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Research on the Table Vacuolization in the Document Image (문서 영상 내의 테이블 벡터화 연구)

  • Kim, U-Seong;Sim, Jin-Bo;Park, Yong-Beom;Mun, Gyeong-Ae;Ji, Su-Yeong
    • The Transactions of the Korea Information Processing Society
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    • v.3 no.5
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    • pp.1147-1159
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    • 1996
  • In this paper. we develop an efficient algorithm which vectorize the table input for mixed document recognition system. It is necessary to separate character and line for recognizing the character in the table. For recognizing table, we have to recognize the character which is blocked by table line and develop the efficient rectorization method for table line. For vectorizing table, we develop several methods. The first method is to extract table line part using 8-dircction chaincodes. The second method is to extract horizontal and vertical lines using histogram of lines. The third one is to extract diagonal lines of table by using the cross points of horizontal and verticallines. Finally we also develop the table vectorization method which finds the regularity characteristics of horizontal and vertical lines composing table, In the paper, we sugest a regularity method for efficient table vectorization.

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A New Low Power LFSR Architecture using a Transition Monitoring Window (천이 감시 윈도우를 이용한 새로운 저전력 LFSR 구조)

  • Kim Youbean;Yang Myung-Hoon;Lee Yong;Park Hyuntae;Kang Sungho
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SD
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    • v.42 no.8
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    • pp.7-14
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    • 2005
  • This paper presents a new low power BIST TPG scheme. It uses a transition monitoring window (TMW) that is comprised of a transition monitoring window block and a MUX. When random test patterns are generated by an LFSR, transitions of those patterns satisfy pseudo-random gaussian distribution. The Proposed technique represses transitions of patterns using a k-value which is a standard that is obtained from the distribution of U to observe over transitive patterns causing high power dissipation in a scan chain. Experimental results show that the Proposed BIST TPG schemes can reduce scan transition by about $60\%$ without performance loss in ISCAS'89 benchmark circuits that have large number scan inputs.

A Clustered Reconfigurable Interconnection Network BIST Based on Signal Probabilities of Deterministic Test Sets (결정론적 테스트 세트의 신호확률에 기반을 둔 clustered reconfigurable interconnection network 내장된 자체 테스트 기법)

  • Song Dong-Sup;Kang Sungho
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SD
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    • v.42 no.12
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    • pp.79-90
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    • 2005
  • In this paper, we propose a new clustered reconfigurable interconnect network (CRIN) BIST to improve the embedding probabilities of random-pattern-resistant-patterns. The proposed method uses a scan-cell reordering technique based on the signal probabilities of given test cubes and specific hardware blocks that increases the embedding probabilities of care bit clustered scan chain test cubes. We have developed a simulated annealing based algorithm that maximizes the embedding probabilities of scan chain test cubes to reorder scan cells, and an iterative algorithm for synthesizing the CRIN hardware. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed CRIN BIST technique achieves complete fault coverage with lower storage requirement and shorter testing time in comparison with the conventional methods.

Virtual Block Game Interface based on the Hand Gesture Recognition (손 제스처 인식에 기반한 Virtual Block 게임 인터페이스)

  • Yoon, Min-Ho;Kim, Yoon-Jae;Kim, Tae-Young
    • Journal of Korea Game Society
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    • v.17 no.6
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    • pp.113-120
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    • 2017
  • With the development of virtual reality technology, in recent years, user-friendly hand gesture interface has been more studied for natural interaction with a virtual 3D object. Most earlier studies on the hand-gesture interface are using relatively simple hand gestures. In this paper, we suggest an intuitive hand gesture interface for interaction with 3D object in the virtual reality applications. For hand gesture recognition, first of all, we preprocess various hand data and classify the data through the binary decision tree. The classified data is re-sampled and converted to the chain-code, and then constructed to the hand feature data with the histograms of the chain code. Finally, the input gesture is recognized by MCSVM-based machine learning from the feature data. To test our proposed hand gesture interface we implemented a 'Virtual Block' game. Our experiments showed about 99.2% recognition ratio of 16 kinds of command gestures and more intuitive and user friendly than conventional mouse interface.

A Study on the 4th Industrial Revolution and E-Government Security Strategy -In Terms of the Cyber Security Technology of Intelligent Government- (제4차 산업혁명과 전자정부 보안연구 -지능형 정부의 빅데이터 사이버보안기술 측면에서-)

  • Lee, Sang-Yun;Yoon, Hong-Joo
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.369-376
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    • 2019
  • This paper studies desirable form of future e-government in terms of intelligent government research in response to new intelligent cyber security services in the fourth industrial revolution. Also, the strategic planning of the future e-government has been contemplated in terms of the centralization and intellectualization which are significant characteristics of the fourth industrial revolution. The new system construction which is applied with security analysis technology using big data through advanced relationship analysis is suggested in the paper. The establishment of the system, such as SIEM(Security Information & Event Management), which anticipatively detects security threat by using log information through big data analysis is suggested in the paper. Once the suggested system is materialized, it will be possible to expand big data object, allow centralization in terms of e-government security in the fourth industrial revolution, boost data process, speed and follow-up response, which allows the system to function anticipatively.

