• Title, Summary, Keyword: 분극저항

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A Study on Temporal Variations of Geomagnetic Transfer Functions and Polarization Values Obtained at Cheongyang Geomagnetic Observatory (청양 지자기관측소에서 획득된 지자기전달함수와 분극값의 시간변동성에 대한 연구)

  • Yang, Jun-Mo;Lee, Heui-Soon;Oh, Seok-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.30 no.7
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    • pp.824-833
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    • 2009
  • We analyzed a total of six months of geomagnetic data obtained at Cheonyang observatory, which is operated by Korean Meteorological Administration, to monitor earthquake precursors. Geomagnetic transfer functions (GTFs) and polarization values, which reflect the time-variations of the resistivity of subsurface, were estimated from 3-component geomagnetic data. The time-variant fluctuations were compared with the earthquake events occurred in the same period. Now that the daily GTFs show fairly irregular variations, we can not identify any correlation with the already occurred earthquakes and Kp index. On the other hand, we detect clear increases of the Ultra-Low-Frequency (ULF) band polarization values before the earthquakes, but the similar features are also observed even though the earthquake did not occur. This result may indicate that these time-variations are not just due to the earthquake precursor. For further understanding about these results, we need to investigate the relationship between the previous earthquake events and the geomagnetic data of other observatories.

The Effect of LiBr Concentration on Corrosion of Absorption Refrigeration Systems Using $LiBr-H_2O$ Working Fluids ($LiBr-H_2O$계 흡수식냉동기의 부식에 미치는 LiBr 농도의 영향)

  • Lim Uh Joh;Jeong Ki Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Gas
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.33-39
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    • 2001
  • This paper was studied on corrosion behavior of absorption refrigeration systems using $LiBr-H_2O$ working fluids. In the various concentration of lithium bromide solution, polarization test of SS 400, Cu(C1220T-OL) and Al-Ni bronze is carried out. And the corrosion behavior of materials forming absorption refrigeration systems is investigated. The main results are as following: 1) As concentration of lithium bromide solution increases, polarization resistance of materials of each kinds is low. And open circuit potential becomes less noble, the corrosion current density is high drained 2) Open circuit potential of SS 400 is less noble than that of Cu and Al-Ni bronze, corrosion current density of SS5 400 is high drained than that of Cu and Al-Ni bronze. 3) Anodic polarization of Cu and Al-Ni bronze in $62\%$ LiBr solution continues the active state. that of Cu and Al-Ni bronze in the natural sea water maintains the active state and the critical current for passivation appears.

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Three Dimensional Induced Polarization Modeling (3차원 IP 탐사의 모형 응답 계산)

  • Nam Myung-Jin;Suh Jung-Hee
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2001
  • The application of geophysical survey methods need to be integrated to meet the increasing demands of imaging of the subsurface in the practical application of civil engineering, underground water survey and environmental problems. This paper examines the IP survey which can be surveyed simultaneously with DC resistivity survey. In this study, 3-D IP modeling algorithm was developed. The 3-D IP modeling algorithm was based on 3-D resistivity modeling by finite-element method. The result of 3-D modeling was compared with 2-dimensional modeling result. The result showed that the 3-D modeling algorithm developed in this study was accurate. Finally, the 3-D modeling algorithm developed in this paper will be useful for the study of IP data.

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Experimental Verification on Factors Affecting Core Resistivity Measurements (코어 비저항 측정에 미치는 영향요소에 대한 실험적 고찰)

  • Kim, Yeong Hwa;Choe, Ye Gwon
    • Journal of the Korean Geophysical Society
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.225-233
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    • 1999
  • Electrical resistivity of a rock-sample is dependant on not only formation factor of rock itself but also many parameters such as fluid type, measuring device, temperature, water saturation, electrical contact between electrode and core section, induced polarization, and frequency of electric source. In this study, we attempt to verify various affecting factors in core resistivity measurements and to find a better environment for core resistivity measurement. Particularly great attention has been paid to understanding the effects of temperature, water saturation, contact condition between sample and electrodes, and frequency of electric source. Precise measurement of resistivity can be achieved by utilizing silver paste for better contacts, taping samples for constant moisture contents, and using time-series resistivity data.

