $CH_4$ diffusion through soil pores by addition of fine-textured fly ash. In addition, as fly ash has a potential for $CO_2$ removal via carbonation (formation of carbonate precipitates) that decreases $CO_2$ availability that is a substrate for $CO_2$ reduction reaction (one of $CH_4$ generation pathways) is likely to be another mechanisms of $CH_4$ flux reduction by fly ash. Meanwhile, the mean $CO_2$ flux during the entire incubation period was between 0.64 and $0.90g\;CO_2\;m^{-2}day^{-1}$, and that of N treated soil was lower than that without N addition. Because N addition is likely to increase soil respiration, it is not straightforward to explain the results. However, it may be possible that our experiment did not account for the substantial amount of $CO_2$ produced by heterotrophs that were activated by N addition in earlier period than the measurement was initiated. Fly ash application also lowered $CO_2$ flux by up to 20% in the soil mixed with fly ash at 10% through $CO_2$ removal by the carbonation. At the whole picture, fly ash application at 10% decreased global warming potential of emitted $CH_4$ and $CO_2$ by about 20%. Therefore, our results suggest that fly ash application can be a soil management practice to reduce green house gas emission from paddy soils. Further studies under field conditions with rice cultivation are necessary to verify our findings.

Desulfurization Efficiency of Lime Absorbent in In-Furnace Desulfurization as Fly Ash Binder in Power Plant (발전소 비산재를 결합재로 활용한 로내탈황용 석회 흡수제의 탈황효율)

  • Seo, Jun-Hyung;Baek, Chul-Seoung;Cho, Jin-Sang;Ahn, Ji-Whan;Yoon, Do-Young;Cho, Kye-Hong
    • Resources Recycling
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.58-65
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    • 2018
  • For the recycling of coal ash from the domestic circulating fluidized bed boilers, a lime-based sorbent with 0.2~0.4 mm size was prepared by using limestone powder and CFBC fly ash. Mixing a small amount of slaked lime in the lime-based absorbent lead the formation of calcium silicate on the surface of the particle and the strength of absorbent particle was improved. As a result of comparing the desulfurization characteristics, it was found that the conversion rate was about 10% higher than that of commercially available limestone desulfurization used in the furnace, which is confirmed that it can be used as a desulfurization absorbent.

Rare Metal Chemistry, Microstructures, and Mineralogy of Coal Ash from Thermal Power Plants of Korea (화력발전소 석탄회의 희유금속화학, 미세구조, 광물학적 특성)

  • Jeong, Gi Young;Kim, Seok-Hwi;Kim, Kangjoo
    • Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.147-163
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    • 2015
  • Chemical and mineralogical properties of coal ash samples from the nine thermal power plants of Korea were investigated to acquire basic data for estimating the potential of rare metal recovery. Chemical compositions of coal ash were consistent with those of average shale and foreign coal ashes. However, there were small differences between the metal contents of domestic anthracitic and imported bituminous coal ashes. Unburned coal particles were much abundant in the ash of domestic anthracitic coal. Chalcophile elements were relatively enriched in the fly ash compared to bottom ash. Silicate glass was the major component of coal ash with minor minerals such as quartz, illite (muscovite), mullite, magnetite, lime, and anhydrite. Al and Si were the major components of the glass with varying contents of Ca, Fe, K, and Mg. Glass occurred in a form of porous sphere and irregular pumace-like grain often fused with iron oxide spheres or other glass grains. Iron oxide spheres were fine intergrowth of fast-grown iron oxide crystals in the matrix of silicate glass. Chemical, microstructural, and mineralogical properties would guide successful rare metal recovery from coal ash.

Chemical Analysis of Fly Ashes from Municipal Solid Waste Incinerators (생활폐기물 처리시설 배출 비산재의 조성분석)

  • Jang, Seong-Ki;Choi, Duk-Il;Lim, Chang-Ho;Lee, Jin-Sook
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.215-221
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    • 2000
  • Analysis of fly ashes from the MSW incinerators was carried out using XRF, ICP-MS and ICP-AES. It was found that the major elements of fly ash were Ca, K, Na, Si, Al, S, Cl and O by the XRF analysis. The XRD spectra showed that the fly ashes were mainly consisted with the chlorides, hydroxides, carbonates and also oxides of former elements. For the determination of minor elements such as Zn, Pb, Cu, Cr, and Cd, we used ICP-AES and ICP-MS after microwave digestion and the results were compared with the result of XRF.

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Capture of Carbon Dioxide Emitted from Coal-Fired Power Plant Using Seawater (해수를 이용한 석탄 화력발전소의 이산화탄소 포집 연구)

  • Han, Sang-Jun;Kim, Dae-Kyeong;Lee, Jae-Hee;Park, Sang-Hyeok;Wee, Jung-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.340-349
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    • 2013
  • The present paper investigates the availability of seawater as the absorbents to capture carbon dioxide ($CO_2$) emitted from the coal fired power plant (CFPP). For the purpose of the study, readily obtainable alkali materials in CFPP such as coal fly ash (FA), NaOH and $Ca(OH)_2$ are added to seawater to prepare the absorbents and their $CO_2$ capture performances are discussed. FA can be effectively used the additives to increase $CO_2$ capture capacity of seawater to a some extent. This is ascribed that some alkali components in FA are leached into seawater and they contribute to $CO_2$ capture in the solution. However, their leaching amount and rate are restricted by the various ions in seawater. The performance of NaOH added seawater is even lower than that of NaOH added water because $OH^-$ is substantially consumed on $Ma(OH)_2$ production prior to carbonation. $CO_2$ absorption capacity of $Ca(OH)_2$ added seawater is slightly larger than that of $Ca(OH)_2$ added water. This is because that $Ca^{2+}$ which originally present in raw seawater can participate in carbonation reaction.