A Study on the Readjustment of the Nigerian National Innovation System through Korean Case Analysis (한국 사례분석을 통한 나이지리아 국가 혁신 시스템 개선 방안 고찰)

  • Temitayo, Shenkoya;Kim, Euiseok
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.1237-1267
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    • 2018
  • After independence in 1945, the South Korean economy rose steadily from a developing country to a developed country while, after independence in 1960, Nigeria is still a developing country with poverty on the increase, despite its large amount of natural resources. This research seeks to find a viable solution to this issue while studying the relationship that exist amongst Economic Development Plans (EDPs), National Innovation System (NIS) and economic development in Korea. The methodology used herein is a mixture of a systematic literature review and a semi-structured interview. The results of this study show that EDPs are essential to the enhancement of communication, and the flow of knowledge and innovation of the NIS. Furthermore, our result shows that the efficiency of the NIS is relevant to drive economic growth and development. Therefore, based on our analysis of the current situation in Nigeria and the development trajectory of Korea, we developed, introduced and recommended a theoretical framework called the "Multiple skipping" development trajectory as a model for development in Nigeria.

The Effect of Addition of Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate and Nitric Oxide in Low Potassium Dextran Solution for Lung Preservation in an Isolated Rabbit Lung Perfusion Model. (토끼 폐장 분리관류 모형에서 Low Potassium Dextran 용액에 Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate와 Nitric Oxide의 첨가가 폐보존에 미치는 영향)

  • 조덕곤;조규도;김영두;곽문섭
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.212-223
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    • 2001
  • 배경: 이식폐의 보존 및 재관류 동안 cyclic adenosine monophosphate(cAMP)와 nitric oxide(NO)는 폐혈관 내 순환조절을 유지하는데 있어 중심적인 역할을 한다. 그러나 내치세포내의 cAMP와 NO 모두 허혈-재관류 과정 동안에 현저하게 감소한다. 이에 저자는 low potassium dextran(LPD) 폐조본액에 cAMP의 유사체인 dibutyry1 cAMP(db-cAMP)와 NO의 공여물질인 nitroglycerin(NTG)을 첨가하여 이들의 폐보존 효과를 알아보고, 이들은 첨가한 폐보존액 들의 효과를 비교하였다. 대상 및 방법: 토끼 폐장 분리관류 모형에 실험군은 각각 6마리씩 4개군으로 단순 LPD 페보존액만 사용한 경우(I군), LPD 용액에 NTG 만 참가한 경우(II군), cAMP 만 첨가한 겨우(III군) 그리고 두가지 모두를 첨가한 경우는 IV군으로 분류하였으며, 폐보존액이 주입된 심폐블록은 영상 1$0^{\circ}C$에서 24시간 동안 보관한 다음 100% 산소농도에서 기계호흡을 하면서 신선 정맥혈로 30분 동안 재관류를 시행하였다. 재관류폐의 평가를 위해 폐기능 및 폐부종 정도를 정량 측정하였으며, 유출로 혈액으로부터 tumor necrosis factor $\alpha$(TNF-$\alpha$)와 간접적인 NO의 총량을 알기 위해 nitrite/nitrate의 양을 측정하였다. 또한 재관류가 끝난 후 광학 및 전자현미경학적 소견을 관찰하였다. 결과: 모든 실험군 중 제 IV군 의 폐보존 능력이 가장 우수하였으나, 제 II, III, IV군 사이는 통RP적으로 유의한 차이가 없었다. 제 I군은 제 II, III, IV군들에 비해 유의하게 폐기능이 가장 나쁘고 폐부종 정도가 가장 심했다(p<0.05). 제 II군은 제 III군에 비해 더 좋은 폐기능을 보였고, 폐부종 정도가 덜 하였으나 통계적은 유의성은 없었다. TNF-$\alpha$ 는 제 IV 군이 Irns에 비해 유의하게 분비량이 적었다. (p<0.05). 총 NO의 양은 제 II군과 IV 군이 제 I 군과 III군보다 유의하게 높았으나(p<0.001), 제 II군과 IV군, 제 I군과 III군 사이 비교에서 유의한 차이는 없었다. 또한 제 I 군과 III군에서는 시간이 지남에 따라 유의하게 NO의 양이 점차 감소하였다. (p<0.05). 광학 및 전자현민경 소견상 폐포 및 폐혈관 구조가 제 II, III, IV 군이 I 군에 비해 더 잘 보존되어있었다. 결론: LPD 폐보존액에 db-cAMP 및 NTG의 첨가는 폐보존 효과가 모두 우수함을 확인하였고 이들의 폐보존 효과 차이는 거의 없음을 알수 있었다. 그렇지만 이들의 병합사용이 폐혈관 항상성을 더 잘 유지시킬 수 있고 허혈-재관류 손상을 줄여 폐보존 효과를 높일 수 있을 것이라고 기대된다.