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Effect of Co/Pd Multilayer on the Magnetoresistance of Perpendicularly Magnetized Magnetic Tunnel Junction (Co/Pd 다층막구조가 수직자기터널접합의 자기저항에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Seong-Dong;Lim, Dong-Won;Lee, Seong-Rae
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.271-275
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    • 2006
  • We investigated the magnetoresistance of perpendicularly magnetized magnetic tunnel junction composed of Co/Pd multilayers. The magnetoresistance was maximized with Co electrodes of about 5 nm thickness, which evidenced the important role of the interface in tunneling process. Both the change in perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and improvement of junction resistance were observed with changing Co sublayers, while the spin scattering became dominant with increasing Pd sublayers.

Resistance Modulation of $\textrm{LaCoO}_{3}$ by Ferroelectric Field Effect in $\textrm{LaCoO}_{3}/\textrm{Pb(Zr,Ti)O}_{3}/\textrm{(La,Sr)CoO}_{3}$ Heterostructures ($\textrm{LaCoO}_{3}/\textrm{Pb(Zr,Ti)O}_{3}/\textrm{(La,Sr)CoO}_{3}$다층구조에서의 강유전체 전계효과에 의한 LaCoO$_{3}$의 전항변조)

  • Kim, Seon-Ung;Lee, Jae-Chan
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.7 no.12
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    • pp.1058-1062
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    • 1997
  • 강유전체 전계효과를 관찰하기 위해 LaCoO$_{3}$/Pb(Zr, Ti)O$_{3}$(La, Sr)CoO$_{3}$ 다층구조를 LcOo$_{3}$가 기판 위에 pulsed laser deposition(PLD)법으로 에피택셜하게 성장시켰다. 이러한 다층구조에서는 전도성 채널층으로 Si대신 반도성 LaCoO$_{3}$가 사용 되었다. LaCoO$_{3}$(LCO)의 비저항은 산소 분위기에 의하여 변화되었는데 특히 증착시 산소 분위기에 의존함을 보였다. LCO의 비저항은 0.1-100Ωcm범위에서 변화되었다. LCO층에 유도되는 강유전체 전계효과는 Pb(Zr, Ti)O$_{3}$(PZT)의 분극 상태에 따른 LCO의 저항 변화를 측정함으로써 관찰되었는데 1020$\AA$ 두께를 가진 LCO층에서는 4%의 저항 변화를 얻었으며 680$\AA$의 LCO에서는 9%의 증가된 저항 변화를 얻었다. DC 바이어스(-5V)를 가한 후에는 저항 변화가 45%까지 증가하였다. 이러한 결과는 적당한 비저항을 갖는 LCO를 사용한 LCO/PZT/LSCO다층구조가 강유전체 전계효과 트랜지스터로 사용될 수 있다는 가능성을 제시하고 있다.

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A study on the dielectric dispersion of vulcanized natural rubber (가황에 의한 천연고무의 유전분산에 관한연구)

  • Lee, Joon-Ung;Kim, Hak-Ju
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.51-59
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    • 1983
  • The dielectric properties of polymers are very important when investigating the molecular structure of polymers. The characteristics of the dielectric absorption in vulcanized natural rubber were studied in frequency ranging from 10[KHz] to 32[MHz] at the temperature of 25[$^{\circ}C$]. As a result of the study, it has been confirmed that natural rubber vulcanized below 4phr leads to two kinds of dielectric losses due to the interfacial polarization and the dipole polarization by sulfur, and of above 7[%] was only a loss due to the dipole polarization by sulfur. Futhermore, the dielectric loss maximum $tan{\delta}$ spectrum, removed to the low frequency in accordance with increasing sulfur, depends greatly on sulfur. The volume resistivity of $10^{7}{\sim}10^{11}[{\Omega}{\cdot}cm}]$, regardless of whether the crosslinking of rubber is weakened by sulfur, was observed.

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The Study on the Corrosion Characteristics of Al-Alloy Shell for Cooler (알루미늄합금 원통냉각기의 부식 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 임우조;김성진;윤병두
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.152-157
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    • 2003
  • Most Recently, with rapid development in marine industries such as marine structures and ship, there occurs much interest in the study of corrosion characteristics which play an important role in design of cooling water system like heat-exchanger. Especially, as operating environment of fresh cooling water system in vessels is acidified, this system is seriously corroded. In this study, to study on the corrosion characteristics of Al-alloy shell for cooler, the electrochemical polarization test of materials for the marine fresh water cooler such as Al-alloy, Cu and naval brass was carried out in fresh water. And thus the polarization resistance and anodic polarization behavior of Al-alloy, Cu and naval brass are investigated. Also, galvanic corrosion characteristics of Al-alloy coupled with Cu and naval brass is considered. The main results obtained are as follows ; (1) The current density of corrosion is high in order of Al-alloy > naval brass > Cu (2) As anodic potential increases, the corrosion resistance of naval brass is better than that of Cu. (3) The galvanic corrosion of Al-alloy coupled with Cu and naval brass is activated than corrosion of Al-alloy.

Effects of Annealing on Ni/Au Ohmic Contact to Nonpolar p-type GaN

  • Lee, Dong-Min;Kim, Jae-Gwan;Yang, Su-Hwan;Kim, Jun-Yeong;Lee, Seong-Nam;Lee, Ji-Myeon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.358-359
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    • 2012
  • 최근 분극 특성이 상이한 무분극 GaN 에피성장에 관한 심도 있는 연구와 함께 전자-전공 캐리어의 주입 및 캐리어의 거동, 방출되는 편광 특성 및 다양한 물리적 특성들에 대해 보고되고 있으며, 광학적 특성 및 물리적 특성의 확보를 위한 많은 연구가 활발히 진행 중이다 [1]. GaN의 ohmic 접촉(ohmic contact)의 형성은 발광 다이오드(light emitting diode), 레이저 다이오드(Laser), 태양전지(solar cell)와 같은 고신뢰도, 고효율 광전자 소자를 제조하기 위해서는 매우 중요하다 [2]. 그러나 이와 함께 병행 되어야 할 무분극 p-GaN 의 ohmic contact에 관한 연구는 많이 이루어지고 있지 않는 실정이다. 따라서 본 논문에서는 r-plane 사파이어 기판 상에 성장된 p-GaN에서의 ohmic 접촉 형성 연구를 위하여 Ni/Au ohmic 전극의 접촉저항 특성을 연구하였다. 본 실험에서는 성장된 a-plane GaN의 Hole농도가 $3.09{\times}1017cm3$ 인 시편을 사용하였다. E-beam evaporation 장비를 이용하여 Ni/Au를 각각 20 nm 그리고80 nm 증착 하였으며 비접촉저항을 측정하기 위해 Circle-Transfer Length Method (C-TLM) 패턴을 사용하였다. 샘플은 RTA (Rapid Thermal Annealing)를 사용하여 $300^{\circ}C$에서 $700^{\circ}C$까지 온도를 변화시키며 전기적 특성을 비교하여 그림 1(a) 나타내었다. 그림에서 알 수 있듯이 $400^{\circ}C$에서 가장 낮은 비접촉저항 값인 $6.95{\times}10-3{\Omega}cm2$를 얻을 수 있음을 발견하였다. 이 때의 I-V curve 도 그림1(b)에 나타낸 바와 같이 열처리에 의해 크게 향상됨을 알 수 있다. 그러나, $500^{\circ}C$ 이상 온도를 증가시키면 다시 비접촉 저항이 증가하는 것을 관찰하였다. XRD (x-Ray Diffraction) 분석을 통하여 $400^{\circ}C$ 이상열처리 온도가 증가하면 금속 표면에 $NiO_2$가 형성되며, 이에 따라 오믹특성이 저하 된다고 사료된다. 또한 $Ni_3N$의 존재를 확인 하였으며 이는 nonpolar surface의 특성으로 인해 nitrogen out diffusion 현상이 동시에 발생하여 계면에는 dopant로 작용하는 질소 공공을 남기고 표면에 $Ni_3N$을 형성하여 ohmic contact의 특성이 저하되기 때문인 것으로 사료된다.

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Numerical Analysis of the electrochemical performance of a zinc-air fuel cell (수치해석을 이용한 아연공기전지의 전기화학적 성능 연구)

  • Kim, Jungyun;Park, Sangmin;Oh, Taeyoung;Lee, Hoil
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.74.1-74.1
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    • 2010
  • 수치해석을 이용하여 형상 및 운전 조건에 따른 금속공기전지의 전기화학적 성능 변화를 조사하였다. 저전류밀도 영역에서의 전지 성능은 농도손실에 의한 영향이 미미하므로 활성화 손실과 저항손실만을 고려한 수치해서 모델을 적용하였다. 지배방정식은 전기전도식을 이용하였으며 전극 표면의 활성화손실을 모사하기위해 아연극(음극)에는 butler-volmer식을, 공기극(양극)에는 tafel식을 적용하였다. 실험결과와의 비교/분석을 통하여 수치해석 모델의 타당성을 검증하였다. 또한, 아연극과 공기극 사이의 간격과 전해질 농도 변화에 따른 아연공기전지 내부에서의 전류밀도분포를 조사하였으며, 분극곡선을 통해 전기화학적 성능을 평가하였다.

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