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Operational Properties and Microbial Inactivation Performance of Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Treatment System (유전체장벽방전 플라즈마 장치의 조작특성과 살균력)

  • Mok, Chulkyoon;Lee, Taehoon
    • Food Engineering Progress
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.398-403
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    • 2011
  • A dielectric barrier discharge plasma (DBDP) treatment system was fabricated and the optimum operating conditions for the plasma generation were determined in order to explore the potential of cold plasma as a non-thermal proessing technology. The microbial inactivation performance of the system was also evaluated against Staphyloocus aureus. The system consisted of power supply, transformer, electrode assembly and sample treatment plate. The input power was 220 V single phase AC and amplified to 10.0-50.0 kV on a transformer. A pulsed sine wave of frequency 10.0-50.0 kHz was introduced to the electrode embedded in ceramic as a dielectric barrier material in order to generate plasma at atmospheric pressure. Higher currents and consequently greater power were required for the plasma generation as the frequencies increased. A homogeneous and stable plasma was generated at currents of 1.0-2.0, and frequencies of 32.0-35.3 kHz. The optimum electrode-gaps for the plasma generation were 1.85 mm without loaded samples. More power was consumed as the electrode-gaps increased. The practically optimum electrode- gap was, however, 2.65 mm when samples were treated on slide-glasses for microbial inactivation. The maximum temperature increase after 10 min treatment was less than 20$^{\circ}C$, indicating no microbial inactivation effect by heat and thereby insuring a non-thermal method. The DBDP inactivation effect against Staphyloocus aureus increased linearly with treatment time up to 5 min, but plateaued afterward. More than 5 log reduction was achieved by 10 min treatment at 1.25 A.

Examination of Color Difference in Elastic Pavement that uses EPDM Chip using Ultraviolet Ray Accelerated Weathering Test (자외선 촉진 내후성 시험에 의한 EPDM Chip을 사용한 탄성포장의 색차분석)

  • Hong, Chang Woo
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.31 no.1D
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    • pp.91-98
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    • 2011
  • Recently, the usage of elastic paving using EPDM Chip instead of pedestrian sidewalk blocks or permeable concrete used mostly for pedestrian walk, trails and in parks has been increassed as it can absorb impact during walking and produce wide range of colors and designs. However, the properties of EPDM Chip including elasticity and durability are decreased when exposed to ultraviolet ray and scenic paving functions through various colors are lowered due to the yellowing phenomenon. In this study, ultraviolet ray accelerated weathering test has been conducted to analyze the color changes in EPDM Chip and polyurethane resin, which are the main ingredients of elastic paving, when exposed to ultraviolet ray. The color differences are quantitatively analyzed through the color value coordination of the colored space by using the color difference scheme. The experimental results show that the color changes in BL polyurethane resin which is used most frequently at present was larger than that of EPDM Chip. Moreover, the total color difference, ${\Delta}E$, of BC polyurethane resin are 3.162 on the $14^{th}$ day of commencement of acceleration, which is 6 times greater color change resistance against ultraviolet ray than that of BL polyurethane resin with total color difference of 20.639. Therefore, the usage of BC polyurethane resin, which is manufactured to have chain-type molecular structure by using the isocyanate as the HMDI at the time of producing polymer, as binder in elastic paving with EPDM Chip is found to be a highly efficient method of restraining the color changes due to the ultraviolet ray.

Sino-Globalization Network of Chinese Migrants, Students, and Travellers (중국 이민자, 유학생, 여행자를 통해서 본 세계화 네트워크)

  • Zhu, Yupeng;Park, Hyejin;Park, Han Woo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.9
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    • pp.509-517
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    • 2020
  • This study examined Sino-globalization through the network analysis of Chinese immigrants, international students, and travelers. The data were collected from the United Nations for immigrants, UNESCO for international students, and Ministry of Culture and Tourism of China for travelers. Consequently, Chinese immigrants and international students' favorite destinations were advanced Western countries, and Chinese travelers showed a high preference for Asian regions. Specifically, Thailand was the most popular destination for traveling, while the U.S. appeared to be the main destination for Chinese immigrants and students. The QAP analysis results showed a statistically significant correlation between the immigrant network and international student network. MR-QAP analysis found a causal relationship between the two networks. These findings may serve as empirical evidence for the Chinese government to review potential opportunities and problems related to Sino-globalization and provide the basis for preparing policy measures for other countries. Subsequent studies should compensate for research limitations by analyzing specific factors affecting national choice of Chinese immigrants, students, and travelers. The economic, social, and cultural impacts of China's globalization on other countries need to be discussed using qualitative research.